Student Number: 31970016 Ancient History Assessment 2 The Execution of Socrates: The City’s Political and Personal Scapegoat The objectives behind the execution of Socrates, in 399 B.C.E., has been a reoccurring debate between historians for decades. However, disputing the ancient philosopher as just a ‘silver-tongued scapegoat for Athens’ own fears’ would be to neglect the telling of many ancient sources. While many elements within that debate could be considered true when analyzing the ancient sources, the complete debate is misguiding to both Socrates and the political conspiracies which consumed Athens during and after the events of the Thirty Tyrants of Athens. Firstly, to label the Athenian court’s decision as one provoked by fear is to reject the hypocrisy and contradicting components within Socrates’ indictments of corrupting the Athenian youth and impiety. Without standing evidence and the ambiguity of both charges, the case against Socrates’ should have been one unable to produce a proper conviction, yet it was one which ended his life. Moreover, those who accused Socrates should not be overlooked, as Anytus, one of the three accurse, had a personal vendetta against Socrates. Consequently, with such evidence debunking the legitimacy of the current argument, it would only be judicious to adjust the debate of Socrates from Silver-tongued scapegoat for a city’s own fears, to The City’s political and personal scapegoat.