Mikaya Ali AP Psychology 3B Abu Ghraib vs. Stanford Prison Experiment In 1971 Professor Philip Zimbardo conducted an experiment where he wanted to know the psychological effects of being a prisoner/prison guard. This experiment was famous because Zimbardo subjected the prisoners to psychological torture, which was very unethical. The experiment was cut short after 6 days, because some people got to comfortable playing their roles. Abu Ghraib was an interrogation site for people who were suspected as terrorists. Both of these sites had very extreme and abusive themes, causing an uproar in controversy. The Stanford Prison Experiment was only conducted for 6 days by Philip Zimbardo. It was originally intended to be for 2 weeks. In this time Zimbardo wanted to see how this social experiment affected the mental and physical health of the ” prisoners”. In doing so he wanted to imitate life in a real prison. He assigned people roles such as prisoners and guards. Abu Ghraib was a period in Iraq during 2003 and 2004 around the time of the war in Iraq. The premise was to interrogate terrorists, this went on for almost a year. The methods were extreme compared to anything at The Stanford Prison. During Abu Ghraib, they would do things as extreme as sodmy, urination, and pouring acid on the “detainees” as they called them. Zimbardo was actually a witness to the Abu Ghraib Trials because of his affiliation with The Stanford Prison Experiment. 17 soldiers and officers were removed from duty, and 11 soldiers were charged with offences including, battery, dereliction of duty, maltreatment and aggravated assault during Abu Ghraib. Other officers were dishonourably discharged from duty, sent to military prison, reprimanded for dereliction of duty or demoted. Sources “Individual Differences in the Stanford Prison Experiment.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/unique-everybody-else/201309/individual-differences-in-thestanford-prison-experiment. Team, PsychLiverpool. “PsychLiverpool.” PsychLiverpool - A Community For Meaning Making, 19 Sept. 2016, www.psychliverpool.co.uk/psychology-news/social/abu-ghraib-real-stanford-prison-experiment/.