International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume 10, Issue 3, March 2019, pp. 539-549. Article ID: IJCIET_10_03_056
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijciet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=3
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
© IAEME Publication
Scopus Indexed
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
T.P. Meikandaan
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER), Bharath University, Chennai.
In the development business sometime in the past every one of the activities were
work serious and the board in those days implied legitimate usage of work to gain
ideal ground in development in the most efficient way. Be that as it may, as of late,
innovative headway and new logical developments have added new measurements to
the development business.
Arranging isn't really booking, yet planning will be arranging, in addition to other
things. Arranging incorporates a more extensive scope of exercises and work item
than booking. Presently a day for the powerful administration of development extends
a methodical strategy is should have been embraced, with the guide of system to
control the exercises inside the time allotment at a specific cost. This procedure is
ordinarily known as the basic way technique. Utilizing of the basic way technique
physically is troublesome because of increment of complexities in venture. To beat
this trouble a CPM based booking programming is utilized.
In this venture the famous P6 (Primavera venture organizer) programming is
utilized as an apparatus for researching the ebb and flow routine with regards to
CPM booking and Budgeted expense. For executing the technique embraced for this
postulation work, a medium dimension association is being distinguished, which do
numerous development works.
Connection and arrangement of common works have been related to the guide of
Primavera P6. Exercises having skim are recognized. Complete term of the sum total
of what ventures has been determined by sequencing exercises through priority
outlining strategy. Utilization of assets has been upgraded because of legitimate asset
[email protected]
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan
designation. By this deliberate technique for arranging of venture exercises effective
finish of tasks inside stipulated time and by assessed expense could be accomplished.
Keywords: Activities of Building Construction
Cite this Article: Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan,
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of
Building Construction Organization, International Journal of Civil Engineering and
Technology, 10(3), 2019, pp. 539-549.
Now a days for the effective management of construction projects a systematic method is
needed to be adopted, with the aid of technique to control the activities within the time frame
at a certain cost. This technique is commonly known as the critical path method. Using of the
critical path method manually is difficult due to increase of complexities in project. To
overcome this difficulty a CPM based scheduling software is used.
For implementing the method adopted for this thesis work, a medium level organization is
being identified, which carry out multiple construction works.
Venture Management is the control of sorting out and overseeing assets so that these assets
convey all the work required to finish an undertaking inside characterized extension, quality,
and time and cost limitations. A venture is an impermanent and one-time try embraced to
make a special item or administration that realizes helpful change or included esteem. This
property of being a brief and one-time embraced appears differently in relation to procedures,
or activities, which are changeless or semi-perpetual continuous practical work to make a
similar item or administration again and again. The administration of these two frameworks is
frequently altogether different and requires changing specialized aptitudes and theory,
consequently requiring the improvement of undertaking the board.
The administration of development ventures requires information of present day the board
just as a comprehension of the plan and development process. Development ventures have a
particular arrangement of destinations and imperatives, for example, a required time period
for culmination. While the pertinent innovation, institutional courses of action or procedures
will contrast, the administration of such undertakings shares much for all intents and purpose
with the administration of comparable kinds of ventures in other forte or innovation spaces,
for example, aviation, pharmaceutical and vitality advancements. By and large, venture the
executives is recognized from the general administration of partnerships by the missionsituated nature of a task. A venture association will by and large be ended when the mission
is practiced. As indicated by the Project Management Institute, the control of venture the
executives can be characterized as pursues: Project the board is the craft of coordinating and
organizing human and material assets for the duration of the life of an undertaking by
utilizing current administration strategies to accomplish foreordained destinations of degree,
cost, time, and quality and support fulfillment.
Paradoxically, the general administration of business and mechanical companies expect a
more extensive standpoint with more prominent congruity of activities. All things considered,
there are adequate similitudes just as contrasts between the two with the goal that cutting
[email protected]
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of Building
Construction Organization
edge the board systems created for general administration might be adjusted for task the
Project management and project managers are concerned with the following key areas:
 Scheduling
 Budgeting
 Managing resources
 Tracking and reporting progress
Figure 1
A working learning of general administration and nature with the exceptional information
area identified with the task are vital. Supporting controls, for example, software engineering
and choice science may likewise assume an essential job. Truth be told, present day the board
rehearses and different uncommon information areas have assimilated different strategies or
devices which were once distinguished just with the supporting orders. For instance, PC
based data frameworks and choice emotionally supportive networks are presently basic spot
apparatuses for general administration. Correspondingly, numerous tasks inquire about
strategies, for example, straight programming and system examination are currently generally
utilized in numerous learning or application areas. Henceforth, the portrayal in Fig reflects
just the sources from which the undertaking the executives structure advances.
In particular, venture the executives in development includes a lot of goals which might
be practiced by actualizing a progression of tasks subject to asset requirements. There are
potential clashes between the expressed destinations as to scope, cost, time and quality, and
the imperatives forced on human material and monetary assets. These contentions ought to be
settled at the beginning of an undertaking by making the vital tradeoffs or making new
4.1. Project Planning
Task arranging is a piece of undertaking the executives, which identifies with the utilization
of timetables, for example, Gantt diagrams to design and therefore report advance inside the
[email protected]
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan
venture condition. Arranging goes for definition of a period-based arrangement of activity for
organizing different exercises and assets to accomplish determined targets. Arranging is the
way toward creating venture plan. The arrangement plots how the venture is to be
coordinated to accomplish the appointed objectives. It indicates a foreordained and submitted
future strategy, in light of exchanges and choices made on current learning and estimation of
future patterns.
Arranging, in its more extensive point of view, includes advance reasoning regarding
what can anyone do, are the exercises, how it is to be done, when it is to be done, where it is
to be done what is expected to do it, who is to do it and how to guarantee that it is done; the
majority of this is channelized to produce and assess alternatives for developing an activity
plan went for accomplishing the predetermined objectives.
4.2. Purpose of Planning
A definitive reason for arranging is to manufacture a model that enables you to anticipate
which exercises and assets are basic to the opportune consummation of the venture. This
enables methodologies to be actualized to guarantee that this exercises and assets are
overseen and to guarantee that the undertaking is conveyed both "on time" and "inside
spending plan".
A calendar is a work software engineer, set date-wise in sensible succession; it is a period
table for activity. Time booking is the way toward building up a work software engineer. It
infers programming of the picked work plan on a timetable premise and gives the base
against which all advancement is estimated.
5.1. Purpose of Work Scheduling
Work booking fills the accompanying needs:
a) It streamlines the undertaking plan: The bar-graph type work plan gives a
disentangled adaptation of the work plan, which can without much of a stretch be
comprehended by all worried about arranging, coordination, execution and control of
the task.
b) It approves the time targets: A work routine demonstrates the arranged grouping of
exercises, date-wise. While putting the work plan on a logbook premise, it considers
decreased proficiency of assets to unfriendly climatic conditions and different
components. It confirms the due dates forced for fruition of the task and
accomplishment of the achievements.
c) It advances the assets utilized: A work routine depends on the most practical work of
assets of men, materials and hardware. It smoothens unexpected changes which may
happen every now and then. Assets advancement is accomplished by an orderly 'usage
of buoys of non-basic exercises. Except if generally obliged, an undertaking is booked
utilizing either the ideal or the accessible example of assets.
d) It estimates the info assets, and predicts the yield: A work routine empowers the
determining of assets and furthermore demonstrates the example of assets utilization.
The time calendar of work frames the reason for anticipating the asset prerequisite
just as the budgetary condition of the task as far as speculation, use, yield and salary.
[email protected]
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of Building
Construction Organization
e) It assesses the ramifications of planning requirements: A work routine draws out the
ramifications of limitations, and empowers arrangement of plan of work inside the
structure of these imperatives
A system graph enables you to demonstrate the errands of the task in the request they will be
performed, in a successive request. A system outline is a graphical perspective on the
undertaking beginning with inception as the furthest left component pursued by all the
venture assignments or expectations in the request they ought to be worked. A few errands
have conditions and some are remain solitary. The independent assignments are regularly
worked in the meantime as other independent errands. The system graph enables you to
outwardly develop and interface the errands the manner in which they ought to be worked. A
system chart can comprise of subprojects, expectations, achievements, or undertakings. The
tern Project arrange investigation is a conventional term covering all the system procedures
utilized for arranging, booking and controlling of ventures. The two such ordinarily utilized
systems are:
i. Critical Path Method (CPM) and
ii. Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT).
Their normal highlights are that they make utilization of the system demonstrate for
portraying the time plan of the venture; apply the basic way idea for deciding task length and
recognizing basic exercises, and utilize arrange examination methods for controlling the
undertaking time destinations. In any case, every one of these strategies have an unmistakable
model with a differing field of use.
CPM is most appropriate for building up the sub-systems of sub-gatherings and
undertakings having exercises with deterministic single-time length. Perky is helpful for
undertaking attainability reports and sub-activities or assignments including vulnerabilities.
The links in this CPM network ensure that both technical precedence and resource
availability requirements are met {1}.
6.1. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a principal venture the board method for
characterizing and sorting out the complete extent of an undertaking, utilizing a various
leveled tree structure. The initial two dimensions of the WBS (the root hub and Level 2)
characterize a lot of arranged results that all things considered and only speak to 100% of the
undertaking extension.
At each consequent dimension, the offspring of a parent hub all things considered and
only speak to 100% of the extent of their parent hub. A very much structured WBS depicts
arranged results rather than arranged activities. Results are the ideal closures of the
undertaking, and can be anticipated precisely; activities involve the venture plan and might be
hard to foresee precisely. An all-around planned WBS makes it simple to allot any venture
action to one and just a single terminal component of the WBS.
[email protected]
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan
Project Goal
Level 1
Major Step
Major Step
Major Step
Level 2
Level 3
Figure 2 Work Breakdown Structure
This image illustrates an objective method of employing the 100% Rule during WBS
6.2. Significance and Scope of the Project
6.2.1. Significance of Project
In the present winning situation in the development ventures, CPM/PERT systems are drawn
dependent on the accessible information. The undertaking is executed dependent on the
system drawn. Rectifications are made relying upon the site substances Crashing of systems
is done whenever required and if conceivable. On the off chance that the undertaking is
finished inside a sensible time and cost overwhelms, no posthumous examination is done.
Anyway, it is conceivable that the system outline drawn and executed probably won't be
the ideal one. It could have been very conceivable that a progressively reasonable and
coherent sequencing of exercises and increasingly levelheaded asset designation alongside
increasingly practicable task of span to the
Exercises would have brought about a superior system chart and thus diminished the time
and cost invades. In this manner any endeavor made in touching base at an ideal system
graph will go far in limiting the time and cost invades which will assume a urgent job in the
present focused and globalized condition. This venture work expects to make an endeavor
toward this path.
6.3. Scope of the Project
Effective management and systematic method for construction project
Scheduling and controlling the activities of project
6.3.1. Objective of the Project
 To achieve effective management for a building project through a systematic method.
 To prepare a detailed Project Management plan in the form of CPM network.
 Optimum usage of the Resources available.
 To divide the various tasks into different work levels through Work Breakdown
Structure (WBS)
 To monitor the planned activities continuously.
[email protected]
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of Building
Construction Organization
Time and cost control process of implementation of possible unfortunate constraints,
so as to complete the project on time with appropriate leveling of resources.
To develop a project performance report
7.1. Methodology Adopted
The approach embraced for this venture was to initially characterize the exercises, term, and
their legitimate connections among the different exercises and set up a timetable report.
Following this the basic way will be gotten, and after that the assets accessibility is gathered
and afterward their allocating, investigation and leveling is finished. Following this, constant
intermittent refreshing is done and the outcomes are finished up. The whole movement
portrayed in step1 to step9 is incorporated with the primavera organizer and the report is
7.2. Developing a Baseline Report
A report on Baseline schedule, Duration, Budgeted Cost, Total float is developed and
submitted to the Organization Work should be executed.
[email protected]
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan
Figure 3
7.3. Choices of Levelling
As mentioned earlier, making available the resources required for activities planned during a
particular period is a complex and importat activity. This is known as leveling of resources
and is done by many ways. Usually it is carried out by:
 Forward Levelling
 Backward Levelling
7.3.1. Forward Levelling
It commences levelling from the early dates. It selects the first activity in a network and
delays the commencement of successor activities until resources are available. As it can be
noted this would involve allocation of resources only at the time when it is needed.
[email protected]
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of Building
Construction Organization
7.3.2. Backward Leveling
It commences leveling from the late start date of the last activity in a network and moves
activities forward in time until resources are available.
7.4. Types of Leveling
7.4.1. Splitting
Allows the resource to be broken up into Work Chunks so that the work can be completed
before and after other activities.
7.4.2. Stretching
Allows the resource of an independent activity to have its duration increased and units per
time period reduced. This will occur during forward leveling.
7.4.3. Crunching
Allows the resource of an independent activity to have its duration decreased and units per
time period increased.
In the present study forward leveling is adopted with the mode of crunching. This makes
the calculation of float (inactive period) of each activity an essential sep
Hilltrack Constructions Pvt. Ltd wayanad, kerala is identified as a organization for doing this
project work.
8.1. Data Collection
Data‟s related to this project were collected from the site visits and discussion with the
authorites concerned. Data collected from the organisation such as company profile resource
availability, details regarding the project etc, were optimally used in this thesis work.
8.2. Profile of the Company
Hilltrack Constructions Pvt. Ltd is an aggregate endeavor by a gathering of in fact and
expertly qualified youth from Wayanad with social duty and positive devotion to quality.
Established in the year 2001
The yearly turnover of the association is around 200 million INR.
In the course of the last multi decade organization has developed astoundingly as far as
turnover, resources and expertly and in fact capable labor.
They have finished the development of numerous private and business edifices, certain
network and regular focuses, structures for different lofty instructive and religious
8.3. Resources of the Organization
Top management
[email protected]
Anish.C, Vinoth Kumar.S, S.Venkatraman and T.P. Meikandaan
Middle managers and supervisory staff
Artisans and unskilled labourers
Equipments and Machineries
8.3. Top Management Organizational Chart
Figure 4 Organization Chart
Harris, R. B., (1998) „„Scheduling projects with repeating activities‟ Journal of Constr.
Eng. Manage., 124(4) 269–278.
O‟Brien, J. J. (1993). CPM in construction management, 4th Ed.,McGraw-Hill, New
Halpin, D.W., and Riggs, L. S. (1992). Planning and Analysis Of Construction
Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N. Y., p245
Griffith, A., Stephenson, P. and Watson P. (2000). Management systems for construction,
Pearson Education Inc., New York, USA.
Kumaraswamy, M.M. and Chan, D.W.M. (1995). “Determinants of construction
duration.” Construction Management and Economics, 13(3), 209-217.
Leedy, P.D. (1997). Practical research: Planning and design, 6th Edition, Merrill, New
Jersey, USA.
Tavakoli and Alhaj, S.R. (1988) “Scheduling and control processors”, J.Mgmt in
Engg.ASCE 4(4) pp.368-373
[email protected]
Effective Management and Systematic Method for Controlling the Activities of Building
Construction Organization
P.K.Joy (1991),”Hand book of construction management”, India, Macmillan India
Limited pp456-554.
Lutz, J.D. and Hijazi, A. (1993). “Planning repetitive construction current practice.
“Construction Management and Economics, pp110-119
George J.Ritz ( 1994 ) „Total Construction Project Management‟- McGraw-Hill
International Editions, New York, pp. 87 – 141, 241 – 299
[email protected]