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Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve
growing traffic and pollution problems.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above statement?
What other measures do you think might be effective?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1: (Agreement)
Over the last century, our cities faced unprecedented growth of traffic congestion and as result of this, we
encounter a litany of environmental pollutions. Some experts believe that a rising cost of petrol is the best
way to tackle these problems. I firmly believe that there is a defensible basis for this argument. In this
essay, some other possible solutions will be elaborated.
The proponents of this view claim that recent studies have shown that due to increasing the price of petrol,
the using of this energy has dramatically decreased. As result of this, the wide demand of petrol has
slumped. The key point to justify this attitude could be illustrated by a tangible example. Our country “Iran”
has a high reputation for having oil resources. Consequently, the price of the petrol was not justified by
comparison with another country. To cut a long story short, after applying this idea in cities, the evidence
has shown most of the people turn to some Alternatives instead of the use private car. For example, by the
time went on, the rising price of petrol has caused majority the people use much more public transportation
rather than the past.
Alternatively, there are other possible solutions to address this issue. First and foremost, the governments
should give special care to renewable energy such as the water, wind, solar energy and etc. Also, they
should encourage people to use public transportation such as electric tram, metro, bus and etc. Last but
not least, we should own up to the fact that we need cultural reconstruction about the true understanding of
energy crisis on our planet.
In conclusion, from what has been discussed above, increasing the price of petrol can be an effective factor
to reduce consumption of this energy, at least in my country. Serious measures should be taken by
government and individuals as a duty for solving these problems. Also, the government must assume
responsibility, stop passing the bulk and settle down the effective laws for control this issue. Finally, it is
absolutely imperative we should not try to be wise after the events.
[ by - Reza Paziresh ]
Sample Answer 2: (Disagreement)
It is considered that increasing the price of petrol is one of the most important ways to curb escalating
traffic and pollution problems. However, in my opinion, I completely believe that using other sustainable
sources of energy like solar, wind and hydro will immensely help to tackle such issues.
On the one hand, there are people who think that increasing the price of petrol will reduce its use and, thus,
decrease rising traffic congestions and pollutions. However, in spite of increased petrol price people will
continue to use it as there are no other viable options available to run vehicles. Hence, it will not bring
much change in solving growing traffic issues and pollutions. In fact, due to increase in petrol price cost of
goods may increase because of increase in the transportation costs, creating detrimental effects in the
economy.
On the other hand, if more sustainable energy like solar power, wind power, and hydropower are utilised to
run vehicles and factories, there will be less emission of harmful gases like carbon mono oxide and CFC
which contributes increasing air pollution considerably. In addition, using solar power to run public vehicles
would result in cheap fare. This will encourage people to travel through eco-friendly cheap trams, trains and
buses.
To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve growing traffic congestions and
pollutions. Thus, effective way to control aforementioned issues would be to use other renewable sources
of energy in public transport system which can significantly bring down traffic and pollution problems.
[ by - Vikash Singtan ]
Sample Answer 3: (Agreement)
Traffic and pollution have been being two major concerns worldwide lately. Several solutions have been
proposed to deal with these problems, improving the price of petrol for example. However, whether or not it
is effective is debatable. Yet, I personally agree with proposing a more expensive price of petrol to reduce
traffic and pollution based on demanding point of view.
To begin with, a classic economic theory clearly argues that the higher the price, the lower the demanding
of a product and reversely. By increasing the price of petrol, more people may be more aware of using
vehicle considerably since they need to pay more to fill the tank. This idea can lead to a systematic
approach to reducing traffic and air problem through declining possibilities of people to buy fuel needed to
run their vehicle and this may result in reducing the number of transportation tool subsequently. For
instance, Whitehorse city has imposed the expensive price of fuel and gas which influences the number of
vehicles operating and as a result, it comes up as the cleanest air city of the world.
Meanwhile, the other way to overcome traffic and pollution is by optimising the public transportation. A
good system of public vehicles accomplished by better infrastructure may be delightful to everyone and can
attract individuals to use public transportation more often than their own vehicles. This idea certainly can
minimise the amount of traffic and pollution as well. Mass rapid train in China and Japan, for example,
sophisticated transport and well-managed train schedule have successfully brought up these countries in
lessening traffic problem.
All in all, a wide range of solutions is available to help cope with traffic and pollution problem. Improving fuel
price and public transportations are true as proposed solutions.
[ by - Linda ]
Some people think that mobile phones should be banned in
public places like libraries, shop and on public transport.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
Telecommunication technology has played a vital role in information sharing and bringing people closer. Its
usage has become a basic necessity of life and one cannot image to live without mobile phones.
Prohibition of cell phones in public places is laudable, but I don't agree fully and believe that their usage
should be allowed in public places but with some restrictions.
On the one hand, using mobile phones in public places can distract other people and divert their attentions.
For instance, libraries where people reading material of interest can be easily distracted through ringtones
of incoming calls or people talking over the phone loudly with their loved ones. Mobile phone usage in
public places like hospitals can easily interfere with the medical equipment which can be harmful to the
patient. Moreover, talking over the cell phone can increase the sufferings of the patients waiting in the room
to see the doctor. Mobile phones can easily slip from the hand when someone bumps in departmental
stores it will not only damage the devices but it can block the entire lane at the billing counter. Often the
environment at shopping malls, stores and other public avenue is very noisy and talking over cell phones
will add extra decibel. Moreover, its usage in Music galleries or prayers room can result in discomfort for
others and spoil their entertainment or offerings.
On the other hand, restricting usage of mobile phones in public places can keep people away to stay in
touch with their loved one in case of emergency and so on. Mobile phones nowadays come up with
cameras and other services like Email, Entertainment and so on. This would keep them away from
capturing the pictures of events in music galleries or taking selfies in public buses and sharing with their
friends on the go. Moreover, people love to listen to music during travelling will have little to enjoy. Cell
phones can easily be switched to silent/vibrate mode, this will not distract people due to loud ringtones of
incoming calls or messages.
To conclude, the above points provide plausible arguments in favour of both views. However, I personally
believe that cell phones should be allowed in public places but with some restrictions in place so that they
can remain in touch with their friends and family members whenever they need.
( Written by - Tauseef Raza)
Sample Answer 2:
Nowadays, mobile phones have become an inevitable part of life. Although they have made the
communication much easier in each step of our daily life, some people opine that they should be restricted
in public places such as libraries, shops and public vehicles. I, totally, support the view and the reasons for
this will be discussed below.
Firstly, public places are usually expected to be quiet and peaceful so that they are acceptable to everyone
and the uses of mobile phones in such places are likely to disrupt the desirable working environment. For
instance, in a library, where people are pondering over the books, the constant mobile ringtones or the
phone conversation will be intrusive or irritating.
Secondly, the use of mobile phones for luring activities as facebook chatting, taking pictures, playing
games, listening songs and so on can prove to be undesirable in public places. It is quite noticeable that
these days, teenagers are taking pictures everywhere, at libraries, trains, buses, roads, hospitals etc which
is a matter of annoyance. An example of this is my friend, who once was taking selfies continuously on the
train when the passenger beside her got offended. For these reasons, restrictions on mobile phones on
public places would prove to be useful in creating a sense of comfort in public.
In a nutshell, although the merits of mobile phones are numerous, it would be a definitely good decision to
ban them in public places as it would create a sense of comfort and a harmonious environment for all.
( Written by - Rupak Neupane )
Sample Answer 3:
The mobile phone has become the most popular gadget in today’s world. Some people argue that usage of
cell phones should be prohibited in the public places. Personally, I completely agree with this idea due to
many reasons.
In my opinion, there are many health and social problems that can occur as a result of using mobile phones
in public places. Socially, a mobile phone can be described as an intrusive tool. It can disturb others while
they are concentrating and reading in some places like libraries. Mobile phone etiquette is an important
issue when mobile ringing at movies or in the libraries. Users often speak with loud volume and annoy the
others people nearby. It has become common practice for places like bookshops and libraries to post a
sign prohibiting the usage of mobile phone. Also, many public trains offer a 'quiet zones ' where phone use
is banned.
Another lethal concern is the health problems that can be caused by using cell phones in the public places.
Firstly, I believe that there is a strong correlation between the usage of the mobile phone in the public
places, like public transportation and increased numbers of traffic accidents. Mobile have been a major
distraction on the road even when using 'hands- free' system (talking without the involvement of the
hands).Some studies have shown that talking on a phone while driving is equally impairing as drinking and
driving. Secondly, there are possible radiation impacts on the brain from the mobile phones, with increased
possibility of certain types of tumours in long - time, to persistent heavy users.
Finally, the signal of mobile phones can cause serious problems in some public places like hospital and
public transport by interfering with the signal of medical and communication devices. Even in the public
transport if any patient wears implanted heart device, the mobile phone can interfere with it and it could be
stopped completely. So mobile phone can have fatal consequences for patients in the hospital and other
public places.
In conclusion, for the reasons mentioned above, I believe that the use of cell phones in the public places
should be prohibited completely.
( Written by - Safa Ahmed )
Sample Answer 4:
This is a true fact to consider that in the present days mobile phone has become a vital part of our life and
majority of the people in the world are using it. However, this biggest revolution seems like has been a
cause for irritation in some places. Considering this some analysts insist that mobile phones should be
banned in the public places. I staunchly agree with the above-recommended proposition due to a variety of
notable reasons.
There are significant facts and reasons that affirm that mobile phones should be banned in places like
hospital, public bus, train, library, shops, convention centres and many other public places because it has
been the reason for the annoyance of other people in many ways . First and foremost distraction could be
a significant factor why people get annoyed when other people talk loudly over their mobile phones. For
instance, a library mainly focuses on providing a quiet environment for readers; however, when people use
mobile phones inside the libraries, the serenity of the environment is lost. The mobile phone should be
completely banned in the hospital as it not only disturbs the patients and others but could also tamper the
highly sophisticated machines that are used to diagnosis patients. The mobile phone usages in private cars
are one of the main reasons for increased road accidents these days. The use of this device in public
transportation is also a violation of privacy and people’s right to travel peacefully.
In spite of the views discussed above regarding banning the mobile phone in public places, there are some
groups who consider mobile phone should not be banned in the public places. They opine that this is the
primary communication device for people and if it is banned, people would suffer greatly and would face
many incomprehensible inconveniences. For instance, if someone is travelling in a public vehicle and his
office needs to update him for a very urgent issue, banning the use of cell phone would make it impossible.
Banning the cell phone in places like shopping mall would make it impossible for people to get directions to
a shop, compare products online and make an informed decision about purchasing a product.
In summary, due to some benefits offered by the mobile phone usages in public places, it would be hard to
ban its usages in public places. However, I think that imposing some restrictions on mobile phone usages
in public places would be a better idea.
( Written by - Thilini Shani )
Some think that exercise is the key to health while others
feel that having a balanced diet is more important.
Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
It is considered by some that doing exercise is important to improve health while some believe that balance
diet is more vital. However, in my opinion, both, exercise and a balanced diet are equally essential to stay
healthy, as both have benefits for the human body in different ways.
On the one hand, exercise keeps different body organs active and energetic. One has to move different
body organs while doing exercise which makes body flexible, fresh and rejuvenated all the time. For
instance, simple exercises like running, jogging, and skipping make our body parts move constantly, and,
as a result, metabolism rate increases, blood flows easily within the veins, controls blood pressure, sugar
level, and other kinds of physical ailments caused due to inactiveness.
On the other hand, balanced diet is, too, vital in providing the nutrition needed by the body. If our body
lacks different vitamins, for example, vitamin A, we might face problems with our eyesight. Similarly,
different body organs need various nutrients and minerals that we get from vegetables, fruits, and other
sources. If we do not take sufficient amount of nutrition, then, we may suffer from malnutrition that may
lead to other forms of diseases. Thus, a balanced diet is equally important to maintain healthy lifestyle
In conclusion, to maintain a healthy body, disease free, one most do exercise regularly, and include
balanced diet in their meals, as well, to provide essential nutrients that the body needs to function well. In
my point of view, as exercise and balanced diet aid in improving our health in different manners, we must
not ignore one over the other.
( Written by - Vivek )
The society would benefit from a ban on all forms of
advertising because it serves no useful purpose, and can
even be damaging.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
It is a fact that advertisements are now widespread on mass media. Some people believe that these do not
serve any beneficial purposes and even spoil the society. There should be an advertising restriction to
hinder their negative impacts on customers. So everything has its own pros and cons and that is why
someone rightly said that all that glitters is not gold.
It is understandable that people want to remove advertisements from our lives because advertisements can
be disturbing, therefore the pumping out of advertisement on the internet is distractive when doing research
online and insertion of ads during TV dramas and movies is obnoxious. Moreover, advertisements are
sometimes misleading and cause impulsive purchase thus the exaggeration and eye-binding techniques
employed in the advertisement overshadow the true function of products and the consumers, especially the
young people, would fall victims to this intensive commercial completion.
On the other side, it is irrefutable that the proponents of advertisement argue that it is unfair to ban
advertisement because it is the only efficient and viable way to show their products. If the advertisement is
eradicated then the link between products and consumers would be cut off. Without advertisement,
companies would find it hard to reach out to their customers. Consequently, giant companies would
manipulate the market and small companies would never be known by the public. Furthermore,
advertisement provides more options to consumers.
To draw the conclusion, I pen down by stating that advertisement is disturbing now and then, there is
realistic need of it. The government should make them more trustworthy. Nowadays, the advertisement is
an inescapable and necessary existence.
( Written by - Sukhdev Gautam )
Sample Answer 2:
There is no denying the fact that advertisement plays a vital role in human life. The advertisement is the
backbone of commerce and industry. It is a source of information as well as the source of entertainment. It
is important for us. These days are the days of marketing. We cannot think of life without advertisement.
Without advertisements, life is like a fish without water. No businessman or industrialist can ever hope of
tapping the market without proper advertisement. Advertisements are all around us - on television, radio
and newspaper.
Apropos to above parable about the conversation, many people hold the opinion that advertisement is an
important part of our life because the advertisement is the best way to educate the people. For instance,
they inform the people about new products, their uses, merits and other similar products available in the
market. Moreover, many advertisements are issued by the government agencies, NGOs, and social
welfare organisation which have great value in education the people. Furthermore, advertisements raise
the standard of living of the people.
On the flip side, those who disagree with this point of view mention that those advertisements have their
disadvantages because they distort and exaggerate reality. In addition to it, they aim at profits.
Furthermore, another objection is that many advertisements are bad for that they provide the wrong
information to the people. Besides this, the producers have become profit hungry. They throw the moral
values to the winds.
To conclude, I pen down by stating that advertisements put deep influence on the people’s mind. Some
advertisements advise people the direction of the right path. Good advertisements help the people to
choose the right products and make informed decisions.
( Written by - Sukhdev Gautam )
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Nowadays many people prefer to study or live in foreign
countries. While studying and living abroad brings many
benefits to individuals, it also has a number of
disadvantages. What are the advantages and
disadvantages of leaving your country to live or study
abroad?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer:
Many people emigrate from their native countries nowadays. It has been a gradually increasing trend, as
plenty of perspective students as well as ordinary workers leave their homelands hoping to become more
successful. However, they usually have to separate from families and leave their places of residence. In
this essay will be discussed the advantages and disadvantages of living and studying abroad.
To begin with, there are some considerable pros. Firstly, the youth can study in foreign universities in order
to become prosperous specialists, which is not a trivial goal to achieve in the native country. For instance,
some of the best Lithuanian pupils choose to study at University of Cambridge because it is considered to
be one of the top universities in the world in terms of the quality of education. Secondly, adults also migrate
abroad if they want to earn more money and to have better career opportunities. For example, the
minimum salary in the UK is around 1000 pounds, while in Lithuania it is 300 Euros. Therefore, people can
afford to satisfy their needs better living in wealthy foreign countries.
By contrast, there some cons too. To begin with, leaving the homeland usually means damaging
relationships with other people. In my personal experience, after my cousins left the country they have not
been socialising so much with their parents, although they have kept in touch with them. Additionally, when
a person owns a flat or a house, he should continue to pay taxes even if he leaves the place of residence
and lives abroad. Thus, noteworthy is the fact that one can miss relatives, and leaving home can be
unpleasant sometimes.
In conclusion, it can be seen that something should be sacrificed due to the seeking of a better life.
However, it is generally advantageous to take the challenge of living in a foreign country to become a
successful person, being it education or work. It is hoped that all countries in the future will be able to
provide its citizens equal opportunities to achieve their life goals.
[ by - Karolis Kusas ]
Life is now better that it was 100 years ago.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and
experiences.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer:
It is certainly true that there has been a huge change that took place in our ways of living with the time and
it is now more developed and convenient than the past. Although I agree with the given statement but I do
not agree completely. In my point of view, both of times have their own significances and people are
similarly enjoyed and suffered in both eras.
First of all, regarding the past, a century ago people probably had a peaceful life. At that time, the
proportion of crimes was significantly low. For example, folks usually lived in their community despite
having any fear of burglary, stealing, kidnaping or terrorist attacks, which are the most common incidences
at present. Secondly, a century ago, there was no problem of traffic congestions, as there were very
negligible numbers of four wheelers running on British roads. Moreover, during that time family bonds were
very strong. Such as, there was almost zero incidence of family breakdown while nowadays it is remarked
as one kind of tradition.
In the present time, there is an improved lifestyle and this mostly enjoyed by the city people. This is due to
the advent of modern technology. For instance, the internet brings people together and makes their work
faster where within a millisecond people can send their message to people of another part of the world. To
add with, health facilities have developed in such a way that, death ratio is remarkably low in developed
countries because saving the life has now become very easy.
To conclude, I believe that, both of the eras bear its importance. In one hand, people are living in a hightech era, where every single comfort is now in their hand but at the same time, family bonds are loosening
gradually. On the other hand, a century ago, people lived a fearless and enjoyable life but without the lights
of technological comfort and advent.
[ by - Fatima Chowdhury ]
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Many people prefer to live in small towns while others
prefer to live in big cities. What are the advantages and
disadvantages of living in a small town and in a big city?
Where would you prefer to live?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
Nowadays, many young people want to live in a big city. They think living in big cities will give them big
opportunities to get a better education and job. However, some other people like to live in a small town that
is less crowded than big cities.
On the one hand, living in a big city is not a bad idea. In big cities, there are a number of popular schools
which has not only good teachers but also good facilities to educate young generation. Furthermore, when
children grow up and want to find a job, they have a better chance to get a job they want. For example, if
there are two people looking for a job in a company, the employee will consider the one who graduated
from a popular school in a big city rather than the other one who graduated from an ordinary school in a
small town.
On the other hand, big cities are very crowded and more crimes occur in big cities. In addition, small towns
are less polluted than big cities, so people can enjoy the beautiful scenery and the fresh air there. If the
children want to get a degree or a job in cities, they can study or work there while living in a small town. For
instance, if I want to work in a big city, I can work there on weekdays and enjoy my weekend at my home in
a small town.
To sum up, in my opinion living in a small town is better than living in a big city. Even though big cities are
better in some aspects, small towns still are the best place to live for me.
[ by - Rachel Wulan ]
Sample Answer 2:
Considering where to live is one crucial thing which everybody has to do before occupying any places.
Regarding this, the choices between these two may be different. Personally, living in a small town would be
more interesting than in a big city. However, both have advantages and drawbacks.
According to a significant expanding in human population and the rapid development of the world in every
sector which are causing a noticeable increase in human demands, people tend to live in a big city in order
to help them in accessing all the things that they need including education, job facility, business
opportunity, networks, or other stuff. As a result, the overwhelming majority of societies are living in the city
which is again causing really crowded population in the city. Moreover, an enormous number of vehicles
are inevitably increasing the risk of getting accidents and also pollutants such as carbon-dioxide that can
contribute to global warming. This air pollution will be really annoying for people. Furthermore, the
availability of various things such as money and other goods and the huge number of residence can open
more opportunities for criminals.
In contrast, preferring to live in a small town would be more beneficial. Firstly, a limited number of
population and more natural places with plenty of trees can ease us to relax and of course, the level of
pollutants is not as high as it is in the big cities. Secondly, the risk of getting travel accidents is lower as the
number of vehicles is fewer. Thirdly, a chance to get closer and socialise with other people is more in the
small town.
However, regarding the accessibility to the education, important goods, shops, and so forth, moving or
balancing the population in cities and small towns can tackle this problem. Nonetheless, people in small
towns can purchase any goods from cities and also they can go for better education to the cities.
In summary, although some drawbacks may occur when living in a small town, its advantages outweigh the
negative impacts. Therefore, in order to get a better and more relaxing life, I do believe that living in a small
town is a key for it.
[ by - Ahmad Munjizun ]
Sample Answer 3:
Considering where to live is one crucial thing which everybody has to do before occupying any places.
Regarding this, the choices between one another may be different. Personally, living in a small town would
be more interesting than in a big city. However, both have advantages and drawbacks.
According to a significant expand in human population and the rapid development of the world in every
sector which are causing a noticeable increase in human demands, people tend to live in a big city in order
to help them in accessing all the things that they need including education, networks, or other stuff. As a
result, the overwhelming majority of societies are living in the city which is again causing really crowded
population in the city. Moreover, an enormous number of vehicles are inevitably increasing the risk of
getting accidents and also pollutants such as carbon-dioxide that can contribute to global warming. This air
pollution will be really annoying for people.
Furthermore, the availability of various things such as money and other goods and the huge number of
residence can open more opportunities for criminals.
In contrast, preferring to live in a small town would be more beneficial. Firstly, a limited number of
population and more natural places with plenty of trees can ease us to relax and of course, the level of
pollutants is not as high as it is in the big cities. Secondly, the risk of getting travel accidents is lower as the
number of vehicles is smaller. Thirdly, a chance to get closer and socialise with other people is more in the
small town.
However, regarding the accessibility to the education, important goods, shops, and so forth, moving or
balancing the population in cities and small towns can tackle this problem. Nonetheless, people in small
towns can purchase any goods from cities and also they can go for better education to the cities.
In summary, although some drawbacks may occur when living in a small town, its advantages outweigh the
negative impacts. Therefore, in order to get a better and more relaxing life, I do believe that living in a small
town is a key for it.
[ by - Ahmad Munjizun ]
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Some people think distance-learning programmes can
never be as good as courses taken in person.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Education means imparting knowledge to a person. There are several kinds of learning programmes
available in the scenario. Some people agree with the viewpoint that distance-learning programmes cannot
serve as a good tool compared to other direct courses, while others have objections about it. But I agree
with this opinion that distance learning is not as good as the traditional class-based teaching system.
On the one hand, there are some benefits of distance-learning programmes over other methods. Firstly,
this is the most convenient method of learning. That is, students can learn based on their comfort and time
and there are not specific classroom studies or curricular activities. Hence, they can choose a course at
any time and complete it when they wish to do the same. Another advantage is that this method helps to
save money. This is because, people can study whenever they want, so can continue job and study at
same time period. Thus it helps especially those from a poor financial background. As a result, it acts as
time and money saver.
On the other hand, it is fairly easy to understand the drawbacks of distance-learning. Firstly, it lacks the
first-hand teaching experience from an expert. Since self-studying is the mode of learning students does
not get clear teaching guidance from the teachers. Thus it is a big loss to the learning process for students.
Secondly, there is a chance of misguidance and wrong perceptions about the subjects. To make it clearer,
there is no direct contact with teachers, students read the contents, perceive and understand in such a way
how they can. So that it may misguide pupil. Moreover, these kinds of learning process affect the dignity
and dedication of other direct learning processes and even pull down the value of students of the direct
learning system.
To conclude, I agree with the opinion that distance-learning programmes can never be as good as courses
taken in person. The government should exercise certain criteria or policies to uphold the dignity of direct
courses.
We are living in a throwaway society. What are the reasons
for the creation of ‘throwaway societies’ and what future
impacts can it have?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Waste disposal problems are increasing at an alarming rate today. Even though people are more educated
than before, they act like ignorant in many circumstances in term of throwaway culture. This essay
examines the several reasons behind the creation of these throwaway societies and the results of this in
the future.
On the one hand, there are some facts which lead to the formation of choked societies with waste products.
Firstly, the attitude and cultural practice of the public; that is, they throw away unwanted things wherever
they want to pretend that it is their right and something they got from their ancestors. Hence, they do not
have the feeling of ‘ourselves’ about the surroundings. Secondly, scarcity of places for proper waste
disposal: since population explosion exists and people accommodates in flats in cities where there are not
enough places or surroundings compared to village areas and they discard things here and there. In
addition, lack of proper waste segregation system by the authorities is the important reason for this
menace. Moreover, the absence of strict legislation increases its severity.
On the other hand, these danger practices lead to severe impacts on several aspects of the community.
First and foremost problem caused by this act is environmental pollution. With these waste products like
food waste, plastics, metals, chemicals etc, environment get choked and polluted and ends up in water
pollution, air pollution etc. and as a result, it has a pernicious influence on the health of human as well as
other creations on the earth. For instance, these pollutants cause lung problems, respiratory problems,
cancers etc. Another fact is that it leads to communicable diseases. That is, these accumulated wastages
are the best breeding places for bacteria, viruses and pathogens and spread various diseases. Finally, this
throwaway culture discards the beauty of our nature and also affects the ecosystem of the environment.
In conclusion, change in the attitude of people is the panacea for this menace. It is not an instantly aroused
issue so that it cannot be solved immediately. Government and people should work hand in hand to wipe
off this ban from our society.
[ Written by - Jayesh Joseph ]
Average life span of the human in many developing
countries is increasing. Is this is a positive or negative
development? Will this increased life expectancy have any
social and personal issue? Suggest some measures that
could be taken to reduce the impact of ageing populations.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
People in the first-world countries tend to live longer these days. Although this might be a good sign that
the overall health has improved, it also brings some issues to the world. The essay will discuss the
downsides of having ageing populations, as well as the solutions to combat these problems.
There are two disadvantages of having the ageing population. Firstly, the elderly would need more
retirement fund than it might be previously expected, because they might need to rely on their pension for
an extended period of time, such as for twenty years instead of merely fifteen years. Sadly, a recent survey
reported that older people do not prepare sufficient funds to pay for their post-retirement expenses. As
such, they might end up having financial problems later in life. Secondly, society might need more space
for housing as the number of people living in this world continues to rise. This, in turn, might cause land or
house prices to rise, making it less affordable for people to purchase.
Nevertheless, there are some measures that could be implemented to alleviate the negative effects. One of
them is to provide affordable nursing homes so its cost will not be too burdensome to the family or the
elderly themselves. This should also be supported by the growth in aged-care professions to ensure the
welfare of the aged. In addition, superannuations need to be updated to suit the current condition of the
ageing population. An example of this would be to start a campaign to promote early investment plan and
financial savings. Hence, the young or the middle-aged can start preparing their retirement funds in order to
accumulate enough savings to finance themselves.
In conclusion, while there are some issues brought by the higher life expectancy, there are some methods
to solve the problems. These need to be done in order to guarantee the welfare of the aged.
[ Written by - Helen Lim ]
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Salary is the major factor considered while choosing the
job. Do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answers and provide relevant example and experience you might have.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Today we live in a world that values talented people and there are wide job opportunities. Nowadays,
choosing a career is not limited only to the monetary returns but also various factors like workplace
suitability, work and life balance, etc. are considered to be vital. However, I believe, salary still remains to
be the most important consideration while choosing a job.
In the beginning phase of a career, the salary of the persons remains the main source of income to meet
the financial needs of the family. For example, any fresher engineer will look for the better salary package
to support his family and meet the basic living requirements. A good income initially will also help the
person for his further career growth, as the previous salary is always considered as a base for the nest
hike.
Further, in the social context, a person with good earning is considered to be prestigious and, likely to get
more marriage proposals and respect. He also sets an example of having a successful career and
prospective graduates look up to him as a benchmark. While, in personal life, he can offer his family a
luxurious life along with the best education and help fulfil their dreams.
On the other hand, many people believe that the workplace suitability in terms of location, transportation
and workplace environment are also quite important. For example, if a person takes up a job situated 20
kilometres away with no convenient transport, will have ill effects on his health and family life. Job
satisfaction and friendly work environment are equally important, for example, if an artist is wrongly
assigned a marketing job he will not be motivated and satisfied which will affect his performance. Although
other measures are also valuable while choosing a career option, salary still maintains the most valued
deciding factor.
[ Written by - Shraddha Khanwalkar ]
With the rise in popularity of the internet, newspapers will
soon become a thing of the past.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Advances in technology lead to the revolution in communications and media facilities. The Internet appeared and
spread recently in everywhere and made people less depending on newspapers and magazines as a source of
news and information. I agree that nowadays with the wide spread of internet people are reading newspapers
less and depending on online versions of news sources.
This is actually happening due to many reasons; firstly the internet is available everywhere in houses,
workplaces, café, restaurants, universities and schools etc. Secondly, nowadays almost everyone knows how to
use computers and the internet even kids know that as well. Moreover, many people believe that it's cheaper to
follow news on the internet than to buy a newspaper every day. Besides, it is easier; all it need it just a click and a
wide world of choices and varieties are yours. Also, people prefer the internet for many other reasons like- they
could see photos and videos of everything they read and not only words but interactive videos of online news
sources make reading news more exciting and sometimes entertaining.
On the other side newspapers are still the most popular source of information and for many people, it is nonreplaceable for them. They do like reading news on the traditional and old way they used to. This mainly is the
preference of old people who are less familiar with the internet and new technologies and also it is the case in
developing countries where the internet is not widely spread due to its expenses issues and lack of knowledge
about the way of using it .
In conclusion using the internet solely as a source of news and information is been greatly achieved nowadays
but still many people stick to newspapers.
[ Written by - Nehal Touski ]
With the recent development in technology like e-books
some people feel that the printed media like books,
newspapers and magazine will soon be a thing of the past.
Others feel that those forms of media will never disappear.
What’s your opinion?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Some people hold a view that traditional media, such as books, newspapers, and magazines will become
obsolete as it happened in the case of the grandfather of CDs - VINYL RECORDS. While others, like me, still
prefer a tangible printed book over an electronic ebook reader device and thus find it difficult to imagine that
printed version would go out of fashion completely.
To begin with, the overwhelming majority of people are doomed to spending endless hours in front of a computer
screen, as most of the jobs require working with computers nowadays. I strongly feel that there is an urge to take
a break from the intensity of technology, especially when the information we are looking for can be found in
printed material. Who wouldn’t miss out a bookstore atmosphere, interaction with a real, knowledgeable shop
seller eager to provide personal recommendations on books? The smell of the ink, the rustle of the pages flipping
through your fingers, embellishment of our rooms filled with literary pieces on our bookshelves? I personally can
hardly envisage an electronic device used as a substitute for my books.
To flip the coin, it’s undeniably true that newspapers, magazines in digital format are less time-consuming to get.
Ebooks are not only easily portable and accessible, but also the prices for online books are much lower
compared to the cost we pay for printed word. They avoid the hassle of waiting in the line and it’s a huge time
saver. Needless to say that the advantages of Ebooks seem to exceed the disadvantages .However, printed
books serve as a physical entity, we pass them on, give them friends as a gift which is always considered as a
valuable present. I am not certain if I got overly excited about getting a link to an Ebook.
To sum it up, technological advances, such as E-books amazon kindle, are spreading the speed of the light and
will definitely continue providing us with its comfort and multiple functions, but I firmly believe that printed word
will never vanish from our bookshelves entirely. I am sure Cicero who once said, a room without a book is like a
body without a soul,” would totally agree with me.
[ Written by - Pamela Hollosyova ]
Model Answer 2:
There are arguments that contemporary innovation such as e-books will replace other types of reading materials
like books, newspapers and magazines. However, some people are convinced that these encoded information
sources will continuously thrive for a long period of time.
Primarily, it can be argued that people, who lived for previous decades, have the traditional forms of gathering
information. This information is those that can be read in the newspaper and the Encyclopedia. Being adjusted to
the presentation of information, there are some cases that elderly people and those who are very conventional
might not abandon reading current affairs or ideas on paper. Furthermore, news headlines or activity books can
be outlined and written. There could be circumstances that people read news which is those important affairs
only. They use a pen to highlight ideas that would pique their interest. Likewise, some students need to write
answers on their workbook to facilitate learning, thus it is disputable that information on paper will never become
an obsolete method of obtaining knowledge.
In contrast, it can never be denied that e-books are reading materials which are handy and convenient. The
procurement of information is at the convenience for most families because electronic references can be shared
trough internet. The internet has various websites that have updated information. These recent data can be easily
accessed by downloading in a form of electronic book. Secondly, information saved in a computer is not easily
deteriorated because the data are displayed on the screen. It cannot be torn nor crumpled, and can indefinitely
reproduce in multiple copies. For instance, the computer has a system that retains the file and can proliferate in a
large number of copies.
In my opinion, I argue that the longevity of journals, literary and ideas on paper will survive in spite of existing ebooks and online information. It can be questioned that daily exposure to computer screens or computer books,
which emits little radiation, may damage the reader’s eyes. Some people who are less affluent may not have
computers their residences, thus it is futile that they will alter the traditional mode of acquiring ideas.
Overall, some are convinced that readable information on computers will eradicate encoded conventional
publications. However, it is undisputable that these paper editing will always remain despite the modern
development.
[ Written by - Chino Bouquets ]
Nowadays technology is increasingly being used to monitor
what people are saying and doing (for example, through cell
phone tracking and security cameras). In many cases, the
people being monitored are unaware that this is happening.
Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
It is true that technological devices such as surveillance video or mobile phone are utilised for monitoring
public activities these days. In the most common case, many people do not realise that they are being
monitored. Although the existence of these devices has some drawbacks, I do believe that it has more
benefits for our communities and the following essay will discuss it in details.
On the one hand, it is reported the usage of technological tools has increased, such as video cameras that
are placed everywhere by authorities and the tracking of individuals' cellular phone using satellite
technology. These acts are unfavourable for some people since authorities do not inform their residents
about the activities. Some people believe that this is against human rights and freedom, where people
should have their own privacy. Besides that, this monitoring data could be misused by the member of the
authorities, as the data could be sold to another party for business or political purposes.
On the other hand, the existence of CCTV in public places and satellite tracking of mobile phones would
bring many advantages for the humankind if they are used appropriately. With the existence of these video
monitoring activities, it would help the police department in preventing and investigating any crime
activities. And then, with the sophisticated satellite tracking technology, it could help authorities in tracing
crime persons, as they could search the existence of criminals through the signal of mobile phones. It has
been proven that with the usage of these sophisticated technologies, it has reduced the number of crimes
in many countries.
In conclusion, it is common that governments use advanced technology devices such as video camera and
handphone tracking system to monitor their residents' activities. And in common cases, these monitoring
activities are not informed and socialised to the public, therefore some people believe that they are against
human's privacy policy. In my personal opinion, I do believe that these activities have more positive sides
than its negatives if authorities use it properly.
[ Written by - Darwin Lesmana ]
Model Answer 2:
In today’s modern world, technology has developed at a fast pace and undoubtedly, it brings a handful of
benefits but at the same time, it still has disadvantages like making the monitoring of what people are
saying and doing. The essay will examine both sides of the issue.
The advanced technology nowadays makes people feel insecure as tracking process is made to be simple
for people to monitor their friends or family members. Those who are being monitored may not aware of
that this is happening and this leads to some issues related to personal privacy arrived. For instance, we
constantly bombarded with the news that some couples will use this technology to track their couples
through the electronic devices. Therefore, people may feel stress as they are afraid of being the next target
of being monitored by others through cell phone tracking.
Nevertheless, the developed technology does bring numerous advantages. To begin, this technology like
security cameras can help to prevent crime from happening. Thus, the crime rate will be reduced. The
police nowadays like to use the security cameras wisely to monitor the would-be offenders and take
effective actions towards them immediately. On the other hand, this useful technology enables the children
to keep track with their elderly parents for the reason to ensure that they are safe. By using this technology
intelligently, children can take immediate actions whenever their parents need help or in danger. In other
words, children can take care of their parents’ safety before things get worse. As a result, we can see that
most of the children today will definitely buy their parents a smartphone with a tracking application installed.
In conclusion, I believe the advantages of this development do outweigh the disadvantages. Even though
there is a negative impact on people lives that is being monitored by others through cell phones, there are
some benefits as well. Not forgetting to mention that a coin has both sides, if we can utilise this technology
in an intelligent manner, we will surely get benefited and our country will continue to prosper and flourish in
the decades to come.
[ Written by - Lee Wing Qeen ]
Model Answer 3:
As the mankind has progressed, the technology has advanced as well. From the telephone which was
invented by Graham bell in the 19th century to the iPhone invented by Steve Jobs in the 21st century, we
have made a lot of progress in terms of technology. As a result of this revolution in technology, more and
more gadgets are being used to monitor people. However, such monitoring has both positives and
negatives when it comes to the end result.
CCTV cameras are quite mundane in shops, malls, etc and they help the bosses keep an eye on their
employees. As a direct result, the employees, being aware of the monitoring, work efficiently. In a travelling
job, the bosses can track their employees via GPS and thereby prevents false report-ins. Moreover,
shoplifting is also often either averted or the shoplifter gets caught from the CCTV tapes.
In spite of the advantages of monitoring people using technology, there are cases where such monitoring
may cause problems. CCTVs are often installed in trial rooms to prevent shoplifting. However, a person
may unknowingly end up naked on tape while trying an apparel. With regard to an employee, continuous
monitoring may lead to him/her not enjoying work and ultimately quitting, to work in a more relaxed
environment. In addition to this, tracking once it is known, is being done, and becomes vulnerable.
Consequently, the original source can be manipulated, erased or made public.
However, I still feel that monitoring by technology, despite its drawbacks has more pros than cons.
Monitoring, at public places, can help provide safety and security to people. Police and other security
personnel can track mobile phone conversations of suspects without them being aware and can, therefore,
prevent crime. Camera footage from a crime site may help the police nab a gangster and the same tape
can be used for his conviction.
In conclusion, the advantages of monitoring people via technology outweigh the disadvantages. However,
steps need to be taken to ensure that there is no harm to the privacy and integrity of people while
monitoring them even when they do not know, that they are being monitored.
[ Written by - Ripal Vyas ]
Model Answer 4:
From my point of view, this development has more benefits, although it has some drawbacks to a certain
extent.
It is true that the technology of monitoring people would violate the privacy of individuals. Citizens have no
private room and can't keep their secrets, which would undermine the quality of their daily life significantly.
No matter where they go and who they meet, all of them are exposed under the monitoring of others.
Furthermore, some people are even unaware of that they are under monitoring. It renders some outlaws
take advantage of these technologies and then commit some serious crime to the innocent people, for
example, tracking, committing fraud, even murdering. People are placed in a very passive position because
they don't know they are monitored by the state of the art devices.
Despite the argument above, the monitoring technology can lead to the positive result as long as we can
oversee and control it properly. It can be used to monitor some sensitive locations with high crime rate by
our police. There are many instances in our real life that real-time monitoring can help police to prevent
crime from happening as they can monitor some specific spots all the time. For instance, once suspects
show up under the camera, the police can take prompt action to bust them in advance so that no one gets
hurt during the action. Nevertheless, making good use of the monitoring technology has to ensure all of
them are under control of our authority rather than criminals.
To sum up, although this development has some potential drawbacks like being used by criminal to commit
crimes and violate the privacy of individuals, we can make use of it to help us to prevent crime from
happening as long as we ensure all of them are under our control.
[ Written by - Johnny Quan ]
Model Answer 5:
Technology provides a valuable, almost indispensable aid to our daily living. It helps us saving time,
remembering things, being more efficient and safer. It is thus a logical consequence that it is utilised as a
tool to monitor social behaviour, in order to prevent or restrain situations that could cause harm to others.
This is indeed the main argument used by those who are in favour of the monitoring use of technology.
Tracking phone calls and text messages could preventively stop terrorist attacks, uncover instances of
state corruption, and help to investigate crimes. Security cameras have been proven to be an effective
small-crime deterrent and allow citizens to move around the city without the constant fear of been robbed,
pickpocketed or assaulted.
We have to consider, however, that technology is yet not self-sufficient and can only provide a set of data
that needs to be interpreted and checked by a human operator. The human factor, as any human factors,
will, in turn, belong to a societal web and will, as Foucault would put it, follow a specific, pre-ordered,
hierarchy of power. The point at stake here is then not really if we do benefit from the monitoring use of
technology, which we surely do, but if such socio-normative and reprimanded apparatuses could not, in
fact, be turned against personal freedoms and nurture the rise of totalitarianism. George Orwell's famous
novel "1984" provides a dystopic picture of the effects born out of an excessive use of technology as a
mean to monitor human lives.
In my opinion, technology provides an effective way of preventing and punishing deviant behaviours but
could very well, at some point, be used to coerce individuals. For this not to happen, a scrupulous policy in
regard to technological monitoring has to be effective at all times.
[ Written by - Nicola Pacor ]
Model Answer 6:
With the exponential growth of the technology in recent times, we are also seeing its wide and varied
application in all walks of life one among it is to track the movements of people and their doings. This
application can be a boon or a bane but in my view, the harmful effects outweigh the useful outcomes.
Firstly, increasing intrusion in one’s life events without consent is seen as a denial of privacy which is a
fundamental right. This can be viewed as a major emotional setback as it happened in the case of phone
tapping row in America which resulted in clashes between government and public. Not only it leads to
distrust among people but also disturbed the social harmony which existed. Furthermore, the data collected
by monitoring can be misused if it ends up in wrong hands. For example, people can use these data to
extort money or events like ATM frauds and credit cards frauds or leakage of private images on the internet
damaging the reputation of the concerned individual.
Although, one cannot deny that these activities of surveillance by designated authorities can prevent any
attack on humanity by antisocial elements like terrorists thus maintaining peace and harmony in the
society. Moreover, these kinds of monitoring at a certain level can be used by the employers for employee
appraisal by knowing the right candidate deserving rewards for his hard work.
To conclude, as every coin has two sides similarly use of technology to keep track of people also has its
own advantages and disadvantages though in my opinion disadvantages outweigh advantages by a small
margin.
[ Written by - Terrin Nadar ]
Model Answer 7:
Nowadays, the advancement of technology has immensely catalysed the improvements in our day to day
experiences. Technology plays many vital roles in the fields of medicine, industrial science, research, and
telecommunications. Additionally, these technological advancements are utilised by security agencies.
Some are concerned that recording people's activities through the use of technology without their
knowledge are against citizens’ privacy. In my view, this is of little concern compared to the many positive
aspects this surveillance brings for us including protecting citizens from terrorists and detecting crimes.
Firstly, the implementation of technology, especially in establishments for the use of security, has helped in
resolving crimes like theft. More and more companies take advantages of this by installing multiple CCTVs
or surveillance cameras around their premises. Criminals who are unaware of these cameras are caught
red handed in doing their mischief. In addition, surveillance cameras not only help solve the increasing
crime rates but also aid in finding lost items and tracking down runaway pets by reviewing the recording of
the previous days and even weeks or months. The sole objective of this monitoring system is to protect and
detect crimes, not to violate people’s privacy. The criminals do not come from other planets. They live
among us thus to detect them the security authority needs to monitors all citizens.
The only disadvantage of the use of technology in this aspect is the violation of a person's privacy. Some
individuals hold very high regard to protecting their personal space and would be dismayed to find out that
they were recorded on a hidden camera. Because of this, there is a decreased amount of freedom that one
has in doing some activities, most especially in public places.
In summary, technology has drastically improved our way of living and has greatly contributed to resolving
the criminal cases around the vicinity. It is my deepest belief that there is more space for the development
of technology which will absolutely defy the few disadvantages that this advancement brings.
[ Written by - Denise Tubat ]
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