Enviromental Science Reviewer

It is hereby declared a national policy to prevent, abate and control pollution of water, air and land for
the more effective utilization of the resources of this country.
P.D. 1151(1979) – Philippine Environmental Policy
– defines the general policies on the pursuit of a better quality of life for the present and future
generations and mandates the undertaking the environmental impact assessments for all projects,
which may significantly affect the environment.
P.D. 1152(1977) – Air Quality Management
– to achieve and maintain such levels of air quality as to protect public health and to prevent to the
greatest extent practicable, injury and or damage to plant and animal life and property, and promote
the social and economic development of the country.
P.D. 1586(1978) – Establishing an Environment Impact Statement System, Including Other
Environmental Management Related.
-Defines the framework for the implementation of the environmental impact assessment as the
mechanism to reconcile the impacts of development projects on society and the physical
P.D. 389(1974) (P.D. 705) – The Forestry Reform Code
– codifies, updates and raises forestry laws in the country. It emphasizes the sustainable utilization of
forest resources.
P.D. 330 & P.D. 953 – Laws on Penalizing Illegal Cutting of Trees
– Public forests and forest reserves are important natural resources of the country which must be
preserved and conserved for future generations it is the solemn duty of every citizen to protect public
forest and forest reserves from indiscriminate logging, senseless denudation and wanton destruction
to the detriment of the present and future generations.
P.D. 953 & 1153 – Laws on Tree Planting
-The planting of trees on lands adjoining the edge of rivers and creeks in both a measure of
beautification and reforestation and the planting of trees along roads and areas intended for the
common use of owners of lots in subdivisions will provide shade and healthful environment therein.
P.D. 331(1973) – Requiring that all Public Forests be developed, Managed, and Utilized on a
Sustainable Yield Basis with the Benefit of Technical Forestry know-how of Registered Foresters.
-The Philippine forests are the patrimony of the Filipino people and as such they have to be
developed, managed, and utilized in such a manner as to insure their perpetuity in productive
condition for the benefit of all Filipinos, living or yet to be born
P.D. 704(1974) – Preservation of Optimum Productivity of Fishery Resources through Conservation
and Protection.
– there is a compelling need to increase the production of fish to bring down its price to a level which
will be within the reach of our people, and at the same time insure the continuity of out fishery
resources in productive condition through wise utilization and proper conservation
P.D. 1015(1976) – Banning the Operation of Commercial Fishing within a Distance of 7 Kilometers
from the Shoreline.
– It is the policy of the state to uplift the economic condition of the municipal and small-scale
P.D. 1058(1976) – Increasing the Penalties for Illegal forms of Fishing.
-There is a need to increase the penalties for certain acts prohibited by existing penal laws for a more
effective protection of the nation’s fish resources
P.D. 1219(1977) – Providing for the Protection of Coral Ecosystems.
– It is necessary that the exploration, exploitation, utilization and conservation of these resources be
properly regulated to ensure the preservation of the country’s marine environment.
P.D. 1067(1976) – Water Code of the Philippines
– adopts adequate measures to conserve and regulate the use of water in commercial, industrial and
residential areas. It also provides other policy guidelines in water quality and management of water
P.D. 463(1974) – Providing for a modernized system of administration and disposition of mineral lands
and to promote and encourage the development of exploitation.
-Mineral production is a major support of the national economy, and therefore the intensified
discovery, exploration, development and wise utilization of the country’s mineral resources are
urgently needed for national development.
P.D. 1198(1977) – Reinforces this provision for restoration of mined-out areas to this original
condition to the extent possible.
– it is the policy of the State to create, develop, maintain and improve conditions under which man
can be most productive and to insure the attainment of an environmental quality that enhances his
dignity and well-being
P.D. 1251(1977) – Imposing a fee on operating mining companies to be known as “mine wastes and
tailing fee” to compensate for damages to private landowners
-A semi-annual fee to be known as “Mine Wastes and Tailings Fee” is hereby imposed on all operating
mining companies at such amount/s to be determined by the Secretary of National Resources, upon
the recommendation of the Director of Mines.
P.D. 984(1976) – The Revision of Republic Act No. 3931, Commonly Known as the Pollution Control
-It is hereby declared a national policy to prevent, abate and control pollution of water, air and land
for the more effective utilization of the resources of this country.
P.D. 1181(1977) (supplements the provision of P.D. 984) – Providing for the Abatement, Control and
Prevention of Vehicular Pollution & Establishing the Maximum Allowance Emissions of Specific air
Pollutants from all Types of Vehicle.
-It is the purpose of this Decree to prevent, control, and abates the emission of air pollution from
motor vehicles in order to protect the health and welfare of the people and to prevent or minimize
damage to property and hazards to land transportation.
P.D. 600(1974) (amended by P.D. 979) – Water Pollution Control
– prohibits the discharge of oil, noxious liquid substances, and other harmful substances into the
country’s inland and territorial waters.
P.D. 825(1975) – Providing Penalty for Improper Disposal of Garbage and other forms of Uncleanliness
-One of the principal aims of the New Society is to effect social, economic and political reform
through discipline and order;
P.D. 856(1975) – Sanitation Code
– Places the responsibility in the local government units for he solid waste management in his area of
P.D. 1144(1977) – Control of Pesticides
– It is a Government policy to provide adequate assistance to the agricultural sector in line with
national objective of increasing food production;
R.A. 8749 – Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
– provides for a comprehensive air pollution control policy
R.A. 7160 – Local Government Code of 1991
-Provides that local government should share with the national government the responsibility in the
management and maintenance of ecological balance within their territorial jurisdiction subject to
national policies and other pertinent provisions of the code.
R.A. 6969(1990) – Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act
– Authorizes the DENR to establish a program to regulate, restrict or prohibit the importation,
manufacture, processing, sale, destruction, use and disposal of chemical substances, and mixture that
present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment.
R.A. 8550(1998) – The Fisheries Code of the Philippines
-Defines the policies of the state in the protection, conservation and effective management of
fisheries stock as well as identifying allowable fishing methods in Philippine coastal waters.
R.A. 9003 – The Solid Waste Management Act of 2001
-An act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary
institutional mechanisms and incentives, declaring certain acts prohibited and providing penalties,
appropriating funds therefore, and for other purposes.
R.A. 9275- Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
-An act providing a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes.
R.A. 9729 – Climate Change Act of 2009.
-An act mainstreaming climate change into government policy formulations, establishing the
framework strategy and program on climate change, creating for this purpose the climate change
commission, and for other purposes.
How Tourism is affected by the Current Environmental Laws in the
Tourism is highly affected by the current laws implemented, because of the restrictions and guidelines
implemented by the government. Tourist who wants to visit different parts of the country most
especially for the purpose of seeing eco-friendly spots visiting eco parks are also known as
ecotourism, Ecotourism is visiting a fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, its
purpose is to educate the traveler or tourist, to provide resources for ecological conservation and to
directly benefit for the economic development. Back then, tourist had easy access in visiting our
country, specially our famous tourist spots. But because of the laws implemented, various regulations
rules now serves as guidelines for tourism.
Like many other countries, ecotourism activities are often handled on the local level. That is, local
governing bodies create specific rules, regulations, tours, and managers for specific areas. For the
people of the rural Philippines, this has been a major economic boost. This is because many of these
local governing bodies require that tourists hire local guides to take them into protected local areas.
This is not necessarily true for all areas in the Philippines, but there are some areas that engage in this
practice. These measures are put in place to help ensure that the local community gets its fair share of
all monies earned by the use of their traditional lands. This also helps to make sure that very strict
ethics are followed in relation to how tourists interact with the land.
Chain Saw Act of 2002
Republic Act No. 9175
Philippine Plant Variety Protection Act of 2002
Republic Act No. 9168
Mt. Kanla-on Natural Park (MKNP) Act of 2001
Republic Act No. 9154
Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act
Republic Act No. 9147
National Caves and Cave Resources Management and Protection Act
Republic Act No. 9072
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000
Republic Act No. 9003
Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
Republic Act No. 8749
Implementing Rules & Regulations of the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998
Republic Act No. 8550
Animal Welfare Act of 1998
Republic Act No. 8485
Agriculture & Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997
Republic Act No. 8435
The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997
Republic Act No. 8371
An Act for Salt Iodization Nationwide (ASIN)
Republic Act No. 8172
Coconut Preservation Act of 1995
Republic Act No. 8048
The Water Crisis Act of 1995
Republic Act No. 8041
Philippine Mining Act of 1995
Republic Act No. 7942
Amendment to the Agrarian Reform Code
Republic Act No. 7907
High-Value Crops Development Act of 1995
Republic Act No. 7900
Strategic Environmental Plan for Palawan Act
Republic Act No. 7611
National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992
Republic Act No. 7586
Seed Industry Development Act of 1992
Republic Act No. 7308
Tax Laws Incorporated in the Revised Forestry Code
Republic Act No. 7161
People's Small-Scale Mining Act of 1991
Republic Act No. 7076
Toxic Substances & Hazardous & Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990
Republic Act No. 6969
An Act Creating the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA)
Republic Act No. 4850
Series of 1996
Lanao del Sur National Parks
Republic Act No. 4190
National Water & Air Pollution Control Commission Act
Republic Act No. 3931
Prohibition Against Cutting of Trees in Public Roads, Plazas, etc.
Republic Act No. 3571
An Act Amending Section Thirty-Six of P. D. No. 705, Otherwise Known as
"The Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines"
Batas Pambansa Bilang 701
An Act Amending R. A. No. 5474, As Amended by R. A. No. 6145 (Re:
Prohibiting the Catching, Selling, Offering to Sell, Purchasing any of the Fish
Species Called "Gobiidae" or "Ipon").
Batas Pambansa Bilang 58
Withdrawal of Lead in Gasoline
Presidential Decree No. 2001
Small-Scale Mining Law
Presidential Decree No. 1899
Amendment to the Revised Forestry Code
Presidential Decree No. 1775
Environmental Impact Statement System
Presidential Decree No. 1586
Plant Quarantine Law of 1978
Presidential Decree No. 1433
The Coral Resources Development & Conservation Decree
Presidential Decree No. 1219
Philippine Environment Code
Presidential Decree No. 1152
Philippine Environmental Policy
Presidential Decree No. 1151
The Water Code of the Philippines
Presidential Decree No. 1067
National Pollution Control Commission
Presidential Decree No. 984
Marine Pollution Decree of 1976
Presidential Decree No. 979
Code on Sanitation of the Philippines
Presidential Decree No. 856
Penalty for Improper Garbage Disposal
Presidential Decree No. 825
Amending Certain Sections of (R.A. 4850), Otherwise Known as the "Laguna
Lake Development Authority Act of 1966."
Presidential Decree No. 813
Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines
Presidential Decree No. 705
Philippine Fisheries Code of 1975
Presidential Decree No. 704
Revised Coast Guard Law
Presidential Decree No. 601
Pertaining to the Preservation, Beautification, Improvement and Gainful
Utilization of the Pasig River, Providing for the Regulation and Control of
Pollution of the River and Its Banks in Order to Enhance Its Development,
Thereby Maximizing Its Utilization for Socio-Economic Purposes.
Presidential Decree No. 274
An Act to Reserve to the Philippine Legislature the Disposition of the Waters
of the Public Domain for the Utilization and Development of Hydraulic
Act No. 4062
The Fisheries Act
Act No. 4003
An Act to Protect Wild Flowers and Plants in the Philippine Islands and to
Prescribe Conditions Under Which They May be Collected, Kept, Sold,
Exported, and for Other Purposes.
Act No. 3983
Prohibition Against Cutting of Tindalo, Akli & Molave Trees
Act No. 3572
Guidelines on Biological & Genetic Resources
Eexecutive Order No. 247 [1995]) - President Fidel V. Ramos
Task Force Pawikan
Executive Order No. 542 (President Ferdinand E. Marcos)
Environmental Impact Statement System - Areas/Types of Projects
Proclamation No. 2146
Subic Watershed Forest Reserve Law
Proclamation No. 926 (President Corazon C. Aquino)
Quezon National Park - Proc. No. 740|Proc. No. 594|Proc. No. 2
Preferential Treatment of Small Fisherfolks [15-km.Mun. Water]
DENR Administrative Order No. 03
Regulations for the Conservation of Marine Turtles
Bureau of Forest Development Circular No. 08
Reorganization Act of the DENR (E. O. 192 [1987])
Latest Issuances of the DENR
DENR-DILG-LGUs Partnership - Manual of Procedures
Environment Law Resources on the Web
Treaties & Conventions on the Environment
United Nations Agencies & Programs on Environment
National Laws on the Environment [Worldwide]
Environment Associations & Organizations Worldwide
Environment Publications Worldwide
Environment Discussion Groups Worldwid