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sheets-ch-3-grade-9

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Name
Class
Date
Reteaching
3-1
Lines and Angles
Not all lines and planes intersect.
• Planes that do not intersect are parallel planes.
• Lines that are in the same plane and do not intersect are parallel.
• The symbol || shows that lines or planes are parallel:
“Line AB is parallel to line CD.”
means
• Lines that are not in the same plane and do not intersect are skew.
Parallel planes: plane ABDC || plane EFHG
plane BFHD || plane AEGC
plane CDHG || plane ABFE
Examples of parallel lines:
Examples of skew lines:
is skew to
, and
.
Exercises
In Exercises 1–3, use the figure at the right.
1. Shade one set of parallel planes.
2. Trace one set of parallel lines with a solid line.
3. Trace one set of skew lines with a dashed line.
In Exercises 4–7, use the diagram to name each of the following.
4. a line that is parallel to
5. a line that is skew to
6. a plane that is parallel to NRTP
7. three lines that are parallel to
In Exercises 8–11, describe the statement as true or false. If
false, explain.
8. plane HIKJ
10.
and
plane IEGK
9.
are skew lines.
11.
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3-1
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Reteaching (continued)
Lines and Angles
The diagram shows lines a and b intersected by line x.
Line x is a transversal. A transversal is a line that intersects
two or more lines found in the same plane.
The angles formed are either interior angles or
exterior angles.
Interior Angles
between the lines cut by the transversal
3, 4, 5, and 6 in diagram above
Exterior Angles
outside the lines cut by the transversal
1, 2, 7, and 8 in diagram above
Four types of special angle pairs are also formed.
Angle Pair
Definition
Examples
alternate interior
inside angles on opposite sides of the
transversal, not a linear pair
3 and 6
4 and 5
alternate exterior
outside angles on opposite sides of the
transversal, not a linear pair
1 and 8
2 and 7
Same-side interior
inside angles on the same side of the
transversal
3 and 5
4 and 6
Corresponding
in matching positions above or below
the transversal, but on the same side
of the transversal
1 and 5
3 and 7
2 and 6
4 and 8
Exercises
Use the diagram at the right to answer Exercises 12–15.
12. Name all pairs of corresponding angles.
13. Name all pairs of alternate interior angles.
14. Name all pairs of same-side interior angles.
15. Name all pairs of alternate exterior angles.
Use the diagram at the right to answer Exercises 16 and 17. Decide
whether the angles are alternate interior angles, same-side interior
angles, corresponding, or alternate exterior angles.
16. 1 and 5
17. 4 and 6
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Name
Class
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Reteaching
3-2
Properties of Parallel Lines
When a transversal intersects parallel lines, special congruent and supplementary angle
pairs are formed.
Congruent angles formed by a transversal intersecting parallel lines:
• corresponding angles (Postulate 3-1)
1  5
2  6
4  7
3  8
• alternate interior angles (Theorem 3-1)
4  6
3  5
• alternate exterior angles (Theorem 3-3)
1  8
2  7
Supplementary angles formed by a transversal intersecting parallel lines:
•
same-side interior angles (Theorem 3-2)
m4 + m5 = 180
m3 + m6 = 180
Identify all the numbered angles congruent to the given angle. Explain.
1.
2.
3.
4. Supply the missing reasons in the two-column proof.
Given: g || h, i || j
Prove: 1 is supplementary to 16.
Statements
Reasons
1) 1  3
1)
2) g || h; i || j
2) Given
3) 3  11
3)
4) 11 and 16 are supplementary.
4)
5) 1 and 16 are supplementary.
5)
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Name
3-2
Class
Date
Reteaching (continued)
Properties of Parallel Lines
You can use the special angle pairs formed by parallel lines and a transversal to find
missing angle measures.
If m1 = 100, what are the measures of 2 through 8?
m2 = 180  100
m2 = 80
m4 = 180  100
m4 = 80
Vertical angles:
m1 = m3
m3 = 100
Alternate exterior angles:
m1 = m7
m7 = 100
Alternate interior angles:
m3 = m5
m5 = 100
Corresponding angles:
m2 = m6
m6 = 80
Same-side interior angles:
m3 + m8 = 180
m8 = 80
Supplementary angles:
What are the measures of the angles in the figure?
(2x + 10) + (3x  5) = 180
Same-Side Interior Angles Theorem
Combine like terms.
5x + 5 = 180
Subtract 5 from each side.
5x = 175
Divide each side by 5.
x = 35
Find the measure of these angles by substitution.
2x + 10 = 2(35) + 10 = 80
3x  5 = 3(35)  5 = 100
2x  20 = 2(35)  20 = 50
To find m1, use the Same-Side Interior Angles Theorem:
50 + m1 = 180, so m1 = 130
Exercises
Find the value of x. Then find the measure of each labeled angle.
5.
6.
7.
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Name
3-3
Class
Date
Reteaching
Proving Lines Parallel
Special angle pairs result when a set of parallel lines is intersected
by a transversal. The converses of the theorems and postulates in
Lesson 3-2 can be used to prove that lines are parallel.
Postulate 3-2: Converse of Corresponding Angles Postulate
If 1  5, then a || b.
Theorem 3-4: Converse of the Alternate Interior Angles
Theorem If 3  6, then a || b.
Theorem 3-5: Converse of the Same-Side Interior Angles Theorem
If 3 is supplementary to 5, then a || b.
Theorem 3-6: Converse of the Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem
If 2  7, then a || b.
For what value of x is b || c?
The given angles are alternate exterior angles. If they
are congruent, then b || c.
2x  22 = 118
2x = 140
x = 70
Exercises
Which lines or line segments are parallel? Justify your answers.
1.
2.
3.
Find the value of x for which g || h. Then find the measure of each
labeled angle.
4.
5.
6.
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3-3
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Reteaching (continued)
Proving Lines Parallel
A flow proof is a way of writing a proof and a type of graphic organizer. Statements
appear in boxes with the reasons written below. Arrows show the logical connection
between the statements.
Write a flow proof for Theorem 3-1: If a transversal intersects
two parallel lines, then alternate interior angles are congruent.
Given:
|| m
Prove: 2  3
Exercises
Complete a flow proof for each.
7. Complete the flow proof for Theorem 3-2 using the
following steps. Then write the reasons for each step.
a. 2 and 3 are supplementary.
b. 1  3
c. || m
d. 1 and 2 are supplementary.
Theorem 3-2: If a transversal intersects two parallel lines, then same
side interior angles are supplementary.
Given: || m
Prove: 2 and 3 are supplementary.
8. Write a flow proof for the following:
Given: 2  3
Prove: a || b
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Name
3-4
Class
Date
Reteaching
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
You can use angle pairs to prove that lines are parallel. The postulates and
theorems you learned are the basis for other theorems about parallel and
perpendicular lines.
Theorem 3-7: Transitive Property of Parallel Lines
0
If two lines are parallel to the same line, then they
are parallel to each other.
If a || b and b || c, then a || c. Lines a, b, and c can be in
different planes.
Theorem 3-8: If two lines are perpendicular to the same line,
then those two lines are parallel to each other.
This is only true if all the lines are in the same plane. If a
 d and b  d, then a || b.
Theorem 3-9: Perpendicular Transversal Theorem
If a line is perpendicular to one of two parallel lines,
then it is also perpendicular to the other line.
This is only true if all the lines are in the same plane.
If a || b and c, and a  d, then b  d, and c  d.
Exercises
1. Complete this paragraph proof of Theorem 3-7.
Given: d || e, e || f
Prove: d || f
Proof: Because it is given that d || e, then 1 is supplementary
to 2 by the
Theorem. Because
it is given that e || f, then 2  3 by the
Postulate. So, by substitution, 1 is supplementary to 
. By the
Theorem, d || f .
2. Write a paragraph proof of Theorem 3-8.
Given: t  n, t  o
Prove: n || o
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Name
Class
3-4
Date
Reteaching (continued)
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
A carpenter is building a cabinet. A decorative door will be set
into an outer frame.
a. If the lines on the door are perpendicular to the top of the
outer frame, what must be true about the lines?
b. The outer frame is made of four separate pieces of
molding. Each piece has angled corners as shown.
When the pieces are fitted together, will each set of
sides be parallel? Explain.
c. According to Theorem 3-8, lines that are perpendicular
to the same line are parallel to each other. So, since
each line is perpendicular to the top of the outer frame,
all the lines are parallel.
Know
Need
The angles for the top and
bottom pieces are 35°.
The angles for the sides
are 55° .
Plan
Determine whether
each set of sides
will be parallel.
Draw the pieces as fitted together to
determine the measures of the new
angles formed. Use this to decide if
each set of sides will be parallel.
The new angle is the sum of the angles that come together. Since 35 + 55 = 90,
the pieces form right angles. Two lines that are perpendicular to the same line
are parallel. So, each set of sides is parallel.
Exercises
3. An artist is building a mosaic. The mosaic consists of the
repeating pattern shown at the right. What must be true of a
and b to ensure that the sides of the mosaic are parallel?
4. Error Analysis A student says that according to Theorem 3-9,
if
and
student’s error.
, then
. Explain the
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Name
Class
Date
Reteaching
3-5
Parallel Lines and Triangles
Triangle Angle-Sum Theorem:
The measures of the angles in a triangle add up to 180.
In the diagram at the right, ∆ACD is a right triangle. What are
m1 and m2?
Step 1
Angle Addition Postulate
m1 + mDAB = 90
Substitution Property
m1 + 30 = 90
Subtraction Property of Equality
m1 = 60
Step 2
Triangle Angle-Sum Theorem
m1 + m2 + mABC = 180
Substitution Property
60 + m2 + 60 = 180
Addition Property of Equality
m2 + 120 = 180
Subtraction Property of Equality
m2 = 60
Exercises
Find m1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Algebra Find the value of each variable.
7.
8.
9.
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Reteaching (continued)
3-5
Parallel Lines and Triangles
In the diagram at the right, 1 is an exterior angle of the triangle. An
exterior angle is an angle formed by one side of a polygon and an
extension of an adjacent side.
For each exterior angle of a triangle, the two interior angles that are not next to it
are its remote interior angles. In the diagram, 2 and 3 are remote interior angles
to 1.
The Exterior Angle Theorem states that the measure of an exterior angle is equal to the
sum of its remote interior angles. So, m1 = m2 + m3.
What are the measures of the unknown angles?
Triangle Angle-Sum Theorem
mABD + mBDA + mBAD = 180
Substitution Property
45 + m1 + 31 = 180
Subtraction Property of Equality
m1 = 104
Exterior Angle Theorem
mABD + mBAD = m2
Substitution Property
45 + 31 = m2
Subtraction Property of Equality
76 = m2
Exercises
What are the exterior angle and the remote interior angles for each triangle?
10.
11.
12.
exterior:
exterior:
exterior:
interior:
interior:
interior:
Find the measure of the exterior angle.
13.
14.
15.
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3-6
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Reteaching
Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Parallel Postulate Through a point not on a line, there is exactly one line parallel
to the given line.
Given: Point D not on
Construct:
Step 1 Draw
parallel to
.
Step 2 With the compass tip on B, draw an arc that intersects
between B and D. Label this intersection point F.
Continue the arc to intersect
at point G.
Step 3 Without changing the compass setting, place the compass
tip on D and draw an arc that intersects
above B and
D. Label this intersection point H.
Step 4 Place the compass tip on F and open or close the compass
so it reaches G. Draw a short arc at G.
Step 5 Without changing the compass setting, place the compass
tip on H and draw an arc that intersects the first arc drawn
from H. Label this intersection point J.
Step 6 Draw
, which is the required line parallel to
.
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3-6
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Reteaching (continued)
Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Exercises
Construct a line parallel to line m and through point Y.
1.
2.
3.
Perpendicular Postulate Through a point not on a line, there is exactly one line
perpendicular to the given line.
Given: Point D not on
Construct: a line perpendicular to
through D
Step 1 Construct an arc centered at D that intersects
Label those points G and H.
at two points.
Step 2 Construct two arcs of equal length centered at points G and
H.
Step 3 Construct the line through point D and the intersection of the
arcs from Step 2.
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Construct a line perpendicular to line n and through point X.
4.
5.
6.
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3-7
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Reteaching
Equations of Lines in the Coordinate Plane
To find the slope m of a line, divide the change in the y values by the change in the
rise change in y
x values from one point to another. Slope is
or
.
run change in x
What is the slope of the line through the points (5, 3) and (4, 9)?
Slope 
change in y
93
6 2

= =
change in x
4   5  9 3
Exercises
Find the slope of the line passing through the given points.
1. (5, 2), (1, 8)
2. (1, 8), (2, 4)
3. (2, 3), (2, 4)
If you know two points on a line, or if you know one point and the slope
of a line, then you can find the equation of the line.
Write an equation of the line that contains the points J(4, 5) and
K(2, 1). Graph the line.
If you know two points on a line, first find the slope using
m 
m 
y2  y1
.
x2  x1
1   5
6

 1
2  4
6
Now you know two points and the slope of the line. Select one
of the points to substitute for (x1, y1). Then write the equation
using the point-slope form y  y1 = m(x  x1).
y  1 = 1(x  (2))
Substitute.
y  1 = 1(x + 2)
Simplify within parentheses. You may leave your equation in this
form or further simplify to find the slope-intercept form.
y  1 = x  2
y = x  1
Answer: Either y  1 = 1(x + 2) or y = x  1 is acceptable.
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Name
Class
3-7
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Reteaching (continued)
Equations of Lines in the Coordinate Plane
Exercises
Graph each line.
4. y 
1
x4
2
1
3
5. y  4  ( x  3)
6. y  3 = 6(x  3)
If you know two points on a line, or if you know one point and the slope of a line,
then you can find the equation of the line using the formula y  y1 = m(x  x1).
Use the given information to write an equation for each line.
7. slope 1, y-intercept 6
8. slope
4
, y-intercept 3
5
9.
10.
11. passes through (7, 4) and (2, 2)
12. passes through (3, 5) and (6, 1)
Graph each line.
13. y = 4
14. x = 24
15. y = 22
Write each equation in slope-intercept form.
16. y  7 = 2(x  1)
1
3
17. y  2  ( x  5)
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3
2
18. y  5   ( x  3)
Name
3-8
Class
Date
Reteaching
Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Remember that parallel lines are lines that are in the same plane that do not
intersect, and perpendicular lines intersect at right angles.
Write an equation for the line that contains G(4, 3) and
1
is parallel to
: – x  2 y = 6 . Write another equation
2
for the line that contains G and is perpendicular to
.
Graph the three lines.
Step 1 Rewrite in slope-intercept form: y 
1
x  3.
4
Step 2 Use point-slope form to write an equation for
each line.
1
Parallel line: m 
Perpendicular line: m = 4
4
1
y  (3)  ( x  4)
y  (3) = 4(x  4)
4
1
y  x4
y = 4x + 13
4
Exercises
In Exercises 1 and 2, are lines m1 and m2 parallel? Explain.
1.
2.
Find the slope of a line (a) parallel to and (b) perpendicular to each line.
1
4
x+3
5. y  3 = 4(x + 1)
6. 4x  2y = 8
5
5
Write an equation for the line parallel to the given line that contains point C.
1
1
7. y  x  4 ; C(4, 3)
8. y   x  3 ; C(3, 1)
2
2
1
9. y  x  2 ; C(4, 3)
10. y = 2x  4; C(3, 3)
3
3. y = 3x + 4
4.
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Reteaching (continued)
Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Write an equation for the line perpendicular to the given line that
contains P.
11. P(5, 3); y = 4x
12. P(2, 5); 3x + 4y = 1
13. P(2, 6); 2x  y = 3
14. P(2, 0); 2x  3y 5= 9
Given points J(1, 4), K(2, 3), L(5, 4), and M(0, 3), are
and
parallel,
perpendicular, or neither?
1 7
– 
3 5
Their slopes are not equal, so they are not parallel.
neither
1 7
  –1
3 5
The product of their solpes is not –1, so they are not perpendicular.
Exercises
Tell whether
and
are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.
16. J(4, 5), K(5, 1), L(6, 0), M(4, 3)
15. J(2, 0), K(1, 3), L(0, 4), M(1, 5)
17.
: 6y + x = 7
18.
: 16 = –5y  x
20.
1
: y x2
5
1
: y  5x 
2
: 3x + 2y = 5
19.
: 4x + 5y = 22
21.
: 2y 
1
x  2
2
: x + 2y = 1
22.
: 2x + 8y = 8
23. Right Triangle Verify that ∆ABC is a right triangle for
A(0, 4), B(3, 2), and C(1, 4). Graph the triangle
and explain your reasoning.
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80
: 2x  y = 1
: y = 1
:x=0
Name
Class
3-1
Date
Standardized Test Prep
Lines and Angles
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–7, choose the correct letter.
D
For Exercises 1–3, use the figure at the right.
F
1. Which line segment is parallel to GE?
DH
FG
KI
HI
H
2. Which two line segments are skew?
DE and GE
EI and GK
GK and DH
HI and DF
E
G
I
J
K
3. Which line segment is parallel to plane FGKJ?
FD
HI
GE
For Exercises 4–7, use the figure at the right.
1
4. Which is a pair of alternate interior angles?
/3 and /6
/6 and /5
/2 and /7
/4 and /6
KI
2
3
t
4
5
6
7
u
8
5. Which angle corresponds to /7?
/1
/3
/4
/6
/5 and /8
/1 and /8
6. Which pair of angles are alternate exterior angles?
/1 and /5
/3 and /6
7. Which pair of angles are same-side interior angles?
/1 and /5
/3 and /6
/4 and /8
Short Response
8. Describe the parallel planes, parallel lines, and skew lines in a cube.
Draw a sketch to illustrate your answer.
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/3 and /5
Name
Class
3-2
Date
Standardized Test Prep
Properties of Parallel Lines
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–6, choose the correct letter.
For Exercises 1–4, use the figure at the right.
1
1. Which angle is congruent to /1?
/2
/6
/5
/7
2
3
f
4
6 g
8
7
z
5
2. Which angle is not supplementary to /6?
/2
/4
/5
/8
3. Which can be used to prove directly that /1 > /8?
Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
Corresponding Angles Postulate
Same-Side Interior Angles Theorem
Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem
4. If m/5 5 42, what is m/4?
42
48
128
138
For Exercises 5 and 6, use the figure at the right.
4x
5. What is the value of x?
10
30
25
120
(x 30) (5x 25)
1
6. What is the measure of /1?
45
60
120
125
Short Response
r
7. Write a two-column proof of the Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem
s
(Theorem 3-2).
Given: r 6 s
1
Prove: /1 > /8
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6
8
d
Name
Class
3-3
Date
Standardized Test Prep
Proving Lines Parallel
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–6, choose the correct letter.
e (7x 3)
1. For what value of x is d 6 e?
20
25
(2x 3)
d
35
37
q
For Exercises 2 and 3, use the figure below right.
/8 is supplementary to /12.
/1 > /6
/10 is supplementary to /11.
/5 > /13
3. Which statement proves that x 6 y?
/2 is supplementary to /3.
/6 > /9
/14 is supplementary to /15.
/12 > /13
For Exercises 4–6, use the figure at the right.
58
122
x
3 4
1 2
7 8
5 6
y
9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16
m
,
4. If / 6 m, what is m/1?
22
b
a
2. Which statement proves that a 6 b?
130
1
(5x 12)
(2x 14)
2
5. For what value of x is / 6 m?
22
54
58
122
122
130
6. If / 6 m, what is m/2?
22
58
Short Response
7. Write a flow proof.
1
Given: /2 and /3 are supplementary.
c
2
Prove: c 6 d
3
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27
d
Name
Class
3-4
Date
Standardized Test Prep
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–5, choose the correct letter.
1. Which can be used to prove d ' t ?
s
Transitive Property of Parallel Lines
Transitive Property of Congruence
t
Perpendicular Transversal Theorem
d
Converse of the Corresponding Angles Postulate
a
2. A carpenter is building a frame. Which values of a and b will
ensure that the sides of the finished frame are parallel?
a 5 40 and b 5 60
a 5 30 and b 5 60
a 5 45 and b 5 50
a 5 40 and b 5 40
a
b
b
b
b
a
a
For Exercises 3 and 4, use the map at the right.
3. If Adam Ct. is perpendicular to Bertha Dr. and Charles St.,
Ad
am
what must be true?
Ct
Dr
a
t.
sS
Adam Ct. ' Edward Rd.
Bertha Dr. 6 Charles St.
Adam Ct. 6 Dana La.
Dana La. ' Charles St.
Rd
ar
na
rd
wa
Da
La
Ed
is parallel to Edward Rd. What must be true?
Ch
4. Adam Ct. is perpendicular to Charles St. and Charles St.
.
le
Dana La. ' Charles St.
rth
Bertha Dr. 6 Charles St.
Be
Adam Ct. 6 Dana La.
.
.
Adam Ct. ' Edward Rd.
.
5. If a ' b, b ' c, c 6 d, and d ' e, which is not true?
a'e
a6d
a6c
b6d
Short Response
6. Write a paragraph proof.
Given: a 6 b, b 6 c, and d ' c
a
Prove: a ' d
b
c
d
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37
Name
Class
Date
Standardized Test Prep
3-5
Parallel Lines and Triangles
Gridded Response
14
1. What is the value of w?
30
w
19
2. What is the value of z?
22
x°
y°
z°
104
3. What is the value of s?
(
s
1
s 3)
7
(
4. What is the value of e?
1
s 3)
7
60
e
69
5. What is the value of t on the truss of the bridge?
t
55
Answers
1.
2.
a
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
3.
a
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
4.
a
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
5.
a
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
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47
a
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
Name
Class
Date
Standardized Test Prep
3-6
Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–3, choose the correct letter.
1. Which diagram below shows the first step in parallel line construction on a
point outside a line?
N
N
N
N
P
P
P
2. What kind of line is being constructed in this series of diagrams?
Q
Q
parallel
Q
perpendicular
congruent
similar
3. Which diagram below shows line m parallel to line n?
P
n
m
C
o
n
B
m
m
A
m
n
Short Response
4. Error Analysis Explain the error in the construction at the right.
P
The student is attempting to draw a perpendicular line through
a point not on the line.
B
A
Q
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57
n
Name
Class
Date
Standardized Test Prep
3-7
Equations of Lines in the Coordinate Plane
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–4, choose the correct letter.
1. What is the slope of the line passing through the points (2, 7) and (21, 3)?
3
2
4
7
4
3
2. What is the correct equation of the line
6
shown at the right?
3
y 5 2x 1 3
y 5 23 x 1 3
3
y 5 22 x 2 3
y 5 2 23 x 2 3
4
2
the line is 22. What is the equation of the line?
y 5 25 x 1 2
y 5 2 25 x 2 2
2 O
2
4
6
4
(4, 3)
6
5
y 5 22x 2 2
(0, 3)
2
3. The x-intercept of a line is 25 and the y-intercept of
5
y
x
6 4
y 5 22x 2 5
1
3
5
4. What is the slope-intercept form of the equation y 2 7 5 22 (x 1 4)?
5
y 2 2 5 2 2 (x 1 2)
y 5 2 47 x 1 2
5
5
y 1 7 5 2x 1 2
y 5 22x 2 3
Short Response
y
4
5. Error Analysis A student has attempted to graph an
equation that contains the point (1, 24) and has a
slope of 13 .
a. What is the correct equation in slope-intercept
form?
b. What is the student’s error on the graph?
2
x
4
2 O
2
4
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67
4
(2, 1)
(1, 4)
Name
Class
3-8
Date
Standardized Test Prep
Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Multiple Choice
For Exercises 1–4 choose the correct letter.
1. Which pair of slopes could represent perpendicular lines?
1
7, 7
3
1 2
2, 4
2 4, 43
1 1
3, 3
2. The lines shown in the figure at the right are
(2, 7)
parallel.
perpendicular.
y
8
6
(8, 5)
4
neither parallel nor perpendicular.
both parallel and perpendicular.
3. Two lines are perpendicular when
10 8
4
2
the product of their slopes is 21.
x
O
2
(1, 2)
2
the product of their slopes is greater than 0.
(5, 4)
4
4
they have the same slope.
6
their slopes are undefined.
5
1
4. Which is the equation for the line perpendicular to y 5 23x 1 113 and
containing P(22, 3)?
3
y 2 2 5 25 (x 2 3)
5
y 5 23x 1 413
3
3
y 5 25x 1 415
y 5 5x 1 415
Extended Response
5. Graph the vertices of ABCD where
8
A(21, 3), B(26, 22), C(21, 27),
and D(4, 22).
a. Explain how you know the opposite
sides of ABCD are parallel.
4
b. Explain how you know the adjacent
2
y
6
x
sides of ABCD are perpendicular.
8 6 4
c. What is the length of each side, to the
nearest inch, if each grid space is equal
to 2 in.?
2
O
2
4
6
d. What kind of figure is ABCD?
8
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77
2
4
6
8
Chapter 3 Test
Name:_______________________
Date:_______________________
______________________________________________________________________________
1
Find the measure of the third angle of a triangle given the measure of two angles are 63º
and 22º.
A
B
C
D
2
Find the measure of the third angle of a triangle given the measure of two angles are 86º
and xº.
A
B
C
D
3
5º
41º
85º
95º
(86 – x)º
(90 – x)º
(94 – x)º
(180 – x)º
Find the value of k.
A
B
C
D
107
121
25
59
______________________________________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2005 - 2006 by Pearson Education
Page 1 of 12
Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
4
The horizontal lines are parallel. Find the value of x.
A
B
C
D
5
6
27
28
29
The horizontal lines are parallel. Find the measure of
A
B
C
D
36º
54º
116º
144º
A
B
C
D
50
60
70
120
Find
______________________________________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2005 - 2006 by Pearson Education
Page 2 of 12
Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
7
Line r is parallel to line t. Find m 5.
A
B
C
D
8
146
134
24
34
Construct a rectangle with side lengths a and b.
A
B
C
D
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
9
Construct a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel opposite sides, each side of length 2a.
A
B
C
D
10
The measures of the three angles of a triangle are given. Find the value of x and state
whether the triangle is acute, obtuse, or right.
x + 10, x – 20, x + 25
A
B
C
D
x
x
x
x
= 25, acute
= 55, acute
= 25, right
= 55, right
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
11
What is the relationship between
A
B
C
D
12
13
?
and
are parallel.
and
are skew.
and
are neither parallel nor skew.
There is not enough information.
What is the relationship between
A
B
C
D
and
and
?
and
are parallel.
and
are skew.
and
are neither parallel nor skew.
There is not enough information.
Determine whether two parallel lines that go along the sideline of a field and the center bar
of the top-goal post of the soccer net are parallel lines, skew lines, neither, or there is not
enough information.
A
B
C
D
parallel lines
skew lines
neither
not enough information
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
14
Write an equation in slope-intercept form of the line with slope 5 and y-intercept –4.
A
B
C
D
15
Write an equation in point-slope form of the line through point J(–8, 10) with slope –5.
A
B
C
D
16
Write an equation in point-slope form of the line through points (7, 6) and (9, 2). Use (7, 6)
as the point (x1, y1).
A
B
C
D
17
(y + 6) = –2(x + 7)
(y + 6) = 2(x + 7)
(y –6) = –2(x – 7)
(y – 6) = 2(x – 7)
Find the value of x for which || m.
A
B
C
D
24
26
12.75
14
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
18
If
and
A
B
C
D
19
90
105
75
not enough information
Determine whether
and
are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.
A(–1, –4), B(2, 11), C(1, 1), D(4, 10)
A
B
C
20
, what is
parallel
perpendicular
neither
Determine whether
and
are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.
A(2, 8), B(–1, –2), C(3, 7), D(0, –3)
A
B
C
parallel
perpendicular
neither
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
21
Graph y = 5x – 12 and y – 5x = 19. Are the lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?
A
The lines are neither parallel nor perpendicular.
B
The lines are parallel.
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
C
The lines are parallel.
D
The lines are neither parallel nor perpendicular.
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
22
Graph y = –2x + 5 and
. Are the lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?
A
The lines are neither parallel nor perpendicular.
B
The lines are parallel.
C
The lines are perpendicular.
D
The lines are neither parallel nor perpendicular.
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Page 10 of 12
Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
23
Which is a correct two-column proof?
Given:
Prove:
and
are supplementary.
A
B
C
D
24
none of these
To construct a line parallel to a given line m through a point not on m, you need to know
how to construct __?__ angles.
A
B
C
D
right
acute
congruent
obtuse
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Page 11 of 12
Chapter 3 Test
______________________________________________________________________________
25
Which diagram shows plane PQR and plane QRS intersecting only in
?
A
B
C
D
______________________________________________________________________________________________
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