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A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF HUMAN INTERNAL ELEMENTS OF MENTAL ILLNESS BASED ON ISLAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY

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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume 10, Issue 04, April 2019, pp. 62-72, Article ID: IJCIET_10_04_007
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijciet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=04
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
© IAEME Publication
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A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF HUMAN
INTERNAL ELEMENTS OF MENTAL ILLNESS
BASED ON ISLAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
Zaizul Ab Rahman, Kamarudin Salleh & Mohd Haidhar Kamarzaman
Centre for Aqidah and Global Peace, Faculty of Islamic Studies
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Mohd Izhar Ariff Mohd Kashim
Centre for Contemporary Fiqh and Syariah Compliance, Faculty of Islamic Studies
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Azmul Fahimi Kamaruzaman
Centre for the Middle East and Nusantara, Faculty of Islamic Studies,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
*corresponding author
ABSTRACT
A person who has forgotten Allah S.W.T and doing Allah S.W.T 's prohibition will
suffer two types of punishments for his actions as mentioned on above verses. Allah
S.W.T will disregard his servant. He will not help his servant to gain a happiness in this
world and will just let his servant suffer in their difficulty. Allah S.W.T will make they
forget about their true self. The darkened heart will make them not aware of the sins
committed, and they will ignore their surroundings. If a person feels this is a problem
to them, it’s obvious that they have forgotten the good that Allah S.W.T. It will become
more relevant when they are approached by death and the Judgement Day because
what’s been done in the world will be accumulated during the hereafter. There are three
stages of ignorance. Forget and ignore Allah S.W.T, His Names, His attributes, and
His essences (Taqwa). Do not carry out Allah S.W.T orders, such as does not perform
daily prayers, paying zakat, helping people in need, serving the orphans and more.
Keywords: Internal Elements That Contribute To The Trend Of Mental Illness Based
On Islamic Psychotherapy In A Smart Campus Perspective, Adolescents, Problematic
behaviors, Psychology of Religion
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Zaizul Ab Rahman, Kamarudin Salleh, Mohd Haidhar Kamarzamanm, Mohd Izhar Ariff Mohd
Kashim and Azmul Fahimi Kamaruzaman
Cite this Article: Zaizul Ab Rahman (Corresponding Author), Kamarudin Salleh,
Mohd Haidhar Kamarzamanm, Mohd Izhar Ariff Mohd Kashim and Azmul Fahimi
Kamaruzaman, A Study of Effectiveness of Human Internal Elements of Mental Illness
Based on Islamic Psychotherapy., International Journal of Civil Engineering and
Technology, 10(04), 2019, pp. 62–72
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=04
1. DEPENDENT (DEFAULT)
God's Word s.w.t:
The men hypocrites and the women hypocrites are as one another. Their hold their hands,
and forgotten Allah, so Allah S.W.T has forgotten the as they become immoral. (At-Taubah 9:
67)
And be not like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those are the
defiantly disobedient. (Al-HAsyr 59: 19)
A person who has forgotten Allah S.W.T and doing Allah S.W.T 's prohibition will suffer
two types of punishments for his actions as mentioned on above verses.
a) Allah S.W.T will disregard his servant. He will not help his servant to gain a
happiness in this world and will just let his servant suffer in their difficulty.
b) Allah S.W.T will make they forget about their true self. The darkened heart will
make them not aware of the sins committed, and they will ignore their surroundings.
If a person feels this is a problem to them, it’s obvious that they have forgotten the good
that Allah S.W.T. It will become more relevant when they are approached by death and the
Judgement Day because what’s been done in the world will be accumulated during the
hereafter.
There are three stages of ignorance:
First: Forget and ignore Allah S.W.T, His Names, His attributes, and His essences (Taqwa)
Second: Do not carry out Allah S.W.T orders, such as does not perform daily prayers,
paying zakat, helping people in need, serving the orphans and more.
Third: The final stage is worse than the earlier two. Faith becomes more disoriented and
vulnerable. Problems arise involving surrounding life such as family, position, and more. The
soul turn out to be damaged and crazy as what Allah S.W.T words’s:
Surely, they are the ones who do the wrong but they are unaware. (Al-Baqarah 2: 12)
... and that they only destroy themselves, while they are unaware. (Al-An’am 6:26)
And they prevent [others] from him and are [themselves] remote from him. And they do
not destroy except themselves, but they perceive [it] not (Al-An’am 6:26)
There are consequences and effects experienced by those who are forgetful and neglected,
among which are:
a) The trouble will come to them without any warning (Al-A’raf 7:95; Yusuf 12:107)
b) They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which
they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like
livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless. (Al-A’raf
7:179)
c) Those are the ones over whose hearts and hearing and vision Allah has sealed, and
it is those who are the heedless. (An-Nahl 16:108)
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d) We drowned them in the sea because they denied Our signs and were heedless of
them. (Al-A’raf 7:136)
2. LAZY
God's Word s.w.t:
The hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand
for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah
except a little. (An-Nisa 4:142)
The above verse demonstrates the typicality of the hypocrites. Hypocrites often being
dishonest against God. However, God will definitely punish them back. They act as if they
were very obedient to God. Thus it feels that God gives abundant wealth, high position, has
many good acquaintances and health. The hypocrites only want to get something without trying
hard.
Laziness is one of the diseases of the heart that can affect one's mentality. Those who have
been consuming haram foods are more likely to get lazy. They are more excited about dealing
with world affairs because they are keen on get tangible results on the world, but are less
interested in the hereafter.
Contrary to laziness is hardworking. In Islam, hardowriking and always striving is
mandatory for every Muslim. A Muslim who ignores the law of Allah S.W.T who ignores the
law of God will be the wrath of God.
And whatever good you put forward for yourselves - you will find it with Allah . It is better
and greater in reward. (Al-Muzammil 73: 20)
Siti Aishah once woke up one night and saw that Rasulullah S.A.W was praying that his
legs were swollen and broken. She questioned him:
“Why do you need to pray when God forgives the past sins and your future sins?”
Rasullullah S.A.W then replied “Don’t I have the right to be grateful to Him" (HR Bukhari and
Muslim)
Everyone needs to get rid of laziness in themselves (Kermode, M. 2005) . Rasullullah
S.A.W has become the best role model for all. Although he is the most perfect servant, but he
never stopped to pray and worship Allah S.W.T as a sign of gratitude to Him.
According to Dzun Nuun Al-Mishry, human breakdown is caused by six factors, such as:
a) Least trying to work hard and do charity for the hereafter.
b) Their bodies are controlled by lust
c) Do not afraid of death as favours the world more than anything.
d) Prefers to prioritize more on human than Allah S.W.T.
e) Fulfil their desire without referring to the Sunnah of Rasulullah S.A.W
f) Defends themselves by put the blames on others.
3. UNGENEROUS
God's Word s.w.t:
Who are stingy and enjoin upon [other] people stinginess and conceal what Allah has given
them of His bounty - and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment (AnNisa 4:37)
Word of the Prophet s.a.w:
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Guard yourself from tyranny, for it is the darkness of darkness on the Day of Judgment.
And keep in mind the stinginess, for the forwardnesshas destroyed the nations before you, and
pushed them to bloodshed and to legalize all that was forbidden by Allah. (HR Muslim from
Jabir r.a)
Stingy or ungenerous is an attitude of unwilling to spend money or help to other people,
which can help needy people in their lives (Jorm, A. F., 2001, 2008; Judd, L. L., Schettler, P.
J., & Akiskal, H. S. (2002) ; Keitner, G.,1995; Kelly, C. M. 2006; Mohd Noor, A. Y et al 2012).
The stingy nature is an attitude that does not want to share what he has with other people.
Many eligible people who are worthy hard to pay their zakat, infaq and part of the duty to give
alms to the needy people. This sinner has sinned against the law of Allah S.W.T.
And let not those who [greedily] withhold what Allah has given them of His bounty ever
think that it is better for them. Rather, it is worse for them. Their necks will be encircled by
what they withheld on the Day of Resurrection. And to Allah belongs the heritage of the
heavens and the earth. And Allah, with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted. (Ali Imran 3: 180)
The nature of the opposite is the generosity of generosity or generosity. They are the ones
who fulfill God's right to their own will and obey God without pressure or hope for gratitude.
The stingy or sloppy nature is divided into three types:
Contrary to stingy, is generous. Generous people are willing to share, give their help,
money or anything without the pressure of payback or expecting thanks from others.
a) Crippling or criminals against the property that Allah has given and refuses to issue
zakat, infaq, and alms from him.
b) Cheating and being stingy will caused Allah S.W.T displeased, and He will show his
punishment to them either in the world or hereafter. Allah S.W.T will limit their wealth,
goodness and path of truth. The heart becomes darker and oblivious of His affection.
4. FEELING LOST
God's Word s.w.t:
Does he not know that Allah sees? (Al-Alaq 96:14)
Word of the Prophet s.a.w:
Shyness will not cause anything but good. (HR Bukhari and Muslim from Imran bin
Hushain r.a)
Having shame is a branch of faith. (HR Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairah r.a).
You are in the presence of God with shame. They said: Surely we are ashamed, the Prophet
of Allah and all praise belong to Him alone. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him) said: It is not a real shame, but a person who is ashamed of the true meaning
of God is to:
(1) to keep his mind and mind murmuring
(2) to keep the stomach and everything he ate
(3) and the reply of the grave
(4) whoever desires the Hereafter, the abandoning of all the jewelry of the world's life. So,
whoever has done all of that, it means that he has been eagerly embarrassed to God with the
real shame. (HR Turmudzi from Aishah r.a).
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5. CONCLUSION
Al-Jurjani expresses that shyness comes from the urge to leave something because of
discomfort. Shy can be divided into two, which is naked in front of others; it can be equated in
meaning someone abandons acts of immorality for fear of Allah S.W.T (Abdul Hamid Al
Ghazali 2015; Mohd Noor, A. Y et al 2017). There are three types of shy:
First: Shame to Allah S.W.T. This is a feeling that disturbs the heart and tranquility (fear)
if it does not practice what He has commanded, does not leave what is forbidden, and does not
endure every test.
Second: Shame to Rasulullah s.a.w; it is because of not following all the virtues, truths, and
prosperity that of his Sunnah.
Third: Shame to other servant ; It is shame when opening aurat in front of others. For
example, the Prophet s.a.w advised that husbands and wives who sleep together are closed
because not only can Allah see, but also other beings like angels, jinn and humans can also see.
Nowadays, people have no sense that they belong to Allah S.W.T. For example, during
Maghrib period, they were still outside having fun. Some of them also do not afraid to eat and
drink during the day in Ramadhan. The woman exposed their aurat in front of others.
Based on the Islamic perspective, this is due to the many sins committed. They also did not
attempt to cleanse the sins of embarrassing things. Rasulullah s.a.w said:
The first advice the prophet has found is that, when you have no shame, then do what you
like. (HR Bukhari, Abu Daud, Ibn Majah and Ahmad from Ibn Mas'ud r.a)
There are two interpretations that the ulamak can do about the meaning of the hadith:
a) Abu Ubaidah clarified: Anyone who is not ashamed will do whatever he wants, because
it is only shy that can prevent them from doing the following.
b) Interpretation of Imam Ahmad in the history of Ibn Hani ': The hadith explains about an
act which when the perpetrator is no longer.
7. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This study received the support and funding from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia through
the research code EP-2018-017 and GGPM/2018/031. Appreciation is also conveyed to the
CRIM (Centre for Research and Instrumentation), Centre of Aqidah and Global Peace, Faculty
of Islamic Studies, UKM, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Faculty of Education,
Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Economy and Faculty of Social Science and
Humanities, UKM as well as all those who have made this research a success.
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