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SA I C1 W10 Greek gods & superlatives Table Answs

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Group
Greek
Historians
Greek
Philosophers
Greek
Playwrights
Name
Lived (BC)
Short Description
Herodotus
Thucydides
c. 484 – 425/413
A historian who chronicled the Persian Wars, Herodotus is often called the Father of History.
A great Greek historian who was known for the exact science of his research, he wrote about the war between Athens
and Sparta.
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
428/427 - 348/347
384-322
Aeschylus
A Greek playwright, he is considered the father of the tragedy.
Sophocles
Sophocles was probably the most popular playwright during Greek times. He won many writing competitions and is
thought to have written over 100 plays.
The last of the great Greek tragedy writers, Euripides was unique in that he used strong women characters and
intelligent slaves.
A Greek playwright who wrote comedies, he is considered the father of the comedy.
Euripides
484 - 407
Aristophanes
Aesop
Hesiod
Greek Poets
Homer
Pindar
Sappho
Archimedes
Aristarchus
Greek
Scientists
Euclid
Hippocrates
Pythagoras
Alexander the
Great
Cleisthenes
Greek
Leaders
First of the great Greek Philosophers. He is considered by many to be the founder of Western philosophy.
Student of Socrates. He wrote dialogues using Socrates as a major character. He founded the Academy in Athens.
Student of Plato. Aristotle was a philosopher and scientist. He was interested in the physical world. He was also
teacher to Alexander the Great.
Demosthenes
Draco
Pericles
Solon
c. 630 –
c. 570 BC
Aesop's fables were known for both talking animals as well as teaching a moral. Historians aren't 100% sure if Aesop
really existed or was just a fable himself.
Hesiod wrote a book that was about Greek rural life called Works and Days. This helped historians to understand what
the daily life for the average Greek person was like. He also wrote Theogany, which explained a lot about Greek
Mythology.
Homer was the most famous of the Greek epic poets. He wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Pindar is considered the greatest of the nine lyric poets of Ancient Greece. He is most known today for his odes.
One of the great lyric poets, she wrote romantic poetry that was very popular in her day.
He is considered one of the great mathematicians and scientists in history. He made many discoveries both in math
and physics including many inventions.
An astronomer and mathematician, Aristarchus was the first to put the sun at the center of the known universe rather
than the Earth.
The Father of Geometry, Euclid wrote a book called Elements, likely the most famous mathematical textbook in
history.
A scientist of medicine, Hippocrates is called the Father of Western Medicine. Doctors still take the Hippocratic Oath
today.
A scientist and philosopher, he came up with the Pythagorean Theorem still used today in much of geometry.
Often called the greatest military commander in history, Alexander expanded the Greek empire to its greatest size,
never losing a battle.
Called the Father of Athenian Democracy, Cleisthenes helped to reform the constitution so the democracy could work
for all.
A great statesman, Demosthenes was considered the greatest orator (speech giver) of Greek times.
Famous for his Draconian law that made many offences punishable by death.
A leader and statesman during the golden age of Greece. He helped democracy to flourish and led great building
projects in Athens that still survive today.
Solon is usually credited with laying the foundations and ideas for democracy.
Herodotus
Thucydides
Hesiod Homer Pindar Sappho
Socrates
Plato
Archimedes
Demosthenes Draco Pericles
Solon
Aristotle
Aristarchus
Aeschylus
Euclid Hippocrates
Sophocles
Pythagoras
Euripides
Aristophanes
Aesop
Alexander the Great Cleisthenes
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