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Difference between organic and inorganic compounds

Difference between organic and inorganic compounds
Organic compounds always contain carbon while most inorganic compounds
do not contain carbon. Also, nearly all organic compounds contain carbonhydrogen or C-H bonds.
Examples of Organic Compounds or Molecules
Molecules associated with living organisms are organic. These include nucleic
acids, fats, sugars, proteins, enzymes and hydrocarbon fuels. All organic
molecules contain carbon, nearly all contain hydrogen, and many also contain
table sugar or sucrose, C12H22O11
benzene, C6H6
methane, CH4
ethanol or grain alcohol, C2H6O
Examples of Inorganic Compounds
Inorganics include salts, metals, substances made from single elements and
any other compounds that don't contain carbon bonded to hydrogen. Some
inorganic molecules do, in fact, contain carbon.
table salt or sodium chloride, NaCl
carbon dioxide, CO2
diamond (pure carbon)
Organic Compounds Without C-H Bonds
There are few organic compounds that don't contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.
Examples of these exceptions include:
carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)
urea [CO(NH2)2]
Organic Compounds and Life
While most organic compounds encountered in chemistry are produced by
living organisms, it's possible for the molecules to form through other
These are carbohydrates- Carbohydrate Examples:
Glucose, ructose, Sucrose (table sugar), Chitin, Cellulose, Glucose
lipids- Examples:
Cholesterol, paraffin, , olive oil, margarine, cortisol, estrogen,
phospholipid bilayer that forms the cell membrane
proteins- Examples:
Enzymes, Collagen, Keratin, Albumin, Hemoglobin, Myoglobin, Fibrin
nucleic acids- Examples:
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid)
Other Kinds of Organic Compounds
These include solvents, drugs, vitamins, dyes, artificial flavours, toxins, and
molecules used as precursors to biochemical compounds.
Acetaldehyde, Acetaminophen, Acetone, Acetylene, Benzaldehyde
Biotin, Caffeine, Carbon tetrachloride, Fullerene, Heptane, Methanol
Mustard gas, Vanillin
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