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Shipping Sensitive Electronics Transportation Testing Techniques

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Transportation Testing Techniques
Sean Leonard
RAM V
October 16 – 17 2012
Objective
• Importance of testing
• Transportation conditions
• Methods for simulating
Importance of Testing &
Transportation Conditions
•
•
•
•
•
Temperature
Humidity
Altitude
Vibration
Shock loading
Environmental Conditions
• Shipped a data logger
sensor to Korea,
Germany, and within
the US
– 15.5% RH – 59% RH
– Sea Level – 7000 ft
– 2.6°C – 38.7°C
Environmental Conditions
Testing Methods
Environmental Conditions
• Relative Humidity &
Temperature
– 5% – 95% RH
– -40° – 100°C
• Altitude & Temperature
– Sea level – 100,000 ft
– -40° – 100°C
Testing Methods
Environmental
Environmental Conditions
Conditions
90
80
70
60
50
40
Altitude [kft]
30
Temp [°C]
20
Humidity [%RH]
10
0
-10
-20
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
Time (hours)
8.00
10.00
12.00
Testing Methods
Vibration & Drop Testing
• ISTA-6-FedEx-A Standard
– ASTM D4728
• Random Vibration Test:
– Truck Vibration at 0.52
Grms (15 min)
– Air Vibration at 1.06 Grms
(15 min)
– Repeat Truck Vibration at
0.52 Grms (15 min)
• Series of 10 drops
ISTA-6-FedEx-A Standard
– 6 faces
– 1 corner
– 3 edges
Package Weight
Drop Height
Drops per
Sequence
w ≤ 75 lbs.
75 lbs. < w ≤ 100 lbs.
100 lbs. < w ≤ 150 lbs.
30"
24"
18"
10
10
10
Testing Methods
Random Vibration
Testing Methods
Random Vibration
Testing Methods
Random Vibration
*Images from Fed-Ex Packaging Brochure 0004523PM-Rev. 3/11
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
3 Axis Shock
Sensor
3 Axis Shock Sensor
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
Top Small Face
(Bottom is opposite)
Medium Edge
Short Edge
Corner
Bottom Large Face
(Top is opposite)
Bottom Medium Face
(Top is opposite)
Long Edge
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
External (g)
Internal (g)
Bottom Large Face
120
121
Top Medium Face
112.4
100
Shock (g)
80
77.4
60.4
60
38.6
40
20
13.6
9.2
0
0
0.2
Time (s)
0.4
0.6 0.0
0.2
4.6
Time (s)
0.4
0.6
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
Long Edge
Short Edge
Testing Methods
Free-Fall Drop Test
External (g)
Internal (g)
Long Edge
180
Short Edge
183
160
140
Shock (g)
120
100
87.2
80
83.8
60
41.2
40
20
0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
Time (s)
0.8
1.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
Time (s)
0.8
1.0
1.2
Conclusion
• Can’t forget about shipping!
– Ensure equipment can survive under normal
shipping conditions
– Data to prove the equipment can survive shipping
– In the test presented, the case failed
Questions?
Sean Leonard
[email protected]
Rfal.uah.edu
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