ETHICS AND PRESENTER: EDUCATION DANICA L. PEREZ MA- EDUKASYONG PANGWIKA SA FILIPINO WHY ETHICS IN EDUCATION? Ethics in education are essential as they help run the system smoothly. “It deals with standards set by profession to regulate members’ behavior in the profession. The professional has a personal commitment to individual client, to general public, to the profession and its stature.” (Kfir and Shamal, WHY ETHICS IN EDUCATION? Ethics in education are applicable on both the instructors as well as the students. “Brookfield (2006), says that the person who chose to be a teacher in for the interest of helping students learn, and that will be his/her first priority.” WHY ETHICS IN EDUCATION? Ethics in education that are applicable on teachers require them to show patience to every student despite their learning abilities. “The educational leaders’ understanding of what it means to be a human being and his /her understanding of how human beings should treat one another ultimately affect all ethical Ethics education can be divided into four stages: 1- Ethics education in family 2- Ethics education in school 3- Ethics education in university 4- Ethics education in business 1. In family, ethics education should focus on descriptive facts. Children observe their parents’ ethical behaviors and they learn social facts about ethical behavior. 2. In school, students learn what is right and what is wrong. This is a value education or character education. 3. In university, ethics should be professional ethics. 4. In business, people learn some ethical codes about their occupations. www.sciencedirect.co Ethical Education Ethical Education is a key component of the Educate Together model; it’s a curriculum that is living in Ireland’s equalitybased schools and it seeks to offer students the opportunity to meaningfully and critically reflect upon the world around them. www.educatetogether.ie Ethical Education aims to extend and hone students’ ability to: To explore local and global issues To question and investigate their own beliefs, values and worldview and those of others “Talkies and Seaton (2007) noted that ethical standards and evaluations differ from one culture to another depending on the cultural beliefswww.educatetogether.i and behavior.” Ethical Education aims to extend and hone students’ ability to: To develop empathy intercultural awareness and To hone communication, discussion, debate and critical thinking skills Educate Together schools teach Ethical Education as an independent subject at primary (Learn Together) and second-level (Ethical Education Curriculum). The curriculum strands are outlined below: Primary Secondary Moral and Spiritual Equality and Justice Belief Systems Ethics and the Environment Values Making Moral and Decisions Beliefs and Worldviews Different Teachings Perspectives Diversity in Ireland Migration Power and Participation Ethical and Strategy building In 2017, the Globethics.net Board of Foundation Foundation in Geneva, Switzerland, home to the world’s largest digital online library on ethics, decided to intensify and focus on the integration of Ethics in Higher Education as its key strategic route. This agenda has resulted in consultations and training happening for teachers and stakeholders around the globe. ETHICAL ISSUES Ethical issues refer to the situations that require a person or an organization to choose between alternatives that must be evaluated as right (ethical) or wrong (unethical). (Barrett, 2005). ACTIVITY ETHICAL-DECISION MAKING How to be Fair and Ethical in the Classroom Impartiality. Students expect an instructor to treat everyone in the class equally. Few professors intentionally favor certain students over others, but it is probably impossible not to like some students more than others. Respect. Respect involves treating students politely. Concern for students. Students expect their instructors to care about them and their academic performance. (Whitley, Jr., B., Perkins,et al., 2000) How to be Fair and Ethical in the Classroom Integrity. Integrity means being consistent and truthful, and explaining your policies, procedures and decisions and why they are necessary, so that their fairness can be judged and understood. Propriety. Propriety means acting in a socially acceptable manner that does not offend students' sensibilities. (Whitley, Jr., B., Perkins,et al., 2000) A code of ethics is a guide of principles designed to help professionals conduct business honestly and with integrity. It is also referred to as an "ethical code," may encompass areas such as business ethics, a code of professional practice and an employee code of conduct. CODE OF ETHICS FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS IN THE PHILIPPINES Pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (e), Article 11, of R.A. No. 7836, otherwise known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994 and paragraph (a), section 6, P.D. No. 223, as amended, the Board for Professional Teachers hereby adopt the SOME ETHICAL ISSUES TO PONDER In 2009, a Georgia teacher was forced to resign when a picture of the teacher holding a drink was posted on Facebook. The teacher was on vacation in Europe at the time The school felt like the teacher was promoting alcohol use Court upheld decision because they feel that anyone who resigns even under pressure can’t be considered involuntary termination (Downey, 2011) SOME ETHICAL ISSUES TO PONDER Chicago public school teacher refused to teach kindergarten curriculum because of religious beliefs The teacher’s religious beliefs prevented them from promoting love of country Court ruled that teacher’s beliefs must be respected but that the teacher can’t force beliefs on students by bypassing parts of curriculum (Schimmel, Stellman, & Fischer, 2011). SOME ETHICAL ISSUES TO PONDER Inireklamo ang isang guro sa bayan ng Lupi, Camarines Sur dahil sa malakas umanong pamamalo sa puwet ng isang estudyante sa kindergarten na nag-iwan pa ng pasa. Natakot nang pumasok sa eskuwelahan ang limang taong gulang na si "Jojo" matapos paluin noong Hunyo 28 ng guro gamit umano ang stick na panturo sa pisara. (ABSCBN News) SOME ETHICAL ISSUES TO PONDER Inireklamo ng isang magulang ang isang Grade 2 teacher dahil sa mga pangungusap sa test paper ng kaniyang anak patungkol sa extrajudicial killings (EJK) at imahe ng pulisya. Unang nag-viral sa social media ang post ng magulang. Kuwento ni alyas "Jacky," kung hindi pa nagtanong ang anak ay hindi niya mapapansin ang nilalaman ng test paper. Pang-uri sa Filipino ang paksa ng pagsusulit pero nabahala siya sa ilang pangungusap na ginamit. SOME ETHICAL ISSUES TO Narito ang ilang mga inilagay ng guro: PONDER Pulang-pula ang dugo na nagkalat sa sahig. Abusado ang mga pulis. Matataba at malalaki ang tiyan ng mga pulis. Masama ang extrajudicial killings. "Sinabihan niya lang ako na 'Mommy, paano nangyari na 'yung dugo nagkalat sa sahig?' Ano yun? Sabi ko sa movie mo ba nakita 'yan o may nakita ka ba? 'Yun pa ang inisip ko," ayon kay Jacky. "Tapos biglang nagtanong na naman siya na 'Mommy, bakit sabi abusado ang mga pulis? Di ba, Mommy, ang abusado, bad 'yun?' Kasi ang son ko, gusto niya maging pulis paglaki kaya nagulat ako," dagdag ng ina. END.