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On course- Chapter 1

Strategies for
Course Rationale
Strategies for Success helps students unlock their potential to succeed in
college, career, and life by challenging them to become aware of that is
not all about what you think you know, but what you know how to do.
This course will allow incoming College students to build analytical, creative
and practical thinking skills and will also provide them with in-depth
knowledge of what to expect from the transition of high school life to
college life.
It is the objective of this course is to give students training and experiences
that will allow them to be successful in their first year and beyond.
Topics to be covered include learning styles, reading techniques, note
taking skills, memory development, time management, test taking,
communication skills, critical thinking skills, an understanding of diversity,
and career issues.
Course Learning Outcomes and
Take charge of your life
Increase self- motivation
Improve personal self- management
Develop interdependence
Increase self- awareness
Maximize your learning
Develop emotional intelligence
Raise your self- esteem
Improve creative and critical thinking skills
Write more effectively
Master effective study skills
Manage your money
Scavenger Hunt
document that
most instructors provide at
the first class session.
contains learning
objectives, homework
assignments, course rules
College Terminology
US colleges and universities use so
many academic terminology,
sometimes it can seem like college
officials are speaking another
Community College
Community college, sometimes called a junior college, is a two-year
school that offers reasonably priced higher education as a pathway
to a four-year degree.
According to the American Association of Community Colleges
there are 1,167 community colleges in the United States.
Completing a 2-year degree at a community college is called an
associate’s degree.
The advantages to attending a community college is that students
can save money by attending a community college for two years
and then transfer to a 4-year university where they will complete
their degree.
College vs University
Very distinct difference in  University maintains
terminology between the
research requirements for its
USA and the rest of the
instructors /more research
focused institution.
 In the US, there is very little  The main difference
difference academically
between university and coll
between a "college" and a ege is that
a university offers graduate
programs leading to
 Universities are usually
master's or doctoral
larger and often contain
multiple "colleges" within
Differences between Community College vs.
Degrees and programs
Associate’s or Bachelor’s
Living arrangements
Community colleges usually
don't offer housing to students,
but universities almost always
do in the form of dorms and
on-campus apartment
Community Colleges average
annual cost of tuition and fees
5. Class sizes
is much lower
 a much lower overall student
3. Admission Requirements
population, class sizes are also
much smaller
 Community colleges typically
have much less strict admission
requirements than universities
 Private
university: A university that is privatelyfunded. Tuition for a private college or
university (before scholarships and grants) is
the same for all students.
 Public
university: A university that is funded by
the government. Public colleges and
universities are less expensive for residents of
the state where they are located.
Tuition and Fees
Tuition is the price colleges charge for classes.
Students also pay other fees related to enrolling in and attending a
Fees depend upon your school
Examples include activity fees and parking decal fees. Schools can provide a
list of fees
The cost of tuition and fees varies by college
Besides tuition and fees, students have to pay for housing, food,
books and supplies. They also have to cover any additional college
fees and other living expenses, such as transportation costs.
Financial Aid
The Free Application for Federal Student
Aid(FAFSA): is a form completed by
current and prospective college students
in the United States to determine their
eligibility for student financial aid.
Financial Aid: Money you receive for you
college tuition or expenses that you may
or may not have to pay back. (See:
“Grant,” “Loan,” and “Scholarship”)
Grant: A form of financial aid from a nonprofit organization (such as the
government) that you do not have to
Loan: A form of financial aid that you must
Work-study: A federally and sometimes
state-funded program that helps college
students with financial need get part-time
Scholarship: An award of financial aid for a
student to further their
education. Scholarships are awarded
based upon various criteria
Resident vs Non-resident Tuition
Resident (In state): A student who lives in and
meets the residency requirements for the state
where a public university is located. Tuition at
public universities often is more expensive for
 Non-resident (Out of State): A student who isn’t
an official resident of the state where a public
university is located. Tuition at public universities
is less expensive for residents.
 International
students pay out-of-state tuition and fees
Full time vs Part time Student
Full-time student: A student who enrolls in at least a minimum
number (determined by your college or university) of credit
hours of courses
foreign students must maintain full-time status to fulfill student visa
Full-time students normally take three courses in the fall and spring
semester and one class in the summer between their first and second year
and work at a part-time (up to 20 hours per week) policy-related job or
Part-time student: A student who doesn’t enroll in enough credit
hours to become a full-time student, as defined by your college
or university. Part-time students often take only one or two
classes at one time.
Part-time students normally take two courses in the fall and spring
semesters and one class in the summer and work at a full-time job
Definitions of Undergraduate
Student Class Standing
Definitions of Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior Class
 For undergraduate day students, freshman, sophomore, junior,
and senior class standing are systematically calculated by
earned semester hours (SH) and cannot be adjusted:
 Freshman:
 First-year
fewer than 32 SH
college student.
 Sophomore:
at least 32 SH but fewer than 64 SH
 Second-year
 Junior:
at least 64 SH but fewer than 96 SH
 Third-year
 Senior:
college student.
college student.
at least 96 SH
 Fourth-year
college student. You are a senior when you graduate
from college.
Academic year: The school year
that begins with autumn classes.
 The
academic year at most US
colleges and universities starts in
August or September.
Semester: Type of academic term.
A school with this system generally will
have a fall semester and a spring
semester (each about 15 weeks long),
along with a summer term
Bimester(Quarter): Type of
academic term.
A school with this system generally will
have a fall quarter, winter quarter and
spring quarter (each about 10 weeks
long), along with a summer term.
Term: The length of time that you
take a college class.
Advisor: School official, usually assigned by your college or university,
who can help choose your classes and make sure you are taking the
right courses to graduate.
Counselor: is a faculty member, as well as a master’s degree-level
professional trained in counseling.
Advisors make referrals for various student concerns to counselors or other
campus services.
Counselors also work with faculty and staff as consultants and trainers and
provide all services of academic advisors.
College Dean: is someone who has responsibilities that involve
students and faculty at a particular school.
These can include academic or even duties that relate to student life.
There can be different levels of dean that pertain to different areas or
different college majors in the school.
Registrar: is an official in an academic institution
(consisting of a college, university, or secondary
school) who handles student records.
Transcript: is documentation of a student's
permanent academic record, which usually
means all courses taken, all grades received, all
honors received, and degrees conferred to a
 Also
Known As: school transcript, academic transcript,
college transcript, academic record
Enroll: simply means you are selecting specific courses
to take for a specific term.
 When
you register for a course you are reserving your spot in
that course.
Course Number: The number your college or university
uses to classify a course. You usually need this number in
order to register for a class.
Credit Hour: The number of hours assigned to a specific
class. This is usually the number of hours per week you
are in the class. The number of credit hours you enroll in
determines whether you are a full-time student or a
part-time student.
Dropping Vs. Withdrawing From A Course
Dropping a course
When you drop a class, it is removed from your schedule, D2L, and transcript as if you
never registered
Tuition and fees for the course are removed from your bill
It is your responsibility as a student to be aware of the drop deadlines for your courses,
and to drop any course you do not plan to attend.
Withdrawing from a course
Dropping a class after the drop/add period has ended is considered a Withdrawal.
You may withdraw from a course after the add/drop period has ended with no grade
however, you will not be eligible for a tuition refund and must still pay any outstanding
balances owed to the college.
You will receive a "W" grade for the course when you withdraw.
Must drop or withdraw by the published deadline for the semester on the Academic
What’s the Difference Between a Major, a
Minor and a Concentration?
Major: Your primary area of study.
Your college major is the field you plan to get a job in after you graduate (for
example: business, linguistics, anthropology, psychology).
Minor: Your secondary area of study.
Fewer classes are required for a college minor than for a major.
Colleges and universities usually don’t require students to have a minor
Many students’ minors are a specialization of their major field.
For example, students who want to become a science reporter might major in
journalism and minor in biology.
Concentration: is a specific area of emphasis within your chosen major.
Like minors, schools don’t usually require you to declare a concentration; instead,
they’re used as an optional tool to help you customize your college experience.
If you’re a sociology major, concentrating on anthropology or gender and
women’s studies will help you choose a narrow path within your broad major
General education classes: Classes that give students basic
knowledge of a variety of topics.
Students often must take general education classes in order to
This set of classes includes different courses and is called by different
names at various colleges and universities.
Degree Requirements are prescribed by an institution for
completion of a program of study.
Requirements may include a minimum number of hours, required GPA,
prerequisite and elective courses within the specified major and/or
minor areas of study.
Prerequisite: A class that must be taken before you can take a
different class.
(For example, Astronomy 100 may be a prerequisite for Astronomy 200.)
Grade Point Average (GPA)
A grade point average is a number
representing the average value of the
accumulated final grades earned in courses
over time
 More commonly called a GPA, a
student's grade point average is calculated by
adding up all accumulated final grades and
dividing that figure by the number of grades
 ”Plagiarize"
steal and pass off (the ideas or
words of another) as one's own
use (another's production) without
crediting the source
commit literary theft
present as new and original an
idea or product derived from an
existing source
activities: Groups
you belong to outside of class,
such as sporting teams, clubs
and organizations.
Greek: Fraternities and sororities.
They often have specific student
housing options for their
Definition of Undergraduate and
Graduate Student
 A university student
who has not yet
received a first degree
 is a college or
university student who's
not a graduate
student. After high
school, you can
an undergraduate
 or "grad student"
 is a student who,
having obtained a
bachelor's degree, is
now pursuing a
master's or "graduate
Associate Degrees:
A type of degree awarded to students at a US community
A.A. Associate of Arts
 The
associate of arts is a basic-level undergraduate degree
granted upon completion of a two-year program, usually at
community or junior college, technical college or trade
school. As such, these are typically a jumping off point
towards pursuing a full bachelor's degree.
A.S. Associate of Science
 Similar
to the A.A., the associate of science degree is the
culmination of a two-year academic program. The A.S. is
usually awarded to junior college students enrolled in
science or tech-related programs.
Bachelor's Degrees:
A degree awarded to undergraduates
B.A. Bachelor of Arts
The bachelor's typically awarded to
undergraduates in science and technical
Awarded to majors like art history, theater,
film studies and photography.
BSN Bachelor of Science in Nursing
B.F.A. Bachelor of Fine Arts
B.B.A. Bachelor of Business Administration
The usual degree path for majors in liberal
 A business-oriented bachelor's path,
arts, humanities or social sciences such as
typically associated with management,
English, creative writing, fine arts or political
accounting, marketing, etc.
science. A B.A. is typically awarded upon
 B.Arch Bachelor of Architecture
completion of a four-year undergraduate
program at a traditional school or university.
 A bachelor's degree geared towards the
architecture field.
B.S. Bachelor of Science
A degree path oriented towards the
technical and hands-on training necessary
to obtain a nursing license.
B.E. Bachelor of Engineering
Concentrates on engineering fields like
electrical engineering, mechanical
engineering and computer engineering.
Master's Degrees:
A degree awarded to graduate students
M.A. Master of Arts
 The
basic graduate-level degree granted to grad students in
fields in the humanities, social sciences or fine arts.
M.B.A. Master of Business Administration
 The
Master of Business Administration
M.S. Master of Science
 Typically
awarded to graduate students in scientific or
technical fields.
M.S.W. Master of Social Work
 Similar
to the M.B.A., the Master of Social Work
Getting On Course
to your success
be responsible for education
Be motivated to succeed
Educators expect students to attend class
Educators expect students to collaborate with
Expect students to change if its not working
Educators expect students to be passionate
Educators expect students to manage emotions
Have realistic self confidence
The Top Choices of Successful
Attend class regularly
Do all assigned work and turn in on time
Participate actively
Take personal responsibility
Be goal-directed
Believe in yourself
Ingredients of success
Success is staying on course to your desired outcomes
and experiences
Soft skills: are invisible and difficult to measure
 Soft
skills are learnable
 Skills
that people don't see. (skills in your head)
 Examples:
Persistence, Self- confidence & motivation
Hard skills: are observable, measurable, and learnable
 Much
of what you go to college for is to learn hard skills
 physical
skills (playing piano)
 Example:
Nurse’s need the hard skill of taking patient’s blood pressure
Career Success
Hard skills – the knowledge
needed to perform a
particular job.
Soft skills - taking responsibility,
making effective decisions,
setting goals, managing time,
prioritizing tasks, persevering,
giving strong efforts, working
well in teams, communication
effectively, having empathy,
knowing how to learn,
exhibiting self-control, and
believing in one’s own selfworth.
Identify each of the following as a "Hard Skill" or "Soft Skill."
Properly mixing epoxy tooth filling material
Identifying bacteria cultures
Working well in teams
Planning work time in order to get everything done
Soft Skill
on schedule
Effectively applying tax laws to help a client avoid
an IRS audit
Hard Skill
Setting work-related goals
Hard Skill
Hard Skill
Soft Skill
Soft Skill
Successful Students
Accept personal responsibility
 Seeing
themselves as the primary cause of
their outcome
Discover self- motivation
 Finding
purpose in their lives by pursuing
personally meaningful goals and dreams
Master self-management
 Consistently
planning and taking purposeful
actions in pursuit of their goals and dreams
Employ interdependence
 Building
mutually supportive relationships that
help them achieve their goals and
dreams(while helping others do the same
thing )
Struggling Students
See themselves as victims
 Believing
that what happens to them is
determined primarily by external forces such as
fate, luck, etc.
Have difficulty sustaining motivation
 Often
feeling depressed, frustrated, and/ or
resentful about a lack of direction in their lives
Seldom id specific actions needed to
accomplish a desired outcome
 And,
when they do, tend to procrastinate
Are solitary
 Seldom
requesting, even rejecting offers of
assistance from those who could help
Group Activity
 Get
Into Groups of 3-4
 Create a list of actions that new
students should do in their first week of
 Which of these do you think are most
essential for getting off to a good start
in college
The "A" Student - An Outstanding
ATTENDANCE: "A" students have virtually perfect attendance. Their
commitment to the class is a high priority and exceeds other
PREPARATION: "A" students are prepared for class. They always read
the assignment. Their attention to detail is such that they occasionally
can elaborate on class examples.
CURIOSITY: "A" students demonstrate interest in the class and the
subject. They look up or dig out what they don't understand. They
often ask interesting questions or make thoughtful comments.
RETENTION: "A" students have retentive minds and practice making
retentive connections. They are able to connect past learning with the
present. They bring a background of knowledge with them to their
classes. They focus on learning concepts rather than memorizing
ATTITUDE: "A" students have a winning attitude. They have both the
determination and the self-discipline necessary for success. They show
initiative. They do things they have not been told to do.
TALENT: "A" students demonstrate a special talent. It may be
exceptional intelligence and insight. It may be unusual creativity,
organizational skills, commitment - or a some combination. These gifts
are evident to the teacher and usually to the other students as well.
EFFORT: "A" students match their effort to the demands of an
COMMUNICATIONS: "A" students place a high priority on writing and
speaking in a manner that conveys clarity and thoughtful organization.
Attention is paid to conciseness and completeness.
RESULTS: "A" students make high grades on tests - usually the highest in
the class. Their work is a pleasure to grade.
Money Management
Managing money and setting budgetary goals
may seem like the last things you want to do at
the end of a busy day filled with classes, group
projects and exams, but developing good habits
early is worth the effort.
Why you Need a Budget
Students who observe financial spending limits and savings goals early on not only
worry less about money, but they also have nest eggs available when graduating and
starting out in their adult lives.
Students often find it easier to work from a semester model
Whether you receive money from a parent/guardian or have a job, consider how much
money you typically receive during a semester
Divide that amount by the length of your semester to get a sense of how much money you
can spend each month.
Many students run into budget issues when they begin making decisions based on
emotions in the moment
“Students need to think through the ‘what if’ questions and be prepared for situations when
they will spend money without thinking,” she says.
Examples: “What if your friends are going to a concert where tickets cost $100 and you
hadn’t planned on that expense?”
Some expenses are fixed, while others fluctuate from month to month.
 Determining
what your expenses will
be is a valuable step for any budget,
and students are likely to have
several fixed and variable expenses
each month.
 When creating a budget, it’s
important to consider which (if any)
expenses are covered by a parent or
guardian and subtract those from
your monthly expenses
College Expenses to Expect
Fixed College Expenses
Housing: Whether students live in dorms or in off-campus accommodations, this is
likely to be one of their largest monthly expenses.
Books: Usually purchased at the beginning of the semester, books can add up to
a little or a lot depending on whether students purchase them used or new.
Utilities: Electricity, gas, water, cable and internet bills typically are covered for
students living in on-campus housing, but those with their own accommodations
off campus should tack these onto their list of monthly expenses. All students
should also include that monthly cell phone bill.
Transportation: Students with vehicles must consider costs related to auto loan
payments, insurance, maintenance and repairs, fuel and parking, while those who
rely on public transportation need to think about monthly bus, light rail or subway
passes. Anyone who may take advantage of ride-sharing services (cabs, Uber,
Lyft, etc.) or who shares costs as part of a carpool also should consider those
occasional expenses.
Savings: The image of poor college students is a pervasive one, but it need not be
true. Those who plan and budget wisely actually can save money while in school.
Even if it doesn’t seem like much, it does add up.
Variable Expenses
Groceries: Cooking at a dorm may not be completely feasible, but students can buy snacks
or microwavable meals to cut back on costs. Those whose housing situations include full
kitchens can significantly cut expenses by buying groceries and preparing meals at home
rather than eating out.
Dining out: Whether heading out with friends or picking up dinner after a long day of classes,
students will inevitably do a lot of dining out in college.
Childcare: Some students have children who must be cared for while they are in class, and
they may either take advantage of on-campus child care or hire independent help. Either
way, this is an expense that must be considered.
Entertainment: Activities and entertainment expenses such as concerts, lectures, movies, TV
or music subscription services and venue admission costs can add up and should be
factored in.
Medical/Health: This category includes insurance premiums, prescriptions and regular
expenses at such stores as Walgreen’s, CVS or Rite Aid. Some students may also need to pay
for memberships at gyms or health clubs.
Clothing: Transitioning from winter to summer clothes or finding a special outfit for an
upcoming event can be costly, but students can save money by having their families ship
existing clothes or checking out secondhand stores.
Laundry: Unless they live in apartments equipped with washer/dryer units, most students
need to pay to use these machines in their dorms, in common areas or at laundromats.
Additional costs for dry cleaning may be necessary as well.
Example of a College Student’s Budget
Expenses for college students vary significantly
based on where they’re enrolled,
how much their institutions cost,
whether they receive money from parents or guardians
whether they have solid budgets in place to rein in their spending.
Some monthly costs — such as housing, transportation, utilities and
groceries — are unavoidable, while others — such as entertainment, travel
or trips to the mall — are more about wants than needs.
By finding a balance between needs and wants, students can enjoy a
happy medium that allows them to spend time with friends and have fun
without blowing their budgets.
To help college students better understand the expenses they are likely to
incur while in school, the College Board provides an annual living
expenses budget according to a national average as well as for specific
regions of the country in which students may be enrolled.
Example of a College Student’s Budget
Top 10 Tips for Saving Money in College
Buy used textbooks. A single new textbook can cost several hundred dollars, but
often these items can be purchased used through such outlets as Amazon, AbeBooks
or the on-campus bookstore.
Purchase a coffeemaker. Those early morning lattes and late-night espressos can
really add up over time. Studies have found that college students spend nearly $1,100
per year on coffee. Instead of making a beeline to the nearest coffee shop, consider
the one-time expense of purchasing a coffeemaker for your dorm or apartment to
cut back on those regular costs.
Take advantage of free food. In addition to the myriad on-campus events that
happen all the time and provide free food and beverages, students may also
consider working part-time at restaurants. In addition to standard wages and tips,
many restaurants provide free meals to their employees.
Take advantage of student discounts. Hundreds of companies offer
discounts especially for students, and many of them are significant. In addition to
clothing stores such as J. Crew and Gap that offer discounts, Amazon Prime offers a
free six-month membership, and technology companies including Apple and Dell
provide percentages off for students with official school email addresses.
Stay on your parents’ insurance. Thanks to special mandates under the Affordable
Care Act, students are allowed to stay on their parents’ or guardians’ insurance plans
until age 26. This also can help with getting discounted prescriptions and low- or nocost visits to the doctor.
Top 10 Tips for Saving Money in College
Be strategic at the grocery store. It may seem silly, but there’s truth to the advice about
never going to the grocery store while hungry. It’s easy to throw random things into a
cart, but those little splurges can easily add up. In addition to shopping the sales, try to
buy store-brand items when possible, and don’t forget to check the clearance bins.
Sell items you don’t need. Aside from selling old textbooks on sites like Amazon, eBay
and AbeBooks, websites such as Poshmark and ThredUp also allow students to clean
out their closets and make a profit. When getting rid of old furniture, technology,
automobiles or household items, consider using sites such as Craigslist.
Cancel memberships. Rather than paying for Apple Music or Spotify Premium, use
services like Pandora or the free version of Spotify. Instead of having your own
memberships for streaming services such as Netflix, Hulu, Prime TV or HBO Go, consider
sharing a single membership with friends and/or family.
Take care with credit. If you feel it’s necessary to have a credit card in college, be sure
to get one that has no annual fee and the lowest interest rate available. Always make
the payment on time (automatic payments are great for this) to avoid penalties or
Limit spending on alcohol. Did you know that college students spend $5.5 billion on
alcohol each year? If you’re a college student who enjoys drinking responsibly, find
out happy hours take place around campus or consider arranging a house party or
game night so you don’t spend tons of money at a bar.
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