Name: _______________________________________ Amoeba Sisters Mitosis 1. What do cuts healing, your nails getting longer, and growing all have in common? ______________________________________________ 2. Mitosis is a type of _______________________________ done by most of your body cells. 3. If cells didn’t divide, you wouldn’t __________________________________. 4. Mitosis is also great for ____________________ of damage. 5. Mitosis is NOT a process that makes ________________________ or ___________________ cells. That’s something different called ________________________________. 6. Mitosis is done to produce _________________ cells. 7. Mitosis makes ____________________________ cells. For example, you don’t want to make stomach cells to replace skin cells. 8. _______________________________ is uncontrolled cell growth. 9. What the cell is usually doing most of its daily life is actually a phase called ___________________________________. 10. In interphase, the cell is growing, ________________________________ its DNA, and carrying out its daily functions. 11. Mitosis is a very _________________________ amount of time in respect to the whole cell cycle. 12. The organelle called the ______________________ holds your DNA. 13. If you’re going to make more cells, you need to have the same _____________________ in those new cells as you did in your original cells. 14. DNA can be organized into condensed units called ______________________________________. Chromosomes are made of ________________ and _____________________________________. 15. ______________ chromosomes are found in most human body cell nuclei. 16. You have to ______________________ those chromosomes in interphase before mitosis starts. 17. Since we tend to count chromosomes by the _______________________ present, when the 46 chromosomes duplicate, we still say there are 46 chromosomes. 18. The sister ____________________________ are still attached and we’re counting by centromeres. 19. In interphase you went from 46 to ______________ centromeres. 20. In PMAT, the P is for _______________________________; the M is for ____________________________, the A is for _______________________________ and the T is for ____________________________________. 21. Since prophase is the beginning step, the __________________________ is still there. 22. In prophase, the chromosomes are ________________________ which means they are thickening and visible. 23. This is the stage where the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell. ___________________________ 24. During metaphase, the ____________________ has been disassembled. 25. In anaphase, the “A” can stand for _____________________________________. The chromosomes are moving to opposite sides of the cell. 26. They are moved by something called ______________________. 27. In telophase, the chromosomes are actually at the complete ____________________________ ends of the cell, and new _________________ are forming. 28. In telophase, the “T” can stand for _________________ because you can see that the end goal is going to be two cells. 29. _________________________________ is responsible for the final separation into two cells by splitting the ________________________. 30. Understanding mitosis is important for ______________________ research as well.