Uploaded by Syafiqah Zawanah

Assignment 1 biomaterials

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NAME : SYAFIQAH ZAWANAH ZAHRAA’ BINTI MOHAMED ZAHARI
MATRIC NO : 171151519
COURSE : RK85- BIOMEDICAL ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING
DATE OF SUBMISSION :
Ti6AI4V is known as an alpha-beta titanium alloys which has high strength to weight
ratio and has high corrosion resistance. Ti6AI4V is widely used to manufacture implant
.Apart from that , it also has approximately the same fatigue strength ( 550 Mpa ) with CoCr
alloy which made it has same application as Cocr alloy. Even though ,it has same application
as CoCr alloy , it is more preferable as it has low density and has high strength. This high
strength Ti6AI4V alloy caused the mainly used for anchorage stems of femoral components
with wear-resistant CoCrMo metal or Al2O3 ceramic ball heads which are two new highstrength titanium alloys for implants.
Next , ultimate tensile strength is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads
tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to
reduce size. Therefore, based on the structure that results from two different processing
method used to form TTi6AI4V into a femoral stem of a hip joint prosthesis , it can be
observed that material using method A will resulted with higher ultimate tensile strength
.This is because as the quantity of smaller grain is larger , this will resulted to more grain
boundaries which then will inhibit slip in the material and then strengthen it .Whereas for
method B, there are smaller quantity of smaller grain , so it has less number of grain
boundaries which will help the slip of material more likely to occur.
In Addition , corrosion is the unwanted chemical reaction of metal with its environment
which involving an electrochemical process that involves transfers of electron from one
substances to another. This included coupling of two reaction which are oxidation which will
generates electrons and reduction which will consumes electron .Based on the structure given
,it can be concluded that material in method A will be more susceptible to corrosion rather
than material in method B . This is due to the higher amount of grain boundaries and the
larger interfacial energy in material in method A.
Last but not least , some corrosion that might occurred during the two processing
method are galvanic corrosion. Galvanic corrosion occur when two dissimilar metals in
contact. Galvanic corrosion would be a problem with the two metals being the anode/cathode
and the physiological environment acting as the salt bridge. Other than that , Crevice
corrosion also might be occurred . Crevice corrosion is the corrosion that occurred in spaces
to which the access of the working fluid from the environment is limited. In the application ,
crevice corrosion at the interface between the ball and the neck of the stem could occur.
. Pitting corrosion also could occur if there are scratches or small cracks present in the metal
either from manufacturing or implantation. Moreover , stress applied to the implant in the
form of loading (from walking or other activities) could result in galvanic corrosion, stress
corrosion and fatigue corrosion.
REFERENCE

. Titanium alloys for hip joint replacements. (2004, August 04). Retrieved from
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0267660587900151

Otani, T., Whiteside, L. A., White, S. E., & McCarthy, D. S. (1993, February). Effects of femoral
component material properties on cementless fixation in total hip arthroplasty. A
comparison study between carbon composite, titanium alloy, and stainless steel. Retrieved
from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8436992

Ti-6Al-4V. (2019, January 11). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ti-6Al-4V

Ti6AL4V (grade 5) Titanium alloys processed with rapid casting and CNC. (n.d.). Retrieved
from https://www.crpmeccanica.com/machining-titanium-ti6al4v/
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