Uploaded by Karina Garcia

Professionals in the Criminal Justice System

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Professionals in the
Criminal Justice System
•
Identify and illustrate roles, functions, and
responsibilities of professionals in the criminal justice
system.
Professionals in the criminal
justice system
Crime Scene Investigators
Criminalists
Attorneys/Lawyers
Medical Examiners
Coroner
Police Officer
Crime Scene Investigators
Collects, preserves and processes evidence at the scene of a crime.
Isolates and secures the crime scene.
Restricts nonessential personnel.
Preserves, collects and records impressions such as footprints, tire
marks, bite marks, fingerprints.
Collects DNA evidence (blood, semen, hair, skin, nails, etc.)
Collects trace evidence (gunshot residue, fibers, accelerants, paint,
glass)
Ensures evidence is properly handled, packaged and transported.
Criminalists
Examines physical evidence to create links between
scenes, victims and suspects.
Fingerprints, hair, fibers, blood, bullets.
Lab based.
Expert testimony in court.
Answers questions about crime scene using physical
evidence.
Who, what, where, when and how
Medical Examiners
Examine bodies post mortem to determine cause of
death.
Study human organs, tissue, bodily fluids and/or cells.
Issues death certificates.
Identifying non identified dead
Counsel families regarding cause of death.
Serve subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses
at any inquest to be held by such medical examiner
Coroner
Elected official by county.
No medical background needed, if autopsy is required
coroner works with pathologists.
Identifies body.
Signs death certificate.
Notifies family of deceased.
Police Officer
Responds to emergency calls.
Arrests and processes criminals.
Testifies in court.
Self initiate traffic and criminal investigations.
Commands emergency personnel at scenes.
Prepares written reports and field notes of
investigation.
Attorneys/Lawyers
Research case evidence (police reports, accident reports,
evidence findings)
Works with client to develop case strategies.
Collects documents in favor of client.
Advises client with explanations of case and legal issues.
Defense Attorneys: work for individuals (private or as
public defender) to represent and defend accused.
Prosecutor: works with government to file a lawsuit against
an individual or group accused of breaking the law.
Ethics
Summarize the ethical standards required of a forensic
science professional
Standards
Be professionally competent through training, certification,
continuous learning and research.
Avoid tampering, losing or mishandling of evidence.
Avoid conflict of interest cases.
Stay within scope of expertise.
Present accurate information on notes, reports and testimonies.
Report through appropriate channels to maintain confidentiality.
Preserve human rights.
Activity
Team Work
Split up into groups at lab tables:
3 groups of 4 students
2 groups of 5 groups
On the top portion of your handout come up with a crime
incident with your team.
If you need more space use the lines provided for notes and
write down the incident on a separate sheet of paper.
Each crime incident should be as detailed as positive.
On the second half of your handout you will work
independent writing down what you did as a professional
for this case and how you maintained ethic standards.
Kahoot Quiz
https://create.kahoot.it/share/criminal-justiceprofessions/44a68617-35c4-4e41-82df-f8e50c52694b
www.kahoot.it or use Kahoot! App
597263
Challenge
Use your notes to solve the crossword puzzle.