2018 Applications of Radioactivity Workbook You'll learn ideas about radioactivity that link to applications such as smoke alarms, nuclear power, carbon dating. You will explain your chosen application as you complete the internal assessment. Physics 2.5 Achievement Standard Physics 91172 version 1: Demonstrate understanding of atomic and nuclear physics (ver 2) (3 credits) Achievement Achievement with Merit Achievement with Excellence Demonstrate understanding of atomic and nuclear physics. Demonstrate in-depth understanding of atomic and nuclear physics. Demonstrate comprehensive understanding of atomic and nuclear physics. Due date Monday 7/5/2018 time 8:50am Where you see a yellow box like this in this evidence - complete the activity or answer the questions in this box - this is evidence that will be counted toward the assessment Timeline of topics week by week TERM 1 Week 6 7 8 9 12-Mar 19-Mar 26-Mar 2-Apr The atom and radioactive particles Nuclear reactions Nuclear reactions Fission, fusion and energy Fission, fusion and energy 10 Term 2 - Week 1 9-Apr 7th May Decay and half life Review collection of evidence for assessment Your chosen topic Good Friday Easter Monday and Tuesday Final Assessment Due date WEEK 2 Mon 7th of May Time 8:50am Where you see a yellow box like this in this evidence - complete the activity or answer the questions in this box - you can include pictures of the work you have completed on education perfect as necessary. 1.Development of a Theory Complete this summary showing the progression of the atomic model: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1X-kv4XGU8C1fG9aAQFcB3xWed596I9HsXKur-Hn1dnM/edit?usp =sharing Insert a screenshot of you completed summary: 2.Atomic Structure - Complete this table Number of protons in one atom of this element Number of electrons in one atom of this element Number of neutrons in one atom of this element Here’s a link to a handy periodic table that might help http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/tableofelementsc.pdf 3.Decay Particles and their Properties Complete the table or insert a picture of your completed table for the decay particles. Use the match up cards to help you complete the table in your milestone booklet. 4. Balanced Nuclear Equations Use the laws of conservation for nucleon and atomic numbers to complete this worksheet and insert an image below. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nNiKBwVIH-44k-wQ9hDx0cFOla-6TJdaHQZ8_v9uNdY/edit?usp=sharin g 5. Half - Life https://drive.google.com/open?id=1NA__gwfXfgscMQF1uIt8zJOhRBFh0PQU Use the following words and the graph provided to help define half life. time atom decay Using half life to problem solve Your teacher will provide some exercises for you to practice using half life to problem solve eg calculating the age of an object. Insert your evidence here e.g. a photo or scan of your book or a worksheet. 6. Fission and Fusion Insert an image this activity completed!! https://docs.google.com/document/d/1liunMgRBrO1sKuaCzomTMkPs0bETLJrxSYb5yDAzuJM/edit?usp=shari ng 7. Energy calculations Insert an image this activity completed!! https://docs.google.com/document/d/1y3WpfDzp39HYuYf0w_A5ZYolXMN19OsLyJqiNsMlWNQ/edit?usp=shari ng Applications of Radioactivity ----- (Carbon dating as exemplar) You will research one of the following topics, and explain the physics of radioactivity that links to that topic. 1. 2. 3. 4. Nuclear power generation - Fission reactors Nuclear weapons – Fission bombs Domestic Smoke Detectors (ionisation detectors) Radioisotope therapy (brachytherapy) for cancer treatment Resources to start you off: www.atomicarchive.com/sciencemenu.shtml atomic archive also has videos of nuclear weapon tests. www.howstuffworks.com Wikipedia (a reliable source for scientific i nformation, but often too technical) ESA level 2 physics study guide (available from the library) - has general information and also a good source for smoke detector information. Phet.colorado.edu This has a carbon dating simulation http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/chart/ this chart can tell you the half-life of nuclei. Find the nucleus, click, and T1/2 will be shown at the bottom, in seconds, minutes, hours, or years. Linking the physics ideas to your chosen topic Link the principles of radioactivity to the use of 1 particular element in your chosen context. These principles are based on the activities you completed prior to choosing your research topic. The more in depth your explanation for each question the better your grade will be. Explanations must be in your own words - you may not copy and paste from websites or other students work. BE SURE TO LINK TO THE INFORMATION YOU HAVE COLLECTED ABOVE: YOUR REPORT SHOULD INCLUDE: ● ● ● ● ● ● Brief description of your application. Description of the key element and its decay process ○ Atomic Structure, Half-life Description the properties of a particle emitted during decay, include balanced equations Appropriate use of keywords, fission, fusion, chain reaction, ionisation, penetration. Show calculations of mass and energy using E = mc2 and power P = E/t. Discussion of 3 links between the properties of the radioactive element and the context. You must include a list of all references you have used to help you answer the questions above. This part - Your chosen topic What is your chosen topic? My chosen topic is: (write it here) Research your chosen topic - insert links to websites and summarise the key information for each website in your own words you have used here: Describe the key physics ideas about radioactivity that link to your chosen application In your own words write a short description of your topic e .g. what is carbon dating MAIN RADIOACTIVE ELEMENT: What is the main radioactive element in your chosen application? Write it down here with it’s mass number and atomic number (or insert a picture) and describe how many protons, electrons and neutrons are present in one atom. Atomic Structure Describe the particle it emits when it decays: (Include size, structure, speed, ionisation strength and penetration strength) HALF-LIFE AND DECAY What is the definition of half life? What is the half-life of the radioactive element above and how is this property useful in your chosen context? (You may insert a graph showing it’s half life if you want). Find the nuclear equation for the decay reaction that occurs in your chosen topic: State the conservation laws (Charge number and nucleon number) that apply to the nuclear equation and show how each is fulfilled in the equation. Describe whether the nuclear reaction above shows fission or fusion, and how you can tell by looking at the nuclear equation REALLY IMPORTANT BIT Discuss 3 links between the properties of the radioactive element and the context.