Name:_______________________________________ Period:_____________________________________ Ye Olde Unicorn Genetics Pedigrees A pedigree is a diagram that shows all members of a family and traces which members have an inherited trait or disorder. The following boxes show symbols commonly used in pedigrees. Sex Symbols Phenotype Symbols Shaded Shape— Affected Phenotype Square—Male Circle—Female White Shape— Unaffected Phenotype Triangle—Pregnancy Not Carried to Term Half Shaded Shape— Known Carrier ? Shape w/ Question Mark—Unknown Phenotype Relationship Symbols Couple Connected by Line—Pairing Shape Connected by Vertical Line— Offspring Two Shapes On Vertical Lines from the Same Couple—Siblings Two Shapes On Lines from the Same Point— Fraternal Twins Relationship Symbols Only Used for Humans: Couple Connected by Broken Horizontal Line—Divorced/ Separated Couple Two Shapes On Lines from the Same Point Connected by Line—Identical Square Connected to Two Circles — Male Who Has Had Two Pairings Source: Bennet, Robin L. et al. “Standardized Human Pedigree Nomenclature: Update and Assessment of the Recommendations of the National Society of Genetic Counselors .” Journal of Genetic Counseling, 2008. 17:424–433.