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animal farm

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Summary of Animal farm
This book takes place on Manor Farm owned by Mr. Jones. He is a lazy
person and someone who likes to drink. One night, Old Major a prize Middle
White boar had a strange dream and everyone gathered in the barn as soon as Mr.
Jones was safely out of the way. He gave his comrades a message which was
rebellion. Then he gave them some guidelines to follow. Afterwards he told them
of his dream. It was a dream of the earth as it will be when Man has vanished.
Then he taught them the song ‘Beasts of England’. Three nights later old Major
died peacefully in his sleep. His body was buried at the foot of the orchard. After
three months had past they started doing secret activities such as meetings. The
pigs were recognized as the cleverest animal on the farm. They are in charge of
teaching and organizing for the rebellion. Out of all the pigs Napoleon and
Snowball stood out the most. Another pig was Squealer. He was a brilliant speaker.
By the time June came around Mr. Jones had come home drunk one night and left
the animals unfed. The animals had enough. The animals forced Mr. Jones out. The
rebellion was successful and the farm was theirs. Mrs. Jones also saw what
happened and fled. Then they destroyed everything that reminded them of Mr.
Jones. The day after they created the seven commandments and changed the name
Manor Farm to Animal Farm. They also worked every day except on Sundays.
Early in October, Jones and tons of other people came to the farm in an attempt to
recapture the farm. They fought against each other until the men had rushed away.
The battle was named the Battle of the cowshed, since that was where the ambush
had been sprung. As winter drew on Mollie became more and more troublesome
and three days later she disappeared. In January there came bitterly hard weather.
They came to accept that the pigs should decide all questions of farm policy,
though their decisions had to be ratified by a majority vote. It would have worked
well if it had not been for the disputes between Snowball and Napoleon. Both
disagreed at every point where disagreement was possible. Then the sheep had
taken to bleating ‘Four legs good, two legs bad’ both in and out of season, and they
often interrupted the Meeting with this. Afterwards Snowball had made plans for a
windmill. The dispute over the windmill lasted a while until Snowball was chased
out of the farm by nine enormous dogs. Napoleon announced that Sunday-morning
meetings were to come to an end as they were unnecessary. On the third Sunday
after Snowball’s expulsion, Napoleon announced that the windmill was to be built
after all. They started building the windmill. Then Napoleon engages in trades.
When Napoleon finds the windmill in ruins he tells the animals that it was
Snowball who had done such a thing. They started rebuilding it immediately. Then
they find out that Snowball was secretly frequenting the farm. He stages a great
purge, during which various animals who have allegedly participated in Snowball’s
great conspiracy—meaning any animal who opposes Napoleon’s uncontested
leadership—meet instant death at the teeth of the attack dogs. With his leadership
unquestioned (Boxer has taken up a second maxim, “Napoleon is always right”),
Napoleon begins expanding his powers, rewriting history to make Snowball a
villain. Napoleon also begins to act more and more like a human being—sleeping
in a bed, drinking whisky, and engaging in trade with neighboring farmers. The
original Animalist principles strictly forbade such activities, but Squealer,
Napoleon’s propagandist, justifies every action to the other animals, convincing
them that Napoleon is a great leader and is making things better for everyone—
despite the fact that the common animals are cold, hungry, and overworked. Mr.
Frederick, a neighboring farmer, cheats Napoleon in the purchase of some timber
and then attacks the farm and dynamites the windmill, which had been rebuilt at
great expense. After the demolition of the windmill, a pitched battle ensues, during
which Boxer receives major wounds. The animals rout the farmers, but Boxer’s
injuries weaken him. When he later falls while working on the windmill, he senses
that his time has nearly come. One day, Boxer is nowhere to be found. According
to Squealer, Boxer has died in peace after having been taken to the hospital,
praising the Rebellion with his last breath. In actuality, Napoleon has sold his most
loyal and long-suffering worker to a glue maker in order to get money for whisky.
Years pass on Animal Farm, and the pigs become more and more like human
beings—walking upright, carrying whips, and wearing clothes. Eventually, the
seven principles of Animalism, known as the Seven Commandments and inscribed
on the side of the barn, become reduced to a single principle reading “all animals
are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” Napoleon entertains a
human farmer named Mr. Pilkington at a dinner and declares his intent to ally
himself with the human farmers against the laboring classes of both the human and
animal communities. He also changes the name of Animal Farm back to the Manor
Farm, claiming that this title is the “correct” one. Looking in at the party of elites
through the farmhouse window, the common animals can no longer tell which the
pigs are and which the human beings are.
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