Reading key signatures On your exam, you will be asked to identify the key signature of the piece in front of you. The key signature at the beginning of the piece lets us know what key the piece is in, and what sharps or flats to play. Remember: every key signature has a major and a minor scale that uses it. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G20foMzvczc Reading key signatures Find the major key signature by: Sharps: look one note above the last sharp Flats: look at the second last flat in the signature Find the minor key (relative minor) by going down two steps. Eg. G majorE minor. Check it is not in a minor key by looking at the first and last note of the piece. Reading key signatures Figure out the two keys that this key signature shows: __ major, and __ minor. How do we tell which key its in? Theory – book 1 Notes are written on the musical staff (or stave) and their position on the staff lets us know what letter it is. In music, every note is allocated a letter from A-G which then repeats. Practice writing the rhythms you learned in the first chapter on the staff when you work through chapter 2. Theory – book 2 Tetrachord is a scary word – but all it means is that the last four notes (the last half) of a scale is the beginning of another scale. If we look at the last four notes of a C scale, those four notes are actually the beginning of the G scale. To make things even more intertwined, C-G is the first step in the circle of fifths. PS. Whenever the book asks you to write a minor scale, write a major scale instead. We will go through minor scales later on in the term. Theory – book 3 Every note on the scale has a different name: 1 – tonic 2 – supertonic 3 – mediant 4 – subdominant 5 – dominant 6 – submediant 7- subtonic Your theory book will ask you to write scales, identifying the different note types. PS. Whenever the book asks you to write a minor scale, write a major scale instead. We will go through minor scales later on in the term.