GEOLOGY 23 NATURAL DISASTERS Spring 2017 4 Units (Lecture plus lab) Ticket No. 62545; Tu - Th 8:00 a.m. – 10:50 a.m. Room B204 Prof. George E. Brogan Office: B-274; email: [email protected] Phone: (949) 451-5687 Office Hours: M, Tu, W, Th, 6:45-8 am Text: Natural Disasters, 9th Edition, Patrick L. Abbott, 2014. Lab: Tarbuck, Lutgens, and Pinzke, Applications and Investigations in Earth Science, 8th ed., 2015; hard copy only is acceptable (digital copies are not acceptable). Each student should bring the lab manual to every class meeting except exams. Used lab manuals are NOT recommended; students who purchase a used lab manual should be certain that all pages are in the lab manual, and that the Lab Report page for each lab exercise is within the lab manual and not written on, as these will be turned in at the end of each lab exercise. Overview: This course is an overview of the causes and affects of natural disasters that include: earthquakes, volcanoes, mass movements (landslides), climate changes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, fires, mass extinctions observed in the fossil record, impacts with objects from space, biological hazards, and some of Earth’s cycles pertinent to disasters. Prerequisites: None; however, math may be used in some laboratory exercises. As such, at least high school algebra is recommended (linear equations with one unknown is sufficient for most lab work). Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs): The Department of Geology is an active participant in the SLO process. All SLOs are derived from the learning objectives originating on the course outline of record. These may relate to any of the class topics, such as knowing the common minerals and rocks that make up the crust of the Earth, and being able to identify the types of lithospheric plate boundaries and their characteristics. Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Identify the sources of energy that power natural disasters on Earth. Read and interpret maps, particularly topographic maps. Understand the causes of natural disasters, and how to mitigate them. Identify the main rock-forming minerals and rocks that comprise the Earth’s crust and are associated with hazards. Describe the influence of humans on the earth, and better appreciate the consequences of that influence. Understand basic concepts of the scientific method and scientific research. Attendance: Attendance is mandatory at all class meetings. If an emergency should arise, please contact the instructor in advance of missing any class. Unexcused absences are not allowed. Any student who misses more than one class can be dropped at the discretion of the instructor without further notice; the responsibility of officially dropping the class is that of the student and not the instructor. A student is considered absent if not present within 5 minutes of the start of class. The instructor may take roll at any time during the class, so be prepared to remain for each class until the class time ends. Habitual tardiness, with or without absences, will result in being dropped from the class or in reduction of the student’s grade, at the sole discretion of the instructor. A student who misses 3 to 5 classes for any reason will have the final grade reduced by one full grade point (this means a grade of "A" becomes a "B"); a student who misses 6 to 8 classes for any reason will have the final grade dropped 2 full grade points (this means an “A” becomes a “C”); a student who misses 9 or more classes for any reason will receive a final grade of “F”. It is recommended that any student drop the class if 3 or more class meetings are missed for any reason. A student leaving early or leaving and returning to class during the session is considered absent. If an excused absence is going to occur, contact the instructor prior to the absence by email. An excused absence includes illness with a note from a doctor, in addition to prior notification by email to the instructor. Students should initial the roll call sheet that will be made available at each class other than on exam days, although the instructor may count the student absent for not being present for the entire class even though the students signs in on the roll call sheet for that particular day. Students should initial only their own name and not initial for any other student, under penalty of losing credit for the day. Required Reading, Lectures/Discussions, and Tests: The student is responsible for all reading listed on the schedule; the reading assignments should be completed prior to the date listed in the schedule. Lectures/discussions may not cover all of the reading assigned, and may cover material not in any of the reading assigned, at the discretion of the instructor. Test questions may include material not covered in class but covered in the reading assignments; test questions will also be based upon discussions in class, so take notes and ask questions if you do not understand a topic being discussed. Lab Preparation: Prior to each lab session, review the lab exercise and read the text chapter for each class before coming to class, in order to have minimal background for addressing each lab. It is generally a good idea to bring several sharp pencils, because all lab work is required in pencil, not ink. The lab room contains most or all of the equipment you may need during the lab session. You may use this equipment, so generally you do not need to bring anything, except for the lab manual and possibly a calculator to complete the labs. If you have questions about what you should bring, ask your instructor. Lab Assignments: Lab assignments are due before the end of the lab (some labs require more than one lab period). Lab work is intended to be completed during class time. All lab assignments are to be done in pencil (no ink or ballpoint). For completing the blanks where words are required, provide brief answers; for longer answers, use complete sentences. Be sure all writing is done in a legible manner. Show all of your work; if insufficient space is available, attach a separate sheet with your work clearly identified there. You may work with others on lab assignments, but you must turn in your own work. For labs, you will turn in the Lab Report exercise as directed by your instructor; your instructor will also check your work in the body of the lab exercise either when you turn in the Lab Report, or later in the semester. All work assigned must be completed in order to receive full credit for any lab exercise. Lab assignments that are late 1 class will be given a maximum score of 50% credit and labs turned in on the second and later classes will be given a maximum of 10% credit. Exams: Three midterm exams will be given, and the lowest grade will be dropped. The midterm exams will be of equal weight. The final exam will be comprehensive, and carry a little more weight than any single midterm exam. Exam questions may be multiple choice, fill-in, matching, and/or essay; most questions will be multiple choice. Exam questions will be taken from assigned reading in the lecture text and from lecture and lab activities in the classroom. If an exam is missed for any reason, it cannot be made up. On exam days, no electronic devices are allowed; any electronic devices must be put away, completely out of sight. In an exam, no caps may be worn that hide the eyes of any student. Once an exam begins, any student may not leave the room until the exam is complete. Any student leaving the room will not be allowed to re-enter the exam. If you feel you must use the restroom, do so prior to the beginning of the exam. Quizzes: Pop quizzes can be given at any time on any class activities, including reading, lab, and lecture/discussion. During class discussions, you may be called upon to provide one or more answers to a question or questions your instructor asks. These discussions will be graded as quizzes, which can be as often as every class. Keep up with your reading, as quizzes can cover reading assignments that should have been completed on or before a given date. Some quizzes will be planned and announced in advance, for example to cover lab work or lecture discussions. Quizzes cannot be made up if missed. Grading: Grades are based on the percentage score you receive by combining scores from examinations, quizzes, lecture reports, lab assignments, and adding extra credit to the total of those grades. The basis of grading is as follows: Exam I Exam II Exam III Drop lowest exam Final Comprehensive Exam Lab Assignments, Quizzes 25% 25% 25% -25% 25% 25% Total: 100% Grading Scale: A = 85 or more B = 84-75 C = 74-65 D = 64-55 F = 54 or less Grades are compiled only at the end of the semester, after the final exam has been given. Students may compile their own grades on the basis of the grading factors shown here. Final grades will be available on MySite and not otherwise posted. Electronic Devices: Electronic devices are not allowed in the classroom during class sessions. Cell phones and other electronic devices must be turned off if brought into the classroom. Honesty/Dishonesty Policy: Cheating is an act or attempted act of deception by which a student seeks to misrepresent that he/she has undertaken an activity, such as an exam, quiz, or other assignment, when the student has actually used the work of someone else. Cheating is unacceptable and will not be tolerated. Anyone associated with such an incident will immediately relinquish such material and receive a “0” on the assignment. At the discretion of the instructor the student may be referred to the Dean and the infraction may be cause for dismissal or some other horrendous punishment that the instructor may impose. SCHEDULE Typical Schedule: Class meetings are scheduled as in the IVC Class Schedule, following the academic calendar. Each class will consist of about ½ lecture and ½ lab (rather than having one class of lecture, followed by one class of lab. The instructor reserves the right to change the class schedule. If a scheduled class is not held for any reason, the sequence of classes scheduled here (beneath the “#” sign, indicating sequence number) will be followed, unless otherwise noted by your instructor. In the schedule that follows, the chapters for reading are indicated in the column on the far right. The upper line refers to the lecture, the lower line refers to the lab manual; the “L” following a chapter number refers to the Laboratory Manual. Note that the lab chapters are not in sequence, as the lab manual was not written for this course. SCHEDULE # 1 2 DATE Jan 17 Jan 19 3 Jan 24 4 Jan 26 5 Jan 31 6 Feb 2 7 Feb 7 8 Feb 9 9 Feb 14 10 11 Feb 16 Feb 21 12 Feb 23 13 Feb 28 14 Mar 2 15 Mar 7 16 Mar 9 17 Mar 14 18 Mar 16 Mar 21 Mar 23 Mar 28 19 TOPIC Introduction to Course Natural Disasters and the Human Population Lab: Aerial Photographs . . . and Topographic Maps Natural Disasters and the Human Population Lab: Aerial Photographs . . . and Topographic Maps Internal Energy and Plate Tectonics Lab: Plate Tectonics Internal Energy and Plate Tectonics Lab: Plate Tectonics Earthquake Geology and Seismology Lab: Geologic Maps, Block Diagrams, and Rock Structures Earthquake Geology and Seismology Lab: Geologic Maps, Block Diagrams, and Rock Structures Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes Lab: Earthquakes and Earth’s Interior Earthquakes throughout the U.S. & Canada Lab: Earthquakes and Earth’s Interior Exam 1 (Exam only, no lab meeting) Volcanic Eruptions: Plate Tectonics and Magmas Lab: Minerals Volcano Case Histories; Killer Events Lab: Igneous Rocks (part of “Rocks and the Rock Cycle”) Tsunami vs Wind-Caused Waves Lab: Waves, Currents, and Tides Tsunami vs Wind-Caused Waves Lab: Waves, Currents, and Tides External Energy Fuels Weather and Climate Lab: Earth-Sun Relations Tornadoes, Lightning, Heat, and Cold Lab: Heating the Atmosphere Tornadoes, Lightning, Heat, Cold Lab: Air Masses, Mid-Latitude Cyclones, and Weather Maps Exam 2 (Exam only, no lab meeting) IVC Holiday IVC Holiday Hurricanes Lab: Atmospheric Moisture, Pressure, and Wind CHAPTER Preface; Prologue 1 3L 1 3L 2 7L 2 7L 3 8L 3 8L 4 6L 5 6L Preface, Ch. 1 – 5; Labs 6 1L 7 2L 8 11L 8 11L 9 12L 10 13L 10 15L Chapters 6 – 10, Labs No Class Meeting No Class Meeting 11 14L # 20 DATE Mar 30 21 Apr 4 22 Apr 6 23 Apr 11 24 Apr 13 25 Apr 18 26 Apr 20 27 Apr 25 28 29 Apr 27 May 2 30 May 4 31 May 9 32 May 11 33 34 May 16 May 23 TOPIC Hurricanes; Coastal Processes and Hazards Lab: Atmospheric Moisture, Pressure, and Wind Climate Change Lab: Global Climates Floods Lab: Running Water and Groundwater Floods Lab: Running Water and Groundwater Fire Lab: Arid and Glacial Landscapes Fire Lab: Arid and Glacial Landscapes Mass Movements Lab: Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks (part of “Rocks and the Rock Cycle” Mass Movements Lab: Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks (part of “Rocks and the Rock Cycle” Exam 3 (Exam only, no lab meeting) Impacts with Space Objects Lab: Examining the Terrestrial Planets Impacts with Space Objects Lab: Examining the Terrestrial Planets The Great Dyings Lab: Geologic Time The Great Dyings; Lab: Geologic Time Review for Final Exam FINAL EXAM, 11 am, Room B204 CHAPTER 11; 16 14L 12 16L 13 4L 13 4L 14 4L 14 5L 15 2L 11-16 and Labs 17 20L 17 20L Epilogue 9L Epilogue 9L Comprehensive; study guide will direct your study toward the main educational themes of the class THE SERIOUS STUDENT - A Student who is serious about obtaining a high grade will complete the following tasks: 1. Read each text chapter at least 3 times prior to an exam; the first reading will be prior to the first class meeting where the topic of that text chapter will be covered in class, the second reading will include preparation of a detailed outline of the text chapter, and the third reading will be immediately prior to taking the first exam on that chapter. 2. Take detailed notes during lectures (including videos); review these thoroughly several times prior to exams. 3. For each text chapter, review and answer all of the questions at the end of the chapter . 4. Attend all classes; be on time to begin class, take breaks only when the instructor indicates it is time to do so, and stay to the end of class (or to the end of the work being done). 5. Participate in discussions, ask questions, and answer any question asked of you during class discussions. 6. Pay close attention to the instructor during lectures and lab discussions. 7. Complete all lab reading and lab work assigned, answer all lab questions in the lab manual that are assigned, and show all work to the instructor at the time the questions are turned in for each lab. 8. Ask questions during lecture if a topic is not clearly understood. 9. Notify the instructor in advance if illness prevents class attendance on any given day. No other activities will be scheduled by any student to overlap with scheduled class meeting times. 10. Form and participate in a study group with some of your classmates; challenge each other!