MAY 2018 ENGL 447 Dr. Haleema Al A’ali Final exam study guide You should be able to demonstrate understanding of the following sociolinguistic concepts*: 1. Pidgins and Creols (meaning, features, processes of pidinisation and creolization, examples of pidgin and creole languages (such as tok pisin, AAVE, and GAP) 2. Language and Culture: Concepts of ideology & culture Language attitudes/stereotypes (you might be asked to give one or two examples of studies on language attitude), Sapir-whorf Hypothesis Translatability (e.g. Translating Arabic culture-specific concepts) 3. Language and Identity: meanings of identity, types of identities, Social Identity, Linguistic Identity, etc. 4. Language and gender: gender stereotypes, gender roles sexism, sex vs gender, Language and gender Theories o Dominance (Lakoff) o Difference (Deborah Tannen’s theory), o The social construction of gender (Butler’s performativity theory, gendered identities). *You may be asked to provide examples and references from/to your own context or language.