AERODYNAMICS-II Page |1 REG NO: NAME: _______________________ Click on the topics for videos Dr. Vishnu Kumar G C., Asst. Prof. (S.G). School of Aeronautical Sciences, HITS, Chennai Dr. Vishnu Kumar G C , School of Aeronautical Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Tech. & Science, Chennai. AERODYNAMICS-II Page |2 UNIT II UNIT I AEB4203 COURSE SYLLABUS BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROPERTIES  FLIUD KINEMATICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS  Fluid – definition stress and strain of fluids Distinction between solid and fluid incompressible and compressible flows Properties of fluids pressure and Units Buoyancy, forces on submerged bodies. Newtonian and Non- Newtonian fluids Pressure measurements, Manometer Fluid Kinematics velocity potential function ‐ circulation Flow visualization lines of flow velocity field and Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluids motion, acceleration concept continuity equation of local and convective accelerations, Flow measurements:. Equation of streamline & stream Flow measurement using venturimeter, function pitot‐static tube and orifice plate Dimensional analysis: Rayleigh method Fully developed pipe flow UNIT III Buckingham's π theorem applications Friction general - Friction factor Geometric kinematic and dynamic Darcy‐Weisbach relation (flow through DIMENSIONAL similarity, Fluid Flow: ANALYSIS AND FLUID FLOW  Non‐dimensional parameters and their physical significance Fluid machines: Definition pipes, head losses in pipes) Boundary layer flows, boundary layer thickness, and boundary layer separation Degree of reaction UNIT V UNIT IV Exchange of energy ‐ Euler's equation Turbomachinery Pelton wheel, Francis HYDRAULIC TURBINES  HYDRAULIC PUMPS  for turbo machines and Kaplan turbines velocity vector diagram impulse and reaction principles, components of energy transfer velocity diagram and performance Pumps: Definition & classification Reciprocating pump: classification Centrifugal pump: working principles, indicator diagram, performance curves velocity triangles, cavitation in pumps specific speed, efficiency and gear and vane pumps hydraulics REFERENCES Dr. Vishnu Kumar G C , School of Aeronautical Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Tech. & Science, Chennai. AERODYNAMICS-II Page |3 COURSE OUTCOMES The student will be able to 1. Distinguish different types of fluid, properties and their behaviour under various conditions 1,2,3 2 Apply scientific method strategies to fluid mechanics: analyse qualitatively and quantitatively the problem situation, propose hypotheses and solutions 1,2,3, 4 3 Formulate and analyse problems related to calculation of forces in fluid structure interaction. 1,2,3, 4 4 Gain knowledge on working Principles of Various hydraulic turbines and solve their basic problems 1,2,3,4 5 Acquire knowledge on working Principles of centrifugal & reciprocating pumps and solve their basic problems 1,2,4 UNIT I Dr. Vishnu Kumar G C , School of Aeronautical Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Tech. & Science, Chennai. AERODYNAMICS-II Page |4 BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROPERTIES FLUID – that deforms continuously subjected to tangential or shear stress. Solid can resist tangential stress under static conditions, but fluid can do it under dynamic conditions. Fluid mechanics deals with the behaviour of the fluid at statics (at rest), kinematics (no pressure) and dynamics (with pressure forces). PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS Density (ρ): mass of fluid to its volume (kg/m3). Ex: Water - 1000kg/m3 Specific density(w): Weight of fluid to its volume = ρ×g Ex: 9810N/m3. Specific gravity(S): Weight density of liquid to water Ex: Mercury = 13.6 Viscosity: resistance to the movement of one layer of fluid over adjacent layer of the fluid. Dr. Vishnu Kumar G C , School of Aeronautical Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Tech. & Science, Chennai.