Uploaded by Athba Alsallal

Cooperative learning

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Cooperative learning is an approach
to organize classroom activities into
academic and social learning
experiences. Students must work in
groups to complete tasks collectively.
Unlike individual learning, students learning
cooperatively capitalize on:
-one another’s resources and skills
-teacher's role changes from giving information to
facilitating students' learning.
-Everyone succeeds when the group succeeds.
What are the strategies of cooperative learning?
-Jigsaw
- assignments that involve group problem solving and
decision making,
- laboratory or experiment assignments,
- and peer review work (e.g. editing writing
assignments)
The Jigsaw Technique
DON’T FORGET
The jigsaw can work for
any topic that can be
segmented for
knowledge application or
critical type questions.
The Jigsaw Technique
fun
&
motivating
Do sth new •
for fun
Discover •
your self
You tried •
U succeed •
Process
What happens •
when you
follow through
&
reflection
What u learnt •
about ur self,
team& groups.
What are the benefits of the Jigsaw Method?
1- Empowers Ss to take charge of their own 
learning.
2- Make Ss learn without realizing that they 
are learning.
3- Encourages peer tutoring. 
4- Makes learning fun. 
5- It’s an integration of the four skills 
What do you need to apply it?
HANDOUTS
PAPER
NON GRADED
QUIS
PREPARE
SPACE IN CLASS
Ss sits in circles,
eye-to eye & knee
to knee position
How to do it !!!!!!!!!!!!
1. divide the class into HOME GROUPS. 
( No. of groups depends on No. of concepts U want to teach.) 
2. Tell Ss what you want to do. 
3. distribute the concepts to each group. 
4. ask Ss to divide the concepts among them. 
5. ask Ss to read SILENTLY without discussion: Ss highlight, 
underline, or circle important points.
5. Ask Ss with similar concepts to sit together in 
a new group (THE EXPERT GROUP)
Ss in the Expert group share information 
(discussion). They become STUDENT 
TEACHERS.
6. Ask Ss in the expert group to go back to their 
home group and TEACH, explain the concepts
to their home group.
Instructor responsibilities
Topic division
Make sure Ss
achieved the
objectives
Individual
accountability
monitoring
Facilitator
(class
reflection)
Individual accountability
To achieve individual accountability,
keep a can of sticks on the desk, and the name of each 
Ss should be on one of the sticks. Ask randomly & Ss will
stay on task.
- keep a box in which Ss names are written on pieces of 
paper.
- sanctions for non participants. 
How to get Ss in partners:
1. make cards of different shapes and colors. 
2. create a set of cards that go togather: 
i.e. Salt & pepper, Romeo& Juliet, etc. 
3. tearing a photo or a picture into two halves & asking
Ss to find their other half

Student Responsibilities
Students should 
1. prepare ahead, be self starters. 
2. posses communication skills, respect each other. 
3. discipline : every one is on task. 
4. posses metacognition & insight : be able to take & 
share information in their home groups and expert
groups as well.
Limitations
Limitations and Variations
Takes time
Ss prepare ahead •
Content
quantity &
quality
Timing: T prepare •
well
Perception of
peer
credibility
Do Ss take each •
other seriously
Cooperative learning requires students to engage in 
group activities that increase learning and adds
other important dimensions. The positive outcomes
include: academic gains, improved race relations
and increased personal and social development
Benefits
Cooperative learning increases self esteem and self concept
 Ethnic and physically/mentally handicapped barriers are
broken down allowing for positive interactions and friendships
to occur
students had a higher likelihood of receiving higher test 
scores and course grades at the end of the semester.
(Results from Brady & Tsay’s (2010)

Builds a learning community
Develop communication skills
Decreases social tension
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