Uploaded by IAEME PUBLICATION

THE WEBGIS FAMILY NAME DISTRIBUTUION OF DANI TRIBE IN JAYAWIJAYA REGENCY

advertisement
International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume 10, Issue 03, March 2019, pp. 867–871, Article ID: IJCIET_10_03_084
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=3
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
© IAEME Publication
Scopus Indexed
THE WEBGIS FAMILY NAME DISTRIBUTUION
OF DANI TRIBE IN JAYAWIJAYA REGENCY
Orpa Molama, Abba Suganda Girsang
Computer Science Department, BINUS Graduate Program-Master of Computer Science,
Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia 11480,
ABSTRACT
Webgis distribution of Dani tribe family names is designed to minimize the conflict
in the local lands that often occurred. The searching feature is simplified so that the
users can find the subdistricts location in Jayawijaya regency. The information shown
is the name of the subdistricts, family names of the Dani tribes, coordinate and distance
calculation, the position pointer is the addition feature. In this research, the researchers
measure the satisfaction from the users, is it suitable as what the researcher expected
using the Pieces method with six domains. They are performance, information,
economic, control, efficiency and service.
Key words: Family name of tribes, Dani tribe, Webgis, Pieces.
Cite this Article: Orpa Molama, Abba Suganda Girsang, The Webgis Family Name
Distributuion of Dani Tribe in Jayawijaya Regency, International Journal of Civil
Engineering and Technology 10(3), 2019, pp. 867–871.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=3
1. INTRODUCTION
Almost all land ownership in Papua is inherited from generation to generation by ancestors
which is called clan land. Land ownership is seen based on clan and blood relations which is a
very strong bond of brotherhood within these tribes. If this inherited land will be used for
development, the government must coordinate with the community of the land owner. Many
researchers investigated this issues to reduce the conflicts [1] [2] [3] [4]. There are also same
cases in other country such as Bolivia [5], Philippines [6], Cambodia [7], and so forth. Conflicts
often occur in large families due to the relationship of blood or siblings due to marriage. In
addition, cultural factors are one of the dominant factors in the emergence of tribal conflicts
due to hereditary relations with ancestors with certain clans. One of regency in Papua is
Jayawijaya. Mostly, Dani train settles in this regency.
Jayawijaya Regency is located in the Eastern Region of Indonesia with a geographical
condition of the mountains and the temperature reaches an average of 19°. The geographical
location of Jayawijaya Regency is between 138.30º - 139-40º BT and 3.45º - 4.20º LS with an
altitude of 1,650 above sea level. With this difficult situation, the local government tried to use
the information technology by using Geografis Information System (GIS) to map the area of
clans. Popularity GIS technology is a system designed to work with data that is spatially
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
867
[email protected]
Orpa Molama, Abba Suganda Girsang
referenced or geographic coordinates. It was implemented by some researchers, such as
[8][9][10] [11]. GIS has the ability to process data and carry out certain operations by
displaying and analyzing data. Web GIS distribution of Dani tribe family names is designed in
a very simple way and easy to access by the users as it has the limited features and function. It
is expected that this system is easy to use to access the information in order to minimize the
conflicts that often occurred . The researcher did a satisfaction measurement in using Webgis
that is used by the regional government of Jayawijaya regency. The method is the Pieces
method with six (6) domain [12] [13] ; Performance, Information, Economic, Control,
Efficiency and Service. The equipment in this research consist of the questionnaire with
methods to collect the data; descriptive analysis, studies of literature and the interview. The
result of the Pieces analysis is done manually. In the previous research, the Analysis in
Measuring the Service Quality for the customers satisfaction using the Pieces method. The
measurement result of the analysis is done by using the application. Thus, the result is more
effective and efficient .
2. METHODOLOGY
The development of system application is designed using webgis system. To ensure this system
work well, the framework Pieces is used by asking some users of this system. Framework Pieces
(Performance, Information, Economics, Control, Efficiency, and Service) is the instrumental or
stage that can be use to evaluate or do the analysis for a running system or the system that will
be created. From the Framework pieces, we can take a stage or part that is suitable for the case
that is appeared. That way, we can understand the case in a better way and look for its solution.
Pieces method with six (6) evaluation variable: Performance (specialty), Information and Data
(Data and information), Economics (economics value), Control and Security (control and
safety), Efficiency (efficiency), service (service).
Performance indicator
Searching menu is easy to use
Position pointer is easy to use
Distance estimation is easy to use
Command cancellation menu is available if needed
Fast Time Access
Information and Data
Searching menu is easy to use
Position pointer is easy to use
Distance estimation is easy to use
Command cancellation menu is available if needed
Economics Indicator
The web application of family names distribution decrease the complain
The repeat payment of the land to the government
The web application of family names decrease operational expense
By using the application the work can be done faster (time efficiency, energy)
Controlling Indicator
The data can not be changed/deleted by the users
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
868
[email protected]
The Webgis Family Name Distributuion of Dani Tribe in Jayawijaya Regency
The application never experience error
Efficiency Indicator
The application is used by all staff
The application gives accurate information
The application gives benefit for the organization
Service Indicator
The menus can be accessed easily
The point of location can identified clearly
The searching menu is used by a location name
Autocorrect feature is available for the word input (name of the subdistricts)
The researchers use the descriptive analysis (to collect data through the observation of the
object that is being observed). Also the way to simplify or summarize the data collection and
create the estimation that will be the useful information. The general condition in the object that
is being observed and being descripted systematically, symptoms or the phenomena that
occurred in the Housing department for the Webgis distribution of Dani tribe family. To
measure the collected data from each of the object variable use the estimation scale. Interview
is also performed in this research. Interview is a technique to gain data from the people we talk
to, one or more person. Usually it is done by the interviewer or the interviewee, it can be done
formally and non-formal. The researcher did the interview in the field by meeting the Housing
Department staff of Jayawijaya regency.
3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
The analyzation is performed based on Pieces.
Performance Indicator. The figure 1 shows the main page of web gis. The score of
respondents is 4.41 /5 which is categorized as satisfied.
Figure 1. Main Page of Webgis
Information (Information Analysis). In this section information that is given is being
analysed by the system. From the questionnaire result about the location information,
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
869
[email protected]
Orpa Molama, Abba Suganda Girsang
coordinate and position including in the “satisfied” category with 4.25 score. Figure 2 shows
The Family Names Information
Economic.At this stage, the researcher did an analysis from the cost side that is needed by the
regional government (pemda). There was a complain as the information about the ownership of
a land is false and caused the wrong payment to the wrong family name tribe. The payment was
twice, thus the government was in a disadvantage.
Control. The researcher did an analysis from the error part when entering the web’s page or
the available features and the durability of the data (data cannot be deleted by the users). The
average answer is “Satisfied” with score of 4.17.
Eficienchy. At this stage, the researcher did an analysis of the output as the result of the used
system. The previous information is in Webgis. The system’s questions used by the staff and
the information as the result to give an accurate answer is at score of 4.27 and it is in “Satisfied”
category.
Service. The score of this respondent is 4.33.
Figure 2 The Family Names Information
Based on this calculation of the users average satisfaction can be concluded that the
satisfaction using the Webgis application of the distribution of Dani tribe family name is
SATISFIED.
4. CONCLUSIONS
In this research, the researcher did a satisfaction measurement using the Webgis Family Name
Distribution of Dani Tribe in Jayawijaya Regency. The methods was the Pieces method and the
Likert data analysis as well as some formulas to count the score from the questionnaire. The
simple feature and function make the users easy to access the information they needed. The
main feature is the searching feature, by inputting certain keyword like the subdistric name,
then the information will be pop up or show, the family name and the subdistrics in Jayawijaya
regency. The Webgis measurement result with the available features and information that can
be access get the average of 4 and It is in a “Satisfied” category. This was from the direct
interview results with the users from the implementation and the decrease of occurrence of
conflicts in Jayawijaya regency for the Dani tribe lands. Overall, the researcher can conclude
that the system is running well for the Housing Department and can be developed even more.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
870
[email protected]
The Webgis Family Name Distributuion of Dani Tribe in Jayawijaya Regency
This is for the sake of the maps with specific themes. Where later on, they may get published
and can be downloaded.
REFERENCES
[1]
M. Chapin, Z. Lamb, and B. Threlkeld, “Mapping indigenous lands,” Annu. Rev. Anthr.,
vol. 34, pp. 619–638, 2005.
[2]
L. Bakker and S. Moniaga, “The space between: Land claims and the law in Indonesia,”
Asian J. Soc. Sci., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 187–203, 2010.
[3]
A. MIFEE, “An agribusiness attack in West Papua: unraveling the Merauke integrated food
and energy estate,” Report. https//awasmifee. potager. org, 2012.
[4]
K. Deddy, “Chapter Five Community Mapping, Tenurial Rights and Conflict Resolution in
Kalimantan,” State, communities For. Contemp. Borneo, p. 89, 2006.
[5]
F. S. Arellano-López, “Conflicting land use agendas: Environment, indigenous land rights
and development in Central Bolivia. The case of the Isiboro-Sécure indigenous territory and
national park (TIPNIS),” in International Conference on Global Land Grabbing II, Ithaca,
NY, 2012.
[6]
L. Crisologo-Mendoza and J. Prill-Brett, “Communal land management in the Cordillera
region of the Philippines,” L. Cult. Surviv., 2009.
[7]
S. Milne, “Under the leopard’s skin: Land commodification and the dilemmas of Indigenous
communal title in upland Cambodia,” Asia Pac. Viewp., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 323–339, 2013.
[8]
R. P. Louis, “Geospatial technologies and indigenous communities engagement,” in
Workshop, March, 2014, vol. 15, p. 16.
[9]
N. Tripathi and S. Bhattarya, “Integrating indigenous knowledge and GIS for participatory
natural resource management: State-of-the-practice,” Electron. J. Inf. Syst. Dev. Ctries., vol.
17, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2004.
[10]
G. Harmsworth, “Indigenous values and GIS: A method and a framework.,” Bus. Alert, vol.
14, no. 1, pp. 10–15, 1999.
[11]
K. Chambers, J. Corbett, C. Keller, and C. Wood, “Indigenous knowledge, mapping, and
GIS: a diffusion of innovation perspective,” Cartogr. Int. J. Geogr. Inf. Geovisualization,
vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 19–31, 2004.
[12]
L. D. Bentley and J. L. Whitten, Systems analysis and design for the global enterprise, vol.
417. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2007.
[13]
Y. Asbar and M. A. Saptari, “Analisa Dalam Mengukur Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap
Kepuasan Konsumen Menggunakan Metode PIECES,” J. Visioner Strateg., vol. 6, no. 2,
2018.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
871
[email protected]
Download
Random flashcards
Arab people

15 Cards

Pastoralists

20 Cards

Nomads

17 Cards

Marketing

46 Cards

Create flashcards