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SOCIOLOGY

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SOCIOLOGY
Name:
Samira Akber.
B.A (First Year)
First Semester
Assignment :
Community.
Definition of Community .
By definition ,community represents the population of all species
living and interacting in an area at a particular time . Population can,
within limits , adapt to change in environmental conditions. The major
driving force of adaptation to environmental changes is believed by
most biologists to be biological evolution, the change in a population’s
genetic make up through successive generation.
OR , Often define as a local grouping within which people carry on a
full round of life activities, but often used for any locality or Category
of people.
CONCEPT of Community .
Like the concept of society, the concept of community is illdefined and loosely used in social sciences. It is a term having
numerous meanings both sociological and non-sociological. ... It has
also been used to focus primarily cultural differences as
traditional communities and modem communities.
A group of organisms constitute population. Each population has
characteristics like natality, morality, age structure, growth dynamics
and its resources, they interact among themselves and develop into a
biotic community or simply, a community.
Definitions of Urban Community..
 An Urban Community is a big city or town. It is considered
an Urban Community if there are more than 2,500 people living
in the community. Urban communities are often busy and
crowded. ... In Urban communities you will see taller buildings.
In cities there are often skyscrapers, which are very tall
buildings.
Definitions of Urban Community..
Urban communities are cities. There are lots of people living close
together in a small amount of space, there is not very much open
space or natural areas.
Characteristics of Urban Community..
 Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of
human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads,
bridges, and railways. "Urban area" can refer to towns, cities, and
suburbs. An urban area includes the city itself, as well as the
surrounding areas. ... Rural areas are the opposite
of urban areas.
 In the urban areas, the major occupations are industrial,
administrative and professional in nature. Divisions of labor and
occupational specialization are very much common in
towns/cities/metropolises.
 The most important feature of urban community is its social
mobility. In urban areas the social status of an individual is
determined not by heredity or birth but by his merit, intelligence
and perseverance. Urbanity and mobility are positively
correlated.
 In the urban community the social existence of man revolves
round wealth and material possessions. The worth of an urbanite
today is being judged not by what he is but by what he has.
Status symbols in the form of financial assets, salaries, costly
home appliances count a lot for the urbanites.
 In urban areas there is difference in dress, language and customs
because there are a variety of people having different
backgrounds.
Definitions of Rural Community..
 A rural community is set outside of the city and towns. Rural
communities are often farm lands. However, a rural
community can also be woodland forests, plains, deserts, and
prairies. There are few buildings, businesses, and people in rural
communities. In these communities people live far apart from
one another.
Definitions of Rural Community..
 In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is
located outside towns and cities. ... Whatever is not urban is
considered rural." Typical rural areas have a low population
density and small settlements.
Characteristics of Rural Community..
 Rural communities are those that reside out in the country. They
have many general characteristics, such as: A
small population size. A generally low population density.
 Characteristics Rural Community. Rural community is an area
which is under development and not civilized, based
on geographical conditions. The characteristics of rural
community are following: Rural area is sparsely populated
because many people leaves rural areas and settles in the urban
areas for more facilities.
 Rural communities have got strong relationships and
interactions of the people. It means that they help each other in
distress and shares the happiness.
 Rural areas have got informal social life that is they spent their
life in a. simple way.
 These society has homogeneity. in its profession that is their only
source of earning is agriculture and this is transmitted from
generation to generation.
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