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Biosco
MV/LV prefabricated substations
Safety is a choice
1
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
2
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction
 Prefabrication
 Safety

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
3
> Introduction
Introduction
Tomorrow
Today
1975
< 1950
• Air-breaking switchgear
• Overhead networks
• MV/LV substations built
on site
Biosco presentation November 2007
• First cubicles with
breaking in SF6
• First prefabricated
substation
• Mature countries: 35%
of substations are
prefabricated.
• World-wide:
40% of substations will be
prefabricated
4
> Introduction
Prefabrication offers
Biosco presentation November 2007

Safety
 Conformity to IEC 62271-202
 Reproducible level of quality

Savings:
 Manufactured, assembled and equipped in the factory
 Shorter installation time

Speed:
 Delivered ready to be connected
5
> Introduction
Safety at all times …
Manufacture
• Quality of assemblies and
cabling carried out and tested
in the factory
• Manufacturer-guaranteed
performance
• Shorter controlled delivery
times
Design
• Mechanical calculations,
thermal simulations
• Validation by type-tests,
including:
 earthing
 degree of protection (IP)
 mechanical stresses
 temperature
 internal fault
Biosco presentation November 2007
Installation
• Complete delivery, in
one go, at the right time
• On-site cabling
minimised and simplified
by design
Operation
Recycling
• Possibility of removing the
complete substation and
recycling in a specialised site
with recovery of gas from MV
switchboards
• Equipment reliability
• Enclosure lifetime
• General public and operator
protection
• Environmental protection,
transformer dielectric
retention tank
6
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard
 description
 tests

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
7
> Standard IEC 62271-202
IEC 62271-202 standard : Description
Use of equipment
conform to IEC standards
Mechanical resistance
of the enclosure
Degree of protection
Sound
level
Electromagnetic
compatibility
Insulation
level
Functional tests
Temperature class
Non-flammable
materials
LV
Earthing circuit test
Biosco presentation November 2007
MV
Internal
arcing
withstand
Oil retention
8
> Standard IEC 62271-202
IEC 62271-202 standard: The tests
Link to
appendices
Biosco presentation November 2007
1.
Dielectric
2.
Temperature rise
3.
Short-circuit current
4.
Functional
5.
Degree of protection
6.
Mechanical
7.
Arc due to an internal fault
8.
Noise level
9.
Electromagnetic compatibility
9
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range
 4 designs
 Biosco W, Biosco N, Biosco H , Biosco U

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
10
> The Biosco range
The 4 designs
Biosco presentation November 2007

Biosco W: Substation with corridor
 Operation protected from bad weather
conditions

Biosco N: Substation with external operation
 Ground space savings

Biosco H: Half-buried substation
 visual impact limited

Biosco U: Underground substation
 Blends completely
into the environment
Biosco W
Biosco N
Biosco H
Biosco U
11
> The Biosco range
Biosco W

Concrete or metal enclosure
 1 to 3 transformers
 Special coating and roof options
Biosco presentation November 2007
12
> The Biosco range
Example: Biosco W France - 24kV
•Concrete enclosure
•Ground surface: 8.9 m²
•Total weight: 14 t
•4 MV SM6 cubicles
•1000 kVA transformer
•LV switchboard with fuses
Biosco presentation November 2007
13
> The Biosco range
Biosco N

Metal or concrete enclosure
 Elongated or square layout
MV

Biosco presentation November 2007
LV
MV
LV
1 transformer up to 1600 kVA
14
> The Biosco range
Example: Biosco N China - 10kV
•Metal enclosure
•Ground surface: 5.2 m²
•Total weight: 3.5 t
•RM6 MV switchboard
•500 kVA transformer
•Prisma LV switchboard
Biosco presentation November 2007
15
> The Biosco range
Biosco H

Concrete or metal enclosure
 1 transformer up to 1000 kVA
 Special coating options
Biosco presentation November 2007
16
> The Biosco range
Example: Biosco H Montenegro - 10kV
•Concrete enclosure
•Ground surface: 5.8 m²
•Total weight: 8 t
•RM6 MV switchboard
•630 kVA transformer
•LV switchboard with
fuses
Biosco presentation November 2007
17
> The Biosco range
Biosco U

Concrete enclosure
 1 transformer up to 630 kVA
 Special coating options
Biosco presentation November 2007
18
> The Biosco range
Example: Biosco U Spain – 24/36kV
•Concrete enclosure
•Ground surface: 9.7 m²
•Total weight: 22 t
•RM6 or CAS36 MV
switchboard
•630 kVA transformer
•LV switchboard with fuses
Biosco presentation November 2007
19
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions
 To reconfigure the MV network and protect the MV/LV
transformer
 To supply LV energy
 To distribute and protect the LV network
 To manage functions remotely
 Auxiliary functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
20
> The MV/LV substation functions
The main functions
Biosco presentation November 2007

To reconfigure the MV network and protect the
MV/LV transformer

To supply LV energy

To distribute and protect the LV network

To manage functions remotely
21
> The MV/LV substation functions
Reconfiguring the MV network
and protecting the MV/LV transformer
SM6 range

Complete range of more than 40 types of modular cubicles
 Connection to the MV network
 Protection of the MV/LV transformer
 Metering.
 Technical characteristics
 Breaking in SF6
 3 to 36kV; In up to 1250A; short-circuit current up to 25 kA
 Degree of protection: IP 2X
 Natural interlocking between switch and earthing switch

Conforms to IEC 62271-200
In over 50 countries  Leadership success: more than 1 200 000 cubicles installed since 1991
Biosco presentation November 2007
22
> The MV/LV substation functions
Reconfiguring the MV network and protecting the
MV/LV transformer
RM6 range


The RM6 range performs all functions within a compact switchboard:
 Connection to the MV network

Protection of the MV/LV transformer

Metering.
Technical characteristics
 Total insulation in SF6
 3 to 24kV; In up to 630A; short-circuit current up to 25 kA
 Degree of protection: IP 3X
 Natural interlocking between switch and earthing switch

Conforms to IEC 62271-200
 Leadership success: more than 1 000 000 cubicles installed since 1986
In over 50 countries
Biosco presentation November 2007
23
> The MV/LV substation functions
Reconfiguring the MV network and protecting the
MV/LV transformer
CAS 36 range
Biosco presentation November 2007

Compact indoor switchboard with insulation in SF6
 Connection to the MV network
 Protection of the MV/LV transformer

Technical characteristics:
 3 to 36 kV; In up to 630A; short-circuit current up to 20kA
 Degree of protection: IP 3X
 Switch-disconnector and fuse combination sets

Conforms to standard IEC 62271-200
24
> The MV/LV substation functions
Reconfiguring the MV network and protecting the
MV/LV transformer
Ringmaster range
Biosco presentation November 2007

Compact indoor or outdoor switchboard with insulation in SF6
 Connection to the MV network
 Protection of the MV/LV transformer
 Metering
 Line protection

Technical characteristics:
 3 to 13.8 kV; In up to 630A; short-circuit current up to 21kA
 Degree of protection: IP 54
 Switch-disconnector and circuit-breaker

Conforms to standard IEC 62271-200
25
> The MV/LV substation functions
Supplying LV energy
Minera and Trihal ranges
Biosco presentation November 2007

MV/LV distribution transformer for networks up to 36kV
 Minera “oil-immersed” technology
– Compact size
– Dielectric without PCB
 Trihal “dry type cast resin” technology
– Fire-retardant coating system for immediate self-extinguishability
– No environmental risks or human contamination risks
– Resistance to extreme conditions (temperature, chemical agent,
damp, etc.)
– Degree of protection: up to IP31

Conforms to standard IEC 60076
26
> The MV/LV substation functions
Distributing and protecting the LV network
Opus range
Biosco presentation November 2007

Opus is a range of LV switchboards comprising three types of solutions
for fuse feeders:
 Opus Intra: manual fuse strip
 Opus Plus: manual fuse switch-disconnector
 Opus Excel: fuse switch-disconnector with operator-independent
operation
 No-load incoming disconnector

Technical characteristics:
 Voltage rating 415V; In up to 3200A
 Degree of protection IP2X
 Short-circuit current up to 50kA

Conforms to standard IEC 60439-1
27
> The MV/LV substation functions
Distributing and protecting the LV network
Prisma Plus range
Biosco presentation November 2007

The Prisma Plus range is based on a functional system architecture
guaranteeing reliable and simple design:
 Each protection device is incorporated in a functional unit
 Separation of each zone (busbar, switchgear, cables)
 Incorporates the LV protection device ranges of Schneider-Electric, the
world leader

Technical characteristics:
 In up to 3200A
 Degree of protection: IP30; IP55
 Short-circuit current: up to 85KA

Conforms to standard IEC 60439-1
28
> The MV/LV substation functions
Managing functions remotely
Easergy Flair 200 C
Biosco presentation November 2007

Communicating fault detector for underground MV networks
 Detection of fault currents and power cuts
 Measurement unit
– Instantaneous current and voltage
– Power P,Q,S

Technical characteristics
 protocols: IEC 60870-5-101; DNP3, Modbus
 Built-in GSM modem
 Degree of protection IP 21 or 54

Conforms to standard IEC 60870
29
> The MV/LV substation functions
Managing functions remotely
Easergy T200

Biosco presentation November 2007
Control unit for MV substation
 Switch management
 Backed-up power supply
 Fault current flow detection
 Measurements

Technical characteristics
 Extensive protocol catalogue: IEC 60870-5-101 and 104, DNP3, Modbus
and a large number of proprietary protocols
 A large number of transmission interfaces: Ethernet, RS232, Radio,
RTC,GSM, GPRS,CPL…
 Degree of protection IP3X

Conforms to standard IEC 60870
30
> The MV/LV substation functions
Managing functions remotely
Easergy W200
Biosco presentation November 2007

MV/LV substation LV measurement and remote-monitoring unit:
 Consumption follow-up: I, P
 Voltage quality follow-up
 Temperature follow-up
 Histories of any problems having occurred
 Measurement histories

Technical characteristics:
 protocol: Modbus
 Built-in GSM interface or RS232 link
 Degree of protection IP 21
31
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Biosco presentation November 2007

To provide the public lighting network with
energy

To meter energy supplied to customers

To re-supply by generator set

To compensate reactive energy and limit
pollution of the electrical network

To send digital data
32
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Providing the public lighting network with energy
Biosco presentation November 2007

Distribution for the lighting of streets, monuments and buildings can
be incorporated into the substation

Functions performed:
 Power supply
 Protection
 Metering
 Management
33
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Re-supplying by generator set

Hatch for cable insertion
 LV switchboard equipped with a connection device
Hatch
Biosco presentation November 2007
TIPI LV switchboard
connection device
34
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Metering energy supplied
Biosco presentation November 2007

MV switchboard equipped with a metering cubicle to measure energy
supplied to customers

LV metering associated with the various feeders to determine
consumption and losses, if any.
35
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Compensating reactive energy and filtering the
network
Biosco presentation November 2007

Energy savings:
 Exploiting transformer and installation at maximum efficiency
 Reducing losses

Enhanced network management:
 Attenuating voltage drops
 Filtering harmonics: avoiding overloads

Reduce cost:
 Sizing installation to what is strictly necessary
 Reducing reactive energy costs
36
> The MV/LV substation functions
The auxiliary functions of the MV/LV substation
Sending digital data
Ilevo on-line carrier current system offer
Biosco presentation November 2007

Energy management by remote reading
 electricity
 water
 gas

Substation monitoring and fault detection

Multimedia services
 Broadband internet
 Voice on IP
 Video on request
37
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
38
> Adaptation to local needs
Adaptation to local needs

Climatic requirements



Biosco presentation November 2007
High temperatures and sand storms
– Compromise between degree of protection and ventilation
– Compartmentalisation of substation
– Switchgear derating
Flooding
– Use of equipment with integral insulation
– Solution of raised installations
Extreme cold and snowfall
– Installation of heating elements for condensation protection
– Sealing against frost and thaw effects
– Adaptation of enclosure mechanical withstand
39
> Adaptation to local needs
Adaptation to local needs
Biosco presentation November 2007

Town planning regulations
 Substation sizing (height and surface area)
 Availability of a wide range of options: colours, coatings and
roofs

Local transformers
 Substation sizing (height and surface area)
 Adaptation of ventilation systems
 Validation of enclosure class

Road infrastructure requirements
 Substation sizing
 Optimisation of transported weight
40
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
41
Our expertise
Biosco presentation November 2007

World leader in LV and MV

ISO 9001,14001 certification

World leader in prefabricated MV/LV substations
 More than 10 000 prefabricated substations per year
 More than 30 years’ experience
 Control of IEC 62271-202
– numerical simulation
– ASEFA approved laboratory
 Technology transfer control
42
Our expertise
Technology transfer via partnerships
Biosco presentation November 2007

Schneider transmits its expertise and technology to a company to
help it manufacture and sell prefabricated substations and develop its
activity.

Schneider coaches, trains and audits the partner during and after the
transfer.

In return, the company undertakes to sell prefabricated substations
incorporating exclusively Schneider Electric equipment.
43
Our expertise
the partnership stages
End of
launch
Authorisation
to sell
tasks
Stage 3
Sales
agreement
Licence
Preparing the
launch
Stage 2
Stage 1
Stage 4
Implementation
Agreement
in principle
Initialisation
Preparation of
the licence
Understanding
needs
S 04
Biosco presentation November 2007
S 25
S 50
time
44
Our expertise
Success story: Russia (Ezois)
Biosco presentation November 2007

The key dates
 Start of 1995: first work meeting
 November 1995: signing the licence
 Start of 1996: manufacture of the first substations

Production
 2006: 750 MV/LV dual substations
45
Our expertise
Success story:
Tartarstan, Russian federation (TATEK)
Biosco presentation November 2007

The key dates
 Start of 2006: first work meeting
 June 2006: signing the licence
 December 2006: end of substation design
 June 2007: inauguration of the plant and manufacture of the first
substations

Target
 150 dual substations per year after three years
46
Our expertise
Success story: Montenegro
Biosco presentation November 2007

The key dates
 Start of 2005: first exchanges
 December 2006: signing the licence
 April 2006: end of substation design
 July 2007: inauguration of the plant and manufacture of the first
substations

Target
 50 substations per year after three years
47
A recognised expertise
Biosco presentation November 2007
48
Contents
Biosco presentation November 2007

Introduction

IEC 62271-202 standard

The Biosco range

The MV/LV substation functions

Adaptation to local needs

Our expertise

Conclusion
49
Conclusion
Choosing a Biosco substation:
Biosco presentation November 2007

Is to choose safety.
 The guarantee of a type-tested substation
 The advantages of a substation, assembled, equipped and
cabled in the factory

Is to choose performance
 The range of a world leader in MV and LV switchgear ….
 …in prefabricated substations

Is to choose a team that takes your needs into account
 Technical support
 Adaptation to your needs
50
Thank you for your attention
Biosco presentation November 2007
51
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