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THE206 InstructionalMethodsMaterialsandTechnology EDUARDO TALAMAN Report

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Republic of the Philippines
Laguna State Polytechnic University
San Pablo City Campus
Del Remedio, San Pablo City
Graduate Studies and Applied Research
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THE 206
Instructional Methods, Materials and Technology
Computer as Aids in Teaching
Zenaida M. Cuenca
Eduardo M. Talaman (Deped-MSEMSAT) Stud#15-SS-THE-075
COMPUTER AS AIDS IN TEACHING
CONSTRUCTIVISM
Was introduced by Piaget (1981) and Bruner (1990). They
gave stress to KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY of new meaning/
concepts/ principles in the learning process Reason is man's
prime means of survival. Reason does not function under
coercion. A moral political system must ban coercion.
While knowledge is constructed by the individual learner
in the constructivism, knowledge can also socially constructed.
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM
is an effort to show that the construction of knowledge is governed by social, historical and
cultural context.
Lev-Semenovich Vygotsky John Dewey
The
Psychologist
In
addition, Dewey
sees
VYGOTSKY stressed that language as a medium for social
learning is affected by coordination and adaptation. For
Social
Influences.
He Dewey human learning is really
suggested the interactive human language that occurs when
process in learning.
students socially share, build and
agree upon meanings and knowledge.
SUMMARY OF TWO LEARNING PERSPECTIVE
Assumption
Define of learning
Learning Strategies
General Orientation
Example
Knowledge is constructed by the
individual
Students build their own
learning
Gather organized information to
create new concept/principle
Person discovery of knowledge
8*5–8+8+8+8+8
Knowledge is constructed within
a social context
Students
build
knowledge
influenced by the social context
Exchange and share form ideas
, stimulates thinking
Students discuss and discover
meanings
Option 1 – 8 hrs/day for 6
days/week
Option 2 – 9 hrs/day for 5
days/week
COMPUTER CAPABILITIES
Based on the two learning theories, the teacher can employ the computer as a/an:
The computer can provide vast amounts of information in
various forms, such as text, graphics, sound, and video.
The internet itself provide s an enormous database from
which user can access global information resources that includes
the latest news, weather Forecast, airline schedule, sports
development, entertainment news and features. As well as
educational information directly useful to learners.
INFORMATIVE
TOOL
The computer can be used as source of communication
through websites, weblog, email, instant messenger, Moodle
account, web hosting etc.
COMMUNICATION
TOOL
1
The computer itself can be used for manipulating
information, visualizing one’s understanding and building new
knowledge. The Microsoft Word computer program itself is a
desktop publishing software that allows uses to organize and
present their ideas in attractive formats.
Students can use constructive tools to work cooperatively
and construct a shared understanding of new knowledge. On ways
of co-constructive is the use of the electronic whiteboard where
students may post notices to a shared document/whiteboard.
Students may also co-edit the same document from their homes.
By means of virtual reality (RS) extension systems, the
computer can create 3-D images on display to give the user the
feeling that are situated in a virtual environment. A flight
simulation program is an example of situating tool which places
the user in a simulated flying environment
PROBLEM-SOLVING SOFTWARE
These are more sophisticated than
the drill and practice exercises and allow
students to learn and improve on their
problem-solving ability.
CO-CONSTRUCTIVE
TOOL
SITUATING
TOOL
INSTRUCTIONAL GAMES
SIMULATION PROGRAMS
Teaches strategies and rules
applied to real-life problems/situations.
Asks students to make decision on
models or scenarios.
CONSTRUCTIVE
TOOL
TUTORIA
L
SOFTWA
While relating to low-level learning
objectives, instructional computer games
add the elements of competition and
challenge.
MULTIMEDIA ENCY.& E-BOOK
Students can access any desired
information, search its vast contents and
even download/print relevant portions of
the data for their composition or
presentation.
INSIGHTS
“ Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together
and motivating them, the teacher is most important.“ – Bill Gates
The computer is a tutor in this new age of learning. It does not
replace the teacher, although it assumes certain roles previously assigned
to teachers who now has to take the new role of facilitator and guide.
Integrating/incorporating computer exercises is the new task of the
teacher who can find in the computer and computer software an alternative
medium to the traditional classroom practice of delivering information and
supporting learning activities.
Computers in schools as a common tool for the enhancement of the
student’s thinking, communication and collaboration skills. Computer will become an integral
component of the future classroom and not a mere machine that can deliver routine drills and
exercises. Computer Technology can empower teachers and learners, promote change and foster the
development of twenty-first century skills. Computers helps us to become efficient and prepared to
the present and incoming technology in the future.
REFERENCES:
Adekemi AA (2001). Introduction to Computer Education. An Unpublished Monograph, Obafemi
Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.
Akinyemi k (1988). “Computer in Education” in Agun, I., and Imogie, I., (eds), Fundamentals of
Educational Technology, Ibadan: Y-Books Ltd.
Kingsley A (1995). Computer Assisted Learning. Holland Publishing Inc.
ELECTRONIC REFERENCES:
https://prezi.com/96lunw3n3erx/computer-as-aids-to-teaching/
https://www.slideshare.net/lollimallow/edtech-44083405
https://www.slideshare.net/Owitsme/the-computer-as-teachers-tool-edtech-2-chapter-11
https://www.slideshare.net/RodmieColene23/computer-as-a-teachers-tool
https://www.slideshare.net/tadiquejr/ed-tech-report-new
“ The Glory of God is manfully alive! ”
2
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