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Plant vs. Animal Cells

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Name: ____________________________
Day 1
Date: ______________
Plant vs. Animal Cells
Warm-Up
Describe each of the following key vocabulary terms using your own words.
Cell - ___________________________________________________________________________
Organelle - ______________________________________________________________________
Animal - ________________________________________________________________________
Plant - __________________________________________________________________________
Photosynthesis - _________________________________________________________________
Day 2
Compare and contrast Plant and Animal cells using the Venn Diagram below.
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
© The Science Duo 2015
Day 3
Sketch a plant cell and an animal cell in the boxes below. Label at least 3
organelles of each cell and describe their function in the cell. Use different
organelles for each cell.
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
Day 4
Circle the correct answer for questions 1-4.
1. How could you tell that a cell is a
plant cell and not an animal cell?
A. The cell has a nucleus.
B. The cell has a cell membrane.
C. The cell contains cytoplasm.
D. The cell has a cell wall.
2. Which two structures do plant cells
contain that animal cells do not?
A. vacuoles and chloroplasts
B. chloroplasts and cell wall
C. nucleus and cell membrane
D. mitochondria and chlorophyll
3. What happens when a plant cell is
placed into salt water?
A. It will shrink.
B. It will expand.
C. It will shrink and then expand.
D. None of the above.
4. Why do plant cells have larger vacuoles than
animal cells?
A. Plants store sunlight for food.
B. Animals store the food they make.
C. Plants store water for structure and support.
D. Animals store water for structure and support.
Day 5
Fill in the blanks below using the terms from the word bank. Each term will only be
used once.
Plant
Animal
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Cell Wall
1. A(n) _________________________ cell contains a cell wall and has a rectangular shape.
2. _________________________ is the process by which plants are able to use sunlight to make food.
3. A _________________________ helps to convert sunlight into food for plants.
4. The _________________________ is the rigid layer surrounding a plant cell.
5. A(n) _________________________ cell contains many vacuoles and has a circular shape.
© The Science Duo 2015
Name: ____________________________
Date: ______________
Plant vs. Animal Cells
Warm-Up
Day 1
Describe each of the following key vocabulary terms using your own words.
Cell – the basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Organelle – tiny cell part that carries out specific functions in a cell
Animal – an organism that must consume food to gain energy
Plant – an organism that is able to produce its own food through photosynthesis
Photosynthesis – the process by which plants convert sunlight into food
Day 2
Compare and contrast Plant and Animal cells using the Venn Diagram below.
Plant Cell
•
•
•
•
•
Cell wall
Chloroplasts
1 large vacuole
Rectangular shape
Ex. Trees, shrubs, ivy
Animal Cell
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vacuole
Golgi bodies
Endoplasmic
reticulum
•
•
•
Many small vacuoles
Irregular (circular)
shape
Ex. Human, dog,
elephant
© The Science Duo 2015
Day 3
Sketch a plant cell and an animal cell in the boxes below. Label at least 3
organelles of each cell and describe their function in the cell. Use different
organelles for each cell. Answer may vary.
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
Chloroplast – converts sunlight into food
Vacuole – storage area of cell
Cell Wall – the rigid layer surrounding the cell
Nucleus – controls the cell’s activities
Cell Membrane – controls what comes in and
out of the cell
Mitochondria – the “power house” of the cell
Day 4
Circle the correct answer for questions 1-4.
1. How could you tell that a cell is a
plant cell and not an animal cell?
A. The cell has a nucleus.
B. The cell has a cell membrane.
C. The cell contains cytoplasm.
D. The cell has a cell wall.
2. Which two structures do plant cells
contain that animal cells do not?
A. vacuoles and chloroplasts
B. chloroplasts and cell wall
C. nucleus and cell membrane
D. mitochondria and chlorophyll
3. What happens when a plant cell is
placed into salt water?
A. It will shrink.
B. It will expand.
C. It will shrink and then expand.
D. None of the above.
4. Why do plant cells have larger vacuoles than
animal cells?
A. Plants store sunlight for food.
B. Animals store the food they make.
C. Plants store water for structure and support.
D. Animals store water for structure and support.
Day 5
Fill in the blanks below using the terms from the word bank. Each term will only be
used once.
Plant
Animal
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Cell Wall
1. A(n) plant cell contains a cell wall and has a rectangular shape.
2. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants are able to use sunlight to make food.
3. A chloroplast helps to convert sunlight into food for plants.
4. The cell wall is the rigid layer surrounding a plant cell.
5. A(n) animal cell contains many vacuoles and has a circular shape.
© The Science Duo 2015
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