The Digestive System Your digestive system breaks down food so your body’s cells can use it to make energy. Digestion begins in your mouth, where food enters your body. As you chew, saliva mixes with food and begins to break it d own. When you swallow, the food moves down your esophagus, a long tube that connects your mouth to your stomach. Your stomach muscles squeeze the food to break it into smaller pieces. Chemicals mix with the food and help break it down, too. Next, the food moves to your small intestine, where nutrients from the food are absorbed into the bloodstream, and nourish your cells. Next, any food that was not absorbed moved onto your large intestine, where water is absorbed into your body. Then the rest of the food leaves your body.