“A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Stress is one of the most common feeling that a human experiences through different situations such as when a person experiences hardships, economic pressures, difficult work environment, patterns of thinking and acting, unmet needs, etc. These kind of situations can trigger a person to release the stress in the way of unhealthy habits like smoking. Stress is also linked to many diseases and may also be the cause of the disease to be worse (Cleveland Clinic, 2013). The relation of stress and smoking turns out to be that by means of smoking, most smokers believe that smoking can help a person to feel calmed because nicotine is a mood-altering drug that can reduce negative feelings when inhaled. Nicotine triggers a certain part in the brain that helps the mind to keep in calm and on the other hand, can also be the cause of addiction to cigarette. Cleveland Clinic explained that smoking actually cause a lot of negative reactions in the body. This happens when nicotine rushes through the bloodstream and travels to the brain, where several neurotransmitter and dopamine is released. Once the drug decreases, a person will feel worse more than ever (Healthline Editorial Team, n.d). One of the biggest causes of death and illness is smoking cigarette. Smoking affects different area and nearly every organ in the body. Just by lighting one cigarette can lead to addiction and can cause a disease such as stroke, heart disease, cancer, etc. (Seymour, July 27 2017). Not only the person who smokes can catch a disease but “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” also those people in the environment by Second hand smoke. Currently, the Philippines has one of the highest smoking rates in Asia and was the 15th largest consumer of tobacco in the world. According to PSA, there are 17.3 Million Filipino Adults current users of tobacco and it starts at an early age of 15 (National Statistics Office Manila, Philippines). Pres. Rodrigo Duterte on May 16 2017 declared a nationwide ban on smoking, issued an Executive Order No. 26 entitled Providing for the Establishment of Smoke-Free Environments in Public and Enclosed Places due to Clean Air Act. Even though the President already declared an order about smoking, Many Filipinos still continue to use tobacco each day. A study about college students smoking to cope up with stress, results showed that smoking during times of stress serve multiple functions. The role of cigarette for college students who smokes are the way to interact when a student feels isolated. Cigarette also serves as an instrument to recognize that a student who smokes feels stressed, a signal device to the people to be aware that a friend of them has a problem. The response of students in the study about smoking include that cigarette serves as the way to release the positive and negative feeling, helps to focus on studies, and helps to clear one’s mind due to stressful events (Mark Nichter, Mimi Nichter, Asli Carkoglu, and the Tobacco Etiology Research Network, 2007). Conducting a study about stress management and smoking is important because smoking is one of the leading cause of death. Stress can already worsen the feeling of a person and if the persons habit is to smoke, it can lead to a very serious illness. The researchers aims to lessen the people who smokes at an early age. The purpose of this study is to be an eye opener to those who continue to smoke when they’re stress. “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM By the end of this study, the researchers are expected to answer the ff. 1. Why do college students resort to smoking as a stress reliever? 2. Why do they choose to smoke instead of releasing their stress in other ways? 3. How does it affect their physical and mental health? SCOPE AND DELIMITATION This study focuses on the effects of stress and how it is associated with smoking. How can it be stopped and help those who wants to quit it and release stress through other ways. “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study will contribute to the society because smoking is widespread in the Philippines. Particularly, the following group of people who are expected to benefit from this study are: 1. Students - especially those who smokes and those who wants to quit smoking. Life in college is very stressful, and many students tend to smoke to release the stress they feel. Students will benefit from this research by seeing that smoking does not help to release the stress they feel because of workload. 2. Future Researchers – especially those who conduct a research related to the topic of smoking. Future researchers can get information in this research and expand it further. 3. Complete set of individuals – this research paper will serve as an eye opener to the complete set of individuals. This research aims to reach out those who smokes at a young age to reduce the risk of having a disease such as lung cancer, COPD (chronic pulmonary disease), heart disease, stroke, asthma, etc. People may already know that smoking is bad for the health but the researchers can further widen the knowledge of the readers about the effects of smoking in both mental and physical health. “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” REFERENCES Cleveland Clinic (2013). Stress Management and Smoking. my.clevelandclinic.org/health/healthy_living/hic_Stress_Management_and_Emotiona l_Health/hic_Stress_Stress_Management_and_Smoking Healthline Editorial Team (February 24, 2016). Stress, Smoking, and Heart Disease. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/heart-disease/stress-smoking#1 Seymour,T. (July 27 2017). The reasons why smoking is bad for you. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/10566.php Ericta, C.N., Philippine Statistics Authority (N.d). 17.3 Million Filipino Adults Are Current Tobacco Smokers. Manila, Philippines: National Statistics Office. https://psa.gov.ph/article/173-million-filipino-adults-are-current-tobacco-smokers Nichter, M. et al. (2007). Reconsidering stress and smoking: a qualitative study among college students. National Center for Biotechnology Information. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2598509/ American Lung Association (2018). 10 of the Worst Diseases Smoking Causes https://www.lung.org/our-initiatives/tobacco/reports-resources/sotc/by-thenumbers/10-worst-diseases-smoking-causes.html “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” METHODOLOGY RESEARCH DESIGN A qualitative kind of research will be used and the research design would be a case study. A case study is usually used in fields of health, economics, business, social science, etc. (PR1 book). Since the researchers topic is all about the mental and physical health of a person, the researchers would like to observe and analyse the behaviour of one person who is smoking to release its stress. This research is a phenomenological study that seeks to understand how people experience a particular situation or phenomenon. It is conducted through the use of in-depth interviews. The researchers chose the form of semi-structured interview since it was a more appropriate type of interview. The semi-structured interview allows the interviewees to present their own personal views and opinions after they answer the questions presented by the interviewers. SETTINGS AND RESPONDENTS The researcher task is to find a student who engage through smoking as a respondent of the research around University Belt in Manila, Philippines. U Belt was chosen as a settings for the research because we observed that there are a lot of college students that smokes outside the campus. “A CASE STUDY OF A COLLEGE STUDENT MANAGING STRESS THROUGH SMOKING” RESEARCH INSTRUMENT In this research, the data is collected through semi-structured interview with the participants. This consists of questions that allows the participants to openly share their own perspectives and lived experiences as smoker. The questions are in open-ended form and it is also emphasize in their situation. RESEARCH PROCESS In this study, the researchers will gather the data through an in-depth interview with the participants. Semi-structured interview will be use to gather information’s. The researchers will first observe the people smoking outside the campus to see the people who are smoking and then they will approach him/her to ask them if they can be interviewed. The researchers will ask some questions related to their case study. After the researchers gather the information that is needed they will analyse the data they have gathered and come up with conclusion.