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Abra

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Domingo, Jexa Delle D.
BS PHARM 1 – H
Abra
Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative
Region in Luzon. Hemmed in the towering mountain ranges of the Ilocos on the west and
the Cordillera on the east, the province occupies the western portion of the Cordillera
region. It is bounded on the north by Ilocos Norte and the South by Ilocos Sur and
Mountain Province. Towards the east is Kalinga and on the west, the province of Apayao.
As it straddles the Ilocandia and the Cordillera, this province is a melting pot of the lowland
people of dominant Spanish ancestry and the unique ethnicity of the upland Tingguian
tribe.
Brief History
Abra was made as a politico-military territory in 1846, preceding which was a piece
of the old Ilocos Province and later Ilocos Sur in 1818. Common government was built up
in Abra on August 19, 1901, yet was re-annexed to Ilocos Sur in February 1905. Abra
remained a sub-area in 12 years, recapturing its status as a region simply after the entry
of Act 2683 in March 1917. Farming is the principle financial movement of the area.
Horses, which the territory is known for in the Cordilleras and Northern Luzon, were a
Domingo, Jexa Delle D.
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noteworthy method of transportation amid the Spanish time frame. The Abra River is
widely utilized as a means of traversing and travelling in and out of the province. When
the Spaniards came, missionary work was done in Abra by the Augustinian Order who
founded the town of Bangued in 1898. The priests also made extensive studies of the
culture of the indigenous people of Abra.
The people of Abra actively participated in the national uprising in the 18th century.
During the middle part of 1899, a revolutionary government was set-up in Abra through
the leadership of Don Blas Villamor. Leocadio Valera became the Provincial Governor
until Abra fell into the American Civil Government established on August 19, 1909.
During the Japanese occupation, a rebellious guerrilla association was shaped to
oppose the intruders. Like some other place, the province was intensely harmed during
the Second World War Industries and properties were adversely affected. When the
Americans took over the war, another arrangement of government was presented and
substantial changes in social, religious, political and financial existence of the general
population took place.
Flora and Fauna
Insulated by the mountainous gazebo, nature has remained pristine in Abra. The
province teems with impressive natural resources. More than half of its land are forest
lands which are repository of a myriad of forest products and minerals such as gold, clay
guano, rock phosphate, and cement raw materials. The forest also serves as a habitat of
diverse flora and fauna which are important genetic sources of food, medicine, and other
economic products.
Figure 1 Edible Fungi Found in 27 Minucipalities of Abra
Domingo, Jexa Delle D.
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Figure 2 Edible Flora found in 27 municipalities of Abra
Figure 3 Edible Fauna found in 27 municipalities of Abra
Domingo, Jexa Delle D.
BS PHARM 1 – H
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