Uploaded by krissy d

Debate Speech

Panel of adjudicators, my fellow team mates, my worthy opponents, audience, a pleasant afternoon
to you all. Today the affirmative team takes the stance that developing countries need more
technology than developed countries. Technology is ubiquitous, simply put it is evident all around
us; but what really is technology, what does it mean to be a developing country versus a developed
one. Whilst there are numerous definitions for technology, according to the Oxford Dictionary,
“technology is the use of methods, systems, and devices as a result of scientific knowledge for
practical purposes, especially in industries.” Secondly, “a developed country otherwise known as
a First World Country for example The United States of America is a country with a lot of
industrial activity wherein people generally have high incomes, while a developing country,
otherwise known as Third World Countries for example Jamaica is a country that has little
industrial and economic activity wherein people generally have low incomes”, according to
Cambridge Dictionary. The criterion used to differentiate between these countries would be per
capita income which is the average income earned per person in a given region. We strongly agree
with the moot because it allows for the growth and development of the Less Developed Countries
through the countries’ governmental sectors. My task is to highlight how lack of technology
impacts the health sector. The second speaker will focus on the manufacturing sector, the third
speaker on the agricultural sector and the fourth speaker on the education sector.
Healthcare performance is strongly dependent on the economy. Investment in health is not only a
desirable, but also an essential priority for societies.
POINT – Less Developed Countries need more technology so as to improve the health systems
for the country’s most valuable resources – us humans.
EXPLANATION –With lack of healthcare comes low life expectancy which is one characteristic
of developing countries. In many of the Less Developed Countries for example Bangladesh and
parts of Africa, persons are faced with deplorable health infrastructure and as such these nations
are unequipped with the necessary resources to fight diseases such as cancer, malaria, diabetes as
well as HIV.
EXAMPLE - According to Dr. Michael Rucker (2018), there are more cell phones on the planet
than there are toilets or toothbrushes. Most of the world population now has access to a mobile
phone and a mobile signal. In countries where access to health care is difficult and infrastructure
is poor, development in health play an important role in bridging the divide between the developed
and developing world. With the help of the mobile phone, diseases are now easier to diagnose and
track, information can be disseminated quicker and reach more people, and online health education
is more readily available to citizens in developing nations that are traditionally underserved.
In her speech at the United Nations, Nancy Finn, a writer and thought leader on the impact of
digital communication highlighted that Short Message Services (SMS) can be used to educate
people and provide them with health information on best practices. Across Africa, text messages
in local dialects can be sent to cellphone users to inform them about vaccination programs, malaria
prevention, nutrition and basic hygiene. Furthermore, images of suspicious tissue can be taken
with a cellphone and sent to an expert at a local hospital (or abroad) for inspection and treatment
opinions, as seen in Botswana. Furthermore, for persons in need of medical supplies drones can
be utilized to deliver these supplies, even in remote areas. Through the availability of technology,
research can be conducted to develop treatments and possibly cures for diseases as seen in our
very own country an Anti-Cancer drug developed by Professor Lawrence Williams of the
University of Technology.
LINK – These examples provided justifies why less developed countries need technology. If not
for anything else, it can be used to save lives.
If you always do what you always did, you will always get what you always got, famous quote by
the American Industrialist Henry Ford. It is time for the countries deemed to be less developed to
step it up a notch and become contenders among the more developed countries. With the aid of
technology in the manufacturing sector such goal can be achieved.
POINT – Therefore, without a doubt developing countries need more technology so as to improve
the economic growth of one’s country.
EXPLANATION - Economic Growth is the increase in the amount of goods and services
produced in a country over time, according to the Cambridge Dictionary. With the use of
technology, developing countries can benefit from economic growth to enable better living
standards, lower unemployment, create higher tax revenues, and as such less money would be
needed to spend on benefits such as subsidies, eg the Programme for Advancement Through Health
and Education, the PATH program in Jamaica. Furthermore, with the utilization of technology in
the manufacturing sector, the funds government have to borrow to maintain these countries will
be significantly reduced. Also, it must be noted that with the implementation of technology in this
sector, it allows for local companies to meet the demands of the crowded international market as
well as compete globally. This allows for the country to earn foreign exchange, which then can
be used to better the country. Moreover, adjustment of the manufacturing sector will create jobs
for the people of its country through suitable training and provide goods and services to its own
country, limiting importation of goods and services.
EXAMPLES – In 1938, in Westmoreland, Jamaica, the Frome Sugar Factory had a high demand
internationally for their quality sugar, but due to the lack of technology, they were unable to meet
the demands of the market, losing most of the country’s revenue to countries in Europe whom
manufactured sugar – beet through the use of technology. In this time period, sugar was one of
Jamaica’s main export.
Kenya, unlike Jamaica implemented technology into the manufacturing sector and as such as seen
significant results. In a 2019 study of Supporting Economic Growth…of the African countries,
Kenya has become the leader in economic growth as a developing country. Their increasing trend
of economic growth is tracked to improvements in telecommunications, electricity, customs and
regulations due to technology advancements. Similar to economic growth, labour productivity also
increased in Kenya in the period 2001–2016, by 2% annually. Formal manufacturing employment
also steadily increased, indicating the increased volume of high-productivity manufacturing
activities taking place in Kenya. Kenyan firms with internet were found to be more productive and
had a higher share of skilled workers than firms without access to internet. As firms became more
tech - savvy, the share of skilled workers in total employment increased, suggesting the importance
of targeted skill-development in coordination with public and private sector needs.
LINK – Through the evidence provided, it can be clearly seen that without technology in the
manufacturing sector there will be a damper in the country’s economic growth. Thus, developing
countries need more technology than the developed.
According to the World Bank (2018), nearly 11% of the 7.42 billion world population is extremely
poor, 78% of whom rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.
POINT - Adoption of new agricultural technologies is core for agricultural development in
developing countries which leads to sustainable development and reducing poverty.
EXPLANATION – Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, according to
Oxford Dictionary. With developing countries receiving more technology, agricultural
productivity will increase, reducing poverty. In fact, agricultural growth is at least twice as
effective in reducing poverty as in other sectors, according to the World Economic Forum (2018).
Sustainable growth of the agricultural sector critically depends on the adoption of improved, scaleappropriate and eco-friendly technologies such as temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images,
and GPS technology. With agricultural technology, farmers of developing countries will no longer
have to apply water, fertilizers, and pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Instead, they can use
the minimum quantities required and target very specific areas, or even treat individual plants
differently. With agricultural technology comes higher crop productivity, decreased use of water,
fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down, less runoff of chemicals into rivers
and groundwater and safer foods being produced.
EXAMPLES – In Pakistan agriculture is the main source of living. 48% of labour force is engaged
directly with agriculture. About 70% of population is relates to agriculture directly or indirectly.
Its contribution towards economic growth is about 25% which is higher than contribution by any
other sector. It also provides employment to the public, wherein employment directly affects per
capita income. With increase in per capita income living standards increase, higher hygiene
facilities & better education facilities also increase. With technology being utilized, the money
earned from the export of wheat, rice and cotton is used to import other technological equipment
such as machinery or automobiles to improve the infrastructure of the country’s economy or for
improving other sectors of the economy such as education and health.
Digital technologies such as drones play an important role in transforming large-scale farming in
Latin America and elsewhere. In our very own country, in St. Elizabeth, St. Ann and Trelawny, as
well as other parts of the island, drone technology is currently being utilized by farmers. According
to the Jamaica Information Service (2018), “The drones’ thermal imaging and multispectral
cameras enable them to validate and count animals in a herd and identify those that have a higher
than normal temperature, as well as identify disease stress of plants not readily seen with the naked
eyes. In the event that theft has occurred of livestock, drones can be used to track their location via
GPS. Furthermore, with Jamaica being prone to natural disasters, assessing damage to crops and
livestock following natural disasters such as a flood or hurricane, will be easier, especially in
remote areas and can better assist farmers to put measures in place to boost crop yield. These
improvements raise farm productivity and facilitate diversification into non-traditional crops with
higher returns.
LINK – From the examples provided, adoption of new technology in agriculture is of high
importance for poverty alleviation, longevity of sustainable development and furthermore the
economic growth and development of developing countries.
According to Technical Education and Career Educator, Jenny Arledge, technology is the “wings”
that will allow the educational world to fly farther and faster than ever before, if we will allow it.
In the 21st century, technology knows no bounds.
POINT – Therefore, less developed countries need more technology than the developed so as to
improve human development and in turn the economic growth and development.
EXPLANATION – Human Development, according to Oxford Dictionary, is the process of
expanding people's freedoms and opportunities and improving their well-being. As such, the
Human Development Index was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be
the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. With
low literacy rates associated with the developing nations, according to Cambridge Dictionary, this
is the percentage of people who are able to read and write. India’s literacy rate is currently at 69%
while Canada’s literacy rate is currently at 99%. The education and training of a country's workers
is a major factor in determining just how well the country's economy will do. A country's economy
becomes more productive as the proportion of educated workers increases since educated workers
can more efficiently carry out tasks that require literacy and critical thinking. However, obtaining
a higher level of education also carries a cost, and this is where technology becomes useful.
EXAMPLES - In the developing countries that incorporate education technology, for example
Jamaica, they have seen improved literacy rates and have contributed to researches and innovated
different products which allowed for boost in the country’s economy through revenues earned and
companies being able to compete in the global market. Through implementation of technological
devices, such as smartphones, tablets and laptops, persons can be enrolled in online courses to
possibly learn a new language or even to receive training.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mathematician, Computer Scientist and Education
Visionary Seymour Papert (2016) recognized that connected electronic devices improve the
educational experience of students even for those who face poverty and geographical isolation.
Papert who did extensive work on this matter in Kenya prior to his death was the first person to
see that computers could be used to support children’s learning and development which later led
to him developing The One Laptop per Child Initiative. This initiative was intended to provide low
cost, low power and connected laptops to disadvantaged students around the world.
LINK – From the examples provided, it is clearly seen that less developed countries need more
technology so as to improve education and in turn improve the economic growth and development
of countries through increase in human development.