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interactive reader ch 12

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Name: ___________________________________________ Block:_________
Chapter 12 Interactive Reader
12.1 & 12.2 Mendel and Heredity/ Mendel’s Theory
Instant Replay
1. Tell who Gregor Mendel was.
2. What were the two parts of Mendel’s law of segregation?
Vocabulary Check
trait
purebred
genetics
law of segregation
cross
Fill in the blanks with the correct term from the list above.
1. The study of biological inheritance _________________________________
2. The mating of two organisms _________________________________
3. A characteristic that is inherited __________________________________
The Big Picture
4. The law of segregation says that gametes receive only one chromosome from each homologous
pair of chromosomes. Turn back to the image on page 250 that shows the process of meiosis. In
which stage of meiosis do homologous chromosomes separate?
5. Give two examples of human traits that are not mentioned in the section above.
12.2 Mendel’s Theory
Instant Replay
1. What is the difference between a genotype and a phenotype?
Vocabulary Check
gene
allele
recessive
genotype
homozygous
phenotype
heterozygous
genome
dominant
1. What is the difference between a gene and an allele?
2. What is the difference between a dominant allele and a recessive allele?
The Big Picture
3. Fill in the blanks in the chart below regarding pea shape.
GENOTYPE
PHENOTYPE
HOMOZYGOUS OR
HETEROZYGOUS
RR
Homozygous dominant
Rr
round peas
rr
Homozygous recessive
4. Which of the alleles in the chart above is dominant? ______________________
12.3 Modeling Mendel’s Laws
Instant Replay
1. What do the letters on the axes of the Punnett square represent?
2. What are the genotypes of offspring from an FF X ff cross?
3. What is the difference between a monohybrid cross and a dihybrid cross?
4. If you flip two coins, what is the probability that they will both land on tails?
Vocabulary Check
Punnett square
monohybrid cross
Law of independent assortment
testcross
probability
dihybrid cross
Fill in the blanks with the correct term from the list above.
1. Crossing an organism of unknown genotype with a homozygous recessive organism
_________________________
2. A cross to examine one trait only _______________________________
3. A cross to examine two different traits _____________________________
The Big Picture
4. Fill in the Punnett square and list the genotype and phenotype ratios.
F
f
Ff
f
f
Chapter 11/12 Review
1.) Which pair of sex chromosomes make a person male: XX or XY?
2.) Which cells in a multicellular organism undergo meiosis? _____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
3.) What is the final product of meiosis?
a. identical diploid cells
c. identical haploid cells
b. unique diploid cells
d. unique haploid cells
4.) In pea plants, the allele for tall stems, T, is dominant to the allele for short stems, t. Draw and fill in a
Punnett square that shows the cross of a heterozygous plant, Tt, with a homozygous dominant plant, TT.
5.) List all the possible genotypes of the offspring from your Punnett square in question 4. Next to each
genotype write the corresponding phenotype—short stems or tall stems.
6.) Which part of meiosis is responsible for Mendel’s law of segregation?
a. DNA condensing into tightly
packaged chromosomes
c. alleles assorting independently
into gametes
b. homologous chromosomes
crossing over
d. homologous pairs of
chromosomes separating into
different gametes
7.) Which human cells are haploid?______________________________
8.) Explain in words or with drawings how the process of ​fertilization​ and ​crossing over​ contribute to genetic
diversity.
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