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BIOLOGY SCHEME OF WORK

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Schemes of Work Biology Form 1
TERM 1
WK
PRD
1–4
1-4
5
1
2 and 3
6
4
TOPIC
SUB-TOPIC
SPECIFIC
TEACHING/
TEACHING/ REMARKS
OBJECTIVES LEARNING
LEARNING
ACTIVITIES RESOURCES
Introduction Definition of By the end Discussion
to Biology: Biology;
of the lesson Note taking
Branches of learners
Informal
should be
Biology
lecture
able to:
define
Biology
state the
various
branches of
Biology
define the
various
branches of
Biology
Branches of By the end Discussion
Biology;
of the lesson Note taking
Characteristi learners
Short field
cs of living should be
excursion
able to:
things;
around the
define the
school
various
compound;
branches of Drawing;
Biology
state the
importance
of studying
Biology;
state and
explain the c
haracteristic
s of living
things;
name
various
apparatus
used in
collecting
living things;
draw
diagrams for
various
apparatus;
Comparison By the end Discussion
between
of the lesson Note taking
plants and learners
Drawing;
animals
should be
able to:
state the
differences
between
plants and
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 2;
Teachers’
Guide page
49 – 51;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 2 –
12 ;
Teachers’
Guide page
52
Live
specimens of
termite and
bean plant;
Chart
showing
living things;
Potted bean
plant in a
black box
with a single
hole;
various
apparatus
for collecting
animals and
plants;
collection
containers;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 7 –
12;
Teachers’
Guide page
52 – 54;
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1
2 and 3
7
4
1
animals;
Classificatio
By the end Discussion
nI
Introduction; of the lesson Note taking
learners
Drawing;
should be
able to:
define classif
ication;
state the
necessity of
classification
;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 14 –
15;
Teachers’
Guide page
54 – 55;
Specimens
of plants and
animals;
Charts and
photographs
of different
plants and
animals;
Major units By the end Discussion KLB,
of classificati of the lesson Note taking Principles of
on
learners
biology Book
Drawing
should be
1 page 17 –
able to:
18;
state the five
freshly
kingdoms of
collected
living
specimens of
organisms;
representativ
state the
es of various
kingdoms;
general
features of
charts with
each
diagrams
kingdom;
and
photographs
state the
seven units
of represent
atives of
of
various
classification
in correct
kingdoms;
order;
Binomial no By the end Discussion KLB,
menclature of the lesson Note taking Principles of
learners
biology Book
should be
1 page 17 –
able to:
18;
define nome
Teachers’
nclature and
Guide page
binomial no
56 – 58;
menclature;
state the
rules of
binomial no
menclature;
write
scientific
names of
organisms.
Features of By the end Observations KLB,
plants and of the lesson Discussion; Principles of
animals
learners
Note taking; biology Book
should be
1 page 19 –
Drawing;
able to:
21;
state the role
Teachers’
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2 and 3
8
External
features of
plants;
Roots;
4
Stem
1
Leaves
of the hand
lens;
state the
formula of
calculating
drawing mag
nification;
calculate ma
gnifications
of various
drawn
diagrams;
By the end Discussion
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing;
able to:
state
features of
plants used
in classificati
on;
State and
explain
features of
roots used in
classification
;
state the
various
modifications
of roots and
their
functions;
By the end Discussion
of the lesson Note taking
learners
Observation;
should be
able to:
state the
functions of
the stem;
state
features of
stem that
can be used
in classificati
on;
Guide page
58 – 59;
preserved
specimens of
various
plants and
animals;
a hand lens;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 22 –
25;
freshly
picked
specimens of
plant roots;
charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of plant
roots;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 26;
freshly
picked
specimens of
plant stems;
charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of plant
stem;
By the end Observation KLB,
of the lesson ;
Principles of
learners
Discussion biology Book
should be
Note taking 1 page 27 –
able to:
31;
state the
freshly
general
picked
functions of
specimens of
leaves;
plant leaves;
state the
charts
features of
showing
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leaves used
in classificati
on.
9
2 and 3
External
features of
animals;
4
Introduction By the end
to light
of the lesson
microscope; learners
should be
able to:
The Cell
1
2 and 3
By the end Discussion
of the lesson Note taking
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing
able to:
state the
external
features of
animals used
in classificati
on;
Observation
;
Discussion
Note taking
Drawing
define a cell;
define a
microscope;
describe the
structure of
a light
microscope;
Structure
By the end Discussion;
and
of the lesson Note taking;
functions of learners
Observation;
a light
should be
Drawing;
microscope able to:
calculate the
microscope
magnificatio
n;
name parts
of a light
microscope
and state the
functions of
each;
describe how
to use a light
microscope.
- Care of a
By the end Discussion;
light
of the lesson Note taking;
microscope; learners
Observation;
- Cell
should be
Drawing;
structures as able to:
Informal
seen under a state the
lecture;
light
care and
Class
microscope; handling of a experiment;
light
diagrams
and
photographs
of plant
leaves;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 31 –
33;
- freshly
picked
specimens of
animals;
- charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of animals;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 35 –
36;
Ref 2 page
A student
light
microscope;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 36 –
39;
Teachers’
Guide page
79 – 80;
- A student
light
microscope;
- prepared
slides of
various
specimens;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 39 –
45;
Teachers’
Guide page
81 – 84;
- A student
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10
4
Cell
structure as
seen under
electron
microscope;
1
Cell
structure as
seen under
electron
microscope;
microscope;
state the cell
structures as
seen under a
light
microscope;
draw plant
and animal
cells as seen
under a light
microscope;
mount a
specimen on
a glass slide;
state the
differences
between
plants and
animal cells;
compare
light and
electron micr
oscopes;
By the end Discussion
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing
able to:
define an
organelle;
describe the
structure
and
functions of
various cell
organelles;
cell wall;
cell
membrane;
By the end Note taking
of the lesson Drawing
learners
Class
should be
experiment
able to:
describe the
structure
and
functions of
various cell
organelles;
- cytoplasm;
- mitochondri
a;
- nucleus
Discussion
light
microscope;
- prepared
slides of
plant and
animal cells;
-glass slides
cover slips
and onion
bubls;iodine
stain; water
etc;
- scalpel;
dropper etc
- Wall carts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of plant and
animal cells;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 45;
- Wall charts
and
photographs
showing
plant cell
and animal
cell as seen
under
electron
microscopes;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 46 –
47;
- Wall charts
and
photographs
showing
plant cell
and animal
cell as seen
under
electron
microscopes;
- wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of various
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11
2 and 3
Cell
structure as
seen under
electron
microscope;
By the end Discussion;
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Drawing;
should be
able to:
describe the
structure
and
functions of
various cell
organelles;
endoplasmic
reticulum;
- ribosomes;
- centrioles;
- golgi
bodies;
4
Cell
structure as
seen under
electron
microscope;
By the end Discussion;
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Drawing;
should be
able to:
describe the
structure
and
functions of
various cell
organelles;
- lysosomes;
- vacuoles;
chloroplasts;
1
Preparation By the end
of temporary of the lesson
slides;
learners
should be
able to:
- prepare
temporary
slides;
- mount
sections
under a
microscope;
Discussion;
Note taking;
Class
experiment;
Observation;
Drawing;
cell
organelles;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 47 –
49;
- Wall charts
and
photographs
showing
plant cell
and animal
cell as seen
under
electron
microscopes;
- wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of various
cell
organelles;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 49 –
50;
- Wall charts
and
photographs
showing
plant cell
and animal
cell as seen
under
electron
microscopes;
- wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of various
cell
organelles;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 51 –
52;
- Student
light
microscope;
- herbaceous
plant shoots;
onion bulbs;
iodine stains;
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Estimation
of cell size;
2 and 3
12
4
1
2 and 3
By the end
of the lesson
learners
should be
able to:
- prepare
temporary
slides;
- mount
sections
under a
microscope;
- estimate
the size of a
cell;
Discussion;
Note taking;
Class
experiment;
Observation;
Drawing;
Cell speciali By the end Discussion
zation;
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing;
able to:
- define cell s
pecialization
- state
specialized
animal cells;
- State
examples of
specialized
plant cells;
- draw
diagrams of
specialized
animal cells
Tissues;
By the end Discussion;
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing;
able to:
- define a
tissue;
- state
various plant
tissues;
- describe
the structure
and function
of various
plant tissues
By the end Discussion;
of the lesson Note taking;
learners
Observation;
should be
Drawing;
able to:
- describe
the structure
glass slides;
cover slips;
water;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 52 –
53;
- Student
light
microscope;
- herbaceous
plant shoots;
onion bulbs;
iodine stains;
glass slides;
cover slips;
water;
ruler(mm);
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 53;
- Wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of
specialized
animal and
plant cells;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 54 –
55;
Wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of various
plant tissues;
Ref 1 page
54 – 57;
Wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
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13
4
1
and function
of various
plant tissues;
- state
various plant
tissues;
- describe
the structure
and function
of various
animal
tissues
Organs and By the end Discussion
organ
of the lesson Note taking
systems;
learners
Drawing
should be
able to:
- define the
term organ;
- define
organ
systems;
- give
examples of
organ and
organ
systems in
plant and
animals
End term
By the end Writing;
exams
of the lesson drawing and
learners
answering
should be
questions
able to:
2 and 3
End term
exams
4
End term
exams
- attempt
questions
asked in the
examination
papers
By the end
of the lesson
learners
should be
able to:
- attempt
questions
asked in the
examination
papers
By the end
of the lesson
learners
should be
able to:
- attempt
questions
asked in the
examination
papers
of various
plant and
animal
tissues;
KLB,
Principles of
biology Book
1 page 57 –
59;
- Wall charts
showing
diagrams
and
photographs
of various
plant and
animal
organs;
Exam paper
Writing;
Exam paper
drawing and
answering
questions
Writing;
Exam paper
drawing and
answering
questions
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TERM 2
WK
1
2
PRD
1
SUB-TOPIC
Cell Physiology
2 and 3
Cell Physiology;
4
Cell Physiology;
Osmosis
Cell Physiology
Osmosis
1
2 and 3
4
3
TOPIC
1
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Physiologic
processes;D
Osmosis
Osmosis;Wa
plant and an
Osmosis; H
plasmolysis
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2 and 3
4
4
1
2 and 3
4
5
1
2 and 3
6
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Cell Physiology
Nutrition In Plants.
Osmosis
Plasmolysis
Osmosis;
Wilting;
Osmosis
Role of osm
- Active tran
- Factors aff
transport;
- Role of act
living things
Comparison
osmosis and
Meaning an
nutrition;
- Types of n
- Autotrophi
- Photosynth
chemosynth
- Starch test
4
Importance
1
- External s
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2 and 3
4
7
8
1
- Internal st
- Internal s
- Internal st
2 and 3
- Structure
chloroplasts
- Adaptation
photosynthe
4
- Adaptatio
photosynthe
1
Requiremen
photosynthe
Chlorophyll;
2 and 3
Light;
Carbon (IV)
Water;
4
The process
photosynthe
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9
1
The dark st
2 and 3
Investigati
during photo
Factors affe
photosynthe
4
10
11
1
Factors affe
photosynthe
Chemical Compounds In Living
Things;
Carbohydra
2 and 3
Carbohydra
4
Uses of car
1
- Proteins;
Introduction
- Building bl
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2 and 3
12
Test for pro
Uses of prot
Lipids;
Test for lipid
Uses of lipid
4
Enzymes
1
Factors affe
action;
Temperatur
2 and 3
pH;
Properties o
4
13
Properties o
1
MID YEAR EX
2 and 3
4
TERM 3
WK
PRD
TOPIC
SUB-TOPIC
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1
2
1
Heterotrop
2 and 3
Modes of fe
Dentition in
4
Dentition
feeding;
Carnivores;
1
Herbivores
2 and 3
4
3
Nutrition In Animals
Herbivores
Omnivores
Human tee
1
Human tee
2 and 3
Common d
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4
4
Digestive s
The digesti
1
Digestive s
The digesti
2 and 3
4
5
Digestion i
Swallowing
Digestion
1
Digestion i
2 and 3
Digestion i
4
Digestion i
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6
1
2 and 3
7
8
Digestion i
Digestion i
The villus
4
Adaptation
1
Absorption
2 and 3
Egestion;A
4
Assimilatio
1
Vitamins a
2 and 3
4
Vitamins;
Minerals
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9
1
2 and 3
4
10
11
12
1
Minerals
Water
Roughage
Roughage
Factors de
requiremen
2 and 3
Factors de
requiremen
4
Factors de
requiremen
1
END YEAR
2 and 3
END YEAR
4
END YEAR
1
2 and 3
END YEAR
END YEAR
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4
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END YEAR
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