Name: Paige Elizabeth Ramage Number: 18942139 Degree: Bachelor of Science Supervisors: Trevor Horgan, Wendy Mee, Julie Andrews and Minerva Chaloping-March Proposal title: A qualitative study investigating and identifying the transition from historical mummifying bereaving practices to Christian grieving processes in the Banguet area of Luzon, Philippines. Date: 24/12/2018 Research Question: The extended production of research into this area, both online and in paper form, in recent times poses the question whether their have been burial and commemorative practices to replace the death rituals of the North Luzon people. The spread of Christianity post Spanish occupation within the Philippines has caused the abandonment of the ancient tradition of mummification among the people of the Ethanolingustic group Ibaloi and Bontoc province. What has been the impact on the grieving process of these indigenous Filipinos? Background: Aim of this study: This study aims to explore the various methodologies and reasons behind the mummification process of the dead indigenous within the Banguet area pre Spanish occupation. This may identify areas of bereavement within this ethnic population after this practice was abandoned post wide spread of Christianity. Methods: The research method chosen and best suited to this study is descriptive qualitative research. The proposed method for data and information collection is open- ended questions to the key informant indigenous people surrounding the Kabayan burial caves which also will be recorded to their knowledge and will maintain accurate accounts of information given. In depth research and further study at the Banguet state University (BSU) and the University of the Philippines Baguio (UPB) will also be conducted specifically at the Cordillera Ethnograhic Museum (BSU) and with the department of Social anthropology (UPB). The internet will also be a main field of inquiry and the primary research tool in this investigation. Findings It is hoped that this research will add to the scarce amount of information about the Kabayan fire mummies within Banguet and identify new grieving practices that have replaced the sacred old mummifying processes of ethnic people within this area. Introduction The Kabayan mummies of the Banguet municipality, situated in the mountain provinces of North Luzon , the Philippines have a long history dating back to the 14th and 19th centuries (Balancod, 2018), (Beckett et al, 2017) and (Picpican, 2003). It is only of recent times that Anthropologists, scientists and historians alike have taken an interest to this time old tradition due to the discovery of the burial caves by mountain climbers in the 1980s (Balancod, 2018), (Beckett et al, 2017) and (Picpican. 2003). It has been found that there is a relationship between the practices of people and aspects of their belief system (Cohen, 2000), (Celino, 1990) and (Canilao, 2013). Due to the interruption due to acculturation from the Spaniards, the cohesion of the indigenous culture of the people of the Banguet province was altered. The disruption of these death rituals has resulted in the creation of new traditions (Celino, 1990) and (Canilao, 2013). Literature Existing research into the death rituals around the north of Luzon island have previously focused mainly on either the scientific aspects of the physical process of preserving the dead (Balangcod, 2018), (Abinion et al, 2013) and has extensively focused on the historic and archaeological aspects (Beckett et al, 2017), (Picpican, 2003), (Celino, 1990), (Canilao, 2013) and (Barbara, 2013). Beckett et al, Ed, Celino, Canilao and Barbara’s research is however very important as it provides contextual evidence and history into various aspects of this relatively unresearched area of Filipino history. Further Scientific research aiming to understand and further simplify the mummification practices has been published by Balangcod and Albinion, which both give an outline to the main factors leading to the long preservation of the dead. Bibliography: Balancod, T 2017, ‘A glimpse of the fire mummies of Kabayan, Benguet, Luzon, Philippines and the role of plants associated with the mummification process’ Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, vol.17, no 2, pp. 307-313 Beckett, R, Conlogue, G, Abinion, O, Salvador-Amores, A & Piombino-Mascali, D (2017), ‘HUMAN MUMMIFICATION PRACTICES AMONG THE IBALOY OF KABAYAN, NORTH LUZON, THE PHILIPPINES’, Papers on Anthropology, vol 26, no 2, pp 24-37 Picpican, I (2003), ‘The Igorot mummies : A socio-cultural and historical treatise’ Quezon City, Philipines. Celino, S (1990), ‘DEATH AND BURIAL RITUALS AND OTHER PRACTICES AND BELIEFS OF THE CORDILLERANS’, PhD Education, Faculty of the graduate School University of Baguio, Baguio, Philippines. Canilao, M (2013), ‘ Three Burial Coffin Traditions in Upland Ilocos Sur’, The Cordilera Review, 2013 Barbara, S (2013), ‘Hanging Coffins of Sagada, Mountain Province, Philippines’, PhD Archaeology, Graduate school of University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.