Semester 1 Review Group Edition Directions – You will be divided into four 4 groups of 4-6 students – Their will be – Group A – Group B – Group C – Group D Directions – The question will appear on the slide all groups will have 1 minute to deliberate the answer. When the timer dings the group whose question this is will answer. – If the group guesses correctly they get a point. They then can answer the bonus question for an extra two points. If they get it wrong it goes to the next group and so on and so forth. – If the group guesses incorrectly they do not gain a point. The question then moves to the next group and they can steal. The point and move on the the bonus question. Directions – The group will choose from one of the sheets of colored paper with one of the letter choices – Example: Pink=A, Blue=B, C=Orange, D=Green – When the timer dings and I say choose your answer and show me your choice. Question 1 – Why did the British Parliament pass the Stamp Act? 1pt A. to raise money for colonists to migrate west of the Appalachian Mountains B. to raise money to pay for British debt acquired during the French & Indian War C. to prevent the colonists from rebelling and starting their own country D. to prevent British colonies in Canada from having to pay taxes 2pts What was the French and Indian War About? A battle over the Ohio River Valley between the French & English Question 2 – The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first direct tax the British government placed on the colonists. Why did the colonists find this tax unacceptable? 1pt A. The colonists preferred other items being taxed instead: cotton, tea, and tobacco. B. The colonists wanted to only pay taxes created by local colonial governments. C. The colonists enjoyed writing many letters and didn't want to pay a stamp tax. D. The colonists couldn't afford to pay taxes. – What Famous Phrase does this lead to? 2pts No Taxation without Representation Question 3 – Which article of the United States Constitution creates and explains the amendment process? 1pt A. Article 4 B. Article 5 C. Article 6 D. Article 7 What are the two steps to creating a new amendment? 2pts Proposal & Ratification Question 4 – What does it mean to ratify an amendment to the Constitution? 1pt A. revise it B. reject it C. approve it D. send it to a committee What does it mean to propose an amendment? 2pts Means to introduce a potential Amendment Question 5 – What are the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution called? 1pt A. Preamble B. Bill of Rights C. Rights of Citizens D. Collection of Natural Rights – List me the five freedoms in the first Amendment 2pts Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Petition, Assemble Question 6 – Oscar Nunez rents warehouse space from John Williams. Oscar wants to sue John for not fixing a major plumbing issue which resulted in over $100,000 worth of damage to Oscar's inventory. John believes he has a chance to win the case once his lawyer speaks to the jury. What Amendment guarantees John the right to a jury trial in this civil case? 1pt A. 4th B. 7th C. 11th D. 14th – In a civil case what is the amount of money needed to sue a person? 2pts More than $20 Question 7 – Which phrase has come to mean that each person's rights are as important as every other person's rights? 1pt A. "We the People" B. "all men are created equal" C. "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" D. "all power is vested in, and derived from, the people" – What document are these quotes from? 2pts Preamble to the U.S. Constitution Question 8 – Which branch of the federal government creates laws? 1pt A. Judicial branch B. Executive branch C. Legislative branch D. Constitutional branch – Who is in charge of this branch of government? 2pts Congress Question 9 – Use the quotation to answer the question. – "It is emphatically [definitely] the province [role] and duty of the Judicial Department to say what the law is. ... If two laws conflict with each other, the Courts must decide on the operation of each.” -Chief Justice John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison, 1803 – According to the Supreme Court, which branch of government has the power and responsibility to interpret the law? 1pt A. executive B. judicial C. legislative D. state legislature – What Article is this branch of government located under? 2pts Article III Question 10 – Use the quotation to answer the question. – "...shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts, and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States ... to borrow Money ... to regulate Commerce ... to coin Money ...” -U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8 – To which branch of government does the quotation refer? 1pt A. executive B. judicial C. legislative D. presidential – What is the purpose of having three different branches of government? 2pts To Have Checks and Balances Question 11 – What is the Executive Branch's primary responsibility? 1pt A. enforce laws B. create laws C. interpret laws D. prosecute criminals – Why cant our President create and enforce laws? 2pts Question 12 – The Founding Fathers divided the power to make, enforce, and interpret laws between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. What might have happened if they had given all of these powers to the executive branch? 1pt A. The president could have grown too powerful, leading to tyranny. B. Congress would have had more occasions to override presidential vetoes. C. Supreme Court justices would have had to strike down more laws as unconstitutional. D. The balance of power among the different branches would make the government more efficient What were the people afraid would happen? 2pts that they would loose their rights and freedoms Question 13 – What is the Supreme Law of the Land in the United States? 1pt A. The Articles of Confederation B. The United States Constitution C. The Declaration of Independence D. The Collection of Natural Rights and Responsibilities What was the name of the first American form of Government Document? 2pts The Articles of Confederation Question 14 – As a common farmer living in the late 1700s, Phillip Waterman enjoys the freedoms he has come to expect as a resident of Rhode Island. He supports both the protection of individual rights of citizens and states' rights. – With which group would Phillip Waterman most likely identify? 1pt A. Anti-Federalists B. Federalists C. Loyalists D. Statists – Define Federalist & Antifederalist 2pts – Antifederalist opposed the Constitution and wanted a Bill of Rights – Federalist were in favor of the Constitution and were against the Bill of Rights Question 15 – Which side ultimately won the debate between the Federalists and AntiFederalists? 1pt A. the Federalists, since they got every state to ratify the Constitution in its original form B. the Anti-Federalists, since they convinced several states to never ratify the Constitution C. both sides, since compromises led to the ratification and passage of the Constitution D. neither side, since both sides lost to a third group, the Loyalists – What form kind of government would each side have preferred? 2pts – Federalist Strong Central Government – Antifederalist Weak Central Government Strong State Government Question 16 – "It is true, as has been before observed that facts, too stubborn to be resisted, have produced a species of general assent to the abstract proposition that there exist material defects in our national system...This renders a full display of the principal defects of the Confederation necessary, in order to show that the evils we experience do not proceed from minute or partial imperfections, but from fundamental errors in the structure of the building, which cannot be amended otherwise than by an alteration in the first principles and main pillars of the fabric.” 1pt --Alexander Hamilton – According to the excerpt from Federalist Paper 15, what does Alexander Hamilton want? – A. to return to British Rule B. to building a new capital city in the District of Columbia C. to replace the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution D. to fix the Articles of Confederation by weakening the national government – Alexander Hamilton would be considered a _____________? 2pts – Federalist Question 17 – Freedom of speech and debate in Congress shall not be impeached or questioned in any Court, or place out of Congress, and the members of congress shall be protected in their persons from arrests and imprisonments, during the time of their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except for treason, felony, or breach of the peace.” – Articles of Confederation, Article 5 – Which earlier document influenced the inclusion of this right in the Articles of Confederation? 1pt 1. Magna Carta 2. English Bill of Rights 3. Mayflower Compact 4. Rights of Citizens of the United States – Which amendments are located in this quote? 2pts – First and Fifth Question 18 – How did Shay’s Rebellion contribute to the development of the United States of America? 1pt A. It showed just how good it is to have a weak central government. B. It showed why it is important for citizens to have the right to bear arms. C. It showed the basic weaknesses found in the Articles of Confederation. D. It showed the importance of having limited government to prevent tyranny. How did Shays Rebellion begin? 2pts Congress threaten to seize property if owners did not pay their debt Question 19 – What was the Articles of Confederation? 1pt A. the Southern states' constitution B. the first United States constitution C. a collection of newspaper articles calling for rebellion D. a collection of rights that colonists demanded from King George III during the Revolution – Explain some of its weaknesses? 2pts – No Executive Branch, No Judicial Branch Question 20 – "He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance. He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures. He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.” Declaration of Independence – Who is the “he” to whom the signers of the Declaration of Independence are referring? 1pt A. King George III B. King Edward III C. Thomas Jefferson D. Alexander Hamilton – What country was this “He” from? 2pts – Great Britain Question 21 – “…the said lords spiritual and temporal, and commons ... do in the first place (as their ancestors in like case have usually done) for the vindicating and asserting their ancient rights and liberties, declare… That it is the right of the subjects to petition the King, and all committments [sic] and prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal.” English Bill of Rights – According to the excerpt, did the delegates of the Continental Congress have the right to send a letter expressing their concerns to King George III in 1774? 1pt A. No, because the colonists were not British citizens. B. No, because the king was not bound by the English Bill of Rights. C. Yes, because the colonists were British citizens, and they had rights. D. Yes, because as Americans they had freedom to complain to a foreign King. What was the name of the letter sent to the king? 2pts Olive Branch Petition Question 22 – Which document created one of the earliest forms of limited government, and later influenced the writers of the United States Constitution? 1pt A. Magna Carta B. Mayflower Compact C. English Bill of Rights D. Articles of Confederation – What form of government led to the writing of the Magna Carta? 2pts – Oligarchy the rule of few Question 23 – Which document was the first to guarantee citizens the right to bear arms? 1pt A. 2nd Amendment to the United States Constitution B. The Articles of Confederation C. The English Bill of Rights D. The Magna Carta – What was the Glorious Revolution? 2pts – Peaceful transfer of Power from King James II to his Daughter Mary and her Husband William of Orange Question 24 – Why did the Pilgrims create and sign the Mayflower Compact? 1pt A. to establish a way of self-governing since there was no English presence in what would become the Massachusetts Bay Colony B. to establish a way of self-governing since they had just rebelled against the English government that was in the Massachusetts Bay Colony C. to prevent the King of England from selling their land to the French since there was very little English government influence in the Massachusetts Bay Colony D. to prevent slaves from escaping and establishing a new British colony in the Massachusetts Bay Colony – What form of government did the Mayflower Compact create? 2pts – Direct Democracy Question 25 – What is the fundamental purpose of government according to the Declaration of Independence? 1pt A. provide for national defense B. protect people's natural rights C. equalize opportunities for all citizens D. establish a system of free and public education – What are our three unalienable rights according to Jefferson? 2pts – Life, Liberty and Pursuit of Happiness Question 26 – When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.” Preamble to the Declaration of Independence – This passage reflects the influence of which Enlightenment political thinker? 1pt A. Voltaire B. John Locke C. Thomas Hobbes D. Baron de Montesquieu What are our natural rights? 2pts Life, Liberty and Property Question 27 – "The resolutions of Parliament breathed a spirit of moderation and forbearance; conciliatory propositions accompanied the measures taken to enforce authority; and the coercive acts were adapted to cases of criminal combinations amongst subjects not then in arms. I have acted with the same temper; anxious to prevent, if it had been possible, the effusion of the blood of my subjects; and the calamities which are inseparable from a state of war; still hoping that my people in America would have discerned the traiterous views of their leaders, and have been convinced, that to be a subject of Great Britain, with all its consequences, is to be the freest member of any civil society in the known world." King George III – According to the excerpt from King George III's speech to the British Parliament, on whom did the king place blame for starting the rebellion? 1pt A. the French B. the colonists C. the colonial leaders D. the British Parliament – What lead to the start of Rebellion? 2pts – Taxes placed upon the colonist without their approval Question 28 – What form of government does America have? 1pt A. Absolute Monarchy B. Constitutional Monarchy C. Direct Democracy D. Representative Democracy Describe the differences between the two types of Monarchies and Democracies. 2pts Absolute monarchy has all the power while Constitutional monarchies are limited/ Direct democracy the people vote, Representative democracy the people elect a leader Question 29 – Why did Parliament eventually repeal the Stamp Act, which taxed goods such as newspapers and playing cards? 1pt A. The colonists established a blockade against British goods. B. The colonists were able to produce their own goods. C. The colonists started destroying British goods. D. The colonists began boycotting British goods. – What happened in response to the Tea Tax? 2pts – The Boston Tea Party Question 30 – “The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals; …. which the whole people covenants with each citizen and each citizen with the whole people that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good” – Which principle expressed in the statement influenced the Founding Fathers when they wrote Constitution? 1pt A. Separation of powers B. Social contract C. Rule of law D. Natural law – Who came up with this concept and what is it? 2pts – John Locke, you’ve give up certain liberties for the government to protect your rights.