PANS LABYRINTH PP (2)

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Pans Labyrinth
By Gabriella Ortiz, Jennice, Claudia, and Ann
Time and place that film takes place (Q#1)
• …………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………….
• TAKE AS MANY SLIDES YOU NEED FOR ANSWERING THIS QUESTION
The psychological aspects
• Pans Labyrinth is chock-full of psychological elements. These
elements are portrayed through various forms of symbolism
throughout the film.
The Imaginary Stage
• French psychiatrist Jacques Lacan
proposed a theory of childhood
development that he called the
imaginary stage. This stage is
characterized by the connection of
mother and child. The child is
said to be “one with the mother”.
Ofelia exhibits this stage
throughout the movie until her
mother’s death.
The Imaginary Stage
• Ofelia is often shown
•
•
•
•
Clutching onto her mother
Sleeping with her mother
Discussing her mother’s great beauty
Finding comfort in her mother’s voice
All of these tendencies indicate the deep connection that Ofelia shares with her
mother.
Defense Mechanism
• Psychiatrist, George Eman Valliant
developed a four level classification
system of defense (coping)
mechanisms.
• Level I: The psychotic defenses
(delusional projection and distortion)
• Level II: The immature defenses
(schizoid fantasy)
Defense Mechanism Level I
• Delusional Projection: Ofelia has
delusions about her external reality.
Ex. Ofelia believes that a mandrake
root will save her mother from her
pregnancy related ailment.
• Distortion: Ofelia exhibits distortion
when she begins to reshape her
external reality to meet her internal
needs.
Ex. Ofelia creates fantastical events to
shield herself from the grim reality she
is facing.
Defense Mechanism Level II
• Schizoid Fantasy: Ofelia
shows a tendency to resolve
external conflicts through
fantasy.
Ex. Ofelia copes with the
death of her father by
believing that she will be
reunited with him if she does
everything that the faun asks
her to do.
Freud’s Personality Theory
• Sigmund Freud believes that
the psyche was divided into
three parts.
• Id: Instinctive and impulsive
part of the psyche
• Ego: The part of the psyche
that mediates the Id with
reality and works through
reason
• Superego: Functions to
control the Id’s impulses
Freud’s Personality Theory
• The pale man scene best represents
Freud’s theory
• Once she enters the dungeon, Ofelia
retrieves the dagger and makes her
way out. Until her Id gets the best of
her and she impulsively eats a grape.
• As the pale man awakens, so does
her superego.
• Her ego tells her to run away to
safety.
Symbolism
• Like any other great movie, Pan’s Labyrinth is full of symbolism
The Tree
• Tree resembles the
uterus.
• It is representative of the
mother’s reproductive
system.
• It symbolizes the
mother’s slow approach
to death.
The Toad
• The toad symbolizes
Ofelia’s unborn brother.
• The tree is dying because
the toad inhabits it.
• The toad is to the tree as
the baby is to the mother.
Ofelia’s Book
• Ofelia’s Book of the Crossroads
is another symbol of her
mother’s fatal pregnancy.
• Her book depicts a uterus
shaped image become a botched
version of itself.
• The picture is in red ink,
symbolizing the bloodshed that
the pregnancy lead to.
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