Underlying Issues of Public Access DNA Sarah Summerhill Lauran Cady Agnes Moldovan Rita Rudova Nicole Lowe Public Access DNA Popularity of Genealogy Websites Figure 1: This graph illustrates the exponential growth of genealogy websites from 2013 to 2018 23andMe & Ancestory.com Private companies that offer DNA analysis to millions who want to identify their ancestors and countries of origin GEDMatch Public database where raw DNA ﬁles can be uploaded and accessed by anyone with an account Identifying the Golden State Killer Golden State Killer ● 13 murders 1974-1986 ● Over 50 rapes ● Over 100 burglaries ● 13 murders ● Over 50 rapes ● Over 100 burglaries GSK Identiﬁcation and Capture Legislation Regarding the Use of Genetic Information Americans with Disabilities Act Protects Americans with disabilities from discrimination Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 Prohibits group health plans from using genetic information to deny or limit eligibility for coverage of individuals OR increase the cost of coverage for the individual Genetic Information and Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 Protects American employees from employment related discrimination and genetic data collection from employers and health insurance companies Fourth Amendment “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” (U.S. Const. amend. IV) “Abandoned DNA” Is DNA considered “property”? Is it legal for law enforcement ofﬁcers to obtain DNA evidence “left behind” in a public space? Solution: More Oversight for Law Enforcement Oﬃcials Law Enforcement Should Obtain a Warrant Prior to Accessing Public Genetic Databases Current Precedent: Carpenter v. United States On June 22, 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that law enforcement must have a warrant to obtain cell phone location data. Our Proposal Our Proposal Protect our DNA!