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Skill Acq lesson 1 to 3

Evaluate the influence of the learning environment
on the acquisition of skill
Syllabus Mind-map
Activity 1 – Student challenge
Activity 1 – Syllabus Mind-map
How does the acquisition of skill affect
Nature of the Skill
- Open or closed
- Gross-motor or fine-motor
- Discrete, serial or continuous
- Self-paced or externally-paced
Nature of the Skill
The Performance Elements
-Decision making - The thinking side of the game is taught in tandum with
the skills of the game, so that athletes become skilled in the broader sense of
understanding the game and are more capable of making decisions about
their play under game conditions (under time pressures, with opponents)
-Strategic and tactical development - The ability to read the game. It
involves developing an understanding of concepts such as time, space, risk
(which option) and execution (how).
The structure of the learning environment will influence the opportunities an
athlete has to develop the key elements of their skill performance – their
decision-making, strategic and tactical abilities.
Athletes at the cognitive or associate stages of skill acquisition are only
concentrating on the execution of their own skills. For an athlete to be able to
execute strategies and tactics, they must be at the autonomous stage of skill
Performance Elements - Game-centred Approach
Practice Methods
- Whole or part, Whole-part-whole
- Massed or distributed
Activity 7 – Critical Thinking
How does the nature of the skill impact the practice
Nature of the skill – open, closed, discrete, continuous, serial,
internally-paced, externally-paced.
Practice Methods – massed, distributed, whole, part
Massed practice is characterised by continuous periods of
practice with limited rest intervals. This is effective when practising
a self-paced skill such as serving in tennis as it allows the
autonomous performer to achieve a lot in one session. In contrast,
practising an externally-paced skill such as receiving the serve may
be more beneficial for the athlete to practise with rest periods
(distributed) to enable high concentration levels and reaction
- Internal or external,
- Concurrent, or delayed,
- Knowledge of results or knowledge of performance