Chapter 1

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CHAPTER 1
1. Fuels
- Define “renewable”.
- What are the differences between fossil fuels and biofuels?
- What are coal, crude oil and natural gas comprised of? Where are they sourced from?
- Describe the principles of fractional distillation.
- What are biogas, bioethanol and biodiesel comprised of? How are they produced?
- Write the chemical equation for the photosynthesis of glucose in plants.
- Write the chemical equation for the fermentation of glucose.
2
- What energy transformations occur in a typical coal-fired power station?
- What is the greenhouse effect? What is the enhanced greenhouse effect?
- Define “carbon neutral”.
3
- What is petrodiesel comprised of? Where is it sourced from?
- What is trans esterification? What reacts/is produced in this process?
4
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