Gustav Streseman Research Gustav Streseman (10 May 1878 – 3 October 1929) was a German politician and statesman who served as Chancellor in 1923 (for a brief period of 102 days) and Foreign Minister 1923–1929, during the Weimar Republic. He was co-laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926. His most notable achievement was the reconciliation between Germany and France, for which he and Aristide Briand received the Nobel Peace Prize. During a period of political instability and fragile, short-lived governments, he was generally seen as the most influential cabinet member in most of the Weimar Republic's existence. During his political career, he represented three successive liberal parties; he was the dominant figure of the German People's Party during the Weimar Republic. The Dawes Plan 1924 The Dawes Plan went into effect in September 1924. ... However, the Dawes Plan was considered by the Germans as a temporary measure and they expected a revised solution in the future. In 1928, German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann called for a final plan to be established, and the Young Plan was enacted in 1929. Locarno Pact 1925 The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on 1 December, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany (the Weimar Republic). It also stated that Germany would never go to war with the other countries. Locarno divided borders in Europe into two categories: western, which were guaranteed by Locarno treaties, and eastern borders of Germany with Poland, which were open for revision. Germany joining the League of Nations 1926 In 1924, the newly appointed foreign minister of Germany, Gustav Stresemann, adopted a new policy toward the League of Nations, which governments in Berlin previously had spurned as an instrument created by the victors of World War I to suppress the defeated Germans. In December 1924, Stresemann dispatched an application for Germany’s admission to the League, but on the condition that it also be made a member of the League Council. This request was denied, but in early 1925 Stresemann made a second attempt. The path to German membership in the League was cleared by the Locarno Conference of October 1925, which resulted in a series of treaties that entered into effect on September 14, 1926. In the most important of these agreements, usually referred to as the Locarno Pact, France, Germany, Belgium, Great Britain, and Italy guaranteed the western frontier of Germany, which was declared inviolable. The pact was to come into force only when Germany was admitted to the League of Nations with a seat on the Council. This letter of February 8, 1926, from Stresemann to Secretary-General Sir Eric Drummond reviews the record of Germany’s efforts to join the League and, noting that all conditions for membership had been met, requests Drummond to place the issue of Germany’s admission on the agenda of the League Assembly as soon as possible. Germany signing the Kellog-Briand pact 1929 Gustav Streseman Research The Kellogg–Briand Pact (or Pact of Paris, officially General Treaty for Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy) is a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them". Parties failing to abide by this promise "should be denied of the benefits furnished by this treaty". It was signed by Germany, France, and the United States on 27 August 1928, and by most other nations soon after. Sponsored by France and the U.S., the Pact renounces the use of war and calls for the peaceful settlement of disputes. Similar provisions were incorporated into the Charter of the United Nations and other treaties and it became a stepping-stone to a more activist American policy. The Young Plan 1929 The Young Plan was formulated in 1929. The Young Plan was an attempt by former wartime allies to support the government of WeimarGermany. In 1924, the Dawes Plan had been introduced to bring Weimar out of hyperinflation and to stabilise its economy. It appeared to have succeeded as 1924 to mid-1929 are viewed by historians as Weimar’s ‘golden years’. However, reparation payments remained a major issue and even before the October 1929 Wall Street Crash, Germany was in no position to fulfil her financial requirements. After the ‘Crash’, her position became untenable.