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Skeletal System Study Guide

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Chapter 6- Skeletal System Study Guide
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Functions of the Skeletal system
Bones of the Axial & Appendicular skeleton
Difference between tendon & ligament
Classification of Bones (be able to classify): long, short, flat, irregular, round
Anatomy of a Long Bone (define/label)
o Periosteum, epiphysis, diaphysis, medullary cavity, articular cartilage, red bone marrow
Compact Bone structure (define/label)
o Osteons, lacunae, central canal, canaliculi
Difference between compact and spongy bone
Osteoblasts, osteocytes, osteoclasts
How bones grow:
o Ossification, epiphyseal plate
Bone repair, how does it repair itself?
Naming of fractures:
o Complete, incomplete, simple, compound, impacted
Types of Fractures:
o Transverse, linear, oblique, spiral
Surface features of bone:
o Condyle, process, suture, malleolus, tuberosity, foramen
Major Bones for labeling:
o Skull: frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal bone, occipital bone, zygomatic bone, maxilla,
mandible
o Clavicle, scapula, sternum, ribs (true, false, floating, coastal cartilage), vertebral column
(cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx), ulna, radius, humerus, carpals, metacarpals,
phalanges (fingers & toes), tarsals, metatarsals, femur, patella, tibia, fibula
Joints:
o Fibrous (define & example)
o Cartilaginous (define & example)
o Synovial (define & examples)
 Saddle, ball and socket, pivot, hinge, gliding, condyloid
 Define: bursae, menisci
Movements:
o Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction, pronation, supination, inversion
eversion, elevation, depression
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