All About that Drama Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar STAGE DIRECTIONS ▪ an instruction written in the script of a play that gives direction to the actors or information about the scenery. ▪ Example: DIALOGUE ▪ dialogue is a literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another. Motif is an object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work. MOTIF ▪ an idea, object, or concept that repeats itself throughout a text. A motif gives clues to theme or reinforces ideas an author wants to emphasize. ▪ A motif generally reinforces the theme of the text. IRONY ▪ Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. ▪ EXAMPLE: ▪ CASSIUS: ” ‘Tis true this god did shake.” ▪ “Go ask his name: if he be married. My grave is like to be my wedding bed.” ▪ “Water, water, everywhere, And all the boards did shrink; Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink.” ALLUSION ▪ An allusion is a figure of speech that refers to a well-known story, event, person, or object in order to make a comparison in the readers' minds. SYMBOLISM ▪ Symbolism is the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities, by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.