SOCIOLOGY Name: Samira Akber. B.A (First Year) First Semester Assignment : Community. Definition of Community . By definition ,community represents the population of all species living and interacting in an area at a particular time . Population can, within limits , adapt to change in environmental conditions. The major driving force of adaptation to environmental changes is believed by most biologists to be biological evolution, the change in a population’s genetic make up through successive generation. OR , Often define as a local grouping within which people carry on a full round of life activities, but often used for any locality or Category of people. CONCEPT of Community . Like the concept of society, the concept of community is illdefined and loosely used in social sciences. It is a term having numerous meanings both sociological and non-sociological. ... It has also been used to focus primarily cultural differences as traditional communities and modem communities. A group of organisms constitute population. Each population has characteristics like natality, morality, age structure, growth dynamics and its resources, they interact among themselves and develop into a biotic community or simply, a community. Definitions of Urban Community.. An Urban Community is a big city or town. It is considered an Urban Community if there are more than 2,500 people living in the community. Urban communities are often busy and crowded. ... In Urban communities you will see taller buildings. In cities there are often skyscrapers, which are very tall buildings. Definitions of Urban Community.. Urban communities are cities. There are lots of people living close together in a small amount of space, there is not very much open space or natural areas. Characteristics of Urban Community.. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways. "Urban area" can refer to towns, cities, and suburbs. An urban area includes the city itself, as well as the surrounding areas. ... Rural areas are the opposite of urban areas. In the urban areas, the major occupations are industrial, administrative and professional in nature. Divisions of labor and occupational specialization are very much common in towns/cities/metropolises. The most important feature of urban community is its social mobility. In urban areas the social status of an individual is determined not by heredity or birth but by his merit, intelligence and perseverance. Urbanity and mobility are positively correlated. In the urban community the social existence of man revolves round wealth and material possessions. The worth of an urbanite today is being judged not by what he is but by what he has. Status symbols in the form of financial assets, salaries, costly home appliances count a lot for the urbanites. In urban areas there is difference in dress, language and customs because there are a variety of people having different backgrounds. Definitions of Rural Community.. A rural community is set outside of the city and towns. Rural communities are often farm lands. However, a rural community can also be woodland forests, plains, deserts, and prairies. There are few buildings, businesses, and people in rural communities. In these communities people live far apart from one another. Definitions of Rural Community.. In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities. ... Whatever is not urban is considered rural." Typical rural areas have a low population density and small settlements. Characteristics of Rural Community.. Rural communities are those that reside out in the country. They have many general characteristics, such as: A small population size. A generally low population density. Characteristics Rural Community. Rural community is an area which is under development and not civilized, based on geographical conditions. The characteristics of rural community are following: Rural area is sparsely populated because many people leaves rural areas and settles in the urban areas for more facilities. Rural communities have got strong relationships and interactions of the people. It means that they help each other in distress and shares the happiness. Rural areas have got informal social life that is they spent their life in a. simple way. These society has homogeneity. in its profession that is their only source of earning is agriculture and this is transmitted from generation to generation.