30 Topics for English Conversation by Gabriela Noskova

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FAMILY
immediate/extended family
family of four
nejbliLliI v zdilendj
5i ro
dina
to get divorced
rozv6d6t se
ityiilenn6 rodina
to be divorced from sb
byrozvedenla s lcym
blended family
smiSend rodina
to separate/split-up
rozejit se
one-parent family
neripln6 rodina
to remarry
zno\u
childless family
bezddtn6 rodina
to marry into
family tree
rodokmen
familymember
dlen rodiny
cohabitation
nemanZelsk6
familybackground
rodinn6 zizemi
bachelor
stary ml6denec
zaloZit rodinu
spinster
star6 panna
marital status
rodinnf stav
close/distant/blood relative
blizlci I v zd|leny/p okrevni
single
svobodny/6
engaged
zasnoubeny/6
fianc6/husband-to-be
snoubenec
fianc6e/bride-to-be
snoubenka
married
Lenafi,vdani
husband
manZel
wife
manZelka
married couple
manLele
divorced
rozvedenyl6
widowed
ovdovdly/6
tobewidowed
ovdovdt
widow
vdova
a
to raise/start
a
family
a
family
se
oienit/vd6t
piiZenit se/piivdat
rodiny
se
do
souiiti
pihuznj,
to be related to sb
blit piibuzny
to be relation to sb
bjt
s
s
h.im
v piibuzenskdm vztahu
lcfm
What relation are you to fim? V jakdm piibuzensk6m
vztahu jsi s |imem?
frorn one's father's/
mother's side
z
otcoly/matdiny strany
oflfrom the first marrige
z
prvniho manZelsM
to come from a good family
po
to be one of the family
patiit do rodiny
the black sheep of the family
dern6 ovce rodiny
within the family
vkruhu rodinn6m
familygathering
rodinn6 se5lost
familylife
rodinnf iivot
family relations
vzlahyv rodind
generation gap
generadni rozdil
offspring
potomek(-ci), ratolest
mlad6
descendant
potomek, n6sledovnik
provdat/oZenit koho
ancestor
piedek
adoptive family
adoptimi rodina
orphanage
sirotdinec
foster care
pdstounsk6 p6de
children's home
ddtshy'
to lose one's family
ztratit rodinu
to adopt sb
osvojit si koho
to be orphaned
osiiet
foster-parent
pdstoun
orphan
sirotek
foster-child
ditd svdien6 do opatroviini
widower
vdovec
grown-up
dospdlli
to get married
oienit
to marry sb
vzit si koho
to marryyoung
Zenit se mladf/vd6vat se
to marrysb
off
se,
vd6t se
ch|znt z dobr 6. ro diny
ADOPTION
domov
FAMILY MEMBERS
mother
matka
brother
bratr
frrher
otec
sister
sestra
parent
rodii
uncle
stryc
ton
s).rr
aunt
teta
daughter
dcera
cousin
bratranec, sestienice
1. FAMIIY
aaaaa
grandparents
prarodide
fueic'e
netei
grandfather
dddedek
stepfather
nevlastni otec
grandmother
babidka
stepmother
nevlastni matka
grandchildren
vnoudata
stepbrother
nevlastni bratr
grandson
vnuk
stepsisGr
nevlastni sestra
granddaughter
vnudka
stepchild
nevlastni dit€
great- grand(father...)
pra(dddedek...)
sibling
frther-in-law
tchrin
an
mother-in-law
tchynE
first-born
prvorozenf
onlychild
sourozenec
jedin6dek
son-in-law
zet
illegitimate
nemanZelslcf
daughter-in-law
snacha
fu"gt
twin
triplet
dvojde
brother-in-law
sister-in-lrrw
Svagrovd
quad(ruplet)
@de
nephew
synovec
siblingrivalry
sourozenecki rivalita
a3
trojie
1. FAMILY
FAMILY TREE: describe Mike's family tree.
FRIENDSHIP
lifelong/lastingfriendship celoZivotni/trval6piftelsM
to have alot insonmon
mit hodnd spoledndho
besVgood/close/old/
nejlepSi/dobrf/blizlqi/starli/
to
sch6zet se s lclim 6asto
mutualfriend
spolednf piitel
lot
to getalongwithsb
my circle of friends
mrij okruh znrimfch
kamar6d, lqirno3
to understand each other's
problems
naraijem si rozum€t
mate (inf)/buddy(inf)
tobe friendswith sb
pidtelit
to trust sb
drivdiovat komu
to confide in sb
wEiovat se komu
to get sth offone's chest
vypovidat
s dim
zklamat koho
se s
lclim
to strilce up a friendship with sb naviizat pfritelsM
s
lcfm
see sb a
vychtzet dobie
kfm
s
tobecome friends
spidtelit se
to makefriendswith sb
skamar6dit se
to meet
sezndmit se, potkat se
tolet
love for sb
l6skake komu
to feign. indifference
piedstirat nezijem
tobe in lovewith sb
bjt zamilovdn
to express one's love for sb
vfznat kisku ke komu
declaration/sign of love
vyzn6ni/projw l6sky
s
kfm
sb
down/disappoint sb
se z deho,
w€iit
se
LOVE
to full (madly) inlovewith sb zamilovat
koho
do koho
se ($flen6)
do
to show one's feelings
projevovat sv€ city
head overheels in love
zamilovln po uSi
love at first sight
Liska na prvni pohled
to be crazlmad/nuts (infl
about sb
bft cellibl6zrn do koho
platonic/puppylove
platonickriiddtslci l6ska
to become infatuatedwith sb
zblinnitse do koho
undying/true love
v6dn6, nehynouci/opravdovd
l6ska
to have acrush on sb
zblinnitse do koho
unrequitedlove
neopdtovand Liska
infatuation
pobl6zndni
the love of one's life
Zivotni l6ska
secret adrnirer
tajnf obdivovatel
holidayromance
pnizdninovf romrinek
to long for sth
toulit po dem
love afiair
milostnli rominek
to dream ofsb
snit o kom
love triangle
milostnf trojrihelnik
to take an interest in sb
zaiimat se o koho
serious/intimate/sexual
vdZnf i intimni/milostnf
to attract sb
piitahovat koho
relationship
vztah
to eye sb
pokukovat po kom
to be intimatewith sb
mit milostn pom6r s lcfm
flirt with sb
flirtation
flirtovat, koketovat
tobe made foreach other
bjt
hnizdecko l6sky
to
s
lcfm
si souzeni
flirt, flirtovrini
love nest
flirtatious
koketni
love (inQ/sweetheart (spoken) l6ska (osoba)
to hide one's desire for sb
skrfvat touhu po kom
inseparable couple
nerozluin6 dvojice
to give attention to sb
dvoiit
alotto me.
to fall out oflove
Mnoho pro m6 znamen65.
chodit spolu
se
komu, zajimat
se
o koho
to be flattered
You msan
bft polichocen/a
,odmilovat
milovat
se*,
DATE
date
rande schtzls; rande (osoba)
to go out together
blind date
schrlzka naslepo
to
to go out on a first date
jit
to gettoknoweach
na prvni rande
see each
other
vidat
se
l6pe se poznat
otherbetter
to meet sb through alonely
heart's ad
sezn6rnit se s kfm pies
inzerdt
matchmaker
to go outwith sb/date sb
chodit s kfm
a good
match
dohazovai
dobni partie
piestat
2. HUMAN RELATIONS
/E:Valentine is madly in love with Emma.What is their story as shown in the pitures below?
QI
'{M;ffi
NOTES
2. HUMAN REIATIONS
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
aaaaa
to match sb up with sb
ddt dohromady ndkoho
s
ndlcfm
steadygirtfriend
stil6 piitelloTnC
to steaUpinch sb's girlfriend
piebrat nEdi
piite\mi
dobie si vybrat, dobie se
vd6UoZenit
to talce a shortbreak
to pickup sb/chat sb up
sbalit koho
to fail
nedopadnout, nevyjit
datingagency
seznamovaci agentura
to makeagoodmatch
d6t si men5i pauzu (ve
vxahu)
sEx
(sexual) intercourse (frnl)
potrlavni styh souloi
passionately
v65niv€
to have se:rual contact
mitpohlavni sryk
to be sexuallyactive
mit pravidelnf sex
to makelove to/with sb
milovat
se s
to deep around
vyspat se s kaidfm
to have sex/sleep with sb
milovat
se,
hfm
to have safe sex
chninit
skfm
souloZit, sp6t
se
casual sex
nrihodnf sex
to sleep together
to be just (good) friends
sp6t spolu, mit spolu sex
safe/unprotected sex
bezpednf/nechrrindn sex
bftjen pi6tel6
preserration/condom
ochrana kondom
virgin
panna" panic
to use contraception
pouiivat antikoncepci
ztratit panensM
to protect against sth
chrrinit
first sexual orperience
prvnl sexudln i zii:itek
venereal disease
pohlavni choroba
premarital sex
piedmanZelskf sex
l6ska najednu noc
topass (adisease) on
by sexual contact
nakazit pohlavnim srykem
one-night stand (inf)
to seduce sb
w€stkoho
heterosexual
heterosexuil
to cuddle
objimat
homosexud
homosexu{l
to kiss
libat
ga'T
gay
(French) kiss
(francouzskf) polibek
lesbian
lesba
gently
nEln6
registered partnership
registrovand partnersM
loudeni se wobodou
poi6dan6 nwdstou
best man
Zenichriv wEdek
weddingceremony
svatebni obiad
loudeni se svobodou
poi6dan€ Zenichem
to make one's mariagevows sloiit manZelslcf slib
party (AmE)
to come to one's wedding
ptijitkomu
to propose to sb
poZridat koho o ruku
to send wedding invitations
rozeslat pozvdnky na watbu
weddingcard
watebni ozn6meni
to lose one's
virginity
se,
madit
se
se
se
proti demu
WEDDING
hen's party (BrE)/bridal
shower (AmE)
stag
night (BrE)/bachelor
na watbu
to make/drawup the guestlist sestavit seznam hostfi
wedding dress/wedding gown svatebni Saty
to exclange wedding rings
vfm€nit si watebni PrstenY
to perfom traditional rituals
prov6ddt tradidni zvyky
wedding reception
watebni hostina
to propose
a
toast
pron6st piipitek
to make aspeech
pron6st projw
to cuttheweddingcalce
rozkrojit watebni dort
watebni dary
veil
zivoj
weddingpresmts/
weddinggifts
train
vledka
shotgunwedding
,,vynuceni svatba (nevdsta
je tdhotn6)
thebigday
velhfden, den watby
to have acivilwedding
mit svatbu ria riiad€
whitewedding
tradidni svatbavbil6m
to have a churchwedding
mit watbu v kostele
jet n6kam nalibrinky
wedding procession
watebnipruvod
to go somewhere
on one's honeymoon
nevdsta
newlyrreds
novomaniel6
bride
ienich
trcusseau
vfbava nev6stY
bridegroom/groom
druZidka
dowry
v€no
bridesmaid
2. HUMAN RELATIONS
DATING: invent a story explaining whyJane falls asleep during her date with Peter.
a:
1{OTES
2. HUMAN RELATIONs
MARRIAGE
(ne)*t'astni rnanielstvi
her ex-husbandlfuture
loveless rrrarriage
munielstvi bez l6skv
hustrand
starnry rnarriirge
bouilive manielstvi
his lawful rvile
ieher
arrangecl marriage
tloltodnutf sriatek
devotetl husband
odclani manZel
to rush into a marriage
hndt se do rnanfelski
marrrage l'ows .r,
rnan?.el*ki slib
tc marry sb ftrr love
vzit si koho z ki*k,v
marriage certilicate
sdrlaci list
to be happily married
tit ve $Lastr:dm rnanfelstvi
tinit kr*ro *thstnym
marriage settlement
miln2r"lskti dol,uda
{un}happy nrarriage
to make sb happv
t0 rr$pect e&ch other
vz{jer:rni
respect for sb
rict{ ke komu
tolerance towards ntr
tolerance
tn hirve a gcod relationship
rr:it dobr,i'r'ztah
W'e
lrcrk rvell together.
Klape
vzjah
married couple
rrranield
ctit
vfrii komu
nim
hannonious/equal
relationship
ha
se
to.
rmanickf I rr:vnocenny
iej i brival
zikorrni
rnanZelka
rnarriage of convenience
siatek z roz-rlttru
marital probleme
rnanielsk6 proirlern,v
henpecked hlsband
rnui poci pantcflern
breadwinner
2ivitcl rotlia,v
to wear the trouser#
pants (in$
bj't hlava rrdiny
marriage guidance
counselling
mani,elski poraclna
breakdownlbreakup
of marriage
roz.pal.J
\1 \ilt
\ rl:
llil:
iir
i
!t/
i
i
i
manirllstvi
/
t
!
.a
/,
j'lbudor"rci rrraniel
/
€,"
."un
f/7
t.:.'-..\.
,"l'
f'(.'.
\
-" .)
f':ii'n''
:\'ili;
,
.I*.''
(l,-...""
2. HUMAN RELATIONS
WEDDING: compare and contrast these two pictures. Which wedding would you prefer? Why?
I
-
NOTES
S. P$ l Nf;iH$HtF'FF$SIEMS
PARTHERSHIF PROBLEMS
lo lre ie;rl*us *f str
i{r{it
nnhealthy.iealous,v
choxrlrnli i-:irlivost
na ks}h$
iirliinsti
to *rlTer frtxn iealeiusy
trp{"l
t*
make
ztrctpit sc6rru
in
a
& $eene
lit of fernp*r
ve vztekri
n,lii city
zklantat se v kilrll
lo htrrt sb's feeliugs
znanit
tn be rlisappointed in sb
tc tre f$rious rr-ith sbl
irr: rtl;lrl iri rir
zr"riit na koho
t* eornpl*intlmoax atroul
t* r*proachlhlame
str l"$r
sth
rth
fault
tu dc sth rln purilose
to be inditl'erent/
apathefic to sth/xh
tar
he al
to hecorne *tranged from
aw;ry
tackofrespect/totrrirnce
di'lat por.vk
little things
nraliikostenr
pnssessive/domineeringlboss,v
dominantnf, panovainy
selfish
:iobeckii
egoist
sobec
irrtolerable/unbearable
nesnesilelnf
to be rude to sb
b*t hruby kr: ktulu
kmli
purontel
konrandor.at koho
to put sb downlbelittle str
poni?nvat kcho, srii2et kohei
to rule the rooat {inf)
to run sb's life
nrit posledni *lovo, vlidnout
bit lhosteinl'k icmrrlke
tyrant
lyran
kcn:u
heartless
bezcitnf
aggressive
agr"esivni
emotional blackmail
citcve vydlrdni
poorsoul
chudrik
vulnerable
zranitelnf
to defend oneself trorn/
against sthlsb
briinit
to stand huruiliation
sn63et poni/.eni
to make concessions
ddlat iistupkv
ta fbel smalUfbel hurniliated
citit
domhci n{sili
cr.r
r.ry*itat kcxlu cei
vini
orlcieil
naschvd.)
se
komri
r:dcizeni
ochladlurul {vzruseni ...)
{exeitenrsnt ...}
fo fad*
tn make * fu*s about
to dictate
udilat co
estrarrtrgerxent
to die dawnlccoX
vznftlir.i"
to order sh aroundlabout
stdior,'at silnafikat na
brit r,a
sb
quick-lempered
v11r*tit se
nednstatek*clyllol*rance
t$ misus* slr's trust/kindness zner.rLivat ndii d&vdru,r
<k{rrotu
iidit n6ii iivor
se
iemulkr:mu
r*und trne"r
littlc Iing*r
Otoait si koho ktrlem prstu
henp*cked hu*hand
rnui pcd pantutlem
domestic violence
lle
Mii lru
to beat sb
tlo$ci koho
purelabsolute/sheer hell
ilbsolutui, naprosle peklo
Ornrzel ji.
to be at the end of orre's rope
bj't u korce
t(] tlvi$t rb
is complelel,v under
zcela
potl palcrrn"
her thurnb.
$he gnf tiretl
*f him.
se
poniitrrr6
se
silanri
alcaholic
alkoholik
tt
thai
resign oneselfto sth/be
resigned to sth
rez-i$oyat na co
liar
ganrbl*r
garnbler
to put up with sth/recorcile
smiiit
sc s dirrr
oneselfwith sth
w<lm&rizer
sukniikrlf
*bstinntelslub'b$rn
tvn!ohlavf; paliiatl'
to start *fresh
zaiit nanovo
to fight overlabout sth
hi{c{at se
ARGUMENTS
drire
eraeyirr*ts {inl)
lqr irave enough of str
v-vtiidet
t$ int*rfere/xneildh in sth
pld"\t $e, r'rrri5or,at ss dr: ieho
t$ get a*srylget cn:-*s with Eb
naitvat
t*mprr
rc*"/quarrell{ight
rtralit trpilii,cst
clash
konflilcl, sp*r
{c}
s}:r
to lane one's
koho
n*t koh*
do.st, plne zuby
st: na
koh*
h{dka
to lurre a rowla quarrel/a fight pohid*t se
to provoke sb into a {ight
rlprul'oktivat n*k*bo k lrridce
to call sb ntme$
kvfrli dcrrru
ladiivat komu isprerst6),
dastr:vat naddvkami
to fall out with sb
pohridat se s li1im,
nepohotbxrut *e s kyrrr
to dress sb down/tell sb olf
vvnudat kor"nu, zprrafit kohn
to shout/scream at sb
ki'ir"ert/jedet na kotrro
to insull sb by sth
rrrazil kohcr {irrr
to be offended atlby sth
byt uraT,en iinr
3. PARTNERSHIP PROBLEMS
to feel offended
citit
to take offence
urazit
to take sth personally
vzit si co osobnd
attempts at reconciliation
pokusy o smiieni
to take sth the wrong way
vysvdtlit si co Spatnd
to make
udinit kompromis
not speak to each other
nemluvit spolu
to forgive sb for sth
prominout komu co
to give way
ustoupit
to make up
usmiiit
to apologize for sth
se uraZen
omluvit
se za co
to asVbeg for sb's forgiveness Z6dat koho o odpu5tdni
se
a
compromise
se
INFIDELITY
to cheat on sb
podv6ddt koho
adultery
cizoloZsM
to two-time sb (infl
zahfbat komu
adulterer
cizoloinik
to play around with sb
zahfbat s $rn,
podvdddt s lgrn
to commit adultery
dopustit
(un)faithfrrl to sb
(ne)vdrnf komu
unfaithfrrl man/woman
nevdrnik/nevdrnice
extramarital affair
mimomanZelshi?vztah
to have an affair
mit pomdr
se
cizoloZsM
to breakup the family
rozvritit rodinu
to know of his/her infidelity
vdddt o jeho/jeji nevdie
to forgive sb of/for sth
odpustit komu co
to let bygones be bygones
odpustit, zapomenout
(co bylo, to bylo)
vyhroiovat rozvodem
BREAKUP
breakup/split-up/separation
rozchod
to threaten with
to break up/split up/separate
rozejit se
to file
to live apart
Zit odddlend
reasons/grounds for divorce
dfivody k rozvodu
divorce settlement
rozvodov6 vyrovn6ni
to leave/desert sb for sb else
opustit koho
lorili ndkomu
jin6mu
deserted wife/husband
opu5tdn6 manZelka/
opuitdnf maniel
a
a
divorce
petition for divorce
podat Z6dost o rozvod
to go one's separate ways
jit
to get over sth/cope with sth/
manage sth
piekonat co, zvl6dnout co
to go back together again
znovu se wetit k sobd
si svou vlastni cestou
to dump sb (inf)
d6t kopadkykomu
to be dumped
dostat kopadky
to patch up (one's marriage)
urormat (sv6 manZelsM)
to reproach oneselffor sth
vyditat si co
to go wrong
chybit, ddlat chyby
qualms/remorse
{ditlif
to be on the rocks (inf)
byt v koncich
to regret sth
litovat deho
to break sb's heart
to end in divorce
skoniit rozvodem
velmi zklamat koho, zlomit
komu srdce
to get a divorce
rozv6st se
svddomi
11
3. PARTNERSHIP PROBLEMS
this absurd couple?
THE TURTLEDOVES: what's the interesing story behind
suffer from?
NOTES
12
what marital problems do they
I
I
I
i
BABIES
to be expecting a baby
dekat ditd
carry cot
ta5ka na pien65eni ditdte
to give birth to a baby
porodit ditd
to rock
houpat, kol6bat
unborn baby
nenarozen6 ditd
ba\walker
ddtsk6 choditko
test-tube baby
ditd ze zkumavky
play1ren
ddtska ohr6dka
The baby is due in March.
Ditd
rattle
ghrastitko
to be born
narodit
pram (BrE)/baby carriage
koddrek (hluboky)
se m6
narodit v bieznu.
se
to be premature/be early
narodit
se pieddasnd
to be overdue/be late
narodit
se opoZddnd
newborn
novorozenec
toddler
batole
babyboy
chlapedek
babygirl
holdidka
to breast-feed
kojit
to bottle-feed
krmit
tn suck one's thumb
dumlat si palec
dummy
dudlik
to change a nappy
piebalit
cloth nappies
l6tkov6 plenky
disposable nappies
plenky na jedno pouiiti
changing table/mat
piebalovaci sttl/podloZka
to cradle sb
chovat koho
in sb's arms
v niirudi
on sb's lap
na klind
cradle
kol6bka
cot
postylka
(AmE)
pushchair, buggy (BrE)/
kod6rek (sportovni)
stroller (AmE)
to push
z lahve
a
pram
vozit kod6rek
highchair
ddtskd (rysok6)
to soil
pobrlrrdat, zamazat
bib
brynd6k
tohowl
naiikat, kiidet
iidle
to cry
plakat
to hush the crying baby
uti5it pladici ditd
to gurgle/babble
broukat si, ivatlat si
baby taildbabble
ddtskd ied, Lvatl|ni
to go potty
jit
potty
nodnik
to toilet-train
udit chodit na z6chod
to pee (inf)
durat
to poo (inf)
kakat
wet/soiled nappy
poduran6/pokakan6 plenka
na nodnik
nursery/creche
jesle
kindergarten/nursery school
Skolka
ignorovat koho
CHILDREN-S BEHAVIOUR
child/kid (inf)
ditd
to ignore sb
good
hodnf
to talk back/answer back to sb odmlouvatkomu
naughty/bad (spoken)
zlobivy, rozjiveny
to tease each other
Sk6dlit se, po3t'uchovat se
rell-behaved
vychovany, slu5nf
ddtskf legr6cka, Iump6rna
navzijem
bad-mannered
nelychovanf
childish prank
obedient
poslu5ny
to make
disobedient
neposluSnf
to get up to
vyv6ddt, prov6ddt
problem/difficult child
probl6mov6 ditd
Kids, what are you
getting up to upstairs?
vyv6dite?
to romp around/romp about
skotadit, dovdddt
to fight over sth
prdt se, h6dat se o co
to use bad language
mluvit sprostd
telling tales/sneaking
LalovSni
telltale/sneak
Zalobniiek
to behave oneself/behave well chovat se slu$nd, pdknd
un)manageable
(ne)zvladatelnli
unruly
vzptrny, neuk6zndny
boisterous
divoky, hludnf
rdentless
nerinavnf
not stick at arything for long
nevydriet u nideho dlouho
rc fool around/mess around
poflakovat se, marnit das
to show
off
to be cheeky to sb
piedv6ddt se
byt drzf na koho
13
a
lot of noise
ddlat vellay' rdmus
Ddcka, co to tam nahoie
to tell on sb/sneak on sb
Lalovat na koho
to pester sb
otravovat koho, hudet do koho
to play (sb) up
zlobit (koho)
4. CHILDREN
CHITDREN-S GAMES
to playwith (a doll...)
hr6t si s (panenkou...)
to play hide-and-seek
hr6t si na schovdvanou
toy car
autitko
blind man's buff
hra na slepou b6bu
toy soldier
vojddek
to playtag
hr6t si na honidku
soft
plysovy
to chase each other
honit
dievdnf
a game of (hide-and-seek...)
hra na (schovdvanou ...)
squealry
piskavy
to teach sth through play
udit co hrou, pomoci hry
teddy (bear)
plysovy medvidek
to get tired playing
unavit se hrou, vyhr6t si
to play at (soldiers ...)
hr6t si na (voj6ky...)
in the playground
na hii5ti
to bring up
lychovdvat
to talk sb out ofsth
rozmluvit komu co
family background
rodinnd zLzemi, prostiedi
to talk to a brick wall
mluvit jako kdyi hr6ch na
to pamper
hfdkat, rozmazlovat
to spoil
rozmazlovat,kazTt
wooden
se
UPBRINGING
stdnu hdzi
to be at one's wits' end
to need
spoilt/spoiled
rozmazleny
brat (inf)
spratek, fracek
to be strict/soft with sb
byt piisnf/mirny na koho
excessive permissiveness
piiliSnri shovivavost
to praise sb for sth
pochvdlit koho za co
not be allowed to do sth
mitzakSz|no co
to forbid sb to do sth
zakizat komu co
to disapprove ofsth
nesouhlasit
a
firm hand
nevdddt si rady
potiebovat pevnou ruku
to soften sb up
obmdkdit koho
firm
bjt nefstupnf
to be
to punish
potrestat
to deserve punishment
zaslouZit si trest
as a
punishment
za trest
physicaVcorporal punishment tdlesnli trest
to take sb's side
zast|vat se koho
to have trouble with sb
mit tr6peni
to make sb angry
rozzloblt koho
sb
to give sb a slap
to tame sb
to be grounded
to ground sb
to get angry/get cross with sb
rozzlobit se na koho
to be an example to
to talkto sb seriously
promluvit si s ndh.fon v6Znd
to hold sb up as an
to warn sb/give sb a warning
varovat koho
to be a good boy/girl
sekat latinu
to tell sb off
qmadatkomu
to learn one's lesson
poufit
to get a scolding/get told off
dostat ryhubovino
stubborn
wrdohlavf, palidaty
for sth
vl.nadat komu za co
sensible
rozumny
s
demu
to scold sb
s
napldcat komu
to spank
dim, byt proti
kym
14
ddt komu pohlavek
zkrotit koho
mit domdci vdzeni
d6t domdci vdzeni komu
sb
example
byt komu piikladem
d6vat komu za piiklad
se
4. CHILDREN
!
I
i
CHILDREN: think of the joys and worries each stage of a child's development may bring, and come up with a
story for these two new parents.
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ilOTES
15
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4. CHILDREN
UPBRINGING: comment on the situation below. What do you think of the father's restrictions?
I
litl
l{
PROBLEMS OF YOUNG PEOPLE
youth
the youth/young people
TV/video game
ml6di
...
addict
ziislj,nateleizil
videohrdch...
(dneSni) ml6deZ
(oftoday)
to keep pace with sth/sb
driet krok s dim/s hfm
teenage/adolescent
(rebellion, daughter ...)
pubertdlni, dospivajici
peers
wstevnici
(vzdor, dcera...)
peer group
stejn6 vdkov6 skupina
teenagers/youngsters/
kids (inf)
dospivaj ici ml6deZ,
ddcka
peer pressure
tlak okoli, touha vyrovnat
ostatnim
adolescent
adolescent, mladishry
copycat (inf)
adolescent behaviour
pubertiilni chov6ni
ditd napodobujici nddi
chov6ni, styl ...
youth culture
zibavaml6dei,e
gang/group
parta
to go through puberty
projit
to join a gang
piidat
at puberty
v pubertd
to be a gang member
patiit do party
to feel grown-up
citit
outsider
outsider, dern6 ovce
moody
ndladory
to getlfall into bad company
dostat se do 5patn6 parfy
oversensitive
piecitlivd$
to hang out with sb (inf)
schdzet se, potloukat se
emotionally unstable
citovd nest6$
uncommunicative
nesdilnf, nemluvnf
to confide in sb
svdiovat se komu
to retreat into oneself/
one's fantasy
tzairatse do sebe/do
fantazie
to become withdrawn
uzaviit
independent of the family
{rostci,
pubertou
si
se dospdle
s
se
se
do party
ki'm
to hang around
poflakovat se, potloukat se
to go to parties
chodit na vedirky, mejdany
to party (inf)
fl6movat
to experimentwith sth
zkouSet co,zahrivat si s dim
smoking
kouieni
nez6vis$ na rodind
taking drugs
uiivdni drog
frictions
neshody, stiety n6zortr
drug addiction
zdvislost na drog6ch
to be in conflict
with one's parents
dostat se do rozporu s roditi
to betray sb's trust
zradit nddi drivdrt
se
sv6
do sebe
16
I
I
4. CHILDREN
PROBLEMS OF YOUNG PEOPLE: comment on how the teenagers in the pictures spend their free time. AreMere
your teenage years similar or different?
Jlr,
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I
I
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ltoTES
I
I
Fn
i
I
i
17
IN THE MORNING
to wake (up)
probudit
to wake sb up
probudit koho
to be (wide) awake
byt (fplnd) vzhtru
to oversleep (for work)
to do one's make-up
nalidit
to have
a look at oneself
in the mirror
podivat se na sebe do
zrcadla
zaspat (do pr6ce)
to get dressed
obl6ci se
to get up early/late
vst6vat dasnd/pozdd
to put sth on
obldci si co na sebe
to be an earlybird/riser
bjt ranni pt6de
to get undressed
svl6ci se
to sleep in
piispat si
to take sth off
svl6ci si co
night owl
noini
to walk the dog
qvendit psa
to jump out of bed
vyskodit z postele
to have sth for breakfast
mit k snidani co
to crawl out ofbed
16zt z postele
to skip breakfast
rrfnechat snidani
to drag sb out ofbed
tahat koho z postele
to have
to yawn
zivat
to do sth in
protilhnout
to take one's time
nepospichat
to set the alarm clockfor (7:00) naiidit budik na (7:00)
to be in a hurry/rush
pospichat, mit naspdch
to go offat (7:00)
zazvonitv (7:00)
to rush sb
popohrlndt koho
to do one's morning routine
ddlat ranni hygienu
rush
spdch
to do/take exercise
zacvidit si
to commute to work
dojiZd6t do pr6ce
to stretch
se
sova
se
to have/take a quick shower
rychle se osprchovat
to have a wash in cold water
umyt
to brush/clean one's teeth
vydistit si
toothbrush
zubni kart6dek
toothpaste
zubni pasta
to comb/do one's hair
udesat si vlasy
comb
hieben
to have a shave
oholit
se
quickbreakfast
a
a
rush
se
rychle se nasnidat
ddlat ndco ve spdchu
to go to work by car/by bus ... jet do pr6ce autem/
autobusem...
studenou vodou
to catch
zu\
to miss
a
a
bus/train ...
bus/train
...
chytit autobus/vlak
...
zme5kat autobus/vlak ...
to walkto work
jit
to be punctuaVa latecomer
b1t dochvilny/opozdilec
to get to worklate/in time
piijit do pr6ce
to be late/in time (for a place)
piljit p ozd| I v tas (kam)
se
a
delay of (about 20 minutes)
do pr6ce p65ky
pozd6/vdas
(asi 20minutov6) zp oLdlni
IN THE AFTERNOON
to leave work
odejit zpr|ce
to spend one's free time
tr6vit volnli
to collect the children
(from a place)
vyzvednout d6ti (odkud)
to get one's things ready
for the next day
piipravit
to do the shopping
nakoupit
to watch
to do the cleaning
uklidit
to watch sth on TV
shl6dnout co v televizi
to do the cooking
uvaiit
to take a bath
lykoupat
to relax
odpodivat
to take a shower
lysprchovat
to go to bed
jit
till late at night
pozd6 do noci
sleepy
ospa$
to read/take a walk before bed iist si/projit se pied spanim
to stay up late
byt dlouho vzhtru, nejit
to fall asleep/go to sleep
usnout
to be a light/heavy sleeper
mit lehk6/tvrd6 spani
TV
das
si vdci na
druhf
den
divat se na televizi
se
se
TIME FOR BED
spdt
dlouho sp6t
to stay up/sit up
ponocovat, nejit spdt
18
5. DAILY ROUTINE
to spend a sleepless night
str6vit bezesnou noc
to snore
to count sheep
poditat ovedlcy
snoring
chr6pSni
to have nightmares
mit nodni mtry
to dream about sth
mit
insomnia
nespavost
to dozelnod off
podiimovat
pr65ek na spani
pill
chr6pat
sen o
iem
probdit celou noc
to doze ofi/nod ofil
drop offto sleep
zdiimnout
to stayawake all night
to be (soundifast) asleep
(tvrdd) spdt
to sleep sth off
vyspat se z nddeho
to talk in one's sleep
mluvit ze spani
to sleepwalk "
byt n6mdsidnf
sleeping
to sleep like a log (inf)
sp6t
twd6 jako Spalek
SHUFFLED MORNING ROUTINES: put Mr Disorder's morning routines into the correct order.
TOTES
I
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!
19
si, usnout
MORNING EXCUSES: come up with Stanley's explanation for why he's late to work.
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NOTES
20
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5. DAILY ROUTINE
TIME FOR BED: compare and contrast these pictures and discuss the different ways in which people spend their
nights. Which night illustrated here is most similar to yours? Why?
tffi
M
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I
F---
21
FREE TIME
to relax/take a rest
to be keen on sth
byt celypryd do deho
to unwind (in0/chill (out) (in0 relaxovat, vypnout
to go jogging
chodit bdhat
to forget about sth
zapomenout na co
to practise yoga
cvidit j6gu
to take one's mind offsth
rypustit co z hlary,
to give sth awhirl (inf)/
zapomenout na co
a
zkusit ndco nov6ho
(golf apod.)
poiddnd si odpodinout,
vypi6hnout
to chat/gossip with sb
on the phone
kldbosit
to have (some days ...) off
mit (prir dnt...) volno
to attend language courses
navStdvovat j azykov6 kurzy
to enjoy
uiit
to take dancing/
music lessons
chodit na hodiny tance/
hudby
to go to the cinema/
theatre/museum ...
muzea...
to be an amateur actor
hrdt amat6rsk6 divadlo
to take
a
good rest
a
well-earned rest
odpodinout si
zaslouienf odpodinek
si
lazing about/lazing around
nicned6li'ni, lenoSeni
to slob out/slob around
lind
to spend time doing sth
tr6vit
to busy oneself with sth
zamdstnat se iim
to take time out (to do sth)
uddlat si das (na co)
se
povalovat
das
ndjakou iinnosti
go (inf)
kretit si tas, zabavit
We played cards to pass
the time.
Hrri'li jsme karty z dlouh6
to go in for sth
zablvat se dim, vdnovat se
demu
hobby/interest/pastime
konidek, z|jem,zibava
handyman
dom6ci kutil
collector
sbdratel
to be enthusiastic about sth
byt nad5eny pro co
h.irn po telefonu
chodit do kina/divadla/
to socialize/go out
chodit do spoleinosti
to go out
jit do
to while away the evening etc. proZit, kretit si veder atd.
to pass the time
s
spolednosti, qnazit
n6kam (zaz6bavou)
se
chvfle.
an evening out
veter ve spolednosti
sociable/outgoing
spoledenskf (ilovdk)
a
good company
dobry spolednik
to keep sb company
ddlat komu spolednost
to go out for
zajit si na pivo/jidlo
a
beer/meal ...
to go down to the pub/
...
club/park...
zajil do hospody/do klubu/
do parku...
to get out of town
vypadnout z mdsta
to walk through the forest
prochi{zet se po lese
vrsrTs
a
visit to sb/a call on sb
quick/ (un) expected visit
to drop in on sb
to go to
see sb
to have
n6v5tdva u koho
a
visitor/visitors/
mit n6v5tdYu, spolednost
comPany
bleskov6/(ne) odek6van6
n6v5tdva
We're expecting company
this evening.
Dnes veder oiekdvdme
n6v5t6vu.
koho
not be in
neblt doma
jit nav5tivit koho
to take offone's coat/
jacket etc.
odloZit si
Make yourself comfortable.
Uddlejte si pohodli.
to offer sth to drink
nabidnout n6co k piti
zastavit se u koho, navStivit
to come over
piijit
to come for (the weekend)
piijet na (vikend)
to be on a (short) visit
byt na (krdtk6) n6vStdvd
to have somebody over
mit koho na n6v5tdvd
na n6vitdvu, stavit se
to return
22
a
visit
oplatit ndvStdvu
6. FREETIME
)mpare and contrast these pictures. What do you like doing in your free time?
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23
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ryir_tr
HOLIDAY
to be on holiday
byt na dovolend
holiday destination
cil dovolen6
to go on holiday
jet na dovolenou
to enjoy one's holiday/
uZit si dovolenou
to take aholiday
vzit si dbvolenou
to have aholiday
mit, uddlat si dovolenou
to take (a few) days offwork
vzit si v pr6ci (pdr) dnri
volna
to spend one's holiday
tr6vit dovolenou (na chatd)
have a nice time
(at the cottage)
to book a package tour
zamluvit si organizovanf
zijezd
to go on one's own
jet na vlastni pdst
to rent/hire a car
najmout si auto
car hire
ptijdovna aut
holiday abroad
dovolen6 v zahraniti
to get out of town
vypadnout z mdsta
seaside holiday
dovolend u moie
to go camping
jet tdboiit
the ideal place for a
ide6lni misto pro
(romantickou) dovolenou
to pack/unpack one's things
sbalit si/vybalit si vdci
(romantic) holiday
holidaymaker
rekreant
holiday snaps
fotky z dovolen6
seaside hotel
piimoiskf hotel
to come back/
wdtit
rekreadni oblast
return from holiday
holiday resort
to take
a
vyfoto grafovat co /koho
photo of sth/sb
se z
dovolen6
HOTEL ACCOMMODATION
accommodation at the hotel
ubytov6ni vhotelu
double room
dvouhiZkory pokoj
boarding house/guest house
penzi6n
twin room
pokoj
motel
motel
suite
apartm6
inn
hostinec
including breakfast
vdetnd snidand
B&B (Bed and Breakfast)
nocleh se snidani
with abath
s
se dvdma
jednoltiZky
koupelnou
to put sb up
ubytovat n6koho
air-conditioning
klimatizace
to put up at (a hotel)
for the night
ubytovat se na noc v (hotelu)
guest
host
at the reception desk
na recepci
desk clerk
recepdni
to getlleave one's key
dostat/odevzdat svfrj
to fill in the form
vyplnit piihl65ku
to stay atlin
a
bydlet v hotelu
hotel
hotel room/bar/lobby ...
to reserve/book
(in advance)
a
room
hotelory pokoj/bar/vestibul
rezervovat si pokoj
(dopiedu, piedem)
reservation/booking
in the name of ...
rezervace na jm6no...
fullybooked/booked up
...
to pay the
bill
zaplatit 6det
hotel staff
zamdstnanci hotelu
plnd obsazen
bellboy/bellhop
hotelornj' poslidek
to have no vacancy
nemit volny pokoj
maid/chambermaid
pokojsk6
to be occupied
bjt
to try one's luck elsewhere
zkusit Stdsti ndkde jinde
to check/book into
a
hotel
obsazen
zapsat se, ub1'tovat se
v hotelu
to check out ofa hotel
odhldsit se z hotelu
(by 10 o'clock)
(do
single room
jednohiZkovy pokoj
10
hodin)
klii
nonstop/fr iendly/helpfu I
nepi etr Liti I piij emn6I
service
ochotnd sluZba
wake-up call service
buzeni telefonem
fullboard
halfboard
in/atlduring high/peak
pln6 penze
polopenze
season v sez6n6
in the low season/offseason
24
mimo sez6nu
7. HOLIDAY
BEACH
ey
E
sandy/shingle/nude beach
pisedn6/obl6zkov6/
nudistickd pl6Z
deckchair
leh6tko
to lie/lie around on the beach
leZetlpovalovat se na pl6Zi
rrnd
pisek
to sunbathe
opalovat se
1A
moie
to sunburn
sp6lit se na slunci
r?YE
vlna
b have a swim
zaplavat si
to go for a swim
jit
lrinsuit
plavlcy
bilini
bikiny
bcach towel
pl|Lov| osu5ka
sunhat
klobouk proti slunci
b.ach ball
nafukovaci
sunstroke/heatstroke
rimmingbelt
fpal, riZeh
plovaci kruh
overheating
piehi6ti
rendcastle
hrad z pisku
to avoid (the) sunshine
vyhfbat
Skeble
to dive
pot6pdt se
prochdzet se po pl6Zi
lifeguard
plavdik
slunednik
to splash about/around
stfikat, c6kat kolem
Dcrmp
stanovat
tent pole
stanovd
b titch camp/make camp
.mlnite
ncrsupply
ut6boiit
rope
lano
kemp
peg
kolik
piivod vody
sheet
plachta
lcts
Et
Ssr
toalety
ground sheet
podl6Zka
stan
waterproof
nepromoka{
piistieSek
sleeping bag
spaci
€rilsan
karavan, piivds
air mattress
nafukovaci matrace
postavit stan
mosquito net
sit'
zbourat stan
insect repellent
repelent
Adl
b ralk
on the beach
lcech umbrella
to get tanned/get
si zaplavat
mit
a
tan
opdlit se
to lie in the sun/in the shade
leZet na slunci/ve
suntan lotion/oil/cream
opalovaci kr6m
sunglasses
slunedni brlile
protection against the sun
ochrana proti slunci
se
stinu
slunci
CAMPING
DFt
up/pitch
a
tent
D-Le down a tent
se
25
tyi
pltel
proti kom6rrim
7. HOLIDAY
fire
to be bitten
byt po5tipanf
to light/put out
backpack
batoh, krosna
to sit around the campfire
vacuum flask
termoska
torch
baterka
a
rozddlat/uhasit ohei
sed6t kolem tdborovdho
ohnd
to cook over the fire
vaiit nad ohn6m
HOLIDAy: compare and Gontrast these pictures. How do you usually spend your holiday?
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NOTES
26
BY RAIL
TRAINS
to go
bytrain
jetvlakem
)
window seat
sedadlo u okna
corner seat
sedadlo v rohu
to catch/get a train
chytit vlak
sleeping carlsleeper
spaci
to get on/board a train
nastoupit do vlaku
dining carlbufiet car
jidelni vriz
to get offa train
vystoupit z vlaku
luggagevan
zavazadlovivtn
to change
piestoupit
corridor
chodba
to pull into a station
piijet do stanice
to pull out ofa station
vylet ze stanice
ATTHE RAILWAY STATION
to travel via (a place)
cestovat pies
(main) railway station
(hlavni) vlakov6 n6dr aLi
train journey'ride
jizda vlakem
arrival
pifjezd
nils
koleje
departure
odjezd
to derail
rykolejit
timetable
jizdnii6d,
nilway
i.eleznice
to be/arrive on time
piijet na
guard/conductor
prrivoddi
to be delayed
mitzpoLdlni
uain dispatcher
l".ipravdi
platform
n6stupiStd
traveller/passenger
cestujici
ticket offi celbooking offi ce
pokladna
luggage rack
police na zavazadla
train/rail fare
jizdnl
eisle
ulidka
What's the fare?
Kolik stoji jizdenka?
ouchette
lehdtko
vtiz
das
single ticket
jednoduchd jizdenka
osobni vlak
return ticket
zp6tetni jizdenka
freight/goods train
ndkladni vlak
waitingroom
iekirna
rtopping train
osobni, zastdvkorn/ vlak
station hall
vestibul
crpress/high-speed train
rychlik
entrance
vchod
through train
piimf vlak
wayout
vfchod
cngine
lokomotiva
left-luggage office
rischovna zavazadel
agine driver
I:rgon
strojvedouci
bufiet/refreshment
obierstveni
vag6n (nrikladniho vlaku)
vendingmachine
prodejni automat
crriage
vag6n (osobniho vlaku)
bookstall
st6nek s novinami
compartment
kup6
information board
informadni tabule
passenger
train
BY AIR
IITI{E5 AND FLIGHTS
eir) plane/aeroplane/aircraft
;essenger plane/airliner
cabin
kabina letadla pro cestujici
letadlo
row
iada
dopravni letadlo (pravideln6
aisle
ulidka
overhead locker
riloZnf prostor
linka)
imbo jet
Lrlicopter
tt
I
I
proudo{ letoun
seat
helikopt6ra
private) jet
(soukromy) tryskdd
fot air) balloon
horkovzdu5nli bal6n
gfider
v6troi
propeller
vrtule
ring
kridlo
hnding gear
podvozek
{Ddryit
pilotni kabina
seat
27
sedadlo
belt
bezpednostni p6s
hand luggage
piirudni zavazadlo
economy class
turisticka tiida
business class
obchodni tiida
flight crew
pos6dka letadla
flight attendant
letuSka, stevard
captain
kapitrin
pilot
(hlavni) pilot
8. TRAVEL
co-pilot
druhf pilot
security check
bezpetnostni kontrola
to fly
iidit letadlo
X-raymachine
rentgenov6 zaiizeni
to go by plane
letdt letadlem
metal detector
detektor kovu
on the plane
v letadle
terminal
termindl
aboard/on board the plane
na palubd letldla
departure lounge
odletov6 hala
windodaisle
sedadlo u okna/v ulidce
gate number
dislo br6ny
to fly
letdt
transit lounge
tranzitni hala
altitude
nadmoisk6 vf5ka
information board
informadni tabule
route
trasa
destination
destinace
turbulence
turbulence
departures
odlety
to be airsick
trpdt nevolnosti v letadle
arrivals
piilety
to crash
ziitit
announcement
hl65eni
air crash
leteck6 neStdsti
to be slightly delayed
mit mirn6 zpoi.dlni
zamluvit si/zru5it let
to be badly/seriously delayed
mit velk6 zpoLdEni
a
plane
seat
to book/cancel
a
flight
se
domestic/international fl ight witrozemslc.i/mezin6rodni let
a
delay of (2 hours)
(dvouhodinov6) zp oi,dlni
chytit/zme5kat letadlo
scheduled flight
pravidelny let
to catch/miss a plane
charter flight
speciAl
to get on/board
connecting flight
navazujici let
to get offa plane
connection
spojeni
to land/touch down
piist6t
budget flight
rozpodtovf levnf let
to take off
vzl6tnout
non-stop/direct flight
piimylet
to taxi
pojind|t (o letadle)
Have a nice flight!
St'astnf let!
take-off
vzlet letadla
safe/smooth/bumpy landing
bezpedn6/hladk6/neklidn6
a
plane
nastoupit do letadla
vystoupit z letadla
piistdni
AT THE AIRPORT
vzletov6 driiha
to check in
odbavit
runway
piist6vaci
check-in desk
piep|Lkapro odbaveni
to collect one's luggage
ryzvednout si zavazadla
air ticket
letenka
baggage claim
vydejna zavazadel
boarding card
palubni listek
trolley/cart
vozik
to wergh
zvLLII
carousel
pohyblrvy zav azadlot$
excess luggage
nadmdrn6 zavazadlo
customs
celni prohlidka
passport control
pasov6 kontrola
immigration
pasovf kontrola
visa
vizum
arrivals lounge
piiletovd hala
passenger ship
dopravni lod
yacht
jachta
cruise ship
r"iiletni lod
catamaran
katamardn
liner
pravideln6 linka
sails
plachty
zaocednsky parnik
ngging
lanovi
ferry
trajekt
dinghy
gumo{dlun
cargo ship/freighter
nrikladni lod
cruiser
kiiZnik,
oil tanker
tanker
submarine
ponorka
barge
iidni nrikladni dlun
houseboat
hausb6t
boat
dlun
deck
paluba
motorboat
motorovf dlun
hold
podpalubi
fishingboat
ryb6ish.idlun
cabin
kajuta
lifeboat
zdchrannf dlun
berth
hiZko
powerboat
z6vodni dlun
gangway
lodni mirstek
sailing boat
plachetnice
engine room
strojovna
a
BY SEA
ocean
liner
28
v,1?letni
lod
pis
8. TRAVEL
TRANSPORTATION EMPLOYEES: each of the individuals below work for a transportation company. What does
their company offer? Which form of transportation?
X'TES
29
s.TRAVEL
mast
stdZei
dock
dok
rudder
kormidlo
shipyarl
loddnice
bridge
kapitrlnshy' mtstek
to be in port
kotvit v piistavu
Prow
stern
piid
to moor
zakoMt lodl piiv6zat lod ke
biehu
sailor
niimoinik
to come into port
vplout do piistavu
captain
kapitdn
to leave port
vyplout
the crew
pos6dka
anchor
kotva
passenger
cestujici
at anchor
zakotven
to board a ship
nastoupit do lodd
to drop anchor
spustit kotvu
to get offa ship
vystoupit z lodd
toweigh anchor
zvednout kotvu, l'yplout
to embark
nalodit
se
lighthouse
maj6k
to disembark
vylodit
se
buoy
b6je
ziil
naloddni
coastguard
pobieZni hlidka
disembarkation
rylod€ni
calm/rough sea
klidn6/rozbouien6 moie
to sail
plout, plavit se
wave
vlna
voyage
plavba
tide
piiliv
on board
na palubd
ebb
odliv
to set sail for (a place)
vyplout (kam)
to be seasick
trpdt moiskou nemoci
harbour
piistav (piirodni)
to be shipwrecked
ztroskotat
port
piistav (vybudovanf)
to sink
pot6p6t se, klesat
pier/jetty
piistavni hr6z (vybihajici do
moie), molo
shipwreck
ztroskotdni, vrak lodi
castaway
trosednik
quay
(umdl6) nibi eLi, piistavi6t6
survivor
zachr |nEnir ( dlovdk, kterf
pieZil)
crossbar
horni r6m
embarkation
ON FOOT/BY BICYCTE
to walk
jit
on foot
pdsl<y
brake lever
p6ka brzdy
hiking/trekking
pd5i turistika
gear lever
piehazovaci p6ka
hike/trek
pd5i
tura
chain
iet|z
hiker
p65i
turista
sprocket wheel
ozuben6 pievodov6 kolo
to go hiking
chodit na pdSi tirry
pedal
peddl
pd5ky, proch6zet se
to hike (the Rocky mountains) prochodit (Skalist6 hory)
innertube
duie
strenuous (climb)
namrlhavy (vystup)
brake
brzda
exhausting
vysilujici
mudguards
blatniky
rucksacVbackpack
batoh, krosna
kickstand
stojan
zadni svdtlo
to hitchhike
stopovat
rear light
to pick up a hitchhiker
vzit stopaie
reflector
odrazka
cycling
cyklistika
pump
pumpidka
bybike
na kole
lock
zimek
cyclist/rider
cyklista
bike rack
stojan na kola
jet na kole
helmet
helma
to go for a bike ride
jet se projet na kole
child seat
ddtskd sedadka
handlebars
iiditka
cycle path
cyklostezka
saddle
sedlo
cycle lane
jizdni pruh pro cyklisty
to ride
a
bike/to cycle
30
8.TRAVEL
A FANTASTIC TRIP: tell the story of Mr Adventure's journey.
r,ryl
"//%
W
TOTES
31
TRAFFIC
heavytraffic
hustd doprava
to cross against the red
piejit na dervenou
busy/clear road
ru5n6/voln6 silnice
to run out into the road
vbdhnout na silnici
There wasn't much traffic
Na silnicich nebylo moc aut.
to be hit by
byt sraZen autem
on the roads.
a
car
car park
parkovi5td
clearly-marked roadway
dobie znaden6 vozovka
parking meter
parkovaci hodiny
roadway
vozovka
disabled parking
parkoviStd pro invalidy
main thoroughfare
hlavni dopravni tepna
traffic sign
dopravni znaika
road safety
bezpednost na silnici
warning
vfstraha
roadwork
prdce na silnici
traffi c rules/regulations
dopravni piedpisy
diversion
objiZdka
to follodobey/observe sth
iidit
se
dim, dodrZovat co
roundabout
kruhor"i objezd
to complywith sth
iidit
se
iim, dodrZovat
one-way street
jednosmdrn6 ulice
to break sth
poru5it co, nedodrZet
cat's eye
odrazov| sklo (kodiii oko)
traffi c violation/offence
dopravni piestupek
sharp/double/blind bend
ostr6/dvoj it6lslep6 zat6dka
to commit an offence
spdchat piestupek
underpass
podjezd
to jump the lights
jet na dervenou
flyover
nadjezd
fine
pokuta
crash barrier
svodidlo
wheelclamp
botidka
to get caught in rush-hour
dostat se do dopravni Spidky
uv6znout, trdet v dopravni
to be fined for
(a parking violation/speeding)
byt pokutovdn za (5patn6
to be stuck in heavy traffic/
a traffic jam
zicpE
at a speed of50 kmph
rychlosti 50 km/h
to crawl
plazit se, tdhnout se
at high/low speed
to control traffic
iidit dopraru
rysokou/nizkou rychlosti
to go at top/ftrll speed
jet nejvy55i moZnou
traffic lights
doprawi signalizace, semafor
trafrc warden
dopravni policista
speed trap
silnidni kontrola rychlosti
to cross the road
piejet, piejit silnici
to breathalyze
nechat nadfchat do bal6nku
crossroads
kiiiovatka
breathalyzer
bal6nek
at the (next) crossroads
na (dal5i) kiiZovatce
breathalyzer test
dechovd zkouSka na alkohol
nepiehlednd kiiiovatka,
drunk-driving
iizeni pod vlivem alkoholu
piechod
to be disqualified from driving mit zabavenf iididsky
blind crossing
to look out
rozhl6dnout
zebra crossing
znadeny piechod pro chodce
co
parkovrini/rychlou jizdu)
rychlosti
prtikaz
se
to disqualify sb from driving
zabavit komu
iidiisky
prtkaz
DRIVING
driving school
autoSkola
to be in gear
mitzalazenou rychlost
driving lesson
hodina jizdy
to take the car out ofgear
vyiadit rychlost
to learn to drive
naudit se iidit
to slowdown
zpomalit
to speed up/accelerate
zrychlit
to obtain one's driving licence ziskat iididskf prrikaz
licence piijit o iididsky prtikaz
to lose one's driving
to back/reverse/go backwards couvat
to start (up) sth/get sth started nastartovat co
to release the clutch
slowly
pomalu uvolnit spojku
to put the car in gear
zaiadit rychlost
to change gear
pieiadit rychlost
reverse gear
zp|teini rychlost
32
to back the car up
zacouvat autem
to back/reverse the car into
(the garage)
zacouvat autem do (gar6i,e)
to bacVreverse the car out
of (the garage)
vycouvat autem z (gariLe)
9.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING
TRAFFIc VloLAT|oNs: comment on the situations below. What do you think has happened
in each?
&,
I
t
I
TOTES
33
9.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING
to go straight
jet rovnd
to curve/furn
zatodit, odbotit
brakes
to overtake (on a bend)
to giveway
d6t piednost v jizdd
to pass sth
mijet co
to signal
d6vat znameni
projetzat6dkou
oncoming car
protijedouci auto
togoroundthebend
to stop/pull up
direction
smdr
to pull in/over
zajet (ke krajnici), zastavit
in the direction of (Prague)
smdrem na (Prahu)
motorway)
along/up/down a road
odbodit z, sjet z (d6lnice)
po silnici
on a road
na silnici
mainroad
hlavni silnice
side/back road
vedlejSi silnice
motorway
dillnice
to turn off (the
to put/slam on the
attbytontheroadside
alay-by
to stop in
to pay a
three-laneroad/motorway tiiproudovdsilnice/ddlnice
piejii:d|t do jin6ho pruhu
into/onto
tobrake (sharply/hard)
odboait (kam)
to turn
driving
zabrzdit (prudce)
zastavit
:"ffIT'
zastavit na odpodivadle
soustiedit se na jizdu
to get lost
ztratit
roadmap
silnitni mapa
kilometres
We've run out of petrol.
to fill up the tank
at a petrol station
a tankful of petrol
to run on unleaded petrol
ujet (pades6t) kilometrri
to do (fifty)
jizdni pruh
piedjiZd6t (v zatiice)
zaplatit mytn6
to concentrate on
inside/middle/outsidelane vnitini/prostiedni/vndj5i
to change lanes
toll
Sl6pnout/dupnout na brzdy
se
Do5el n6m benzin.
natankovat nildri, na derpaci
stanici
pln6 n6drZ benzinu
jezdit nabezolovnaty benzin
CAR ACCIDENTS
accident
to report an accident
fatal road accidents
careless/reckless driver
to go like a madman
jet jako Silenec
collision/crash
to exceed/break the speed
limit piekrodit maxim6'lni
to end up in (a
to cause an
to swerve at the last
moment
to run offthe
nahldsit nehodu
to drive one's car into a ditch sjet autem do piikopu
smrteln6 doprarmi nehody
to crash into/hit
narazit do ieho
bezohlednf iidid
to collide
srazit se (delnd)
povolenou rychlost
na posledni chvili prudce
sth
(head-on)
dostat smyk
sjet ze silnice
sr6Zka, hav6rie
place)
skondit (kde)
to overturn
pievr6tit
damage
to have a close shave/
zptsobit Skodu
to do some
zatotil
to skid/go into a skid
road
zprisobit nehodu
se
mit nam6le, uniknout
a narTow escape
CAR
EXTERIOR
bumper
n6raznik
bodywork
karos6rie
numberplate
registradni znatka
roof
stiecha
headlight
sv6tlomet
sunroof
stieSni ok6nko
sidelight
obrysov6 svdtlo
roofrack
stieini zahr6dka
aerial
ant6na
blikad
windscreen
delni sklo
wiper
side-viedwing mirror
foglight
indicator
front/rear wheels
piedni stdrad
wing
blatnik
zpEtn| zrc6tko
tyre
pneumatika
rearwindow
zadni sklo
hubcap
poklice
bonnet
kapota
exhaust pipe
\.ifuk
boot
zavazadlovy prostor
reverse light
zpdtnf svdtlomet
door
dveie
brake light
brzdov6 svdtlo
door handle
dveini klika
reflector
odrazov6 svdtlo
windscreen
!
l
$
!
L
34
mlhovka
piedni/zadni kola
o vlas
9.TRAEf IC AND DRIVING
A CAR ACCIDENT:
tellthe story of Victor's accident (and personality).
h
hs
TOTES
35
9.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING
rear light
koncov6 svdtlo
odometer
m6iid ujetfch kilometrri
petrol cap
viko od nidrLe
rev(olution)
ot6dka
trailer
piivdsnf vozik
INTERIOR
rev counter
otddkomdr
warning light
vr.istraZn6 svdtlo
fuel gauge
ukazatel stavu paliva
temperature gauge
ukazatel teploty
heater controls
ovl6drini topeni
car radio
autor6dio
front/back seat
piednilzadni sedadlo
headrest
opdrka hlavy
steering wheel
volant
horn
klakson
rear-view mirror
zpttnt zrc6tko
ignition
zapalovini
ignition key
klidek od zapalovini
brake
brzda
clutch
spojka
accelerator
ped6l plynu
air conditioning
dashboard
palubni deska
airbag
gear lever
pievodov6 pdka
seat
manual/automatic gearbox
rudni/automatick6
pievodovka
child seat
d6tsk6 sedadka
satellite navigation
satelitni navigace
speedometer
tachometr
central locking system
centr6lni zamykSni
mit poruchu
silencer
tlumid
to fix the trouble
odstranit z|vadu
to top up
dolit, doplnit
warning triangle
vystrainf trojfhelnik
antifreeze
nemrznouci kapalina
to be left stranded
trdet, uv6znout
to be leaking
prosakovat
to rescue
zachr6nit, vyprostit
to be slipping
prokluzovat
vzit koho do vleku
petrol tank
nidri,
odt6hnout (kam)
chassis
podvozek
to pull
vyt6hnout
defective brakes
vadnd brzdy
breakdown lorry/truck
odtahov,.i vriz
bald tyne
ojet6 pneumatika
tow service
odtahov6 sluZba
puncture
praskl6 pneumatika
anti-lock braking system (ABS) protiblokovac i br zdovy
syst6m
belt
klimatizace
airbag
bezpednostni p6s
PROBLEMS WITH A CAR
to have
a
breakdown
tow
to give sb
a
to tow (to
a place)
tfre
rezerrmi pneumatika
to check for sth
zkontrolovat
spare
to change/replace
r.ymdnit
jack
zved6k
to fit sth
namontovat co
wrench
klii
to remove sth/take sth off
vfmontovat co
spare parts
n6hradni dily
(spark)plug
zapalovaci widka
mechanic
mechanik
point
kontakt
car service
autoservis
flat/charged battery
vybit6/nabit6 baterie
to overhaul
to recharge the battery
dobit baterii
prov6st generillni prohlidku
auta
engine
motor
worn-out/used
ojety
radiator
chladid
old banger
starf ki6p
36
na matice
TOWN
big town/city
velkomdsto
tram
tramvaj
small town
malomdsto
trolley
trolejbus
capital
hlavni mdsto
fare
jizdn|
stop
zast6vka
railway/bus station
ielezniinilautobus ov 6 nidr aLi
home/industrial/historical rodn6/prrimyslov6/
town
historick6 mdsto
neighbourhood/district/area mdstsk6dtvrt, obvod
subway
podchod
population
obyvatelstvo
underground
metro
inhabitant
obdan, obyvatel
line
trasa
population density
hustota obyvatel
within reach of public
v dosahu mdstsk6 dopravy
overcrowded
pielidn6nf
transport
migration
migrace
refuse collection
likvidace, odvoz odpadu
irb opportunities
pracovni piileZitosti
refuse/rubbish durnp
sklidka odpadu
town centre
centrum mdsta
sanitation
kanalizace
in a suburb
na piedmdsti
sewage disposal plant
distiika odpadnich vod
on the outskirts
na okraji mdsta
drain
odpad, odtok
housing estate/neighbourhood sidli6td
sewer
kan6l, stoka
rqu.nre
nrfundsti
waste
odpad
industrial/shopping/
prrimyslovd/n6kupni/
slum
chudinskd dtwt'
pedestrian zone
p65i z6na
community
komunita
to go into town
jit do m6sta
to be surrounded by noise
b1t obklopen hlukem
and pollution
a
bustling/lively
ruSny, uspdchanli
dull
nezajimat$
a
wide choice of entertainment Sirohi v'ibdr zdbarry, mist
k pobaveni
rports/entertainment centre
sportovni/z6bavni centrum
indoor swimming pool
kryti
run-down buildings
zchitrall budovy
playground
hiiStd
rising crime
rostouci zlotinnost
rmusement park
z6bavnf park
to be a safe place to live
by't bezpednd
EUsleUm
muzeun
Seatre
divadlo
town/urban planning
pl6nov6ni m6sta
botanical garden
botanick6 zahrada
newhousing
novostavba
roological garden/zoo
zoologickd zahrada
built-up area
zastavdn6 plocha
informadni kanceldi pro
slcyscraper
mrakodrap
turisty
burist information
Hku
nedistotou
baz6n
misto
kbydleni
urban development
urbanizace
rouvenirs/gift shop
obchod se suvenfry
urban sprawl
Zivelnd z6stavba krajiny
idustry
svices
prrimysl
urban renewal
obnova m6sta
sluZ\
town hall
radnice
6ctory
tov6rna
municipal authorities
magistrdt
l6pitd
nemocnice
town/municipal council
mdstskd rada, obecni
lolice station
policie
frt
hasidi
town councillor
mdstsky radni
hromadn6 doprava
municipal elections
komunflni volby
station
Fblic transport
zastupitelstvo
37
lO.TOWN AND SIGHTS
CITY LIFE: which aspects of living in a town or city do each of these pictures show?
NOTES
38
lO.TOWN AND SIGHTS
STREET
high/shopping street
hlavniin6kupni tfida
passer-by
kolemjdouci
side/back street
postranni ulice
street lamp
poulidni lampa
"ll.y
ulidka, prrichod (napi. mezi
budovami)
to walk the street (after dark)
jit po ulici (po setmdni)
to drop litter
odhodit odpadky
busy'quiet street
ru6nri/tichd ulice
litter bin
odpadkov,.ii ko$
crowded street
ulice plnd lidi
dustbin
popelnice
deserted/empty street
opu5tdn6 ulice
to be full of litter/be littered
cobbled street
ulice dl6iddn6 kodidimi
byt plny odpadkri,
zneiiStdny
street crime
poulidni zlodinnost
street corner
roh ulice
to live on the streets
iit
street musicians
poulidni umdlci
hlavami
pavement
chodnik
curb/kerb
obrubnik
pedestrian
chodec
na ulici
SIGHTS
to see the sights/do some
sightseeing
prohliZet si pam6tky
to be preserved
dochovat se
to burn down
shoiet
to go sightseeing
jit, jet si prohl6dnout
pamdtky
well-preserved
zachovali,
destroyed
zniden
ruins
ziicenina, trosky
remains
pozristatky
to consist of sth
skl6dat se z deho
to form
tvoiit
to restore/renovate
renovovat
to convert into sth
piestavdt na co
to be (partly) restored/
byt (ddstednd) zrenovovdn/
rebuilt
piestavdn
to show sb the sights
prov6st koho po pam6tk6ch
to take sb round the sights
prov6st koho po pam6tk6ch
sightseeing tour
poznivaci zijezd.
sightseeing coach
vyhlidkor{ autobus
guided tour
prohlidka
itinerary
s
prtvodcem
trasa, pl6n cesty
to get lost
ztratit
guide book
prtvodce (kniha)
to be situated/be located
nachdzet se
to rankamong sth
iadit
to fte) spread out
rozprostirat se
to be rich in sth
byt bohaty na co
!o found/establish
zaloLit
monument/memorial
pomnik, pam6tnik
lo originate
vzniknout
chateau
zimek
&te of foundation
datum zaloZeni
castle
nigin
z6mek, hrad
ptvod, vznik
tower
vEir.
town gate
mdstskii brdna
b d'te
se
back to (the 13th century) pochizet z ( 13. stoleti)
se
mezi co
encient
staroby$
townwalls
mdstsk6 hradby
nedieval
stiedovdh,i
qrle
fortification
opevndni
sloh, sryl
column
sloup
lde
pozdni
..d''
fountain
kaSna
rar{,
residence/seat
sidlo
lomanesque
rom6nskf
monastery
kl65ter
Crcthic
goticlc)t
convent
Zenshy'
lcnaissance
renesancnl
church
kostel
lrroque
barokni
chapel
kaple
tomb
hrobka
catacombs
katakomby
cathedral
katedrdla
=odemi
e
dassic
...
)
architecture
6ne example of (Gothic)
rrchitecfure
(moderni/klasickd ...)
architektura
skv6$ piiklad (gotick6)
stav\
39
kl66ter
lO.TOWN AND sIGHTs
little-known
chamber
komnata
to be famous/renowned for sth bytznimi,lproslu$ dim
stafue
socha
significant
mosque
meSita
notable (feature/example
temple
chrdm
to be notable for sth
byt pozoruhodny dim
synagogue
synagoga
interesting
zajimaty, poutar{
steeple/spire
Spidat6 vdZ
fascinating/breathtaking
richvatnf
arch
oblouk
impressive
impozantni, ptisobirni
dome
kupole
magnificenVsplendid
velkolepy, nddhernf
vault
klenba, krlpta, sejf
the charm ofthe place
kouzlo mista
cornice
iimsa
popular tourist attraction
obliben6 likadlo turistti
pillar
sloup,
to attract huge numbers
pfitahovat obrovsk6
observation tower
rozhledna
oftourists
mnoisM turistri
outskirts/environs
okoli
to pay the entrance fee
zaplatit vstupn6
free ofcharge
vstupn6 zdarma
to wander around
toulat se kolem
tiredness
rinava
to get sick and tired
omrzet co, nabaZit se ieho
a
place of pilgrimage
pilii
poutni misto
to admire
obdivovat
to explore
objevovat, projit, projet si
to be worth seeing
st6t za viddni
well-known
znimy,proslu$
NN
;
mtn|znimy
bazilika
basilica
vfznamnf
...
)
pozoruhodnf (rysipiiklad
ofsth (spoken)
to become overloadedwith sth byt zahlcen
iim
lt
/r,
Ir
!t
I
I
i
l
/-
t4"-
40
...)
IO.TOWN AND SIGHTS
STREET: compare these
two pictures and try to find at least 5 differences between them.
XOTES
41
EMPTOYMENT
to employ sb/take sb on
zamdstnat koho,
piijmout
koho
workfromhome
sedentary job
{kon
pr6ce doma
sedav6 zamdstn6ni
employer
zamdstnavatel
zamdstnanec
stafi/labour/personnel/
workforce
zamdstnanci, pracovni sily
employee
occupation
zamdstndni
white-collar worker
pracovnik v kancel6ii
line of work
obor, branZe
blue-collar worker
pracovnik ddlnick6 profese
profession
profese (odbornd)
headquarters
ieditelsM
vocation
povol6ni, posl6ni
chiefexecutive
generrilni ieditel
ryddl6vat na Zivoblti
management
vedeni, iizeni
Zivit se dim
(personnel ...) department
(personiilni ...) odddleni,
odbor
executive/manager
vedouci pracornik, manaLer
zast|v at p ozlci, funkci
department head
vedouci odddleni
position/post
pracovni misto
senior
sluZebnd starii
civil service
st6tni spr6va
foreman
mistr (dflny)
civil servant
st6tni zamdstnanec
superior/boss
nadiizenj,
manual/intellectual job
manu6lni/du5evni prdce
subordinate
podiizenli
to have one's own business
mit svou vlastni Zivnost
to report to sb
b1t podiizen komu
iidit firmu
to work under sb
pracovat pod lg'rn
samostatnd vliddlednf
to be in charge ofsb
dohliZet na koho,
living
to make/earn
a
to do sth for
living
a
to live off (music, interest
uZivit se dim, b1il Liv z ieho
from savings ...)
to hold
to run
a
post
firm
a
self-employed
to freelance
byt na voln6 noze
casual/seasonal job
piileZitostn6/sez6nni prdce
summer job
to moonlight
bft
zodpovd.dni, za koho
to be familiar with sth
byt obezn6men s dim
letni brig6da
to introduce sb
zaudit koho
melouchaiit
to clock in/out
oznadit piichod/odchod
hledat si/uch6zet se o pr6ci
references
reference
zaLidat o pr6ci
to fix a meeting
domluvit si schrizku
applicant for sth
uchazed o co
to go for ajob interview
jit
labour office
fiad
to be called/be invited
byt pozvrin na pohovor
APPLYING FOR A JOB
to look for/seek
to apply for
a
a
job
job
prdce
na piijimaci pohovor
for an interview
job centre
pracovni agentura
to place/put an ad
podat si inzerit
selection
vybdrov6 iizeni
vacancy/opening
voln6 pracovni misto
to make a (good)
impression on sb
recruitment
koho
n6bor
to be short-listed
postoupit do uiSiho ryb6ru
to become vacant
uvolnit
to have a vacancy for
(a position)
to submit one's certificates
piedloZit svd osvdddeni
mit voln6 pracovni misto na
(pozici)
ability
schopnost
skill
dovednost
knowledge
znalost(i)
command
ovl6drini, znalost
(in)sufficient
(ne)dostateinf
school report
rysvdddeni
diploma
diplom
exam in sth
zkouika z deho
to send
a
job application
se (o
pracovni pozici)
poslat iddost o misto
to attach a curriculum vitae/CV piiloZit Zivotopis
brief/concise
strudnf
detailed
podrobnf
to state one's data
uv6st sv6 tidaje
to
a
fill in/complete
vyplnit dotaznik
questionnaire
42
uddlat (dobrf) dojem na
1
work experience
Praxe
the basics ofsth
zriklady ieho
qualified
kvalifikovanli
fluently
plynnd
(in)experienced
(ne)zkuSeny
to get by in (English)
dorozumdt
graduate
vysokoSkollk
to evaluate
vyhodnotit
higher education
vysokoSkolsk6
to consider
zv6Zit, posoudit
m
bitious/self-driven
vzdllilni
notiff
se
v (anglidtind)
ctiZ6dostirnf
to
effcient
schopnlf, vykonnf
to meet the requirements
splnit poiadavky
industrious/hardworking
pracovit'/
to succeed
uspdt
communicative
komunikatirmi
to fail
neuspdt
(in)decisive
(ne)rozhodnf
to fill the post
obsadit pracovni misto
(zai6te ini, stiedni pokro dil6,
contract of employment
pracovni smlouva
'
r
elementary intermediate,
advanced) level
vyrozumdt
pokroiil6) rirovei
WORK
foll-time/part-time job
plnf/idstednf rivazek
drudgery
diina,lopota
rorking hours/worlctime
pracovni doba
strain
vypdti
flexible/fixed hours
pr uiLniI p evn6
to work oneself to death
udiit
to work shifts
pracovat na smdny
to do the donkeywork
oddiit tu nejhorii pr6ci
to work morning shifts
pracovat na ranni sm6nu
to go slow
nepiediit
to work double shifts
pracovat na dvd smdny
to shirk
ulejvat se
to workovertime
pracovat piesdas
to malinger
simulovat
b commute towork
dojiZddt do pr6ce
indispensable
nepostradatelnf
rorking environment
rorkload
pracormi prostiedi
to downshift/slowdown
polevit (v risili), zvolnit
pracovni ivazek, zitdt
to be overworked
byt piepracov6n
cniryable
prisobici radost
to break down
zhroutit
Dnotonous
jednotv6rny
burned out
,,vyhoielf"
*ressful
stresujici
to manage sth
zvlddnout co
rhrusting
vyierp6vajici
to feel/be ready for sth
,,btJLzraly" naco
I
byt zavalen dim
to take
be overwhelmed by/
rith sth (e. g. paperwork)
b be swampedwith sth
byt. zav alen, zaplaven dim
lpile
nahromadit
up
b procrastinate
brelsg
I
I
I
pracomi doba
a
dayoff
se
k smrti
se
se
vzit si den volna
unpaidleave
neplacen6 volno
pay/salary/wage
plat, mzda
remuneration
odmdna
perks/fringe benefits
mimoplatov6 vyhody
nedod6l6vka, rest
to get
dostat piiddLno
budovat si karidru
to work one's way (up) to ...
dotiihnout to (aZ) na
daiit
dobie
to be passed over
byt pieskoden namisto
kvalifikaci
forpromotion
povf5eni
careerist/climber
kari6rista
odklidat
se
(ze dne na den)
a
pay rise
CAREER
I
I
I
build up one's career
btet
on well
-improve
zryiit
se
si
qualifications
...
-'s
aeining
rekvalifikace
to be appointed
b1t zvolen, jmenoviin
poepects for promotion
vyhlidky na pov'y'Seni
Pov'.i?$it
to remove/suspend
sb from office
odvolat koho z riiadu
r
to be suspended
byt odvoldn
removaVsuspension
odvolini (z funkce)
promote sb
D prove one's ability
koho
osvdddit se
43
1. JOB
11. JOB
EMPLOYMENT: comment on each of these jobs, thinking of qualification, time at worlc duties, pay or salary,
and prospects for the future of each.
NOTES
44
1
1. JOB
hrub6 poru5e ni kiznd,
viLnf
LEAVING A JOB
to give notice
ddt vypov6d
working regulations
pracovni i6d
to quit/leave a job
odejitzpr6ce
discipline
k6zei
notice period
rni;pov6dni
to complywith sth
iidit
dismissal
propu5tdni
to neglect
zanedbat
to dismiss (at an hour's
notice)
propustit (na hodinu)
negligence
nedbalost
incompetence
to sack (inf)/throw out (inf)i
tue (inf) sb
neschopnost
vyhodit, vfrazit koho
zpr6ce
to be/get fired (inf)/
,,dostat pad6ka" kvrili demu
lhtta
gross misconduct
se
dim
piestupek
to misappropriate
zpronevdiit
to reveal sth
odhalit co
dtrvodti)
to take measures
udinit opatieni
redundancy
nadbytek
to investigate
prodetiit
redundant
nadbytedny, nepotiebnf
to dradface consequences
vyvodit/n6st dtsledky
redundancypay
odstupn6, od5kodnd
to be out of work/unemployed b1t nezamdstnanli
to terminate
ukondit pracovni pomdr
to be entitled to sth
mit n6rok na co
unemployment benefits
podpora v nezamdstnanosti
sacked (inf) for sth
leid ofi/made redundant
propu5tdn (z or ganizainich
one's employment
probation
zku5ebni
to be on the dole (inf)
byt na podpoie
to take early retirement
odejit pieddasnd do penze
sickness benefits
nemocensk6 d6vky
unreasonable
bezdrivodnli
maternity benefits
rodidovsk6 podpora
involuntarily
nedobrovoln6
to be on maternity leave
b'.it na mateisk6 dovolen6
absenteeism
absence
to be on strike
stivkovat
labour furnover
fluktuace pracovni sily
to strike against/for sth
st6vkovat proti demu/za co
to breach
poruSit
to call for sth
volat po dem, poZadovat co
a
breach (of regulations)
lhtta
poru6eni (piedpisri)
}]
lt
v
q
r(e,/
45
1
1. JOB
JOB SATISFACTION: invent a story explaining why Patrick decided to leave his job.
{;;tffi
t 3/
, fG,
r /rts
\ffi
A
NOTES
46
h'
'_\,
MONEY MATTERS
(small) change
drobn6
banknote
bankovka
to be stinking rich
be filthy rich (inf)
cash
hotovost
to have moneyto burn
in cash
v hotovosti
mit dost pen6z na
vyhazovini
to cost
stdt hodn6 pendzlcel6 jmdni
to make/earn (good)
to spend money on
to waste money on
money
sth
sth
vyddl6vat (slu5n6) penize
a
utrdcet penize za co
vyhodit, pro5ustrovat penize
za co
(inf)/
a lot of money/
fortune
byt nechutnd bohaty
to lend sb
ptijdit komu
to borrow
ptijiit si
dluiit
to owe
to squander/blow (inf)
money on sth
za co
to raise money
sehnat penize
to lose money on sth
proddlat penize na dem
vyjit, rystadit s (i6stkou)
to save money on sth
u5etiit penize na dem
to get by on/manage with
(an amount)
to save up money for sth
na5etiit penize na co
to live on sth
Litzteho
to live on (an amount)
vyi:it z (i6stky)
to scrimp and save
ro
zhazovat, ryhodit
p
enize
naikudlit, na3etiit
thdfty
to splash out (a wad/
spoiiv,y, Setrnf
an amount) on sth
vypl6znout (poiddni balik/
idstku) za co
spendthrift
rozhazovadny' tlovdk
to be short of money
mit mdlo pendz
to cough up (an amount) (inf) vypl6znout,
ryklopit
to be penniless
byt bez koruny
to run up
(ddstku)
bill
to paylfoot the bill
uddlat velikou
a
huge
ftratu
to be flat broke/be stony broke byt Svorc
to make a fortune/a pile (inf)/ vyddlat jmdni,
balik,
a mint (inf)
nahrabat si
to invest money in sth
investovat penize do ieho
to pump moneyinto sth
w|Letpenize do teho
to pump sb for money
tahat z koho penize
money down the drain
to bleed sb for every
last penny
vyhozen6 penize
obrat, ,,o5kubat" koho do
hal6ie
good/sound investment
dobr6 investice
moneylaundering
to payoff
prani $pinavych pendz
vyplatit
to convert sth into money
zpenlLit co
to be loaded (inf)/
bliit prachat'y',
bc rolling in
it (inf)
se
topit
se
v pendzich
zaplatit, zatdhn out ridet
counterfeit money
fale5n6 penize
dirty money
Spinav6 penize
idle money
penize leZici ladem
pocket money
kapesn6
bankcharge
bankovni poplatek
THE BANK
b open an account
rith a bank
zaloLit si u banky
orrent/deposit/savings/
dnt
account
DFt money in a bank
.lllt (automatic teller
vzit si ptijdku
standing order
trvalypiikaz
provdst v'y'bdr
interest on sth
rirok z deho
interest rate
frokov6 mira
r,ybrat penize z ridtu
a
loan
prov6st vklad
vyb6r
lmake awithdrawal
rdraw (out)/
rlfdrawmoney
ptijdka
a
spl6tka
vklad
make a deposit
u,ahine)
to take out
to repay/pay offthe loan
repayment/instalment
t
moneywith
loan
b6inylvkladni/spoiitelni/
spoleinf ridet
&posit
rithdrawal
r&posit
riiet
bank uloZit penize v bance
to pay higher interest
froiit
statement of account/
bankovni v'.ipis
bank statement
uloZit penize v bance
bankovni automat
47
spl6cet, splatit prijtku
vyS5im procentem
overdraft
piederp6ni konta
to go overdrawn
piederpat ridet,
jit do minusu
12. MONEY
to be overdrawn
(an amount)
to be in the red
by
(inf)
WAYS TO GET RICH:
by't piederprin o
(kolik)
to write sb
a
cheque for
(an amount)
bytzadlui,eni,, byt v minusu
tell the story of what happens to this (lucky?) lottery winner.
)fu
&
\r/
>z
1\
''\
,l /,/
4
\ t,/_
\'\*\i'
NOTES
48
r/ /
)
rlpsat Sekkomu
na (d6stku)
IN A SHOP
to do the shopping
nakupovat
to jump the queue
piedbihat ve frontd
to go shopping
jit nakupovat
at the tilUcash desk/checkout
u pokladny
to buy/purchase sth
koupit co
to serve
obsluhovat
buyer
kupujici
to be served
byt obslouZen
customer
zil<aznik
Are you being served?
Dostdvdte?
consumer
spotiebitel
to wrap sth up
zabalit co
shopper
nakupujici
plastic/paper bag
igelitov6/papirov6 ta5ka
seller
proddvajici
purse
pendZenka (d6msk6)
shop assistant
prodavad
wallet
pen6Zenka (p6nsk6)
cashier
pokladni
platit hotovd/kreditni
to go on a shopping spree
lydat
to pay (in) cashiby credit
card/by cheque
to be looking for sth
sh6ndt co
to include VAT
zahrnovat DPH
se
utrdcet
to come across sth
narazit na co, najit co
opening hours
prodejni doba
shopping list
seznam n6kupu
shoppingbag
niikupni taSka
in the shop window
ve',"/kladni skiini
to go window-shopping
prohliZet si zboZi ve
kartou/5ekem
(value added tax)
rykladnich skiinich
to charge
ridtovat
change
w6cen6 penize,drobn6
payment
platba
deposit
ziloha
to invoice
fakturovat
an invoice
faktura
to keep the receipt/bill
schovat si tiitenku
proofofpurchase
doklad o koupi
koupd na spl6tky
to look around the shop
rozhlii.et se v obchodd
to browse around a shop
brouzdat po obchodd
shopping basket
nrikupni ko5ik
HP (hire purchase)
trolley
vozik
to have sth on
to queue (up)
st6t ve frontd, vyst6t frontu
to afford sth
dovolit si co (finandnd)
to be/stand/wait in a queue
st6t ve frontd
to shoplift
krdst v obchodd
shoplifter
kr6msky zloddj
to
join the queue
zaiadit se do fronty
trial
mit co na zkou5ku
GOODS
I
I
t-
F
goods
zboLi
expensive/pricey
drahf
product
l"lirobek
cheap/inexpensive
levny
priceless/valuable
cennf
item
drthzboLi
ride choice/range/selection
Sirolcy
worthless/valueless
bezcenny
essortment
sortiment
free ofcharge
zdarma
!o choose from sth
vybrat si z deho
additionaVextra charge
piir6ika
brand
znaika (spotiebniho zboii)
to have sth in stock
mit co na skladd
nake
znadka (elektro apod.)
to be out ofstock
nemit na skladd
branded goods
znatkovdzboLi
We
hb€l
n6lepka, visadka, etiketa
to order
objednat
picelist
cenik
to store
skladovat
Trice tag
cenovka
warehouse/store
sklad
lsellwell
jit
stoclctaking/inventory-taking
inventura
vybdr
na odbyt
l-
tI
49
don't stock them.
My je nevedeme.
zboii
13. SHOPPING
SHOPS AND SERVICES
shopping centre
obchodni centrum
bar
bar
supermarket
supermarket
cofiee shop
bufet
chain store
obchodni ietlzec
refreshment stall
stdnek s obderstvenim
corner shop
obchridek
snack-bar
bufet
department
obchodni odddleni
obchodni drim
health food shop/
wholefood shop
obchod se zdravou vyZivou
department store
baker's
pekaiswi
boutique
butik
butcher's
ieznictvi
to try sth on in
chemist's
drogerie
to
stationer's
papirnictvi
to suit
office supplies
kanceliisk6 potieby
a
a
fitting room
fit
good size
vyzkou5et si co v kabince
padnout (o velikosti)
sluSet
dobr{ velikost
grocef's
obchod se smi5enfm zboLim
in all sizes
counter
pult
dry-cleaner's
distirna
greengrocer's
zelin6istvi
launderette
samoobsluZn6 prddelna
newsagent's
trafika
hairdresser's
kadeinicM
fishmonger's
obchod
barber's
holidstvi
estate agent's
realitni kancel6i
ironmonger's/hardware store Lelez.6istvi
travel agent's
cestovni kancelii
florist's
kvdtin6istvi
(carlcycle/shoe ...) repair shop opravna (aut/jizdnich kol/
jeweller's
obchod
bookshop
knihkupecM
shoe shop
obchod
toy shop
hradk6isM
electrical appliances
elektrospotiebide
optician's
optika
household goods
domici potieby
jumble sale
china shop
obchod
prodej pouiit6ho zboLi,
bazar, vete5nictvi
giftshop
obchod s d6rkol".imi
car-boot sale
prodej pouiit6ho zboLi
deli
s
rybami
lahridk6isM
s
s
s
ve v5ech velikostech
bot...)
klenoty
obuvi
(ice cream/hotdog ...) stand
stri,nek (se zmrzlinou/s
v rohliku ...)
market
trZiSt6
flea market
bleii trh
second-hand shop
second-hand
junkshop
bazar
porcel6nem
piedmdty
z
p6rky
kufru auta
staroZitnosti
to get rid ofsth
zbavit se teho
cukr6rna
available by mail order
k dostrini z6silkovou sluZbou
tea shop/tearoom
dajovna
delivery
dod6vka, ro'zviLka
caf6
kav6rna
delivery service
don65kov6 sluZba
pub
hospoda
to deliver the goods
dodatzboLi
v,iihodnd koupd
on sale
k dostrini; naprodej za
antiques
sweetshop
SALE
a
good value/a real bargain
to get
a
discount on sth
to buy sth at
a
discount
l0 pounds off
sniZend ceny (AmE)
dostat slevu na co
koupit co
se slevou
deset liber sleva
at a bargain/reduced price
se slevou/za sniZenou
cut-price (fruit/toys ...)
zlevndn6 (ovocei hradky
half-price
za
cenu
...
)
polovinu bdZn6 ceny
50
for sale
na prodej
(clearance) sale
vyprodej, doprodej
the fanuary sales
lednov6 ',".ipro deje zboLi
special offer
mimoi6dn6 nabidka, akce
bargain hunter
dlovdk miluj ici nakupovrl'ni
se slevou
13. SHOPPING
SHOPPING: comment on the pictures below. Do you prefer to shop in a supermarket or in shops specialized for
particular foods? What different kinds of specialty food shops are there?
a||f/ial*-l4:y{FQltu? a-r
a,
4;:*
-m
51
iz
13. SHOPPING
COMPTAINTS
to complain about sth
complaint about
stdZovat si na co
to be ofgood/high quality
mit dobrou jakost
stiZnost/reklamace na
first-class
prvotiidni
kvalitu deho
quality
kvalitni
podat stiZnost, reklamovat
inferior
podiadnf, nekvalitni
to receive a complaint
obdrZet stiZnost, reklamaci
guarantee certificate
z6rudni list
claim for compensation
ndrok, poZadavek na
nrihradu Skody
to meet/reject a claim
vyhovdt/zamitnout
reklamadni dopis, pisemn6
to exchange sth for sth else
vymdnit ndco za ndco jin6ho
to refund
vrititpenize
to demand a refund
poZadovat w6ceni pendz
to overcharge sb/rip sb off
naridtovat komu vice, o5idit
a
the quality of sth
to make
a
a
complaint
letter of complaint
reklamaci
stiZnost
faulty/missing goods
vadn6/chyb6jicizboLi
damaged
poSkozenf
soiled
Spinavf, umazany
to be ofbad/poor quality
mit Spatnou jakost
overpriced
piedraLeny
\lt
\\{
a
rip off (inf)
to be taken in
tu4 q7
(
52
zloddjna
byt o5izen, naletdt
CLOTHING
MEN
pleated
S CTOTHING
plisovan6
single-/double-breasted suit
j
edno-/dvouiadovy oblek
with
trousers
kalhoty
wrap-around skirt
zavinovaci suknd
tie
kravata
trouser suit
kalhotovykostym
shirt
koiile
tunic
tunika
collar
limec
dress
Saty
cuff
manLeta
leggings
leginy, kamaie
sleeve
rukdv
cardigan
svetr na zapinini
waistcoat
vesta
lingerie
spodni pr6dlo
(sports) jacket
(sportovni) sako
bra
podprsenka
coat
kab6t
knickers/panties/briefs
kalhotky
(hooded) jacket
bunda (s kapuci)
tights
pundochov6 kalhoty
blazer
blejzr
stockings
pundochy
lining
podSivka
corset/basque
korzet
lined
s
suspender/garter
podvazek
pod5ivkou
a
slit
s
rozparkem
jumper/sweater/pullover
svetr
slip
kombin6, spodnidka
crew-neck
ke krku (bez limce)
nightdress/nightie
nodni kodile
polo-neck/turtleneck
roLik
dressing gown/bathrobe
Zupan
underwear
spodni pr6dlo
evening dress
spoledensk6 Saty
Yest
n6tdlnik
ballgown
vederni r6ba
rocks
ponoZky
wedding dress
svatebni Saty
tnee socks
podkolenky
veil
z6voj
underpants
spodky
train
vledka
briefs
shpy
apron
zistlra
boxer shorts
trenyrky
aightwear
noini obledeni
CASUAL AND SPORTS WEAR
p.riamas
pyLamo
T-shirt
triiko
dinnerjacket
smoking
sweatshirt
mikina
frak
short-/long-sleeved
s
shorts
Sortlcy
teilcoat/tails
TOMTN.S CLOTHING
krdtkf m/dlouhym rulcivem
jeans
di:iny
5P
wSek, top
dungarees
kalhoty s laclem
Iouse
halenka
cut-offs
ustiiZend
Fds
vycp6vky
camouflage
maskide
oapless
bez raminek
bez rukdvri
tracksuit/trackie (inf)i
leisure suit
tepllkov6 souprava
*cveless
rd
ovdlnyvystiih
winter coat
zimnibunda
Wstfih do tvaru V
vystiih ke laku
anorak/windcheater
nepromokav6 bunda,
vdtrovka
raincoat - hood
pl6Stdnka
waterproof
nepromokavy
footballjersey
fotbalovy dres
football boots
kopadlcy
neckline
l'-neck
h-neck
Igh neck
dni skirt
hluboLyvystfih
minisuknd
boe-length
suknd po kolena
flJenglh skirt
dlouh6 suknd
s
-eight
diiny
- kapuce
one-piece/two-piece swimsuit jednodiln6/dvoudiln6 plavky
kolov6
bikini
:6zk|
53
bikiny
14. CLOTHES AND FASHION
l
swimmingtrunks
p6nsk6 plavky
ski pants
lyzaisk6 kalhoty
bathing cap
koupaci depice
ski gloves
lyiaisk6 rukavice
wet suit
neopr6n
goggles
lyzaisk6 bryle
skijacket
@aiskd bunda
leotard
trikot
creaseproof
nemadkav'y'
DESCRIBING CLOTHES
STYtE
(in)formal
(ne)formrilni
creased
zmadkany, zmuchlanj
elegant/smart
elegantni, vkusny
to crease/crumple
zmadkat, zmuchlat
festive
slavnostni
to shrink
srazit se
casual
viedni, neform6lni
comfortable
pohodlnf
COTOUR
practical
prakticky
single-coloured/plain-coloured jednobarevny
conventional
tradiini, bdZnf
fashionable/trendy/stylish
m6dni, trendov'/
multicoloured/colourful
light/brighVdarkcolours
svdtl6/jasn6/tmav6barrry
good-quality
kvalitni
shade
odstin
original
origin6lni
pastel
pastelovf
super, skvdly, neokoukanf
faded
vybled$
extravagant
extravagantni
garish
kfiklavy, ivavf
gaudy
okAzalf, nevkusqi, piepldcanf
to blend with sth
ladit s dim
for my taste
na
to clash
tlouci se (o barvdch)
old-fashioned
starom6dni
cool
mtj vkus
(vice)barevnf
SlzE
tight
tdsnf
tkanina, l6tka
loose
volnli
l6tka, sukno
bnggy
linen
pl6tno
close-fi tting/tight-fi
cotton
bavlna
wool
vlna
corduroy
manSestr
MATERIAT
fabric
cloth
denim
plandavy
tting/
piil6havy
skin-tight
stretch
stredovf
flattering
lichotiv'.i
to
dZinovina
fit
padnout dobie
to grow out ofsth
lyrtst
to take up
zabrat (o d6lce od6vr)
to let down
popustit (o d6lce oddru)
to take in
zabrat (o Siice oddvu)
to let out
popustit (o Siice od&u)
z deho
silk
hedvdbi
velvet
samet
flannel
flanel
terry
frot6
satin
sat6n
brocade
brok6t
lace
krajka
plain
jednoduchf, bez vzorku
PATTERN
suede
semiS
patterned
vzorovanli
leather
kriie
striped
pruhovanf
fur
koieSina
polka-dot
puntikovf
polyester
polyester
floral
kvdtovanf
synthetic
synteticky
chequered/checked
kostkovanf
thick
silny
speckled
Lihar$,, kropenat'.i
thin
slaby
geometric
geometricky
transparent
prtsvitny
batik
batikovanf
worn-out
obnoSenf
ornamenal
s
ragged
roztrhanir
o5umd$, otrhanf
striking
motif
n6padnf, efektni
shabby
54
ornamenty, ozdobnf
motiv
I4. CLOTHES AND FASHION
FASHION: what in the world are these people wearing?
ffii,
\o
\
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@LJ
\\
q"J
L\
I
55
14. CLOTHES AND FASHION
ACCESSORIES
caP
depice,
hat
woollen hat
kiiltovka
braces
5le
klobouk
tie
kravata
lndn6 depice
bowtie
motylek
straw hat
slam6k
tin pin
spona do kravaty
glasses
brfle
(foldaway) umbrella
(sklddaci) de5tnik
sunglasses
slunedni brfle
handbag
kabelka
scarf
56tek,Srila
briefcase
aktovka
muffler
5r{la
gloves
rukavice
pald,iky
shawl
5el
mittens
belt
p6sek
to complement (each
buckle
piezka
other)
dopliovat
(se navzdjem)
JEWELTERY
earring
n6uSnice
fake stone
umdf kdmen
ring
prsten
imitation
imitace
watch
hodinky
costume jewellery
biZuterie
chain
ietizek
to match sth/go with sth
hodit
to blendwith sth
ladit s tim, hodit
k demu
se
necklace
ndhrdelnik
pendant
piiv6Sek
matching
ladici, hodici se
bracelet
n6ramek
becoming
sluSirni
brooch
broi.
decent
decentni
clasp
zapinini
gaudy/showy
nevkusqi, okizalf
precious stone
drahokam
tacky
kydoviff, lacinf
outdoor footwear
vych6zkov6 obuv
to take sth off
vyzout co
lace-up/leather shoe
Sndrovaci/koZen6 bota
to change one's shoes
piezout
walking/hiking boots
pohorky
to fasten/do up
zapnout
Wellinglon boots/gumboots
holinky
to lace up/do up
zavizat
brogues
koZend polobotky
to unfasten/undo
rozepnout, rozvizat
slip-ons/moccasins
mokasiny
to wear down/out
o6oupat se, opotiebovat se
sandals
sand6ly
to wear through
prochodit boty
se
k demu
FOOTWEAR
se
flip-flops
pl6Lov6 sanddly
worn-down/worn-out
seSlapanf
high-heeled shoes/heels/
stilettos
boty na vysok6m podpatku
to pinch
tladit (o botd)
well-fitting
dobie padnouci
to wear heels
nosit podpatlcy
ill-fitting
Spatnd
court shoes
lodicky
lace
tkaniika
patent leather shoes
lukitky
eyelet
dirka
tennis shoes/trainers (BrE) /
sneakers (AmE)
sportovni boty, tenisky
tongue
j"ryk
sole
podr6Zka
heel
podpatek
toe
Spidka
to polish
leStit
shoe polish
krdm na boty
running shoes
tretry
pumPs
cvidky
slippers
pantofle
clogs
diev6ky
to put sth on/slip on sth
obout, nazout co
56
padnouci
(boty)
14. CLOTHES AND FASHION
WARDROBE CONTENTS lN THE GARDEN: in pairs or groups, discuss what these items have in common.
,(
w
dfe^r-.
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ilv
,w01;it
x
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57
14. CLOTHES AND FASHION
DRESSING
to put sth on
obl6knout si co
to dress smartly/warmly ...
obl6kat se elegantn6/teple
to take sth ofilstrip offsth
svl6knout si co
overdressed
piehnand nastrojenf
to get dressed
obl6knout
underdressed
nevhodn6 obledenf
to get undressed/strip
svl6knout se
to strip naked/to the waist
svl6knout se do naha/do
se
ptl
tdla
to strip down to
(one's swimsuit)
svldknout se do (plavek)
to change sth
pievl6knout si co
to get changed
pievldci
to change into sth/out of sth
to dress sb in sth
nastrojit
to be dressed up as ...
bf
to do up
zapnout, zavizaL
to undo
rozepnout, rozvizat
button
knoflik
se,
zip
zip
tkanidka
z deho
to loosen
povolit
obl6ci koho do deho
to roll up
vyhrnout
zajimatse o m6du
a
pievl6knout
se
do deho/
se
piestrojen 2a...
lace
se
qfiknout
to dress up
...
FASHION
to be fashion-conscious
to follow fashion
sledovat m6du
to conform to fashion
piizprisobit
to be in fashion/
be in vogue/be in (inf)
blit v m6dd
to come into fashion/vogue
passing fad/craze
dodasn;f,
piechodnf m6dni
r".istielek
leading fashion magazine
piedni m6dni dasopis
fashion show
m6dni piehlidka
to design models
nawhovat modely
piijit do m6dy
fashion designer
m6dni niwhdi
to go out offashion/
be out (inf)
vyjit
to set the fashion
ud6vat m6du
fashion industry
m6dni pr&mysl
to replace sthwith sth
nahradit co tim
fashion model
modelka
to prevail
pievl6dat
fashion photographer
m6dni fotograf
to come back into fashion
st6t se opdt m6dni
podle nejnovdj5i m6dy
fashionvictim
fashion plate (inf)
ob6t'm6dy
in the latest fashion
trend
trend
z
se
m6dd
m6dy
58
postavajako zeLurnilu
14. CLOTHES AND FASHION
A SHOE AND A SHTRT: name the parts of these items.
rcTES
59
filq#i1i*t*iiffi
FOOD
GRAINS
aniseed
anyz
grains
obiloviny, zrna
ginger
zinvor
wheat
pSenice
saffron
5afr6n
oat
oves
cardamom
kardamon
barley
jeimen
turmeric
kurkuma
rye
rice
Llto
curry
kari
ryLe
whole
cely
corn
kukuiice
crushed
drcenf
millet
proso, j6hly
ground
mlety
grain/kernel
ztno
a
short-/long-grain
kr6tko-/dlouhozrnf
couscous
kuskus
semolina
krupice
HERBS
bran
otru\
herb
bylina
wholemeal (flour, bread ...)
celozrnnf (mouka, chl6b ...)
chives
paiitka
mlit
parsley
petrZelka
dill
kopr
to
mill
pinch
aroma
Spetka
vrind
marjoram
majorinka
pulses
lu5t6niny
basil
bazalka
bean
fazole
mint
m6ta
pea
hr65ek
thyme
tymi6n
lentil
doika
coriander
koriandr
soya beans
sojov6 boby
rosemary
rozmaryn
chickpea
cizrna
sage
Salvdj
to soak
nechat namodit
fennel
fenykl
bayleaf
bobkovf list
oregano
oregano
tarragon
estragon
PUtSES
SEEDS
seeds
semena
sunflower seeds
slunednicovd semena
pumpkin seeds
dyiovi
sesame seeds
sezamov6 semena
mustard seeds
hoididnd semena
poppy seeds
semena
semena
a
to flavour
black/white pepper
dernf/bfly pepi
cara\,vay
kmin
paprika
derven6 paprika
chilli
chilli
allspice
nov6 koieni
nutmeg
mu5k6tov'jt oiisek
vanilla
vanilka
cinnamon
skoiice
cloves
hiebidek
ochutit, okoienit
red/white meat
derven6/bfl6 maso
lean
libov6
pork
vepiov6
beef
hov6zi
SPICES
koieni
snitka
MEAT
m{ku
spices
sprig
60
veal
teleci
lamb
jehnddi
mutton
skopov6
fish
rybi
poultry
drtbei
chicken
kuie
duck
kachna
goose
husa
turkey
krocan
I5. FOOD AND DRINKS
breast
prso
scale
supma
thigh
stehno
cleaned
odi5tdnli, zbavenf Supin
wing
kiidlo
fillet
fi16
skin
kriie
steak
pl6tek
dressed
vykuchanli, opracovanf
to catch a fish
ulovit rybu
venison
zvdiina (vysok6)
game
zvdiina (ptactvo ...)
pheasant
baiant
quail
kiepelka
hare
zajic
deer
jelen
roe deer
srnec
offal
vnitinosti
rump
zadni
.hop
kotleta
rib
Zebro
Fint
SEAFOOD
kyta
seafood
plodymoie
lobster
humr
crab
krab
crayfish
rak
scallop
muSle
mussel
sldvka jedl6
clam
Skeble jedl6
oyster
tistiice
octopus
chobotnice
cuttlefish
s6pie
squid
olihei
prawn/shrimp
kreveta
sirloin
svidka
boned
vykostdnf
cured
prosolenf, vytzeni,
rmoked
uzeny
dairyproduce
fillet
filet
whole/semi-skimmedmilk plnotudn6/polotudn6ml6ko
aeak
pl6tek
rince
skimmed/condensed
mlet6
cooked
du5en6
(un)pasterized
(ne)pasterizovan6
L.m
Sunka
cream
smetana
Lecon
slanina
whippedcream
Slehaika
MITK AND DAIRY PRODUCE
ml6dn6 v'ryobky
milk
odtudndn6/kondenzovan6
ml6ko
olzmi
salim
butter milk
podm6sli
rrsage
klob6sa
yoghurt
jogurt
rdd
paStika
to furn/go sour
zkysnout
-n€dmeat
masov6 konzerva
cottage/cream cheese
tvarohovf/ smetanor,"i? syr
vejce
blue/soft/hard cheese
plisnov'y'mdkky/twdi syr
Zloutek
to grate
strouhat
bilek
grated
strouhanf
skoi6pka
mozzarella
mozzarella
cheddar
dedar
edam
eidam
Pafmesan
parmezdn
goat's cheese
kozi syr
.lt
dt
rs[i1s
&fl
mt
5on
lrt
E
d
-}lpl
!-ne
*
b
b
*
'ID
d
losos
pstruh
tufi6k
treska
FTOUR
makrela
white/wholemeal flour
sardinka
dough
t6sto
platiz
yeast
kvasnice
rejnok
bakingpowder
pr65ek do petiva
okoun
to sift
prosit
Stika
to knead
hnist (tdsto)
kapr
to prove
kFnout
rihoi
bread
chl6b
61
bil6/celozrnn6 mouka
15. FOOD AND DRINKS
roll
houska
j"lly
ovocn6 Zel6
bun
Zemle
mousse
p6na
French bread
veka
ice cream
zmrzlina
crust
ktrka
scoop
kopedek
loaf
bochnik
cone
kornout
slice
krajic
sorbet
sorbet
crumb
drobek
sundae
zmrzlinovf pohir
breadcrumbs
strouhanka
(boiled) sweet
(tvrd)t) bonb6n
pasta
tdstoviny
toffee
karamela
lollipop
lizitko
to have a sweet tooth
mit rdd sladk6
CAKES AND DESSERTS
(birthday/wedding) cake
(narozeninorr/svatebni) dort
fruit tart
trifle
ovocny dortik
ovocnf pohdr
CONDIMENTS
s
piSkotem
condiment
koieni, chut'ov6 piisada
kedup
pastry
moudnik, sladk6 pedivo
ketchup
puffpastry
listov6 tdsto
mustard
hoidice
sponge cake
pi5kotovy iez
soya sauce
s6jov6 omddka
apple pie
jableiny zivin
mayonnaise
majon6za
pancake
paladinka
spread
pomaziinka
muffin
muffin
(balsamic) vinegar
(balzamikovy) ocet
biscuit
sudenka
(olive)
custard
pudink
to flavour
oil
(olivovy) olej
dochutit, ochutit
A HEAVY SHOPPING: Lola is on her way from the supermarket. From the scattered groceries on the floor, guess
what she bought.
62
15. FOOD AND DRINKS
FRUITS
fruit
citrus fruit
peckovit6 ovoce
blueberry
borrivka
citrusov6 ovoce
gooseberry
angreit
berries
bobulovit6 ovoce
cranberry
brusinka
apple
jablko
red/black currant
teweni,lterni, rybiz
pear
hruSka
melon - rind, flesh, seed
meloun
stone
-
slupka, duZina,
seminko
plum
Svestka
peach
broskev
grapes
nektarinka
banana
apricot
meruika
pineapple
ananas
cherry
tieSei
kiwifruit
kiwi
Pulp
duZina
papaya
papija
core
ohryzek
mango
mango
pecka
avocado
avokddo
to stone
odpeckovat
tipe
zraly
lemon
citr6n
rotten
shni$
lime
Iimetka
dried
orange
pomerani
fig
fik
grapefruit
grep
date
datle
mandarinka
prune
su5en6 Svestka
zest
krira (citrusov6ho ovoce)
raisin
rozinka
s€gment
dilek
candied/preserved
strawberry
jahoda
j"-
dZem
raspberry
malina
marmalade
marmel6da (citrusov6)
blackberry
ostruZina
nectarine
stone
tangerine
hroznov6 vino
- skin
banrl'n
fruit
-
slupka
su5en6 ovoce
fruit
kandovan6/zavaien6 ovoce
VEGETABLES
potato
brambor
pakchoi
dinsk6 zeli
tomato
rajie
Brussels sprout
rfrZidkovd kapusta
cucumber
okurka
sweetcorn
kukuiice (cukrovd)
red/green pepper
derven6/zelen6 paprika
marrow
tykev, dynd (zelen6)
carrot
mrkev
pumpkin
dynd (oraniov6)
celeriac
celer (bulva)
courgette (BrE)/zucchini (AmE) cuketa
..1.ry
celer iapikat'y'
radish
iedkvidka
cibule
horseradish
kien
aubergine
lilek
onion
gerlic
-
clove
desnek
- strouZek
{allot
Salotka
beetroot
derven6 iepa
ryring onion
jarni cibulka
parsnip
pastifi6k
leek
p6rek
rhubarb
rebarbora
ceuliflower
kvdtAk
spinach
Spendt
broccoli
brokolice
fennel
fenykl
- stalk
chicory
dekanka
kttuce
hldvkovy sal6t
artichoke
artydok
3reen bean
zelenifazoll<a
beansprout
s6joryryhonek
- lusk
mushroom
Zampi6n
truffle
lanj,t
cebbage
3reen pea
tohlrabi
- pod
kapusta
hr65ek
-
ko5t'6l
kedluben, brukev
63
15. FOOD AND DRINKS
olive
oliva
gherkin
lcysel6
stuffed olive
plndn6 oliva
to pickle
nakl6dat (do octa nebo soli,
sauerkraut
kysan6 zeli
okurka
ke kvaSeni)
NUTS
walnut
vlaSsky oiech
brazil nut
para oiech
almond
mandle
coconut
kokosovf oiech
chestnut
jed$kadtan
shell
skoi6pka
hazelnut
liskory oiech
shelled
vyloupany
peanut
bursky oiech
whole
cely
cashew nut
ke5u
salted
soleny
pistachio
pist6cie
roasted
praLenf
oiech
BEVERAGES
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS
HOT DRINKS
black/green/herbal tea
ier ny I zeleny I bylinkory daj
draught/bottled beer
toden6/lahvov6 pivo
tea bag
dajovy s6dek
froth
pdna
ice tea
ledovf
malt
slad
black/white/ice coffee
t er ni I br16 I ledov6
hops
chmel
filter/instant cofiee
piekap6vand/rozpustn6 k6va
lager
svdtl6 pivo, lei6k
decaffeinated coffee
k6va bez kofeinu
bitter
polotmav6 pivo
cafieine
kofein
stout
dern6 pivo
cream
smetana
dry/sweet/sparkling wine
such6/sladk6/5umiv6 vino
coffee grounds
k6vov6 sedlina, 169r
mulledwine
svaien6 vino
espresso
esPresso
spritzer
vinnf stiik
cappuccino
cappuccino
champagne
Sampaisk6
hot chocolate
hork6 dokolida
liqueur
lik6r
cocoa
kakao
liquor
wrdy alkohol
vodka
vodka
rum
rum
brandy
brandy
gin
gin
tequila
tequila
whislcy
whisky
to quench one's thirst
uhasit iizefi
to work up a thirst
uddlat si Zizef,
sober
stiizliry
drunk
opily
blind drunk
opilli namol
to get drunk on sth
opit
to sober up
vystiizlivdt
to have
mit kocovinu
daj
k6va
SOFT DRINKS
tap water
voda zvodovodu
bottled water
balen6 voda
stilUsparkling water
neperlivd/perliv6 voda
mineral water
miner6lni voda
soda water
soda
fizry drink
Sumivy n6poj
juice
dZus, 5t'6va
lemonade
citron6da
cola
kokakola
tonic
tonik
strawberry milkshake
jahodovj' koktejl
64
a
hangover
se z deho
15. FOOD AND DRINKS
A BIG EATER: in pairs or groups, discuss what each of these food items has in common.
Yffi
M*
'l'M(1,:,
WW
65
COOKING
to clean
odistit
to steam
vaiit v p6ie
to dress
opracovat, odistit, lykuchat
to stew
dusit
to roast
p6ct (maso apod.)
to bake
p6ct (pedivo apod.)
... (o mase)
to dress (a salad)
ochutit (sal6t)
to peel
loupat
to shell
zbavit skoidpky
to chop sth
nakr6jet, naiezat co
to slice sth
nakr6jet na pl6tky
to dice sth up
nakrdjet co na kostidky
to heat up
ohi6t
to cut sth into slices/cubes ...
kr6jet co na pl6tky/kostlcy...
to thicken
zahustit
to cut sth up
rozkr6jet co
to dilute/waterdown
roziedit
to cut sth in half/in two
rozkrojit co na prilku
to sprinkle sth with sth
pos)?at co dim
to grate
strouhat
to sprinkle sth on/over sth
nasypat co na co
to mash
rozmaikat
to freeze
zmrazit
to crush
rozdrtit
to defrost
tozmrazTt
to pour
nalit
to bottle
plnit do sklenic
to mix
smichat
to preserve
zavaiovat, konzervovat
to stir
michat
to dry
suSit
towhisk
Slehat
to candy
roll
kandovat, prosladit
v6let
to pickle
nakl6dat (do octa nebo soli)
to marinate
marinovat
to smoke
udit
to cure
nasolit a usuSit
to spoil
zkazit
to
to
to scramble
michat vejce
to coat sth in/with sth
obalit co v iem
to boil
vaiit
se,
to
vod6
zvolna, slabd povaiit
to poach
kr6tce povaiit, podusit
smaiit
fry
fritovat
to stir-fry
pievaiit, vaiit ve
to simmer
fry
to deep
osmaZit, orestovat
grill
grilovat
to burn to
a
cinder
spflit na uhel
EATING HABITS
to eat well/healthily/sensibly
jist zdravd
fibre
vliknina
to eat modestly
jist stiidmd
wholemeal
celozrnny
balanced/healthy diet
vyv SLeni I zdrav6 strava
(un)saturated fats
(ne)nasycen6 tuky
poor diet
chud6, nezdrav6 strava
preservatives
konzervadni l6tky,
vegetarian/Western diet
vegetariiinsk6/z6padni strava
dailydiet
kaidodenni piij em potrary
high-fibre diet
strava bohat6 na vliikninu
junkfood (inf)
organic food
antioxidanty
artificial additives
umdl6 piisady
food colouring
potravindisk6 barvivo
nezdrav6 strava
food industry
potravindisky prrimysl
piirodni strava
malnutrition
podviLiva
tudnS/moudn6 jidla
to live on (chips and cola)
blrt i:]v z (hranolkri a koly)
to eliminate sth from the diet vylouiit co ze stravy
to treat oneselfto sth
dopi6t si co
nutrition
viLiva
fastidious
vybiravf, mlsnli
vitamins
vitaminy
substantial breakfast
rydatn6 snidand
minerals
miner6lni l6tky
to be on
fatty/starchy food
trace elements
stopovd prvky
66
a
varied diet
mit pestrou stravu
to be on a strict diet
mit piisnou dietu
vegetarian
vegetari6n
16. COOKING AND EATING
EATING HABITS: compare and contrast these pictures.What are your eating habits?
t{oTEs
67
16. COOKING AND EATING
vegan
vegan
meat-eatef
dlovdk, kteryi
ji
maso,
,,masoiravec"
to eat like
a
bird (inf)
jistvelmi mrllo
to eat like
a
horse (inf)
jist za dva
to overeat
piejidat
to eat sth atlin one sitting
snist co na posezeni
to stuffoneself/
nacpat se dim
se
to watch one's weight
hlidat si svou v6hu
to be on a diet
drZet dietu
myidealweight
moje ideri'lni vriha
to have aweight problem
mit tendenci tloustnout
low calorie food
nizkokalorick6 strava
to count/burn off calories
poditat/sprilit kalorie
food/calorie/fl uid intake
piij em potravyikalorii/
tekutin
gorge oneself with sth (inf)
nutrition expert
odbornik na qZivu
to pig out on sth (inf)
nacpat se dim
to be slimming (down)
hubnout
to raid the fridge (inf)
,,vyplenit" lednidku
to lose weight
zhubnout
to be overweight/
mit nadv6hu/mit podv6hu
to slim down to (60 kilos)
zhubnout na (60 kilo)
eating disorder
porucha piijmu potrary
be underweight
to put on weight
piibrat
to get fat
ztloustnout
anorexia
anorexie
bulimia
bulimie
soup
pol6vka
RESTAURANT
to eat out
jist v restauraci, ve mdstd
...
customer/guest
zdkazn& host
main dish/main course
hlavni jidlo
waiter
diSnik
side order
piiloha
waitress
diSnice
dessert
dezert
barman
barman
dip
dip, hust6 om6ika
barmaid
barmanka
vegetarian dish
vegetari6nsky pokrm
chef
$6fkuchai
portion/serving/helping
porce
cook
kuchai
to serve generous
atmosphere
atmosfrra, prostiedi
double helping
dvojit6 porce
non-smoking area
prostor pro nekuiriky
children's portion
d6tsk6 porce
to seat sb
usadit koho ke stolu
tohaveasecondhelping piidatsi
to take a seat
posadit se
totry
ochutnat
to serve
obsluhovat
to taste/smell nice
chutnat/vondt dobie
good/slodterrible service
dobr6/pomal6lhrozni
delicious/superb/excellenVtasty skv6$, vfbornf, chutny'
obsluha
exquisite
vynikajici
to make one's order/order
objednat si
mouth-watering
l,iku"y,na co
to take the order
poznadit si objedn6vku
overcooked
pievaieny, rozvaien'i
last order
posledni objedn6vka
undercooked
nedovaienf
menu
jidelni listek
too salty
piili6 slan6
drink list
n6pojov,.i listek
lunch menu
poledni menu
specials
course
a
four-course meal
portions
d6vat velk6 porce
se
sbihaji sliny
hot
ostr6, p6liv6
spicy
koiendn6, pikantni
speciality
bland
nij ahi, neslanf
chod
disgusting
odpornf
jidlo o dtyiech chodech
aperitif
aperitiv
starter/appetizer
piedkrm
nemastnf
topayseparately/altogether platitzvld5t'/dohromady
me.
to leave a tip for the waiter
It's my treat./This
68
is on
To platim j6.
nechat di5nikovi spropitn6
I6. COOKING AND EATING
lN A RESTAURANT: look at these two pictures and try to find at least 5 differences between them.
NOTES
69
16. COOKING AND EATING
ON THE TABLE
to set/lay the table
prostiit stril
sugarbowl
cukienka
tablecloth
ubrus
tray
podnos
table/place setting
prostir6ni
napkin
ubrousek
cutlery
piibor
ashtray
popelnik
crockery
porceliinov6 n6dobi
ice bucket
nddoba s ledem
glassware
sklo
coaster
t6cek (pod sklenici)
spoon
lLice
beer mat
pivni t6cek
fork
vidlidka
straw
sl6mka
knife
ntZ
to uncork
odzdtkovat
glass
skleniika
to pour
nalit
tumbler/glass
sklenice
to wipe up
utiit
cup
56lek
corkscrew
vyvrtka
mug
hrnek
bottle opener
oMr6k
teapot
dajov6 konvice
condiments
dochucovadla
milkjug
kon6vka na ml6ko
salt
stil
bowl
misa
peppef
pepr
plate
talii
olive oil
olivovrr? olej
saucer
pod56lek
vinegar
ocet
soya sauce
sojovd om6dka
dressing
z6livka, dresink
to clear the table
sklidit ze stolu
soup bowl
hluboky talii
dinner plate
mdlk)ttalii
side plate
dezertni
talii
l/
a-:
///,.
)+
/'-/,
/t
'//
._
_*-<
70
PLACES TO LIVE
bungalow
piizemni domek
mansion
velloii dfim, pansM
terraced house
iadory dtim
manor
velkostatek, usedlost
detached house
samostatny dtim
flat/apartment
byt
semi-detached house
dvojdomek
studio (apartment)/bedsit
garsonka
block offlats
dinZovni
surroundings
okoli
cottage
chalupa, chata
convenient
(Sikovnd) blizko
roof
stiecha
pantry/larder
spi?
chimney
komin
lightning conductor
hromosvod
tile
stfesni taska
gutter
okap
dormerwindow
podkrolrri okno
balcony/terrace
balk6n/terasa
skytight
stie5ni okno, vilol"i
banister
zibradli
wall
zeC[
patio
terasa
window
okno
porch
krytfvchod, veranda
shutter
okenice
conservatory
zimnizahrada
sashwindow
stahovaci okno
garage
gar6L
window sill
okenni iimsa
drive
piijezdov6 cesta
attic
podkrovi
backgarden
zahr6dka za domem
loft
ptda
gazebo
zahradni alt6n
floor
podlaZi
swimmingpool
baztn
dtm
HOUSE
basement
suter6n
shed
krilna, dievnik
cellar
sklep
path
cesta
storeroom
komora
courtyard
dvtir
ufility room
pr6delna, pracovni mistnost
gate
branka, vrata
floor
podlaha
fixtures
piisluSensM
ceiling
strop
fitted furniture
vestavdnf n6bytek
central heating
ristiedni topeni
to be fittedwith sth
byt rybaven, opatien dim
spacious/roomy
prostorny
luxurious
luxusni
sunny
slunnf
homely
dom6ckf, prost'y'
cramped
stisn6nf
antique
staroZitn)t
draughty
lystavenf prtvanu
contemporary/modern
soudasny
cold
chladnf
The room needs painting.
Pokoj potiebuj
cosy
ftulny
to paint/decorate
vymalovat
(un)comfortable
(ne)pohodlnyi
to wallpaper/decorate
vytapetovat
furniture and fiftings
n6byteka zaiizeni
to decorate the room with sth vyzdobit mistnost tim
ROOM
71
e
rymalovat.
I7. HOME
ROOMS AND FURNITURE: describe the house in the picture.
NOTES
72
17. HOME
ENTRANCE
hall/hallway/entrance hall
piedsii, hala
doorknob
otodnli knoflik u dveii
doorbell
domovni zvonek
coat rack
vdS6k
peephole
kuk6tko
shoe rack
botnik
doormat
rohoZka
corridor
chodba
doorknocker
klepadlo u dveii
staircase
schodiSt6
door chain
bezpednostni iet6z
stair/step
schod
doorhandle
klika
banister
zibradli
sofa
pohovka
mantelpiece
krbov6 iimsa
sofa bed
rozklddaci pohovka
chandelier
lustr
cushion
pol5t6i podu5ka
lamp
lampa
coffee table
konferendni stolek
walllight
n6st6nn6 lampa
ermchair
kieslo
spotlights
bodovd svdtla
bookcase
knihorma
French windows
francouzsk6 okna
shelf
police
curtain
zivEs
carpet
koberec
net curtain
ziclona
rug
men5i koberec, piedloika
venetian blind
i:aluzie
painting
obraz
rollerblind
roleta
Ye.ge
v6za
decorations
dekorativni piedmdty
candlestick
svicen
study
studovna
6replace
kIb
home entertainment
dom6ci zibava (TV apod.)
inglebed
jednohiZko
blanket
deka
doublebed
dvojltiko
bedspread
piehoz pies postel
beadboard
delo postele
bedside table
nodni stolek
mattress
matrace
bedside lamp
stolni lampidka
bedlinen
loZni prddlo
alarm clock
budik
rheet
prostdradlo
clock radio
radiobudik
flllow
polstai
dressing table
toaletni stolek
lillowcase
&veVeiderdown
povlak na polst6i
(built-in) wardrobe
(vestavdn6) Satni
peiina, cicha
chest ofdrawers
komoda
duvet cover
povlak na peiinu
drawer
z6suvka
Silt
piikrjvka, piehoz
plotynka
LIVING ROOM
BEDROOM
skiii
KITCHEN
litchen unit
kuchynsk6linka
hotplate
nrktop
pracovni deska
gas
cebinet
skiiika
(ceramic) hob
(keramick6) varnd deska
lzwer
z6suvka
sorting unit
ko5 na
adf
police
extractor (fan)
digestoi
cooker/stove
spord.'k
sink
diez
(elektrick6/plynovd) trouba
tap
kohoutek
dectric/gas) oven
73
burner
plynovyhoiek
tiiddnf odpad
17. HOME
dishwasher
myika n6dobi
sideboard
piibornik
drainingboard
odkap6vad
dishcloth
hadr na n6dobi
cupboard
kuchyirsk6
kitchen towel
utdrka
kitchenware
kuchyiske potieby, ndstroje
washing-up liquid
myci prostiedek na n6dobi
TOITETRIES
TOATETNI POTREBY
odtok
(liquid)soap
(tekutd) mfdlo
sprcha
shower gel
sprchovf gel
kohoutek se studenou/
teplou vodou
shampoo
5amp6n
conditioner
kondicion6r
washbasin
umyvadlo
comb
hieben
plug
z6tka, Spunt
bubble bath
pdna do koupele
mirror
zrcadlo
brush
kart6d
bath mat
koupelnov6 rohoZ
sponge
houba
towel rail
drZrik na rudniky
pumice
pemza
skiii, kredenc
BATHROOM
bath/bathtub/tub
drain
shower
cold/hot tap
:
hand towel
rudnik
tweezers
pinzeta
bath towel
osu5ka
toothbrush
zubni kart6dek
facecloth
Linka
toothpaste
zubni pasta
bathroom scales
viiha
dental floss
zubni nit
laundry basket
ko5 na pr6dlo
mouthwash
ristni voda
toilet
zichod
shaving foam
p6na na holeni
toilet seat
zfchodov6 sed6tko
aftershave
voda po holeni
bidet
bidet
electric razor
holici strojek
toilet paper
toaletni papir
disposable razor
jednor6zov6 Ziletka
toilet brush
z6chodov6 Stdtka
razor blade
iiletka
I
,/
/,
l_
74
I7. HOME
BUYING A HOUSE/A FLAT
real estate agency
realitni kanceliii
mortgage rates
hypotedni sazby
mortgage bank
hlpotedni banka
owner/householder
vlastnik domu, majitel
to take out a
vzit si hypotdku (na 20 let)
contract ofpurchase
kupni smlouva
to move into
nastdhovat se do
(20 year) mortgage
to put down a deposit
on
sloZit zelohu na
(dtm)
(a house)
to payoff/repaythe mortgage splatit hlpot6ku
to pay for sth by
spl6cet co (m6sidnd)
(monthly) instalments
flat
bpu
to move out of a flat
lystdhovat
to have a flat of one's own
mit svrij vlastni byt
to settle
mortgage payment/instalment spldtka hlpot6ky
a
in
se z
bytu
zabydlet se
to renovate
zrenovovat
maintenance
ridriba
to take in lodgers
pos$tovat nocleh, ubytovat
RENT
to rent a flat
pronajmout si pokoj
to pay rent
platit ndjem
n6jemniky
pronajimat pokoj
to raise/lower the rent
zv)t5it/sniiit n6jem
lodging
podn6jem
deposit
ziloha
lodger/tenant
podn6jemnik
to dismiss
to rent out/let
a
flat
landlord
pan domdci
landlady
pani domdci
a
lodger
vypovdddt podndjemnikovi
smlouvu
to share
a
flat with sb
sdilet byt s ndhjim
BREAKDOWNS
breakdown
porucha
The handle has come off.
Upadla klika.
The dishwasher has
The lights have fused.
Vypadly pojistky.
broken down.
Mydka na nddobi
se porouchala.
to replace
vymdnitpojistku
fhe tap is dripping.
Kape kohoutek
The sink is blocked.
Diez je ucpanii.
The gas is leaking.
The roof is leaking.
The toilet
won't flush.
blown fuse
to flood out
vytopit (vodou)
damage caused to
sb's property
$koda zptisoben6 na nddim
Unik6plyn.
Stiechou zaI6k6.
to pay sb compensation
zaplatit komu n6hradu
Lednidka nefunguje.
The remote control
Delkoui ovladad nefunguj
majetku
Skody
Zichod nesplachuje.
The fridge is out oforder.
e.
isn'tworking.
The TV picture won't come on. Nejde obraz v televizl
The drawer is jammed.
a
Z6suvka nejde oteviit.
75
household insurance
pojiStdni domdcnosti
plumber
instalat6r
fitter
seiizovat, mont6r
to have sth repaired
nechat si ndco opravit
17. HOME
LIVING: compare and contrast these pictures and say which style you prefer, if either.
NOTES
76
HOUSEHOLD
to look after/run the household starat se o/v6st dom6cnost
to come to about (an amount) piijit asi na (kolik)
familybudget
rodinnf rozpodet
to keep house for sb
to budget
pl6novat vydaje, hospodaiit
cleaning service
riklidovd sluiba
to economize on sth
irspornd hospodaiit
Setiit na iem
cleaning lady/woman
pani na irklid, pomocnice
v dom6cnosti
costs
ndklady
domestic help
pomoc v dom6cnosti
s
dim,
expenditures/spendings on sth v'y'daje za co
to do for sb
starat se komu o domicnost
uklizet komu, pracovat pro
koho
to pay bills for sth
platit sloienky za co
utilities
inkaso
household chores/housework
domdci pr6ce
rent
n6jem
spick and span (inf)
,jako ze Skatulky"
electricity
elektrika
pigsty
chlivek
water rate
vodn6
It collects dust.
Pr65i se na to.
to spill sth
rozlit co
spilt
rozllty
to rub
drhnout
to come off
pustit (o 5pind, skwnd
MESS AND CLEANING
to do the cleaning/tidy up/
clean up
uklidit
to take turns
stiidat
to do the room
uklidit pokoj
regular/thorough cleaning
pravidelnf/gener6lni riklid
tidy/neat
uklizenf
mess
nepoiddek
to sweep/wipe the floor
zamesilvrrtiit podlahu
rubbish
smeti, odpadky
to wash/scrub the floor
umyt/drhnout podlahu
cleanliness
distota
to hoover/vacuum the carpet
vysdt koberec
The room is a bit of a mess.
V pokojije trochu
hoover (BrE)/vacuum
cleaner (AmE)
vysavad
nepoi6dek.
V pokojije hroznjr
to clear offthe table
The room is a complete mess.
se
apod.)
nepoiidek
a
pile of washing-up/
sklidit ze stolu
hromada Spinav6ho n6dobi
to make a mess
uddlat nepoi6dek
the dishes
to clean up/clear the mess
uklidit nepoiidek
umyt n6dobi
to leave the house in an
awfrrl mess
opustit d&m vhrozn6m
nepoiddku
to do the dishes/do the
washing-up
to wash the dishes/wash up
umyt n6dobi
to leave sth lying about
nechat ndkde povalovat co
dirty
Spinavf
to clear the rubbish
vyn6st odpadky
soiled
u5pindnli
dustpan
lopatka na smeti
filthy
hroznd 5pinary
brush
smet6iek
clean
disty
broom
koStd
dishcloth
hadr na n6dobi
to dust
utirat prach
tea towel
utdrka
dust
prach
to dry (up) the dishes
utiit n6dobi
duster
prachovka
a
bucket
kbelik
to do the laundry
vyprat pr6dlo
siln6 wstva prachu
to rinse
propldchnout, omyt, m6chat
smitko prachu
to rinse sth out
r,ym6chat, propl6chnout co
bjrt zapr6!en!,
to rinse one's hands
opl6chnout si ruce
e
thick layer of dust
e speck
ofdust
!o be covered in dust
77
pile of dirtylaundry
kupa $pinav6ho pr6dla
18. HOUSEHOLD
washingpowder
praci pr65ek
cloth
utdrka, hadiik
to hang the laundry out
to dry
povdsit pr6dlo ven, aby
uschlo
to disinfect
dezinfikovat
to kill germs
zlikvidovat bakterie
to do the ironing
2ehlit
to clean the windows
umyt okna
iron
iehlidka
to air the room
lyvdtrat mistnost
ironingboard
Zehlici prkno
to clear the snow
odklizet snih
to make one's bed
ustlat si postel
to mow the lawn
sekat
to change the bed
pievl6ci postel
to weed
plit
dirty
Spinav6 povledeni
weed
plevel
sheets
to polish sth
leStit co
to get overgrown with
weed
tr6vnik
zarrist plevelem
i
I
I
i
I
i,
I
HOUSEHOTD APPLIANCES
household appliances
dom6ci spotiebite
liquidizer/blender
mlxer
to save time and energy
Setiit das a energii
juicer/squeezer
odSt'avflovad, lis
to go without sth
obejit se bez deho
cutter
krdjed
fridge
chladnidka
toaster
topinkovad
freezer
mraznidka
cooker hood/extractor (fan)
digestoi
dishwasher
mydka na n6dobi
to remove the smell of cooking odstranit zipach z v ai eni
(gas/electric) cooker/stove
(plynory/.elektricky)
spor6k, vaiid
washing machine
pradka
tumble dryer
suSidka prridla
Plotl':rka
tlakovli hrnec
(steam) iron
(napaiovaci) Zehlidka
pressure cooker
under guarantee
v ziruce
(microwave) oven
(milaovlnn6) trouba
hotplate
78
18. HOUSEHOLD
THE CLEANING LADY: describe Mrs Cleanliness's day.
"tr)l
-*l/
L, r{7n- "l
ll
:rewi
79
scHooLs
(compulsory) schooling
(povinnd) Skolni doch6zka,
college (GB)
vy55i odborn6 5kola, fakulta;
kolej (soui6st univerzity)
vzddlini
college (US)
univerzita
ladmedical/business school
pr6r'ni/l6kaisk6/ekonomicM
to go to school/
attend school (fml)
chodit do Skoly
state/private school
st6tni/soukromd Skola
pre-school education
piedSkolni u.ichova
university
univerzita, lysokd Skola
nursery schooVkindergarten
Skolka
- od 3 do 5let
z6kladni Skola - od 5 do
department
katedra
primaryschool (GB)
11
elementary school (US)
vysolci Skola
the Faculty of LadEducation ... pr6vnick6/pedagogick6 ...
fakulta
let
zikladni
boarding school
internatni Skola
to leave school
dokondit, absolvovat Skolu
headmaster/headteacher
feditel Skoly
headmistress/headteacher
feditelka Skoly
deputyhead
z6stupce ieditele
typ stiedni 6koly,
gynnniizium od 11 let
caretaker
Skolnik
staffroom
sborovna
public school (GB)
soukromd Skola - od 13 do
18 let, rodide plativzddl|v|ni
staffmeeting
pedagogick6 porada
juniorhigh school (US)
tuition
vyudovdni, vfuka, Skoleni
stiedni Skola - od 12 do
11
secondaryschool (GB)
Skola
-
od 5 do
let
stiedniSkola- od
11
do
16/18 let
comprehensive school (GB)
typ stdtni stiedni Skoly
od
grammarschool (GB)
11
let
extra
l4l15let
high school (US)
tuition
tuition feelschool
stiedni Skola/akademie
- od 14/15 do 18 let
doudov6ni
fee
6koln6
school holidays
pr6zdniny
vy55i vzddl6ni
the schooVacademic year
Skolni rok
compulsory subjects
povinn6 piedmdty
philosophy
filozofie
optional
voliteln6 piedmdty
sociology
sociologie
higher education
SUBJECTS
subj ects/electives
syllabus/curriculum
udebni osnova
law
prdvni nauka
timetable
rozvrh hodin
maths
matematika
to be on this year's syllabus
bjt v letoinich osnov6ch
physics
fyzika
the arts/the humanities
humanitni obory
chemistry
chemie
the sciences
piirodni vddy
biology
biologie
literature
literatura
geography
zemdpis
languages
juryW
information technology
informadni technologie
history
ddjepis
physical education
tdlesnd vfchova
music
hudebnivychova
religious education
n6boienstvi
art
qitvarnd vfchova
extracurricular activities
mimoSkolni aktlvity
80
19. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION
ctAssRooM
teacher
uditel
textbook/coursebook
udebnice
pupil
Lak
workbook
pracovni seSit
classmate
spoluZdk
exercise book
seSit
schoolchildren
Skol6ci
school bag
Skolni ta5ka
desk
lavice
pen
pero
aisle
ulidka
pencil
tuZka
teacher's desk
katedra
colour pencil
pastelka
blackboard
tabule
pencil sharpener
oiezfvdtko na tuZky
chalk
kiida
pencil case
penfl
sponge
myci houba
eraser/rubber
guma
teaching aids
didaktickd pomtcky
ruler
pravitko
interactive board
interaktivni tabule
language/science lab
j azykov 6 I pi ir odovddn6
overhead projector
zpdtnyi projektor
flip chart
tabule
s
laboratoi
papirovfmi
equipment
arc\
t
zaiizeni
?
n
t
i1
rl
'ffi
ifll1.,$
81
19. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION
LESSON
history/maths etc. teacher
to teach
uditel d6j episu/matematilcy
home preparation
apod.
to assign/hand in an essay
qmdovat
a stack
to examine
zkouSet
strict/lenient teacher
piisny/shovivavy uditel
to correct
opravovat
to be popular with students
bft oblibeny u Z6kri
to mark
zn6mkovat
to study
udit se, studovat
to learn
naufit
to fall behind/lag
behind the class
ve
to do well/badly at school
udit se dobie/Spatnd ve Skole
to play truant/skip classes (inf) chodit za Skolu
to pay attention
ddvat pozor
truant
ulejv6k,
to make/take notes
zapisovat si
unprepared
nepiipravenf
uiiteltiv oblibenec
se
I
I
i
fl
ink, z65kolik
zopakovat si
subject matter
udivo,l6tka
class/lesson
vyudovaci hodina,
vi'trdovdni
talented/ambitious/
hard-working student
talentovanf /ctii6dostir"y/
pilny student
revision
opakov6ni
lazylinattentive/slod
to talk in class
bavit se bdhem qrrdov6ni
mediocre student
Iiny I nep ozor ni, I p oma$/
prrimdrnf student
to be late for class
piijit
discipline
kizeh
to miss (French) class
zmeSkat hodinu
undisciplined
neuk6zndny
cheeky
drzi,
to scold/praise sb for sth
poklrat/pochv6'lit koho za co
pozdd na hodinu
(francouzStiny)
to give classworVhomework
I
i
tiidd
to revise
a
i
zaostdvat za ostatnimi
teacher's pet (inf)
swot (inf)
I
I
hromada pisemek na
opravov6ni
uditel
I
I
ofpapers to correct
spravedlivry'tr p EIivy I n6r o t ni,
:
I
zadatI o dev zdat slohovou
prAci
to substitute for/stand in for sb suplovat za koho
fairlpatient/exacting teacher
dom6ci piiprava
to get/do one's homework
zadat pr 6ci v e
tiidd/dom6ci
Sprt
fkol
to get told off
dostat lyhuboviino
dostat/uddlat dom6ci rikol
to be kept in
b1t po Skole
I
I
l
t
I
a2
19. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION
EXAMS AND PERFORMANCE
oral/written exam in sth
tistni/pisemn6 zkouSka
zteho
entrance/final exam
pi ljimaciI z6vdrein6 zkou5ka
school-leaving exam
maturita
school report
vysvdddeni
GCSE (General Certificate
of Secondary Education)
letech (vAnglii a Walesu)
dostat jednidku z deho
to get straight As
dostat sam6 jednidky
good/high mark
dobri zniimka
lowmark
5patn6 zn6mka
to get good marks for (history) dostdvat dobr6 zndml<y
ziv&etni zkouika v 15/16
A-level (Advanced level)
ziv|reini zkou5ka v 18
letech (vAnglii a Walesu)
to take/do/sit an exam
ddlat zkou5ku
to pass an exam
sloZit, uddlat zkouiku
to fail/resit an exam
neuddlat/opakovat zkouSku
to examine sb in sth
vyzkouSet koho z teho
to memorize/learn by heart
udit se nazpamdt'
to cram/swot (inf)
Sprtat se (na test apod.)
z (ddjepisu)
podv6ddt
to copy
opisovat
cheat sheet/crib
tah6k
achievement in sth
prospdch, pokrokv iem
to make (good/slow) progress
ddlat (velk6/mal6) pokroky
(un)satisfactory/
(ne) uspokoj
average results
prospdch
to be good/bad at sth
byt dobrii/Spatnj' v dem
to have
mit talent na co
a
talent for sth
ivylprfrmdrny
to excel atlin sth
qmikat v tem
brilliant
velmi nadanf
academic
(for a test etc)
to cheat
to get an A in sth
tlpe
studijni typ
self-taught person
samouk
to go on to further education
pokraiovat ve studiich
UNIVERSITY STUDY
to enrol on/for sth
hl6sit se/zapsat se na co
professor
profesor
enrolment
piihl65eni, zdpis
tutor
studijni vedouci
student enrolments
podet piihl6Senych studentt
to lecture/give
to applyto a university
hl6sit se na univerzitu
academic year
akademiclo.,;
applicant
uchazed
term/semester
semestr
admission
piijeti
form
rodnik
undergraduate
rysoko5koldk (student)
graduate
rysokoikol6k (absolvent)
exam period
zkou5kovd obdobi
credit
z6potet
dissertation/thesis
diplomov6 pr6ce
university degree
akademick6 hodnost
bachelor
bakal6i
master
magistr
doctor
doktor
to be accepted/admitted to sth byt piijat na co
nepiijmout
to refuse admission
to go to universlty/uni (spoken) chodit na univerzitu/
,,vej5ku'
to study/read (history)
studovat (ddjepis)
na univerzitd
at university
to get/have
(history)
a
degree in
mit vystudovanf (ddjepis)
to take/do a course in sth
to put oneselfdown for
zapsat si, chodit na
piedniSku z deho
a course zapsat se na
piedn65ku, kurz
a
lecture on sth piedndSet o iem
rok
ziskat stipendium
to graduate/take one's
degree from sth
promovat z deho
to win a scholarship
to live in hall
bydlet na kolejich
degree ceremony
promoce
vice-chancellor
rektor
to drop out
zanechat studii
dean
d6kan
to expel from school
vyloudit ze Skoly
lecturer
piedn6Sejici na rysok6 Skole
to be suspended/be expelled
byt vylouden
83
19. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION
STUDYING FOR AN EXAM: discuss how these two students are studying for
are.
NOTES
84
their exams, and what their results
PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY
hair
vlasy
genitals
pohlavni orgdny
head
hlava
vagina
vagina
face
oblidej
penis
penis
forehead
delo
testicle
varle
temple
sp6nek
groin
tiislo
ear
ucho
limb
kondetina
eye
oko
l*g
noha
eyelid
odni vidko
thigh
stehno
eyelash
iasa
knee
koleno
eyebrow
obodi
calf
lytko
nose
nos
shin
holei
cheek
ftei
foot
chodidlo
chin
brada
toe
prst u nohy
mouth
rista
big toe
palec u nohy
lip
ret
ankle
kotnik
tongue
jazyk
sole
chodidlo, ploska
tooth
zub
instep
n6rt
neck
krk
heel
pata
mole
mateisk6 znam6nko
skin
kriie
freckle
piha
muscle
sval
naPe
tylltije
joint
kloub
shoulder
rameno
tendon
Slacha
armpit
podpaLdi
skeleton
kostra
chest
hrud
bone
kost
breast
iadro
skull
lebka
nipple
prsni bradavka
jaw
delist
arm
pai,e
collar bone
klidni kost
elbow
loket
rib
Lebro
forearm
piedlokti
rib cage
hrudni koS
wrist
zilpEsti
breastbone
hrudni kost
hand
ruka
shoulder blade
lopatka
palm
dlai
spine
p6tei
thumb
palec
pelvis
p6nev
index finger
ukazov6k
tailbone
kostri
middle finger
prostiednitek
ring finger
prstenidek
little finger
malidek
mil
nehet
beck
zida
ebdomen/stomach/belly
biicho
navel
pupek
raist
tiP
pas
buttock
hi/idd
bok
85
INTERNAI ORGANS
VNlTRNiORGANY
brain
mozek
pharynx
hltan
larynx
hrtan
vocal cords
hlasivky
throat
hrdlo/jicen
thyroid gland
ititn|
tonsil
mandle
lung
plice
Llaza
20.THE HUMAN BODY
windpipe
prtduSnice
BODITY FLUIDs AND EXCRETIONS
srdce
vein
Lila
liver
jitra
artery
tepna
kidney
ledvina
blood
krev
stomach
Zaludek
sweat
pot
spleen
slezina
tear
slza
pancreas
slinivka biiSni
saliva
sliny
gall bladder
Zludnik
bile
Llut
small intestine
tenk6 stievo
urine
mod
large intestine
tlust6 stievo
stool
stolice
heart
appendix
slep6 stievo
bladder
modov'.i mdchyi
recfum
konednik
ovary
vajednik
uterus
ddloha
prostate
prostata
TEtNf TEKUTINY A VYMESKY
BODY SYSTEMS
TELNi SOUSTAVY
respiratory
di?chaci
digestive
trdvici
nervous
nervov6
cardiovascular
obdhov6
lymphatic
lymfatick6
endocrine
endokrinni
urinary
lyludovaci
reproductive
rozmnoLovaci
BODILY FUNCTIONS AND MOVEMENTS
i
HEAD AND EYES
to clench one's teeth
zatnout
zu\
I
to furn one's head
otodit
i
to shake one's head
vrtdt hlavou
LAUGHTER
polcyvat hlavou
to smile
usmivat se
to raise/lift one's head/look up vzhl6dnout
to laugh at sb/sth
sm6t se komu/demu
to blink one's eye
mrknout okem
to roar witli laughter
v6let se smichy
to rub one's eyes
mnout si odi
to giggle
hihiat
to snigger
chichotat se (posm65n6)
to chuckle
sm6t se pod vousy
to nod one's head
se
NOSE AND BREATH
se,
chechtat se
to breathe
dychat
to hold one's breath
zadri,et, zatajit dech
ARMS AND HANDS
to gasp for breath
lapat po dechu
to rub one's hands
mnout si ruce
to sniff
popotahovat nosem
to hold sth in one's hand
drZet co v ruce
to snore
chr6pat
to hold hands
driet
to srgh
povzdechnout si, vzdychat
to shake hands
poti6st si rukou
to choke/sufiocate
dusit se
to take sb by the hand
vzit koho za ruku
to blow one's nose
vysmrkat
to take sb in one's arms
vzit koho do ndrude
to wipe one's nose
utiit
to cross/fold one's arrns
zaloLiLruce
to pick one's nose
dloubat se v nose
to clench one's fists
zatnout pdsti
to punch sb on the nose
d6t komu do nosu
to snap one's fingers
lusknout prsty
to shrug one's shoulders
pokrdit rameny
to hug/embrace (fml) sb
obejmout koho
se
si nos
MOUTH
se
zartce
to stick out one's tongue
vypl6znout jazyk
to touch
dotykat se
to lick one's lips
olizovat se
to scratch
Skr6bat
to burp/belch
iihnout, krkat
to stroke
hladit
to swallow
polykat
to fondle
hladit,laskat
Your teeth are chattering.
Drkotd5 zuby.
to tickle
lechtat
86
20.THE HUMAN BODY
HUMAN ANATOMY: name the parts of the human body.
1{OTES
a7
20.THE HUMAN BODY
to slap/smack sb
pl6cnout koho
to throw
hizel
to pinch sb
Stipat koho
to throwsth away
odhodit co
to hit/punch sb
uhodit koho
to fling sth
mrstit aim
to bang
buSit
to bang one's fist on sth
bouchnout p6sti do deho
to pull sth
t6hnout co
to push sth
tladit co
to press sth
FEET AND WALKING
zm6dknout na co
to squeeze sth
madkat co
to bend sth
ohfbat co
to tear sth
trhat co
to pick up/lift sth
zvednout co
to upset/overturn/tip over/
pievrhnout
knockover
to drop sth
upustit co
to stand on tiptoe/on one's toes
st6t na Spiik6ch
to stamp one's feet
dupat nohama
to shuffle one's feet
pie5lapovat z nohy na nohu
to shuffle/shamble
Sourat se
to creep/crawl
plazit se
to hobble
belhat se
tolimp
to run
kulhat
to dash
uh6ndt
to trot
klusat, pobihat
BETTY lS A BEAUTY: name the parts of Betty's head and face.
NOTES
88
bdiet
20.THE HUMAN BODY
BODILY FUNCTIONS AND GESTURES: guess which expressions and/or gestures the pictures below illustrate?
NOTES
89
ATTRACTIVENESS
pretty/beautiful woman
krdsn6 Zena
gorgeous/stunning
nidhernyl6
handsome man
kr6snf muZ
cute
rozkolnj,l6
good-looking
pohlednf/6
plain/homely
nehezlcyl6, o5kliry/6
attractive
piltaitlivil6
unattractive
nepiitaLlivil6
slim/slender
hubenf, Stihly
to watch one's figure
hlidat si postavu
slight build
drobn6, 5tihl6 postava
to keep/lose one's figure
udriovat
thin/skinny/bony
hubenf, vyz6bly
pear-shaped build
postava ve tvaru
muscular/athletic build
svalnatd, atletickd postava
broad shoulders
5irok6 ramena
medium/average build
stiedni postava
hairychest
zarostl6 hrud
well-built
urost$
large/small breasts
velk6/mal6 prsa
plump
plnoStihlj;
stocky build
zav al1t6, p
sturdy
BUILD
kiprli
si I
ztr atit postavu
hruiky
malj'rni iadry
fl at-chested/small breasted
s
shapely body/legs ...
vytvarovan6 tdlo/nohy
statny, silny
knockknees
nohy do tvaru X
fat
tlusty
bowlegs
nohy do tvaru O
overweight
s
rizk6l5irok6 boky
obese
o ds
adit6 p ostava
ob6zni
narrodwidehips
firm thighs/buttocks
gross (inf)
odpudivd tlusty
flat belly
ploch6 biicho
fattylfatso (inf)
tlust'och
beer belly
pivni pupek
mit hezkou postavu
sagging
propadlli, povisly
fair
svdtl6
lank
splihl6
blonde
blond, blondj'nka
greasy
to have
a
good figure
nadvdhou
...
pevn6 stehna lhi/Ld| ...
HAIR
brunette
mastn6
one 's
bruneta
to be losing
hair/going bald pleSatdt
darkbrown
tmavohndd6
bald
pleS
auburn
kaStanov6
receding hair
kouty
ginger
zrzav6
loose
rozpuStdn6
dark
tmav6
plaited
zapleten6
black
dern6
ponytail
ohon
grey
5ed6
bunches
culiky
short
kr6tk6
chignon
cop
long
dlouh6
bun
drdol
shoulder-length
PO
French pleat
francouzs\i drdol
straight
rovn6
dreadlocks
dredy
waYy
vlnit6
crew cut
sestiih na jeZka
curly
kadeiav6
shaved head
oholend hlava
frizzy
kudrnat6
bob
mik6do
thick
hust6
parting
p6Sinka
thin
ridk6
fringe
ofina
shiny
leskl6
crop
kr6thii sestiih
ramena
90
...
21. PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
perm
trval6 ondulace
strand ofhair
praminek vlasfi
tinted/dyed hair
barven6 vlasy
lock ofhair
pramen vlast, k5tice
highlights
sv6tl6 praminlcy, melir
dandruff
hPy
rinse
pieliv
split ends
roztiepen6 konedky
to get one's hair cut/done
nechat se ostiihat
wig
paruka
FACE
round
kulaty
arched eyebrows
klenut6 obodi
square
hranaty
big/straight/bulbous nose
velkf/rovny/baiaty nos
oval
ov6lnf
hooked/Roman nose
orli nos
pretty
hezki
snub nose
tupy nos, ,,pr56k"
pale
bledy
hollodchubby
wrinkled
vr6sdity
high cheekbones
freckle
piha
fu ll/thin/sensual/cracked
dimple
dblidek
cheeks
propadl6/buclat6 tvdie
vystoupl6 licni kosti
lips pln6/rizk6lsmysln6/
popraskan6 rty
bradavice
even/crooked/false teeth
rovn6/kiiv6/fale5n6 zuby
birthmark
mateisk6 znamdnko
buck teeth
piedkus
acne
akn6
to wear
nosit rovnftka
podbbany
pointed/double chin
Spidatd/dvojit6 brada
flekaty
moustache
knir
rysok6/nizk6lw6sdit6 delo
beard
vousy
bradka
wart
pockmarked
spotted
high/lodwrinkled forehead
a
brace
jasn6/propadl6lmdl6l
goatee
slanted eyes
5ikm6 odi
sideburns
kotlety
thick/thin/straight eyebrows
hust6/iidk6/rovn6 obodi
clean-shaved
hladce oholenf
bright/holloddull/
U'}
91
21. PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: describe the appearances of the people below.
NOTES
92
FEELING HAPPY
to feel fine/good
citit
se
to feel great
citit
se skvdle
happy/satisfi ed/content
dobie
iim
amused aflb7 sth
pobaven
enthusiastic aboutsth
nad5enf z deho
spokojenf
ecstatic aboutsth
vytrLeni z teho
happy/glad/pleased
r6d, potd5enf
happy/cheerfrrl
vese\i, r6d, St'astnf
to lift/raise sb's spirits
zvednout n6ladu
to cheer sb up
rozveselit koho
to please sb/make sb happy
potdSit koho
to make sb's day (inf)
potd5it koho
to be afraid/frightened/
mit strach z deho/koho
FEELING UNHAPPY
to feel bad/miserable
citit
sad
smutnli
unhappy
neSt'astny
lonely
se Spatnd
lmizern|
scared o/sth/sb
frightened/scared to death
k smrti vystra5enli, rydd5enf
ne5t'astnf; osam6$
shocked at/by sth
Sokovanli'/zaskodenf dim
surly/bad-tempered
nevrly, zly, ve 5patn6 nrlladd
horrified at/by sth
zddienf dim
depressed/down/low
deprimovany
apsetabout/at/by sth
to get depressed about st}r
propadnout depresi krrili
ubliZenli, na5tvany kvrili
demu
hurt
ukrivddnf
bytrczmrzely,waLeny
zklamat se v dem/kom
demu
to feel blue
citit
hopeless
bezmocnf
huff
gailty at/aboutsth
desperate
zoufali,
to be disappointed in sth/sb
frustrovany, bezmocnli
disappointed
otrdvenf iim/h.irn
Ihostejnf k demu
frustrated
w ith / at
sthI sb
se
to be in a
pod psa
ab o ut / at / w ith
vinen klrrli demu
sth zklamanlikvtli demu
sleepy
ospalli
unconcerned aboutsthl
indifierent to sth
tired
unaveny
apathetic aboutsth
apatickf vtidi demu
exhausted
vyderpanf
confu sed/puzzledlperplexed
zmateny,v rozpacich
worn out/tired out
ztrhany, utahany, zntieny
bored ryifh sth/sb
zmtdEny z deho/koho
nervous aboutsth
nerv6zni z deho
to feel embanas ed about/ at sth citit se trapnd,v rozpacich
kvrili iemu
to feel uncomfortable/awkward citit se nepiijemnd, trapnd
to feel self-conscious about stlr citit se trapn6, nesvrij krrili
temu
worried/anxious abozf sth/sb znepokojeny, plnf obav
a strachu o colkoho
to worry abouf sth/sb
ddlat si starosti o co/koho
to be terrified o/sth
mit hrfizu
to feel uneasy about sth
citit
se cely
v rozpacich
z deho
to feel as iflas though...
citit
se
nesvtij,
lorili iemu
jako kdyby...
FEELING ANGRY
annoyed at/with sb/or sth
annoyed about/by sth
upset wifh sb
'rr-ritated. ab out at with
/ /
sth/sb
furious wifh sb/oneself/or sth hroznd naStvany na koho/na
sebe kvtli iemu
mrzufi, naitvanj' na koho
kvtli
demu
enraged, at/by sthlsb
rozmrze$ kvrili demu
rozzlobenf na koho
lby
po
dr 6Ldlnj,, ro zdileny
vztelcybez sebe kr'&li demu/
komu
to lose one's temper
kvtli
demu/komu
ngrywith/atsb
na5tvany, rozzlobenf na koho
tngry about/over sth
na5tvany, rozzlobenf
lorili
roztilit
se
to hit the roof (inf)/
blow one's top (inf)
ryletdt
to go mad/go berserk (inf)
zbl|znit
r
oziilit
lybuchnout,
kriie
se,
z
se,
zjandit se
to make sb angry/make sb mad rozdilovat koho
demu
ugry with/af oneself
naiffanli, rozzlobenf na sebe
frrrious at/about sth
hrozn6 na5tvanf
klrili
demu
93
to annoy/irritate sb
Stv6t koho, rozdilovat
to get on sb's nerves
I6zt ndkomu na nervy
to infuriate sb
dohindt koho k zuiivosti
koho
22. FEELINGS, EMOTIONS, MOODS
FEEL...
POCITOVAT...
bitterness
hoikost
urgeJfor sth
nutkdni k demu
love/or sb
l6sku ke komu
admiration.;for sb
obdivke komu
love of/for sth
z6libu v iem
zijemo colkoho
jealousy o/sb
Z6rlivost na koho
concernforlabout sth
starost, zijemo co
envy o/sth
zdvist ieho
concern over/with sth
obavy, strach z deho
tiredness
fnavu
curiosity about sth
zvddavost k iemu
fatigue/exhaustion
ryderp6ni
lhostejnost k demu
loneliness
samotu
excitement at/over sth
vzru5eni nad dim
grief over/at sth
disgust at sth
rozhoideni nad iim
sympathy/pity/or
disgust withsth
odpor k demu
contempt.for sth/sb
pohrd6ni nad dim/loitm
compassion./or sb
soucit, slitov6ni
hatred of/fur/towards sb
nendvist ke komu
to feel sorry.for sb
spite fowards sb
zloba, 266t, nen6vist ke komu
citit litost ke komu, litovat
koho
TO
interest
ir
sth/sb
indifference
sth
to /towards
ial, smutek nad dim
sb
soucit s $m, porozumdni
pro koho, litost ke komu
s
lcym
SENSITIVE MASKS: what feelings, emotions or moods do each of these masks express?
2
r=44
nff:*
v
\>_e?
VK?
a\g \a/
tu
ffi
w
@
w ww
EMOTIONS
to control one's emotions
hlidat sv6 emoce
to arouse (strong) emotions
vzbuzov at ( siln6) emoce
to give in to sth
podlehnout demu
to experience (a similar)
zaZit (podobnf) pocit
to suppress
potladit
emotion
to overcome
piekonat
confl icting/mixed emotions
smi5en6 pocity
to express/hide one's
emotions
vyj
emotional
citov d zalo i,en'i; doj emnf
emotionless
bezcitnli, prosty citu
to display/show one's
emotions
d6t najevo sv6 emoce
to lighten sb's mood
povzn6st di nfladu
to be in no mood for sth
nemit nSladu na co
to get up on the wrong
vst6t z postele levou novou
6diit/skryvat sv6 emoce
MOODS
to be in a good/bad/
foul, etc mood
mit dobrou/Spatnou/
piiSernou atd. niladu
to be in an
byit
optimisticky naladdnf
optimistic mood
side ofbed
to put sb in a good/
naladit koho dobie/Spatnd
bad, etc mood
apod.
to get into the mood
dostat se do nrllady, naladit se
to be/feel in the mood for sth
mit ndladu/chut' ddlat co
94
to affect sb's mood
ovlivnit di nriLladu
mood swings
rykyrry n6lad
moody
nriladoly
22. FEELINGS, EMOTIONS, MOODS
sAM s FEELINGS: sam
is
very emotional. How is he feeling in each of these pictures?
\\
/
N
//"t'/'
7/,,,,,
(^-h\,
'\'fna
?
A
w
ilOTES
95
22. FEELINGS, EMOTIONS, MOODS
HOW WOULD YOU FEEL lF . . . ? How would you feel if you found yourself in each of these situations?
ab,
' ,/
Gl-
NOTES
96
intelligent/brighVquick-witted inteligentni,
chltrf
modest/unpretentious/
humble
skromny, pokorny
boastfrrl/immodest
rychloubatnf
big-headed/conceited/
stuck-up
namy5lenf
hloupf, nerozumny
natwd$, zabedndnf
arrogant/pretentious
aro
snobbish/snobby/snooty
snobskf
to underestimate oneself/
put oneself down
podceiovat
brave/courageous
statednll',
not very intelligent/bright ...
m6nd inteligentni ...
slow
t6Zkop6dny, pomalu
chilpajici
stupid
dense (inf)/thick
(infl
self- confi dent/self- assured
sebev6domf
shy/timid/self-conscious
Plachli?' stydlivY'
lively/energetic/animated/
vivacious
Zily, vesely, temperamentni
spontaneous
spontdnni
reserved/withdrawn/
uzavieny
nesmdlli
a
introverted
coward
gantni, domliSlirn_i
se
odviLni,
zbabdlec
domineering
dominantni
strict
piisny
lenient/soft /tolerant/
permissive
shovivar,"y',
(un)friendly
(ne)pi6telsky
(un)sociable
(ne)spoledenslof'
talkative/chatty
upovidany
hard-working/diligent
quiet/taciturn/
m6lomluvnf
lazylidle
pilnf
liny
perfectionist
perfekcionista
uncommunicative
wifty/amusing
vtipny, zibavnf
clumsy/all thumbs
mirnf
nemotorny, neohrabanf,
levy
boring/dull
nudny
open/straight
otevieny, piimy, destnf
sincere/frank/truthfrrl
upiimnlii, pravdomluvny
(dis)honest
(ne)destnf
hlpocritical/two - faced
pokrytecky
warm-hearted/kind-hearted
dobrosrdednf, laskar.i
unpredictable
tdiko piedvidatelnf
nice
sympatich.i, mi$, hodnf
calculating
rypoditavy
kind
laskavy,
mi$
indecisive
nerozhodnf, v6havf
considerate/thoughtfu I
ohleduplny, pozorn'i
eccentric
vystfedni
inconsiderate/thoughtless
bezohlednf
tazylmad.lbarmy (infl
Sileqi,
unkind/nasty/cruel
bezcltn'i, o5k1ir".i
ambitious
ctii6dostivf
spitefu l/vicious/malicious
zlomyslnlf, Skodoliby
rude/impolite
hruby, nezdvoiilf
mean
zly,podly
disrespectfuUcheelcy
nezdvoiilj,, drzy
conscientious/carefrrl
svddomiry pedlivf
nezodpovddnli, Iehkomyslnf
selfish/self-centred/
egocentric
sobecky
careless
credulous/gullible/naive
drivdiivy, naivni
envious
z6vistiry
suspicious
podeziivavy
jealous
Lirli',y
generous
velkorysy, Slechetnf
curious/inquisitive
zvidavy
mean/stingy
lakom1i, skoupy, lakotnf
vzn6tlir".i, vybu3ny
greedy/grasping
chamtivy, nenasytny, hrabiry
quick-tempered/
bad-tempered
sensible/reasonable
rozumny, racion6lni, soudnf
touchy/easily ofiended
urSLIivy
practicaUrealistic/
prakticky, realisticky
strange/frealcy/weird (infl
divny, podivinsky
rash/hasty/impulsive
nerozviLn'i
forgetfu Uabsent- minded
zapomn6tlivf, r oztr Lifi
relaxed/laid-back (inf) /
pohodolnf, tolerantni
easy-going (in0
a
down-to-earth
headstrong/pig-headed/
stubborn/obstinate
zbrkly, ukvapenli,
freak (inf)/a weirdo (inf)
enigmatic/mysterious
wrdohlavf, umindnf
97
potrhlf
podivin
zShadnj,
23. HUMAN QUALITIES
WHAT ARE THEY LIKE? which human qualities do each of these people represent?
[W
NOTES
98
HEALTH AND HEATTH PROBLEMS
the state ofhealth
zdravotni stav
to become ilUfall ill/get
good/excellent health
dobry/vyborny zdravotni
minor ailments
drobnd p otii.e, onemocndni
to treat
leclt
stav
poor/ill health
Spatnli' zdravotni stav
failing health
a cure
zhor5ujici se zdravi
health care
zdravotnip6.te
health risk/hazard
zdravotni riziko
to damage one's health
nidit si zdravi
to improve one's health
zlep5it si zdravi
to be disposed/immune to sth bia nilchylnylimunni k demu
for
a disease
ill
onemocndt
l6k na nemoc
to cure
Yyl6iit
to feel much better
citit
to get well
uzdravit se
to get worse
zhor5it se
se
mnohem l6pe
to recover from sth
uzdravit se z teho
to get rid ofsth
zbavit se deho
PAINS
to complain of
stdZovat si na (otravnou/
(nagging/shooting ...) pain
rystielujici
severe pain
hrozn6, prudki bolest
unbearable pain
nesnesiteln6 bolest
My (baclc/shoulder ...)
Boli md (zAdalrameno ...).
hurts/aches.
to hurt like hell (inf)
...) bolest
boletjako dert
to ease/relieve pain
zmirnit bolest
to kill pain
zbavit od bolesti
painful
bolestivy
painless
bezbolestny
to persist
pietrvdvat
to be gone
pominout, ustat
ILLNESS AND DISEASE
illness
disease
nemoc, onemocndni
RESPIRATORY TROUBI.E
RESPIRA(Ni POTiZE
(v Sir5im kontextu)
AND DISEASES
A CHOROBY
nemoc, choroba (v6Zn6j5i,
sore throat
bolest v krku
cold/chill
nachlazeni
flu
chiipka
konkr6tni s urditymi projevy)
to sufier from an
illness/
trpdt nemoci
a disease
to contract a disease (fml)
piivodit
to catch/get
si nemoc
a
cold
nachladit se
to catch/get the flu
dostat chiipku
a disease
to be in bed with flu
leZet s
serious/chronic illness/dise ase viLnLl chronick6 nemoc
stomach/live6 etc. disorder Zaludeiniljaterniatd,.
to be hoarse
chraptdt
slmptoms of an illness/
piiznaky nemoci
chiipkou
to cough
ka6lat
onemocndni
cough
kaSel
selh6ni (ledvin)
to sneeze
lung/breast, etc. cancer
hichat
rakovina plic/prsu apod.
runnynose
riTna
malignant/benign tumour
zhoubni, / nezhoubny n 6dor
headache
rute illness
bolest hlavy
ndhl6 onemocndni
swollen tonsils
natekl6 mandle
fuaUdeadly illness/disease
smrtelni nemoc
tonsillitis
zdndt mandli, angina
(ne)vyl6ditelni nemoc
to sweat
potit
d6tsk6 nemoc
to take one's temperature
zmdiit si teplotu
infekdni choroba
fever
horedka
to have a temperafure
mit zvyienou teplotu
to rise
stoupnout
to drop
klesnout
kid".,
I
failure
in)curable illness/disease
.iildhood
disease
infectious/contagious disease
Lcart/venereal/skin ... disease srdedni/pohlavni/koZni
...
choroba
nental disease
du5evni choroba
psvchosomatic illness
psychosomatick6 nemoc
99
se
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
thermometer
teplom6r
epilepsy
to show
nam6iit
epileptic
bronchitis
zrindt prridu5ek
multiple sclerosis
roztrou5en6 skler6za
pneumonia
zipalplic
asthma
astma
ALTERGY AND SKIN DISEASES
ATERGIE A KOZNf CHOROBY
allergic to sth
alergickf na co
epilepsie
fit
epilepticky z6chvat
rjma
DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
PORUCHY ZAZ1VANI
hay fever
senn6
loss ofappetite
nechutensM
allergic rash
alergickd vyrdika
nausea
nevolnost
allergic reaction to sth
alergickd reakce na co
indigestion
zkaZeny Zaludek
allergen
alergen
food poisoning
otrava jidlem
anaphylactic shock
anafylakticky 5ok
diarrhoea
prtjem
cold sore
opar
constipation
zicpa
rash
vyrii:ka
haemorrhoids
hemoroidy
eczeIJJ.
ekz6m
cramps
kiede
psoriasis
lup6nka
(stomach) ulcer
(Zaludeini) vied
to feel sick
citit
se
na zvraceni
to be siclc/vomit
zvracet
to throw sth up
vyvracetco
to swallow sth
spolknout co
to choke on sth
d6vit se dim
dysentery
riplavice
cholera
cholera
CARDIOVASCULAR
KARDIOVASKUTARNI
DIStASES
CHOROBY
anaemia
ARTICULAR DI5EAsE5
KtOUBNi NEMOCI
rheumatism
revmatismus
arthritis
artritida
gout
dna
artificial joint
umdlf kloub
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
INFEK(Ni CHOROBY
(virus) infection
(virovd) infekce
contagious/infectious/catching nakaZlivy, infekdni
spread ofa disease
Siieni choroby
chudokrermost
epidemic
epidemie
hypertension/
high blood pressure
vysokli krevni tlak
typhoid
tyfus
malaria
mal6rie
heart attack
srdedni infarkt
jaundice
Zloutenka
varicose veins
kiedov6
hepatitis
hepatitida
vein thrombosis
iilni
salmonelosis
salmonel6za
stroke
mrMce
tuberculosis
tuberkul6za
rabies
vzteklina
NERVOUS AND MENTAL
NERVOVE A DUSTVNi
measles
spalnidky
DISORDERS
PORUCHY
sleeplessness/insomnia
mumps
piiu5nice
nespavost
migraine
migr6na
scarlet fever
sp6la
depression
German measles
zard6nky
deprese
breakdown
zhrouceni
chicken pox
neStovice
neurosis
neur6za
psychosis
psych6za
mania
m6nie
schizophrenia
schizofrenie
paranoia
paranoia
i{ly
tromb6za
polio
d6tsk6 obrna
whooping cough
iernf
diphtheria
z65krt
vaccination/inoculation
odkov6ni
to be vaccinated/
inoculated against sth
byit
100
kaSel
oikovanf proti iemu
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
PAINS AND TROUBLES: guess which pains, troubles or illnesses these people may have.
W
*[email protected]
ft
I
\,
o.
tg
TN
NOTES
101
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
INJURIES
to sufier a serious/minor/
utr p Et v 6Ln6. I lehk6/vnitini
internal injury
zranlni,6raz
to escape/avoid injury
vyv6znout bez zranlni
head, etc. injury/
an injury to the head, etc.
poran6ni hlavy apod.
casualty
randnyi, obdt'
wounded/injured
zranEnf
to hurt/injure sb/oneself
zranit koho/sebe
to hurt one's (knee ...)
poranit si (koleno ...)
stab/knife/gunshot wound
bodnil ieznilstieln6 r6na
flesh/gaping wound
powchovd/otewen6 r6na
to heal
a
wound
zahojit r6nu
scald
opaienina
frostbite
omrzlina
drowning
utonuti
bite
pokous6ni
snakebite
u$tknuti
poisoning
otrava
to fester
hnisat, podebirat se
to weep
mokvat
scar
jizva
concussion
oties mozku
unconscious
v bezvddomi
electric shock
elektrichy' 5oh rider
to heal
hojit
to sprain/twist
r1'rnknout, \Tvrtnout
sprain
vyron, vymknuti
to break
zlomit
fracture
zlomenina
to pull/strain a muscle
natdhnout si sval
slipped disc
vyhozen6 plot6nka
to lose a lot ofblood
ztratit spoustu krve
sciatica
ischias
vykrv6cet
cut
iiznfii
to bleed to death
amputation
amputace
gtaze
odienina
suitable donor
vhodnli d6rce
scrape
Skr6bnuti
(blood/organ ...) donor
ddrce (krve, org6nu ...)
sting
Stipnuti
to volunteer to donate blood
dobrovolnd darovat krev
splinter
tiiska
to be out ofdanger
byt mimo nebezpeii
blister
puchyi
to survive
pieLit
bruise
modiina, podlitina
to die of sth
zemiit na co
burn
spillenina
se
proudem
to faint
omdlit
to bring sb round
piiv6st koho k sobd
to come round
piijit k sobd, nablil vddomi
severe/heavy bleeding
tdik6 krvSceni
internal bleeding
vnitini krv6ceni
FIRST AID
to have an accident
mit nehodu, tiraz
splint
dlaha
to give first aid
poskltnout prvni pomoc
to stop the bleeding
zastavit krvdceni
an emergency
pohotovost
tourniquet
Skrtldlo
first aid kit
l6k6rnitka
to resuscitate
oiivit, vzkiisit
sterile
sterilni
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation dychrlni
galJ.ze
giza
artificial respiration/
dressing/bandage
obvaz, obinadlo
the kiss of life
plaster
niplast
to call an ambulance
zavolat sanitku
antiseptic
dezinfekce
to carry sb on a stretcher
n6st koho na nositk6ch
painkiller
l6k proti bolesti
to be taken by ambulance
to hospital
byt odvezen sanitkou do
nemocnice
to be rushed to hospital
by'1
z rist do irst
umdl6 dfch6ni
ointment
mast
to clean the wound
vyfistit r6nu
to bandage
obvizat
accident and emergency
to stitch up the cut
se5it ieznou rdnu
department
porirazov6 odddleni,
pohotovost
to put in plaster
d6t do s6dry
operating theatre/
operaini s6l
to immobilize
znehybnit
sling
z6vdsnli 56tek
neck brace
ortopedic\i limec
rychle pievezen do
nemocnice
emergency room
complications
komplikace
after-efiects
n6sledky
102
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
TREATMENT
treatment oflfor (cancer, etc.)
l6dba (rakoviny apod.)
penicillin
penicilin
to be given treatment
b1t o5etien/l6ien
to sweat/perspire
potit
under close medical
supervision
pod iddnym l6kaiskym
to apply a cold compress
piiloZit studenf obklad
to follow the doctor's advice
short-term/long-term efiect
krdtkodobf/dlouhodoby
dbdt rad ldkaie
efiective medicine/drug
fdinny l6k
to have a complete rest
pouze odpodivat
vyhybat se styku
dohledem
se
irdinek
side effects
vedlejSi tidinlcy
to take one's medicine
br6t, uiivat l6ky
to keep out ofcontact
with people
recommended dose
doporuden6 ddvka
to spread the germs
Siiit bacily
pied6vkov6ni
to infect sb
nakazit koho
pill
pr65ek
tablet
tableta
alternative/modern/
traditional ... medicine
alternativni/moderni/
tradidni... medicina
drops
kapky
allopathic/
homeopathic medicine
alopatick6/
homeopatick6 l6tba
ointment
mast
herbaUholistic medicine
bylinn6/holisticka l6dba
gargle
kloktadlo
aromatherapy
aromaterapie
antibiotic
antibiotikum
acupuncture
akupunktura
antidepressant
antidepresilrrm
massage
mas62
sedative
uti5ujici l6k
chiropractic
chiropraxe
painkiller
l6k proti bolesti
yoga
j6gu
aspirin
aspirin
therapist
terapeut
overdose
s
lidmi
AT THE DOCTOR
patient
pacient
results
vysledlV
GP (general practitioner)
prakticky l6kai
to send sb for an X-ray
poslat koho na rentgen
nurse
zdravotni sestra
to have/undergo/submit
podstoupit
surgery
ordinace
(a medical examination)
(l6kaisk6 vy5etieni)
waitingroom
dekirna
to have regular checkups
jit
to make an appointment
objednat se u l6kaie
to strip to the waist
svl6ci se do prili tdla
with the doctor
na pravideln6 prohlidky
to stick out one's tongue
trypl|znoutjazyk
to go to/see/
visit a doctor about sth
navStivit l6kaie kvrili demu
to take sb's pulse/
blood pressure
zmdiit
to consult a doctor
vyhledat, poradit se
to give an injection
pichnout injekci
to prescribe some medicine
piedepsat leky
prescription
piedpis
to collect one's medicine
ryzvednout si
chemist's/pharrnacy
l6k6rna
s
l6kaiem
to examine sb
vySetiit koho
to do a test
prov6st test
finding
nilez
ii
pulzlkrevni tlak
1619
AT THE DENTIST
toothache
bolest zubu
oral hygiene
fstni hygiena
cavity
dira v zubu, kaz
filling
plomba
tooth decay
zubnikaz
brace
decayed/rotten tooth
zkai.eny zub
to
plaque
zubni plak
to extract/pull
gum abscess
z6ndt d6sni
to have
loose tooth
viklary zub
false teeth/dentures
103
rovn6tka
drill
wtat
a
tooth out
trhat
nechat si
qtrhnout zub
zubniprotlza
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
INJURIES, FIRST AID AND TREATMENT: comment on the injuries and mishaps illustrated below and think of the
most appropriate first aid or treatment.
r
-\ \
,WA.Ji
6,"
tP'.=i{r\
NOTES
104
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
crown
korunka
gum
d6sefi
bridge
mristek
incisor
iezl,k
canine
5pid6k
milktooth
mlddnf zub
premolar
tienorry' zub
TOOTH
enamel
zubni sklovina
nerve
nerv
root
koien
molar
stolidka
wisdom tooth
zub moudrosti
IN HOSPITAT
hospital careltreatment
o5etieni v nemocnici
under anaesthetic
pod nark6zou
hospital stay
pobyt v nemocnici
general/local anaesthetic
celkov6/mistni umrtveni
to be admitted to hospital
byt piijat do nemocnice
to operate on (the knee, etc.)
operovat (koleno apod.)
to be in hospital
leiet v nemocnici
to be confined to bed
byt upoutanf na lfiZko
ward
nemocnidni pokoj
intensive care unit (ICU)
jednotka intenzivni p6de (|IP)
to be discharged/
bjt propu5tdn z nemocnice
department
odddleni
The doctor is (out)
Doktor m6 nyni vizitu.
released from hospital
outpatient
ambulantni pacient
on his rounds.
inpatient
hospitalizovanf pacient
cardiology
kardiologie
clinic
klinika
gynaecology
gynekologie
visiting hours
n6vStdvni hodiny
maternity
porodnice
blood test
krevni test
paediatrics
pediatrie
X-ray
rentgenov'y' snimek
dermatology
dermatologie
analysis of blood/urine
rozbor krve/modi
orthopaedics
ortopedie
physiotherapy
to make (an accurate) diagnosis stanovit (piesnou) diagn6zu
chirurg
(plastic) surgery
frzioterapie
(plastick6) chirurgie
anesteziolog
oncology
onkologie
operation jit na/podstoupit operaci
surgeon
anaesthetist
urology
urologie
prov6st (rutinni) operaci
psychiatry
psychiatrie
disability
postiZeni, invalidita
Braille
Braillovo pismo
handicap
postiZeni, vada, handicap
guide dog/seeing eye dog
slepech.i pes
the disabled
postiZeni (1id6 s postiienim)
deaf anddumb
hluchondmy
physically/mentally disabled
tdlesnd/du5evnd postiZenf
sign language
znakov6 ied
to be hearing-impaired
mit vadu sluchu
to sign
tlumodit do znakov6 iedi
to be hard ofhearing
nedos$chat
to be in a wheelchair
blit na invalidnim voziku
deaf
hluchf
to be confined to a wheelchair b;it upout6n na invalidni
hearing aid
naslouchadlo
visually impaired
s
to have/undergo an
to perform a
(routine) operation
DISABILITIES
vadou zraku
short-sighted
kr6tkozraky
long-sighted
dalekozralcy
colour-blind
barvoslepf
blind
slepf
to go blind
oslepnout
vozik
wheelchair user
vozidk6i
artifi cial limb/prosthesis
prot|za
crutches
berle
to need constant care
ryZadovat neust6lou p6di
home care
dom6ci p6de
to look after sb
starat se o koho
105
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
l
LIFESTYTE
good/poorhealth
state
ofhealth
dobr6/chab6 zdravi
sedentary way of life
sedavf zptsob iivota
zdravotni stav
lack of physical exercise
nedostatek pohybu
regular exercise
pravidelnf pohyb
(good) physical and mental
(dobrf) fyziclcy
condition
stav
strenuous
namfhalni, usilovnf
innate
vrozenir
high cholesterol level in
vysok6 hladina cholesterolu
gene
gen
the blood
v krvi
genetic (make-up, defect, etc.)
genetickf (uzptisobeni, vada
diabetes
cukrovka
apod.)
malnutrition
podviLiva
heredity
dddidnost
overeating
piejiddni
longevity
dlouhovdkost
obesity
obezita
environmental factors
vlivy Zivotniho prostiedi
low fat diet
nizkotudn6 strava
to live to (be) 90
doZit se devades6ti let
to consist of sth
skl6dat se z deho
to take care of one's (mental)
health
starat se o sv6 (du5evni)
to have a balanced diet
mit lyv6Zenou strar.u
to drinkenough liquid
pit dostatedn6 mnoZstvi
tekutin
to keep
fit
a
duievni
zdravi
udrZovat se v kondici
to be good/bad for one's
bjt dobr6/5patn6 pro sv6
health
zdravi
to contribute to good health
piispivat k dobr6mu zdravi
prevention
prevence
health risk/hazard
zdravotni riziko
health problem
zdravotni probl6m
to be prone to sth
byt n6chylny, mit sklon
kiemu
to succumb to sth
podl6hat temu
to ruin/damage one's health
niiit
to gamble with one's health
to overdo it (inf)
to
limit sweets/fatty meals
se
omezit sladkosti/tuind jidla
to avoid sth
vyhfbat
temptation
poku5eni
excessive cofiee/alcohol
nadm6rn6 pitikSryl
drinking
alkoholu
hangover
kocovina
to build up an addiction to sth
vybudovat si z6vislost na
se
demu
dem
to be addicted to sth/be
hooked on sth (inf)
byt zdvislli na dem
zahrivat si se zdravim
nicotine
nikotin
pieh6ndt to
addict
z6vislf dlovdk
to cut down on sth
omezit co
to smoke
to slowdown
polevit
to be under a lot ofstress
pracovat ve velk6m stresu
to chain-smoke/smoke like
a chimney (inf)
at
si zdravi
work
a
lot/heavily
hodnd kouiit
,,hulit jako fabrika'
risk ofdeveloping lung cancer riziko vzniku rakoviny plic
will
to cope with stress
zvl6dat stres
to have
stressful
stresujici
strong-minded
majici silnou
run-down
vyderpany
determination
odhodl6ni
to learn to relax
naudit se odpodivat
perseverance
vytrvalost
sufficient sleep
dostatednf sprinek
ban on smoking in public
places
zdkaz
106
a
strong
mit pevnou vfili
rrili
kouieni na veiejnosti
24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS
MR HAZARD-S LIFESTYLE: what do you
thinkof this man's lifestyle? Explain where you disagree with his choices.
NOTES
107
15,;,,:'1ff9 ,**.,'
WEATH ER AN D TEM PERATU RE
It's (10) degrees above/
below zero.
|e (10 stupiri) nad/
pod nulou.
podminky
(-10) degrees Centigrade/
(-10) stupiri Celsia
nice/fi ne/fairllovely weather
pdkn6, kr6sn6 potasi
Celsius
nasty/horrible/
lousy (inf) weather
hrozn6, hnusnd podasi
What's the weather like?
fak6 je podasi?
good/bad weather conditions dobr6/5patn6 povdtrnostni
centigrade thermometer
Celsifiv teplomdr
to reach thefreezingl
dos6hnout bodu mrazul
bodu t6ni
melting point
settled
st6l6
unpredictable
nepiedvidateln6
unsettled/changeable
nest6l6, promdnliv6
to get warm
oteplovat se
to get cold
ochladit
se
to watch theweather (forecast) sledovat piedpovdd podasi
weatherman
hlasatel podasi
in all weathers
za
to set in
nastat, zadit
arctic/temperate/
tropical climate
arktick6/mirn6/tropick6
podnebi
jak6hokoli podasi
towarm up
oteplit
high/low tempetures
vysok6/nizk6 teploty
to fall/go down
klesat
oceanic/continental/
insular climate
oce6nsk6/vnitrozemsk6/
ostrovni podnebi
to rise/go up
stoupat
climate/weather change
zmdna podnebi/podasi
global warming
glob6lni oteplov6ni
sultry heat/stifl ing hot/
boiling hot
vedro, dusno
scorcher
pai6k, hic
sweltering hot
irmorn6 vedro
to blaze down on sth/sb
praLit na colkoho
to glare
osliovat (o slunci)
to swelter
umdl6vat horkem, paiit
v horku
dryspell
obdobi sucha
drought
sucho
arid (land, etc.)
suchy,
humid (airlclimate/
vlhlcy, dusny (vzduchl
atmosphere)
podnebi/ovzduSi)
wet/rainy
deitivy
se
SUNNY AND HOT WEATHER
in the sun
na slunci
in the shade
ve
sunny
slunetno
bright
iasno
warm
teplo
The sun is shining.
Slunce sviti.
to rise/come up
vychhzet
to set/go down
zapadat (o slunci)
clear/cloudless slcy
jasnd obloha
hot/the heat
horko
heatwave
vlna horka
stinu
vyprah$ (zemd atd.)
RAINY WEATHER
light/steady rain
slabyiqtrvalf
moisture
vlhkost, vl6ha
(scattered) showers
(obdasn6)
It looks like rain.
V1pad6 to na d65t'
(heary) downpour
(prudky) lij6k
cloudy/overcast sky
zamr aten6, zatai.en| obloha
piivalovy dd5l lij6k
greyldull
pochmurno, zamrateno
heavy/torrential/
pouring rain
cloud
mrak
It's pouring/bucketing
Leje jako z konve.
It's clouding over.
Obloha se zatahuje.
It' s drizzhngl spitting. (inf )
Mrholi. Poprch6v6.
cold
studenf
damp
vlhlcy, sychravy
d65t'
pieh6iky
down/teeming down.
hailstorm
krupobiti
hailstones
ledov6 kroupy
It's hailing.
Padaji kroupy.
108
se
25.WEATHER
puddle
IouZe, kaluZ
to clear up
ryjasnit
raindrop
de5t'ov6 kapka
rainbow
duha
to be flooded
b1t zaplaven
(thick/dense) fog
(hust6) mlha
floods
ziplavy
(fine) mist
(jemny) opar, mlha
to be rain-drenched/soaked
byt promok$
harylmistylfoggy
mlhavo
to get wet through/
promoknout na ktZi
(chladnf/teplf ...) ziv an
thunder
hrom
vdtru, viinek
flash of lightning
blesk
clap/cracVrolV
fder hromu
se
get drenched through
WIND AND STORM
(cool/warm...) breeze
(mild/strong...) wind
(mirnli/silnf
to blow (hard)
(silnd) foukat
crash ofthunder
windy
vdtrno
to thunder
himdt
It's windy.
Fouk6 vitr.
to strike
udeiit
clustery
vdtrny, bouilivy
hurricane/typhoon
hurikdn, tajfun
gale
vichiice
tornado
smrSt',
storm
bouie
...)
vitr
torn6do
SNOW AND FROST
mild/severe winter
mirn6/krut6 zima
ground frost
piizemnimriz
cold spell/cold snap
studend vlna, obdobi
to shiver/tremble with cold
ti6st
chladna
to be
chilly
sychravy, mraziwi
frosty
frozen (stiff)
se
zimou
bjtzmrzli,, promrz$
to freeze to death
umrznout
mrazivy,ledovf
icy (roads ...)
zledovat6$ (silnice ...)
to snow (heavily)
(hustd) sndZit
icylfrosty (wind
snon{all
sn6Zeni, chumelenice
icy cold
studenf jako led
It's snowing.
SndZi.
black ice
nriledi, n|mraza
crisp
kiupary
icicle
rampouch
powdery
syph.i, prachovy
to thadmelt
t6t
packed (snow)
udusany (snih)
thaw
t6ni, obleva
snor{lake
sndhov6 vloika
hoarfrost
jinovatka
to pile up
hromadit
snowdrifts
zAvdje
to clear the snow
odklidit snih
snowstorm/blizzard
sndhovi bouie, v6nice
It's freezing (hard).
(Silnd)Mrzne.
se
hard/heavy/sharp/severe frost silnf mr6z
...)
ledovy (vitr...)
The snow is beginning to melt. Snih zadin6 t6t.
It thawed overnight.
Pies noc byla obleva.
The lake thawed last month.
Rybnik rozmrznul minuly
m6sic.
It's sleeting.
fe pliskanice. (Pad6 d65t' se
sndhem.)
slush
biedka
mud
bl6to
109
25. WEATHER
WEATHER CONDITIONS: what's the weather
girl's outlook for the week?
NOTES
110
FILM AND CINEMA
silent/feature film
ndmli/celovederni film
to make/shoot
(romantic) comedy
(romantick6) komedie
director
reiis6r
slapstick comedy
groteska
producer
producent
drama
drama
film crew
filmori
thriller
napinavf film
cameraman
kameraman
western
western
scriptwriter
sc6n6rista
action/horror/war film
akdni/hororovf/vdlednf film
screenplay
filmor"1; sc6n6i
love story
milostnyi piib6h
make-up artist
mask6r
tearjerker (inf)
doj6k
special efiects
specidlni efekty, triky
cartoon
kreslenf film
soundtrack
hudba k filmu
animated film
animovanf film
trailer
fi lmovd
to dub
dabovat
critic
kritik
subtitles
titulky
review
kritika (dl6nek)
(all-star/star-filled) cast
(hvdzdn6) hereck6 obsazeni
cinema
kino
actor
herec
multiplex
multikino
actress
hereika
cinerna-goer
ndvStdvnik kina
to star
ritinkovat v hlavni roli
What's on at the cinema
Co dnes ddvaji v kin6?
filmov6 hvdzda
today?
tych|zejicihvlzda
ticket for (a film)
listek na (film)
box-office hit/
blockbuster (inf)
trh6k, senzace
film star
a
rising star
roli
a
film
natodit film
St6b
uk6zka (reklama)
leading/principal actor
herec v hlavni
supporting role
vedlej5i role
sfuntman/woman
kaskad6r/ka, dvojnik/
dvojnice
flop (inf)
propad6k
premiere
premi6ra
jit
X-ratedfilm
film nevhodnfpro ddti
to go to an audition
na konkurz
a
mladistv6
THEATRE
AT THE THEATRE
theatregoer
pravidelnf n6vStdvnik
divadla
auditorium
hlediStd
stage
jeviStd
aisle
ulidka
seat
sedadlo
the stalls
sedadla v piizemi
box
I6Le
balcony
balk6n
dress circle
prvni balk6n
boxoffice
pokladna
sold out
complimentary ticket
usher(ette)
uvaddd(ka)
theatre programme
divadelni program
in the wings
v zrlkulisi, za oponou
backstage
zrikulisi
dressing room
Satna
orchestra
pit
misto pro orchestr
prompter
divadelni ndpovdda
cosfume
kostym
set
sc6na
scenery
kulisy
stage prop
rekvizita
vyprod6no
rehearsal for/of
(Romeo and iuliet)
divadelni zkouSka
voln6 vstupenka do divadla
dress rehearsal
generiilni zkou5ka (pied
piedstavenim)
cloakroom
Satna
to rehearse a play
zkouSet, nacviiovat hru
lobby
hala
for the theatre
111
(Romea a |ulie)
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
THEATRE STAFF
farce
fraika
play
hra
three-act play
hra o tiech jedn6nich
playwright
dramatik
pantomime
pantomima
actor
herec
musical
muzik6l
actress
heredka
matin6e
odpoledni piedstaveni
hero
hlavni hrdina
evening performance
vederni piedstaveni
heroine
hlavni hrdinka
first night/premiere
premi6ra
lead/leading/starring role
hlavni role
full/emptyhouse
vyprodan6/pr6zdn6 hledi5td
supporting role/part
vedlej5i role
the curtain rises/opens/
opona se zved6
major/minor/title role
vi znamn|I mal6ltitulni role
goes up
to take the part of Romeo
ujmout
the curtain falls/closes/
se
role Romea
to play/act the part of Romeo
hr6t roli Romea
to be cast in the role/part
byt obsazen do role
to cast sb in the male/
female lead
obsadit koho do hlavni
muZsk6/2ensk6 role
a
stand-in for sb
dvojnik, dubl6r koho
understudy
z6skok, ndhradnik
extra
komparzista, statista
stage manager
divadelni reZis6r
costume designer
n6vrh6i kostimt
make-up artist
mask6r
kulis6k
stagehand
opona kles6
goes down
outstanding/poor perfomance
vynikaj icilslabf herecky
vykon
to play in
a
convincing way
hr6t piesvdddivd
The performance was a success, Piedstaveni mdlo rispdch.
to clap/applaud
tleskat
applause
potlesk
standing ovation
potlesk vstoje
to geVwin a round of applause sklidit potlesk
loud/thunderous applause
bouilivli potlesk
curtain call
viwolini pied oponu
to have
a
long run
mit iadu repriz, dlouho
bdZet v divadle
PERFORMANCE
to be on/be shown/be playing hr6t
se, bf1 na
programu
box-offi ce hiVblockbuster (inf) trh6k, senzace
failure/flop (inf)
propadrlk
to hiss/boo
vypiskat
uv6st hru, zahr6t piedstaveni
to learn/forget one's lines
naudit se/zapomenout text
tragedy
trag6die
to have stage fright
mit tr6mu
comedy
komedie
blues, rap, punk,
,,Romeo and
Dnes veier hraji ,,Romeo
fuliet"
is playing tonight.
to put on/perform
a
a
play
fulie".
MUSIC AND CONCERT
MUSIC
to play music
hrdt hudbu
heavymetal ...
blues, rap, punk,
heavy metal ...
to listen to music
poslouchat hudbu
to form
zaloZit hudebni skupinu
skl6dat hudbu
to read music
to write/compose music
to set/put sth to music
zhudebnit co
musician
muzikant
composer
skladatel
singer
zpEvik
I
I
high/lownote
rysokf/nizkf t6n
tune/melody
n6pdv, melodie
lyrics
text pisnd
hudba
to sing/play in tune
zpivatlhrAt distd
classicaVchamber music
vdZn6lkomorni hudba
out oftune
faleSnd
symphony
symfonie
female/male voice
Zensh.iimuZsk'.i hlas
sonata
son6ta
soprano
sopriin
overfure
piedehra
alto
alt
musical style
hudebni styl
mezzo soprano
mezzosopr6n
poplrockl jazzlcountrymusic
popovd/rockov6 I jazzov 6 I
country hudba
tenor
tenor
baritone
baryton
vocal/live/recorded music
v
ok|lniI Liv 6 I reprodukovand
112
t
zn6t noty, umdt hr6t/zpivat
podle not
nota, t6n
i
i
band/group
note
I
I
a
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
A NIGHT AT THE THEATRE: come up with a story to explain Rob and Diane's night at the theatre.
NOTES
113
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
bass
bas
kettledrum
tymp6ny
to improvise
improvizovat
drumstick
paliika na buben
to play by ear
hr6t bez not, podle sluchu
to beat drums
bubnovat
to be musical/have an ear
for music
mit hudebni sluch
cymbals
dinely
to be tone-deaf
nemit hudebni sluch
rylophone
triangle
xylofon
tambourine
tamburina
keyboard
kllvesov,y' n6stroj
MUSICAt INSTRUMENTS
stringed instrument
string
smydcov'.i nristroj
struna
bow
smydec
violin
housle
cello
violoncello
viola
viola
double bass
kontrabas
to pluck
brnkat
plectrum/pick (inf)
trsdtko
acoustic/electric guitar
akustick6/elektrick6 \rtara
banjo
bendZo
mandolin
mandolina
harp
harfa
woodwind/wind instrument
dechornli ndstroj
flute
fl6tna
piccolo
triangl
piano
klavir
organ
varhany
AT A CONCERT
to give a concert
poiddat koncert, koncertovat
orchestra
orchestr
band/group
hudebni skupina, kapela
conductor
dirigent
podium
p6dium
the audience
publikum
soloist
s6lista
accompanist
doprovod
choir
pdveclcy sbor
vocalist
vokalista
microphone
mikrofon
pikola
pianist
klavirista
saxophone
saxofon
guitarist
clarinet
klarinet
\rtarista
drummer
bubenik
oboe
hoboj
flautist
fl6tnista
bassoon
fagot
saxophonist
mouth organ
foukaci harmonika
bagpipes
dudy
brass instrument
Zest'orni
trumpet
trumpeta
trombone
trombon
n6stroj
the strings/the string
saxofonista
section
smydce (hudebnici hrajici na
smydcov6 ndstroie)
woodwinds/the woodwind
dechovd (hudebnici hrajici
na dechov6 n6stroje)
the brass
Zestd (hudebnici
Zest'ov6
horn
trubka
French horn
lesni roh
hrajici na
ndstroje)
the percussion
bici (hudebnici hrajici na
bici n6stroje)
syntetizitor
tuba
tuba
synthesiser
percussion
bici ndstroj/e/
to accompany sb (on the piano) doprovodit koho (na klavir)
drum
buben
fan
fanouSek
chapter
kapitola
BOOKS AND READING
BOOK
spine
hibet
Passage
rirlwek
binding
vazba
paragraph
odstavec
cover
obal
line
i6dek
bookjacket
kniini piebal
page
strdnka
title
n6zev knihy
flyleaf
pieds6dka knihy (volnf list)
subtitle
podtitul
introduction
rivod
contents
obsah
preface/foreword
piedmluva
114
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
epilogue
doslov
sequel
pokratov6ni, dalSi dil
blurb
vydavatelsk6 anotace
biography
biografie
dedication
vdnovini
autobiography
autobiografie
appendix
dodatek
diary
denik
bibliography
bibliografie
reference book
piirudka
index
rejstiik
encyclopedia
encyklopedie
illustration
ilustrace
thesaurus
naudnf slovnik, Iexikon
graphics
grafika
atlas
atlas
hardback
v6zan6 kniha
coursebook/textbook
udebnice
paperback
broZovan6 kniha
dictionary
slovnik
copy
rltisk
handbook/manuaVguide book piirudka, prtvodce
reprint
pietisk, dotisk
bestseller/blockbuster (inf )
bestseler,
to publish
rydat
trash
brak, kfa
trhik
edition
edice, ndklad knihy
to translate into (French)
pieloZit do (francouzitiny)
READING
review
kdtika
voracious/avid reader
horlivy, velloy' dten6i
literary critic/reviewer
liter6rni kritik
bookworm
knihomol
plot
z6pletka
well-read
sedtdli?
character
postava
readable
itivy,zajimavy
setting
prostiedi
well-written
dobie napsanf
to read sth from coverto cover piedist co od zaddtku do
konce
LITERATURE
author/writer
autor, spisovatel
to read sth atlin one sitting
piedist co jednim dechem
novelist
prozaik, romanopisec
Nemohl jsem se od t6 k"iZLy
literarygenre
llterirniLinr
I couldn't tear myself
away from the book
prose
pr6za
heavybook
obtiLn6, n6roin6 detba
poetry
poezie
dull/boringbook
nez6Livnd tetba
non-fiction
naudn6 literatura
to get around to the book
fiction
beletrie
detective/historicaV
romantic novel
napinavf/hist or icL<y I
dobrodruZnf rom6n
science
fiction
vddecko- fantastickf romdn
odtrhnout.
dostat se znovu k rozetten|
kniZce
to have several books going
mit ndkolikknih
rozedtenych najednou
to skip some parts
pieskodit ndjak6 d6sti
to finish the book
dodist
to reread sth
piedist si co znovu
kniiku
short story
povidka
love story
milostny rom6n
chicklit
to flick/leaf/browse
through sth
prolistovat co, projit
rom6n pro divky, Zeny
fairy tales
poh6dky
to skim/scan through sth
letmo piedist co
detective story/whodunit
detektivka
to pore over sth
prostudovat co, prodist co
thriller
horror
akdni, napinav'f piibdh
horor
zbELnE co
pedliv6
to plough through sth
prokousat se dim
sculpture
sochaisM, socha
workof art
umdleck6 dilo
ART AND HANDICRAFTS
contemporary/modern art
moderni umdni
artist
um6lec,
painter
malii
valuable
cenny,vzicn'i
sculptor
sochai
oil painting
olejomalba
visual arts
vftvarn6 umdni
abstract painting
abstraktni obraz
painting
malba
landscape
krajina
drawing
kresba
still life
zatlii
malii
115
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
portrait
portr6t
engravmg
rytectvi
self-portrait
autoportr6t
woodworking
pr6ce se dievem
acrylic/oil paints
akrylov6/olej ov6 barvy
pottery
hrndiistvi
pastels
pastely
potter's wheel
hrndiish.i kruh
easel
maliiskf stojan
clay
hrndiiskd hlina
palette
paleta
modelling
model6iswi
brush
Stdtec
jewellery making
vyroba Sperkri
art gallery
umdleck6 galerie
glass painting
malovfni na sklo
art collector
sbdratel umdni
sewing
Siti
to exhibit
lystavovat
embroidery
vy5iv6ni
exhibition
l fstava
crochet
h6dkov6ni
photography
fotografovrini
lace-making
palidkov6ni
camera
fotoapar6t
weaving
tkani
handicraft
iemesln6 vfroba, rudni
macram6
drh6ni
p16ce
116
26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
ENTERTAINMENT: what entertainment do these people enjoy?
NOTES
117
NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES
the press
tisk
leading story/article
hlavni zpr6valdl6nek
in the local/national
v mistnich/celost6tnich
novin6ch
the front page
titulni str6nka
newspapef
editorial
rivodnik, redakdni komenti{"i
daily
denik
weekly
t'.idenik
monthly
mdsidnik
Sunday newspaper
neddlni noviny
tabloid
bulv6rni pldtek
the gutter press
bulvdrni tisk
broadsheet
seri6zni tisk
TV and radio guide
periodical
pravidelnli dasopis
photographer
fotograf
paparazzi
senzacechtM lovci fotografii
circulation
ndklad novin
target audience
cilovd dtendisk6 obec
column
sloupek v novin6ch
report
zpr6va,
classified ad
inzerce
want ad
inzer6t,,hled6 se"
lonely hearts
sezn6meni (inzerce)
(comic) strip
kreslenf seri6l v periodiku
reporl|i,
televizni a rozhlasorli'
program
glossy magazine
dasopis tiStdny na kiidovdm
papiie
journal
dasopis (odborny)
supplement
piiloha novin
piedplatn6
reporter/journalist
zpravodaj, novin6i
subscription
editor
editor
to publish sth
zveiejnit co
proof-reader
korektor
to subscribe to sth
piedplatit si co
headline
hlavni titulek
to skim/scan
zbdLnd prodist,
bannerheadline
palcovy titulek
to flickthrough sth/
prolistovat, prohl6dnout si co
to be in/make/grab/
hit the headlines
plnit titulni str6nky novin
prol6tnout
leafthrough sth
TELEVISION
television/TV (inf )/telly (inf )
televize
live broadcast
iiv6 rysil6ni
the box (inf)/the tube (inf)
televize
current affairs
aktuiilni ud6losti
to watch television/TV
divat se na televizi
reporter
report6r
v televizi
interviewer
moder6tor (rozhovoru)
to turn on/off
l'lpnout/zapnout
documentary
dokument6rni film
to turn down/turn up
ztlumit/zesilit zvuk
series
iada, s6rie
to change the channel
piepnout (na jinii kan6l)
television serial
televizni seridl
piepnout na (CNN ...)
on television/on
TV
to switch over to (CNN
three-part serial
tiidflny seri6l
screen
obrazovka
soap opera
telenovela
controls
ovl6drini
sitcom
situadni komedie
remote control
d6lkov'f ovladat
talkshodchat show
talk show
television broadcast
televizni rysiliini
reality show
reality show
channel
televizni kanril
presenter
moderdtor, hlasatel
terrestrial
pozemni
host
moderdtor (show apod.)
cable
kabelov6
to host
satellite
satelitni
music programme
hudebni poiad
digital
digitdlni
Yllveejay
moder6tor hudebnich poiadri
the news
zpr6vy
game show
soutdZni poiad
newsreader/anchor
hlasatel zpr6v
quiz show
vddomostni soutdi
prime time
hlavni vysilaci ias
sports programme
sportovni poiad
...)
118
a
show
uvfddt z6bavnf program
27. MEDIA
commentator
moder6tor sportovniho
preview
upout6vka na televizni
poiadu
commercial
program
reklama
webcast
webov6
licence fee
koncesion6isky poplatek
vysillni
RADIO
to listen to the radio
poslouchat rozhlas
studio
studio
on the radio
v rozhlasu
radio programme
poiad v rozhlase
to turn the radio on/off
zapnout/vypnout r6dio
news
zprfuy
to turn the radio down/up
ztlumit/zesflit zvuk r6dia
newsreader
hlasatel zprdv
to tune in to a radio station
naladit si rozhlasovou stanici
announcer/presenter
broadcast
vysil6ni
rozhlasovf hlasatel,
moder6tor
frequency
frekvence
to host
vlnov6 d6lka
phone-in
wavelength
long-/medium-/short-wave
a
talk shodchat show moderovat talk show
dlouhri/stiedni/k6tka
vlnov6 d6lka
lf'
0
119
poiad s telefonichy'mi dotazy
posluchadt
27. MEDIA
THE MEDIA: compare and contrast these pictures.
o
l-Iml
\a
.,)'rz Y/-/ v
g/?
NOTES
120
TELEPHONING
to pick up/lift the receiver
zvednout sluch6tko
local/long distance call
mistni/mezimdstskf hovor
to dial
vytodit dislo
area code
sm6rov6 dislo
zavolat na dislo
to look up the number
ryhledat dislo
to answer the phone
zvednout sluch6tko
(reagovat na zvondni)
phone book/
telephone directory
telefonni seznam
to take the phone
(in the office)
vzit si hovor (v kancel6ii)
to get through to sb
dovolat se komu
to call about sth
volat ohlednd deho
to leave
zanechatvzkaz
number
a
to phone
to make
a
a
number
call
zavolat si
to get/receive a call
mit hovor
to be on the phone
byt na telefonu
to speak on the phone
mluvit po telefonu
to calUphone (up)/ring sb
zavolat komu
to give sb a calUgive sb a ring
zavolat komu
to use sb's phone
zavolat si z nddiho telefonu
to call sb back
zavolat komu nazpitek
bylover the phone
telefonicllF
to replace/hang up
zavdsit, poloZit (sluchitko)
to take
a message
a message
pi edat v zkaz, v zkizat ndco
answering machine
telefonni zlznamnk
voicemail
hlasov6 schr6nka
to speak up
mluvit nahlas
The line is engaged/busy.
Linka je obsazena.
to hold on/hold the line
nezavdSovat
to dial thewrong number
vytoiit
5patn6 dislo
to mistake sb for someone else spl6st si ndkoho
jinf-
(the receiver)
s
ndh/m
to mishear
pieslechnout, Spatnd
rozum6t
telefonni automat
to be cut off
bjt pieruien
phone booth
telefonni budka
reverse charge calUcollect call hovor na irdet volan6ho
mobile phone
mobilni telefon
fale5ny telefon6t
utet za telefon
hoax/crank call (BrE)/
prankcall (AmE)
phone card
telefonni karta
anonymous call
anonl'rnni telefondt
text message
textov6 zprAva
to slam down the phone
pr6sknout
posilat zprivy
to call a doctor/the police/
piivolat l6kai
a cab, etc.
taxi atd.
to hang up on sb
zavdsit komu
payphone
phone
bill
to text/text message
incoming/outgoing calls
piichozi/ o dch |zejici hov ory
(ndkdo si tropi ierty)
s
telefonem
e/
p
oliciiI
THE INTERNET
to have access to
mit piistup na internet
to check one's email
the Internet/the Net
zkontrolovat si e-mailovou
poStu
to be connected
byt piipojen
connection
piipojeni
seryice provider
poskltovatel
email address
e-mailov6 adresa
uZivatel
inbox
schrfnka (piichozi po5ta)
sid
to attach
piipojit (soubor)
attachment
piiloha
user
network
to send/receive/save an email poslat/piij mout/uloZit
zpritlu
to log in/on to sth
piihl6sit
kdemu
to log ofi/out
odhl6sit se
to visit sb's website/chat room navStivit nddi webovou
str6nku/chat
password
heslo
to be posted on the website
byt umistdn na webov6
user name
uZivatelskd jm6no
web page
webovd str6nka
chatroom
chatovaci mistnost
to surf the Net
surfovat po internetu
to browse
prohliZet, hledat
se,
piipojit
se
to be online/offline
bj't piipojen/odhl65en
to download (a file)
stihnout (soubor)
to contact sb by email
spojit se s kirn elektronicky
str6nce
121
28. COMMUNICATION
to search for sth
hledat co
to find sth on the Internet
nal|zt co na internetu
(web) browser
internetovf prohliZet
to shop online
nakupovat po internetu
POST OFFICE SERVICES
writing paper/notepaper
dopisni papir
airmail
Ietecky
envelope
obdlka
surface mail
pozemni po5tou
stamp
zn6mka
special delivery
spd5nd
postcode
smdrovaci iislo
postbox
po5tovni schr6nka
postage
poitovn6
letterbox
dorutovaci schr6nka
to put a stamp on sth
nalepit zn6mku na co
to drop in the postbox
hodit do schrrinky (veiejn6)
to clear one's letterbox
lybrat
sender
odesflatel
addressee
adresdt
to enclose sth
piiloZit co
enclosure
piiloha
si schriinku
(soukromou)
to collect sth at the post office vyzvednout si co na po5td
(to deliver/be notified etc)
(dorudit/byt vyrozumdn
bypost
atd.) po5tou
to get lost in the post
ztratit
to hand in at the counter
podat u piep|Llg,
letter
dopis
postcard
pohled
package/parcel
balik
junkmail
neryZ6dand po5ta
toweigh
zviLit
postman/postwoman
poStovni dorudovatel/ka
scales
vrlhy
poslat dopis/balik
the contents
obsah
to deliver
dorudit
Fragile
Pozor, kiehk6
by recorded delivery/
by registered post
doporudend
Handlewith care
Zachizejte opatrnd
This side up
Neklopit
to send sth COD
poslat co na dobirku
Urgent
Piln6
for the attention of sb
k rukdm koho
c/o (care of)
b1tem, na adresu
to post
a
letter/parcel
(cash on delivery)
return address
zp6tedni adresa
postal order
po5tovni poukdzka
se
po5tou,
pii
dorudeni
to open one's post
otewft si svou po5tu, dopisy
apod.
(piechodn6ho bydlistd)
l1
\
122
28. COMMUNICATION
TELEPHONING: tell the tragic story of the telephone catastrophe.
"f^'\t,
Zn/
--
/ -/
'/
rLz
\ -z':
u
t-t-V-'r/
-4
NOTES
123
CRIMES AND CRIMINALS
TOWARDS THINGS AND PROPERTY
to commit
a
crime/an ofience sp6chat zlodin/piestupek
ahijacking
fnos
hijacker
tinosce
to threaten
vyhroZovat
petty/serious crime
drobnylvSLni, zlotin
violent crime
n6silnli trestny
to break into (a shop)
vloupat se do (obchodu)
missing
to steal sth from sb
ukrfst co komu
wanted
hledanli
theft
l<r6dei., odcizeni
to blackmail
rydirat
thief
zlodtj
blackmail
vydir6ni, vyddradsM
to rob (a bank)
vyloupit, vykr6st (banku)
blackmailer
vyddrai
robbery
l<ridei., vloup6ni
to extort (money) from sb
vydirat (penize) od koho
robber
lupid, zloddj
to rape
zn6silnit
to rob sb ofsth
okr6st koho o co
rape
zn6silndni
to burgle
vloupat se, lyloupit
rapist
n6silnfk
botglnty
vloup6ni
attempted rape
pokus o zn6siln6ni
burglar
pachatel vloup6ni
rape victim
obdt' zn6silndni
stolen (cars, valuables ...)
kradenf
to murder
zawaLdit
to nick (inf)/pinch sth (inf)
,,5tipnout" co, ukr6st co
murder
vrai.da
to shoplift
krdst v obchodech
murderer
vrah
shoplifting
kr6deZ v obchodech
attempted murder
pokus o vraidu
shoplifter
zloddj (v obchodd)
murderweapon
vrai,edn|zbrah
pickpocket
kapesni zlod6j
manslaughter
nerimysln6 zabiti
to poach
pytladit
felony
hrdelni zlodin
poaching
pytladeni
to assassinate
ukladnd zawaLdit
poacher
pytl6k
assassin
atent6tnik
arson
Zh6istvi
arsonist
i:hei
CHEATING AND OTHER DISHONEST
riot/fight
vytrZnicM, rvadka
BEHAVIOUR
rioter
vtlrLnk
to cheat
iin
to demand
a
ransom
a
pohie5ovany
podv6ddt
cheat
podvod, podvodnik
to cheat sb out ofsth
TOWARDS PEOPLE
poZadovat uy'kupn6
o5idit, piipravit koho o co
to attack sb
napadnout koho
to con sb out
of
to beat sb up
zbit koho
(an amount)
(inf)
to assault sb
piepadnout koho
con (inf)
podtuk
assault
piepadeni
zloddjna
to mug
piepadnout
rip-off(inf)
crook (inf)
mugging
piepadeni na ulici
to rip sb off
mugger
ndsilnik azlodEj
,, nat6hnout koho', nariitovat
vice
to defend oneself against/
brdnit
to be taken in
nechat se nap6lit, oSidit
to embezzle
zpronevdiit
zpronev6ra
from
se
a
okr6st na ulici
komu
sb
oSidit koho o (d6stku)
darebrik, lump, podvodnik
in self-defence
v sebeobrand
embezzlement
to kidnap sb/abduct sb
un6st koho
embezzler
defraudant
kidnapping/abduction
fnos
to smuggle
pa5ovat
kidnapper/abductor
fnosce
smuggling
paSov6ni
hostage
rukojmi
smugglgl
paier6k
forger
paddlatel
to hijack
unest Qetadlq vozidlq lod apod)
124
29. CRTME
I
I
I
l
forgery
paddl6ni
under the table
naierno (platba)
forgery/fake
paddlek
to bribe
uplatit
counterfeit/fake/false
(money, goods...)
pad6laqi, zfal5ovany,
nepravtr...
bribery
riplatk6istvi, podpl6ceni
piracy
plagi6torsM
to accept/take
pirate
plagi6tor
to bootleg
nez6konnd r,yr6bdt
a
corruption
proddvat
bootleg (recordings, alcohol ...) nezrikonnd vindbdny
a
korupce
a
bribe
piijmout riplatek
to forge/fake/counterfeit
paddlat, zfalSovat
to betray
zradit
treason
(vele)zrada
prod6vany
THE CRIMINAL CAUGHT
victim
ob6t'
to arrest sb/nick sb (inf)
(main/chief) suspect
(hlavni) podeziel6 osoba
to put handcufis on
culprit
vinik
to be taken to a police
accused
obvin6nf
criminal
zlodinec
to launch a search/manhunt
ryhl6sit p[.crirrri
extensive
rozsdhl6
nationwide
celost6tni
international
mezindrodni
to search sth
prohledat co
to search for sb
p6trat po kom
sb
station blt
to hold/keep sb in custody
to issue awarrant
vydat zatykai
to suspect sb of sth
podeziivat koho z deho
to search sb for sth
prohledat koho lcwili demu
to leave sb's
zanechat sv6 otisky (na tem)
fingerprints (on sth)
zatknout, zadrZet koho
nasadit pouta komu
odveden na policejni
stanici
drZet koho ve ly5etiovaci
vazbd
to escape/get away
uniknout
to investigate
ry5etiovat
investigation
vy5etiov6ni
to interrogate
vysllichat
interrogation
ryslech
eyewitness
odity svddek
to make up
vymyslet si
(the whole story, etc.)
(celou historku apod.)
to take
podstoupit test na
detektoru lZi
a
lie detector test
to prove
dok6zat
to confuse the police
zm6st policii
evidence
dfikaz
disguise
pievlek, piestrojeni
to produce an alibi
poskltnout alibi
to be caught red-handed/
byt piichycen pii dinu
to help the police
pomdhat policii
with their inquiries
pii ryietiovrlni
in the act
AT COURT
to be charged with sth/
be accused ofsth
b;it obvindn z deho
to face an accusation of sth
delit obvindni z aeho
false accusation
faleSn6
to pay bail
zaplatit kauci
to release sb on bail
propustit koho na kauci
court case
soudni piipad
trial
st6ni, soudni
to take sb to court
zaZalovat koho
to appear in court
dostavit se k soudu
to be on trial for sth/
be tried for sth
b1t v soudnim iizeni
lo.fili demu
courtroom
soudni
the judge
soudce
obvindni
sii
liieni
the
jury
porota
defendant/the accused
obZalovanf
the prosecution
obZaloba
prosecutor
Zalobce,
the defence
obhajoba
barrister
obh5jce, advok6t
in the dock
v lavici obZalovanfch
in the witness box
v lavici svddkt
to hear the case
projedn6vat piipad
to examine the evidence
proSetiit drikazy
to hear the witnesses
rysly5et svddky
to be under oath
byt pod piisahou
to testify
svddtit, vlpovidat
testimony
v,1ipov6d
125
prokur6tor
29. CRTME
TYPES OF CRIME: which crime is illustrated in each of these pictures?
NOTES
126
29. CRTME
perjury
kiiv6 vypovdd
to be acquitted/
convicted ofa charge
byt zproStdn/usvddden
i
to order sb to pay
z obvindni
to drop the charges against sb stShnout obvindni proti
ndkomu
to plead guilty/confess
piiznat se, doznat se
to rule (in sb's favour)
to increase/reduce
to serve
rozhodnout (v di prospdch)
to give the verdict
r.yn6st rozsudek
to find sb guilty/
innocent of a crime
shledat koho vinnfm/
nevinnlim ze zloiinu
to sentence sb to
(2 years in prison, etc.)
odsoudit koho k (dvdma
letrim odn6ti svobody apod.)
to be sentencedtolgetl
bjt
a
a
a
sentence
fine
sentence
zqrsit/sniiit trest
naiidit komu zaplatit pokutu
odpyk6vat si trest
light/stiff sentence
mirnli trest
heavy sentence
piisny trest
suspended sentence
podmindny trest
life imprisonment
odn6ti svobody na doZivoti
death penalty/
trest smrti
capital punishment
to get awaywith...
qw6znout s...
to go free
to put sb behind bars (inf)
poslat koho zamiiLe
uniknout trestu
to release sb/set sb free/free sb propustit koho na svobodu,
osvobodit koho
(un)just punishment
(ne)spravedlivy trest
cell
cela
to appeal against one's
to order sb to do
naiidit komu rykon6vat
be given...
community service
odsouzen k...
conviction
odvolat se proti rozsudku
to appeal to the highest courts odvolat se k nejryisimu
soudu
veiejnd prospdin6 pr6ce
/%
127
29. CRTME
THE MURDER INVESTIGATION: tell the story of how Mrs Rose ended up behind bars.
NOTES
128
DEATH
to be close to death
byt na pokraji smrti
to die/pass away
zemiit, zesnout
cause ofdeath
piitina smrti
to die in one's sleep
zemiit ve sprinku
vykrvScet
to commit suicide
sp6chat sebewaZdu
to freeze to death
umrznout
to die young/poor
zemiit mlady/chudy
to burn to death
uhoiet
to die
to drown
utonout
to bleed to death
to die anatural/violent
to die in an
death
accident
to die from cancer/injuries...
zemiit na rakovinu/na
zran|ni...
hero/a martyr
a
zemiit jako hrdina/
muiednik
to die for sth
zemiitpiirozenou/n6silnou
smrti
to do
zemiit pii nehodd
to die of starvation/old age ... zemiit hladem/vdkem
zemiitza co
post-mortem/
autopsy on sb
prov6st ohled6ni mrtvoly
na kom
coroner
koroner
a
...
FUNERAL
funeral
pohieb, smutedni obiad
graveyard/cemetery
hibitov
to go to/attend sb's funeral
jit komu
the mourners
obituary
rimrtni ozn6meni, parte
truchlici, pozfrstali (na
pohibu)
undertaker
zam6stnanec pohiebniho
the bereaved
pozristali
fstavu
bereavement
bolestn6 ztr6ta, umrti
burial
pohibeni
to express sympathy
projevit soustrast
cremation
kremace
condolence
kondolence
buried
pohiben do zemd
to mourn/grieve for sb
truchlit pro koho
burned/cremated
zpopelndn
to mourn sb's death
oplakdvat nddi smrt
coffin
na pohieb
rakev
to be in mourning
mit, driet smutek
urn
urna
to wear mourning (dress)
nosit smutek, smutedni Saty
hearse
pohiebni vtz
to seeVfind solace
hledat/najit utdchu
grave
hrob
to be a solace to sb
byt utdchou komu
gravestone/tombstone
n6hrobni k6men
to make
funeral procession
smutetni prrivod
to bequeath/leave sth to sb
odk6zat co komu
funeral oration
smutedni proslov
to bequeath sb a fortune
odk6zat komu jmdni
to lay
poloZit vdnec
a
wreath
v-v
a
:tlN IJ Wra
\4 rt b'*.r
b.€N
r3
(\a*o$
last
Y o\0"
q;;
129
will
udinit
zdvEt'
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