Honors Anatomy Final Review

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Honors Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam Review
Vocabulary Terms
Anatomy
Parietal
Synarthrosis
Subluxation
Ligament
Anaerobic
Neuroglia
Hypertension
Ingestion
Chyme
Digestion
Physiology
Sebaceous glands
Amphiarthrosis
Dislocation
Sarcomere
Somatic
Hemostasis
Depolarization
Digestion
Bolus
Boyle’s Law
Key Concepts
• Know the general function of
each body system
• Body planes
• Body cavities- diagram
• Layers of the epidermis
• Skin diagram
• Long, short, irregular, flat and
sesamoid bones
• Spongy vs. compact bone
• Axial vs. appendicular skeleton
• Growth plates
• Diagram of a long bone
• Types of synovial joints
• Types of fibrous joints
• Types of cartilaginous joints
• Synovial joint diagram
• Joint movements
• Types of muscles
• Layers of connective coverings
of muscle
• Parts of a muscle diagram
• Fast twitch vs. slow twitch
muscles
• Parts of a sarcomere diagram
• Neuromuscular junction diagram
• CNS vs PNS
• Brain internal diagram
• Gray vs. white matter
• Sensory vs. motor neurons
• Steps in a synapse
Visceral
Hypodermis
Diarthosis
Tendon
Aerobic
Autonomic
Erythroblastosis fetalis
Repolarization
Peristalsis
Hydrolysis
Surfactant
• Synapse diagram
• Blood types- antigens and
antibodies
• How to blood type
• Types of formed elements and
their functions
• Arteries vs. veins vs. capillaries
• Heart diagram
• Valve locations
• Parts of the heart and their
functions
• Heart wall layers
• EKG chart diagram
• Salivary glands
• Parts of a tooth
• Organs and accessory organs of
the digestive system
• Parietal, chief and goblet cell
secretions
• Parts of the small intestine
• Intrinsic factor
• Parts of the digestive system
diagram
• Upper vs. lower respiratory
system
• Trachea make-up
• Vocal cords- male vs. female
• Diagram of the respiratory
system
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