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OIL SPILL CONTIGENCY PLAN

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TPE 415
PETROLEUM POLLUTION CONTROL
ADESANYA ADEGBOYEGA
AJEKIIGBE
SAMAD
OSUPORU OLUMUYIWA
171152
179361
171170
OUTLINE

INTRODUCTION
What are oil spills?
What is a contingency plan?

OIL SPILL CONTINGENCY PLANS
Aims of OSCP
Elements of an OSCP
Developing an OSCP
Checklist for OSCP

CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION

An oil spill is the release of liquid petroleum
into the environment due to human activity.

It is a form of pollution and can occur on
land or in marine areas.

Some oil spills in history include Exxon
Valdez (1989), Gulf war oil spill (1991),
Deepwater Horizon (2010).
CONTINGENCY PLANS

A contingency is an event which may happen, the
timing of which is obscure or unknown.
 A contingency plan is like a “game plan,” or a set
of instructions that outlines the steps that should
be taken before, during, and after an emergency.

Contingency plans are needed to prepare a facility
to minimize the impact of any foreseeable
emergency.
VARIOUS TYPES OF OSCP
OIL SPILL CONTINGENCY PLANS

Oil Spill Contingency Plans (OSCP) are carefully
outlined plans for a safe response to an oil spill.

The aims of an OSCP are:
 To
provide direction and guidance to those involved in
responding to an oil spill incident;
 To identify the most appropriate and successful response
to minimise the damage (environmental, ecological,
recreational or financial) that would be caused by an oil
spill.
ELEMENTS OF AN OSCP
INTRODUCTION
 The purpose, the resources at risk and risk
assessment.
STRATEGY SECTION
The geographical coverage, division of responsibilities
and role of authorities.
ACTIONS AND OPERATIONS
Details of emergency procedures, individual action cards
and notification flow charts.
DATA DIRECTORY
Relevant maps, lists, data sheets and support information.
DEVELOPING AN OSCP
Identify
potential
emergencies
and
complications
Determine and
define roles
and
responsibilities
Identify risks
and
consequences
Identify
resources
and
capabilities
Determine
response
actions
Write and
implement
the plan
CHECKLIST FOR OSCP

After preparing, one should make sure the
OSCP specifies:
Dimensions of the plan
Roles of lead agencies
Notification procedure
Oil pollution risk assessment
Spill response strategies
Waste disposal
Ability to respond
Response guide
Health and safety
Compensation and cost recovery
Effects on the local economy
CONCLUSION

Planning for an oil spill emergency helps to
minimize potential danger to human health
and the environment by ensuring a timely and
coordinated response.

OSCPs should also be reviewed as frequently
as possible when factors change and
experience dictates.
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