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WomenWhoChangedHistory

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Katherine Johnson
Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson is
an American mathematician whose
calculations of orbital mechanics as a
NASA employee were critical to the
success of the first and subsequent
U.S. crewed spaceflights. Other
women like her who were vital to
the early U.S. space programme including calculating trajectories for
the Apollo 11 mission were Dorothy
Katherine Johnson
Vaughan and Mary Jackson.
Helped put the first men on the moon
Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin was a scientist
but denied a Nobel Prize. She
played a pivotal role in the
discovery of DNA's structure, but
her contribution was overlooked
while her colleagues Francis Crick,
James Watson and Maurice
Wilkins shared a 1962 Nobel for
the discovery.
Rosalind Franklin
Part of the team who discovered DNA
Tu YouYou
Tu Youyou turned to Chinese medical
texts from the Zhou, Qing, and Han
Dynasties to find a traditional cure for
malaria, ultimately extracting a compound
– artemisinin – that has saved millions of
lives. When she isolated the ingredient
she believed would work, she volunteered
to be the first human subject. She is the
first mainland Chinese scientist to have
received a Nobel Prize in a scientific
category, and she did so without a
Tu Youyou
2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology /Medicine
doctorate, a medical degree, or training
abroad.
Malala Yousafzai
She was 17 years old when she was
awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize
making her the youngest Nobel
Laureate ever. Malala Yousafzai was
born in Pakistan, where her father was
a school owner and was active in
educational issues. In 2012 the Taliban
attempted to assassinate Malala
Yousafzai on the bus home from school.
She survived, but underwent several
operations in the UK, where she lives
Malala Yousafzai
Activist for education right for girls
today. In addition to her schooling, she
continues her work for the right of girls
to education.
Tu YouYou
Tu Youyou turned to Chinese medical
texts from the Zhou, Qing, and Han
Dynasties to find a traditional cure for
malaria, ultimately extracting a compound
– artemisinin – that has saved millions of
lives. When she isolated the ingredient
she believed would work, she volunteered
to be the first human subject. She is the
first mainland Chinese scientist to have
received a Nobel Prize in a scientific
category, and she did so without a
Tu Youyou
2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology /Medicine
doctorate, a medical degree, or training
abroad.
Malala Yousafzai
She was 17 years old when she was
awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize
making her the youngest Nobel
Laureate ever. Malala Yousafzai was
born in Pakistan, where her father was
a school owner and was active in
educational issues. In 2012 the Taliban
attempted to assassinate Malala
Yousafzai on the bus home from school.
She survived, but underwent several
operations in the UK, where she lives
Malala Yousafzai
Activist for education right for girls
today. In addition to her schooling, she
continues her work for the right of girls
to education.
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