Uploaded by mrsthomas6

All endings to Verb Tenses, all conjugations flashcards

advertisement
Name ___________________________________ Date ______________________
Indicative Verb Endings
ACTIVE VOICE (Lesson 9-15)
PASSIVE VOICE (Lesson 17-21)
Present Tense: I love, I do love, I am loving
1st
- ō, -ās, -at, -āmus, -ātis, -ant
nd
2
- eō, -ēs, -et, -ēmus, -ētis, -ent
3rd
- ō, -is, -it, -imus, -itis, -unt
th
4
- iō, -īs, -it, -īmus, -ītis, -iunt
Present Tense: I am loved, I am being loved
1st
-or, -āris, -ātur, -āmur, -āminī, -āntur
nd
2
-eor, -ēris, -ētur, -ēmur, -ēminī, -ēntur
3rd
-or, -eris, -itur, -imur, -iminī, -untur
th
4
-ior, -īris, -ītur, -īmur, -īminī, -iuntur
Imperfect Tense: I was loving, I used to love
1st
-ābam, -ābās, -ābat, -ābāmus, -ābātis, -ābant
nd
2
-ēbam, -ēbās, -ēbat, -ēbāmus, -ēbātis, -ēbant
3rd
-ēbam, -ēbās, -ēbat, -ēbāmus, -ēbātis, -ēbant
4th
-iēbam, -iēbās, -iēbat, iēbāmus, -iēbātis, -iēbant
(same as 3rd, just add “i”)
Imperfect Tense: I was being loved
1st -ābar -ābāris, -ābātur, -ābāmur, -ābāminī, -ābantur
2nd -ēbar -ēbāris, -ēbātur, -ēbāmur, -ēbāminī, -ēbantur
3rd -ēbar -ēbāris, -ēbātur, -ēbāmur, -ēbāminī, -ēbantur
(same as 2nd)
th
4 -iēbar -iēbāris, -iēbātur, -iēbāmur, -iēbāminī, -iēbantur
Future Tense: I will love
1st
-ābō, -ābis, -ābit, -ābimus, -ābitis, -ābunt
nd
2
-ēbō, -ēbis, -ēbit, -ēbimus, -ēbitis, -ēbunt
3rd
- am, -ēs, -et, -ēmus, -ētis, -ent
th
4
-iam, -iēs, -iet, -iēmus, -iētis, -ient
Future Tense: I will be loved
1st -ābor -āberis, -ābitur, -ābimur, -ābiminī, -ābuntur
2nd -ēbor -ēberis, -ēbitur, -ēbimur, -ēbiminī, -ēbuntur
3rd -ar -ēris, -ētur, -ēmur, -ēminī, -ēntur
(same as 2nd present passive)
th
4 -iar -iēris, -iētur, -iēmur, -iēminī, -iēntur
(same as 3rd, just add “i”)
Perfect Tense: I loved, I have loved, I did love
-ī, -istī, -it, -imus, -istis, -ērunt
(Drop ending “-i” of third pp, then add perfect ending.)
Perfect Tense: I was loved, I have been loved
Use the fourth principal part, and decline it (like magnus,-a, -um) to match the subject, then add form of sum.
(sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt)
Pluperfect Tense: I had loved
-eram, -erās, -erat, -erāmus, -erātis, -erant
(Drop ending “-i” of third pp, then add pluperfect ending.)
Pluperfect Tense: I had been loved
Use the fourth principal part, and decline it (like magnus, -a, -um) to match the subject, then add form of sum.
(eram, erās, erat, erāmus, erātis, erant)
Future Perfect Tense: I will have loved
-erō, -eris, -erit, -erimus, -eritis, -erint
(Drop ending “-i” of third pp, then add future perfect
ending.)
Future Perfect Tense: I will have been loved
Use the fourth principal part, and decline it (like magnus, -a, -um) to match the subject, then add form of sum. (erō,
eris, erit, erimus, eritis, erunt).
Present tense forms of sum
sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt
Imperfect tense forms of sum
eram, erās, erat, erāmus, erātis, erant
Future tense forms of sum
erō, eris, erit , erimu, eritis, erunt
Name ___________________________________ Date ______________________
Subjunctive Verb Endings
ACTIVE VOICE (Lesson 22-26)
PASSIVE VOICE (Lesson 29)
Present Tense: (that) I may love
1st -em, -ēs, -et, -ēmus, -ētis, -ent
2nd -eam, -eās, -eat, -eāmus, -eātis, -eant
(like 1st but add “a”)
rd
3 -am, -ās, -at, -āmus, -ātis, -ant, (like 2nd but no “e”)
4th -iam, -iās, -iat, -iāmus, -iātis, -iant, (like 3rd but add “i”)
Present Tense: (that) I may be loved
1st -er, -ēris, -ētur, -ēmur, -ēminī, -entur
2nd -ear, -eāris, -eātur, -eāmur, -eāminī, -eantur
3rd -ar -āris, -ātur, -āmur, -āminī, -antur
4th -iar -iāris, -iātur, -iāmur, -iāminī, -iantur
Imperfect Tense (that) I might/would love
Add final endings (-m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt) to the 2nd PP,
infinitive
1st -ārem, -ārēs, -āret, -ārēmus, -ārētis, -ārent
2nd -ērem, -ērēs, -ēret, -ērēmus, -ērētis, -ērent
3rd -erem, -erēs, -eret, -erēmus, -erētis, -erent
4th -īrem, -īrēs, -īret, -īrēmus, -īrētis, -īrent
Imperfect Tense: that I might be loved
Add final endings (-r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -minī, -ntur) to the
2nd PP, infinitive
1st -ārer -ārēris, -ārētur, -ārēmur, -ārēminī, -ārentur
2nd -ērēr -ērēris, -ērētur, -ērēmur, -ērēminī, -ērēntur
3rd -erer -erēris, -erētur, -erēmur, -erēminī, -erentur
4th -īrer -īrēris, -īrētur, -īrēmur, -īrēminī, -īrentur
Perfect Tense: (whether) I loved
-erim, -erīs, -erit, -erimus, -erītis, -erint
(Drop ending “-i” of third pp, then add perfect ending.)
Perfect Tense: (whether) I was loved
Use the fourth principal part, and decline it (like magnus, -a, -um) to match the subject, then add form of sum. (sim,
sīs, sit, sīmus, sītis, sint)
Pluperfect Tense: (whether) I had loved
-issem, -issēs, -isset, -issēmus, -issētis, -issent
(Drop ending “-i” of third pp, then add perfect ending.)
Pluperfect Tense: (whether) I had been loved
Use the fourth principal part, and decline it (like magnus, -a, -um) to match the subject, then add form of sum.
(essem, essēs, esset, essēmus, essētis, essent).
Present subjunctive form of sum: (“may be”)
sim, sīs, sit, sīmus, sītis, sint
Imperfect subjunctive form of sum (“might be”)
essem, essēs, esset, essēmus, essētis, essent
110414