Subject - Verb Agreement Rules: 1. A verb must agree in number with it's subject. Singular: The chef cooks I am cooking She is a good Plural: The children eat We are eating our breakfast They are preparing salad 2. Compound subjects joined by and usually require a plural verb Ex. The trainor and the trainees attend regular meetings. Bread and buttet is her breakfast 3. Singular subjects joined by or or nor take a singular verb. Ex. Either Amiel and Anny is the kitchen. Neither Ben or Jhek is the sponsor of the catering. Note: when one of the subjects joined by or or nor is singular and one is plural, the berb is made to agree with the subject nearer the verb. Ex. Either the teacher or the students are in the classroom. My friends or Albert buys food at lunchtime. 4. If the subject consists of two nouns, and each of these is preceded by the article the, the verb must be plural. But if the second noun is not preceded by the, the verb must be singular. Ex. The cook and the helper are left in the restaurant. The cook and helper is left in the restaurant. 5. Indefinite pronouns - each, either, neither, one, everybody, another, everyone, nobody, everything, somebody and someone are singular and they require singular verb. Ex. Everybody is required to attend the program Everything is in order. Each of the girls is expected to participate in the program. 6. Indefinkte pronouns - all, both, several, many, few, take plural verb. Ex. Many are invited to attend the party. Both are interested in winning. 7. The expression a number of is plural; the nunber of is singulat. Ex. A number of delegates are in the museum. The number of thefts is alarming. 8. Nouns denoting quantity, fraction, percentage, currency, take a singulat verb, but if they are followed by the phrases of the, the object of the phrase determines the number of the verb. Ex. Fifty percent prefers the Cookery as TESDA Program. Fifty percent of the students prefer Filipino dishes. 9. Nouns ending in s but singular in meaning are singular. Ex. Physics is a difficult subject. 10. Nouns in pairs take plural plural verb, except if the expression a pair of is used. Ex. The pants are printed with a logo A pair of pants is sold at a low price. 11. A collective noun taken as one unit takes a singular verb. It is plural if every member of the group is thought of as an individual doing his own task. Ex. The jury decides on the case The jury sign the letter 12. Expressions like together with, as well as, including plus, in addition to, accompanied by (intervening words, after the subject) do not affect the number of the subject. Ex. The trainee, together with the trainor is given the chance to join a cooking competition.. The student, as well as the teachers, cooks a special dish. Job Application Letter Format Use this formatting information as a guideline when writing your customized application letters, so you know what information goes where. Contact Information Name Address City, State, Zip Code Phone Number Email Address Date Employer Contact Information (if you have it) Name Title Company Address City, State, Zip Code Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out if you don't have a contact) Body of Application Letter The body of your application letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and how you will follow up. See below for a paragraph-byparagraph breakdown of the body of the letter. First Paragraph The first paragraph of your letter should include information on why you are writing. Mention the job you are applying for and where you found the job listing. Include the name of a mutual contact, if you have one. You might conclude by briefly and concisely saying why you think you are an ideal candidate for the job. Middle Paragraph(s) The next section of your application letter should describe what you have to offer the employer. It can be a single paragraph, or you can break it up into a couple of paragraphs. If the section gets lengthy, you may use bullet points to break up the text. Remember, you are interpreting your resume, not repeating it. Mention specifically how your qualifications match the job you are applying for. In this portion of the letter, make your case for your candidacy. It can be helpful to spend some time researching the company — when you know a lot about the company, it helps you make an informed and persuasive argument for your candidacy. Use specific examples whenever possible. For example, if you say that you have lots of experience working successfully on team projects, provide an example of a time you worked in a group and achieved success. Final Paragraph Conclude your application letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow up. Complimentary Close (examples) Sincerely, Signature (for a hard copy letter) Typed Signature Participate in workplace communication: Grammar Basics Noun: Mass nouns - Furniture, evidence, information, sand, paper, water, foods Commonly mispronounced words: Mayonnaise Margarine Candy Chocolate Breakfast Menu Wrong accents on words: Ceremony Secretary Necessary Address Record Produce Honorable Allergy Utensil Catholic Certificate Subject-Verb Agreement: One of the Neither nor Either or Contractions: Ain't Can't Didn't It's You're Application letter Common grammatical mistakes Parallelism Redundancy Why are you late vs why you are late? With regards Last last week Next next week Belated happy birthday Salvage Fill out not fill up TIN number Pa Xerox Traffic vs heavy traffic Open and close the light For my opinion Can you repeat that again Fall in line vs stand in ques or line up Wrong grammar vs grammatically incorrect Introductory word or phrase Me vs I Compliment vs complement It's vs its Between vs among There vs their To go vs take out Maybe & may be Shall vs will Few vs less Celebrant vs celebrator Ma'am - first name vs Mrs. -last name Cope up with vs cope with Anyways, already, all right Pinaka latest More + adjective + er Ie vs eg Who vs that Who, whom, whose, who's Alot, a lot, allot Lose vs loose, loss In spite vs despite Advice vs advise Desert vs desser Bring vs take Good vs well Greet, grate, great Many vs much Moral vs morale Seat vs sit, sitting vs seating Pare vs peel Most Common Filipino Grammar Mistakes That You May Be Guilty Of: 1. Usage of ‘nang’ and ‘ng’ Wrong: Natuwa ako ng makita ko sila. Bilisan mo ng maka-uwi na tayo. Pumila ng maayos. Tulog ng tulog ang bata. Correct: Natuwa ako nang makita ko sila. Bilisan mo nang maka-uwi na tayo. Pumila nang maayos Tulog nang tulog ang bata. How?: Nang is used to replace “noong” and “para” or “upang”, to connect an adverb (pang-abay), and to connect two repeating verbs (pandiwang inuulit) Ng is used to point out an object and to express ownership. 2. Usage of ‘din’ and ‘rin’’ Wrong: Tapos na din siyang kumain. Doon rin ako nagpunta. Sumigaw din si Juan. Nag-away din silang dalawa. Correct: Tapos na rin siyang kumain. Doon din ako nagpunta. Sumigaw rin si Juan nang. Nag-away rin silang dalawa. How?: Din is used when the preceding word ends with a consonant letter except w and y. Rin is used when the preceding word ends with a vowel letter, w, and y. 3. Usage of ‘kung’ and ‘kapag’’ Wrong: Pumunta tayo doon kung umaga na. Paano kapag mali ang sagot? Correct: Pumunta tayo doon kapag umaga na. Paano kung mali ang sagot ko? How?: Kung is used if unsure. (‘if’ in english) Kapag is used if sure. (‘when’ in english) 4. Telling an action that just happened Wrong: Kakagising ko lang. Correct: Kagigising ko lang. How?: Repeat only the first syllable of the root word.