USH CH 19.3

CHAPTER 19.3 GUIDED READING 1
Name: ________________________ Hour: ____ Date: _____________________
Chapter 19 From War to Peace
Section 3: The Harding and Coolidge Presidencies, pp. 634-639
Main Idea
The nation’s desire for normalcy and its support for American business
were reflected in two successive presidents it chose—Warren G. Harding
and Calvin Coolidge.
Learning Targets
1. What political events and ideas marked the Warren G. Harding
presidency?
2. What political events and ideas marked the Calvin Coolidge
presidency?
3. What were the lingering effects of World War I on politics in the
1920s?
Key Terms and Names
1. Warren G. Harding- _______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Teapot Dome- _____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Calvin Coolidge- _________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. reparation- ______________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. arms race- _______________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
6. Charles Evans Hughes- ____________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Billy Mitchell- __________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
8. Kellogg-Briand Pact- _____________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
The Harding Presidency, p. 635-636
______________________ 9. What two historic matters did then Senator
______________________
Warren G. Harding miss voting on?
______________________10. How did Warren G. Harding regard (feel
about) his job as president?
______________________11. Term that means clear and logical.
______________________12. What campaign slogan did Harding invent in
one of his campaign speeches in Boston?
______________________13. Who nominated Harding as their candidate?
______________________14. Who nominated James Cox as their candidate?
______________________15. What part of Harding’s message did voters
overwhelmingly prefer?
16. What slogan of Harding summed up his answer to the nation’s post
war economic troubles? ______________________________________________
______________________ 17. What two things did Harding want to do to
______________________
help achieve his pro-business goals?
______________________ 18. Who did Harding and his advisers believe
started and expanded businesses?
19. Why did Harding support taxing the wealthiest Americans less than
others? _____________________________________________________________
20. What was Harding’s motive for signing the Fordney-McCumber Tariff?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
21. How did the Fordney-McCumber Tariff hurt Europeans? _____________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 22. What type of people did Harding appoint to
his cabinet (group of advisers)?
______________________ 23. Who was Harding’s gifted and respected
Secretary of the Treasury?
CHAPTER 19.3 GUIDED READING 3
______________________ 24. What did Mellon do to the American tax
system?
______________________ 25. Who was Harding’s Secretary of State?
______________________ 26. Who was Harding’s Commerce Secretary?
27. Who were member’s of Harding’s “Ohio Gang”? _____________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 27. What were some members of the Ohio Gang
later convicted of?
______________________ 28. Who was Harding’s Secretary of the
Interior?
29. Describe the Teapot Dome Scandal: _______________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 30. What happened to Warren G. Harding in a
hotel room in San Francisco?
______________________ 31. Who became the 30th president of the United
States after the sudden death of Warren G. Harding?
______________________ 32. What two interest would stick with Calvin
______________________
Coolidge throughout his life?
______________________ 33. How did then Governor Coolidge achieve
national fame in 1918?
______________________ 34. Who did Coolidge defeat for the presidency
in 1924?
35. What was Coolidge’s presidency characterized by? ________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 36. What did Coolidge believe would provide the
energy and resources to fuel America’s growth?
______________________ 37. According to Coolidge, who would promote
the Arts and Sciences?
______________________ 38. In one word sum up Coolidge’s view of the
role of government.
______________________ 39. What did Coolidge do to taxes?
______________________ 40. What did Coolidge do to the federal budget?
______________________ 41. How many budget increases were there
between 1923 and 1929?
______________________ 42. What type of bill did Coolidge veto that
would have aided World War I veterans?
______________________ 43. What did Coolidge work to weaken?
______________________ 44. What was Coolidge’s nickname given to him
due to his serious and straightforward attitude?
______________________ 45. What two things made Coolidge popular
______________________
during his time in office?
______________________ 46. What did Coolidge choose not to do in 1928?
The Lingering Effects of World War I, pp. 638-639
______________________ 47. What two things consumed the final years
______________________
of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency?
______________________ 48. How much money had European nations
borrowed from the United States during World War I?
______________________ 49. What made paying back European war debt to
the United States very difficult for European countries?
50. Why couldn’t European nations not earn the dollars they needed to
pay off their debts? ________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 51. Payments designed to make up for the damage
of the war.
______________________ 52. Who did European nations expect to pay
extremely high reparations?
53. Why were the Allies unable to pay their debt to the United States?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
54. Why was there public pressure to reduce the size of U.S. armed
forces? _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 19.3 GUIDED READING 5
______________________ 55. What two countries did Americans believed
______________________
were on the verge of a naval arms race?
______________________ 56. Term used to describe competing nations
building more and more weapons in an effort to avoid one nation
gaining clear advantage.
______________________ 57. What did the U.S. organize in order to head
off an arms race in 1921?
______________________ 58. Who was invited to the Washington Naval
Conference in 1921?
59. What did the parties at the Washington Naval Conference agree to
do with their ships? ________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________ 60. What country did the world’s military
powers agree not to compete over?
______________________ 61. Who declared the Washington Naval
Conference a success?
______________________ 62. Who argued that the United States should
invest more in building up its air power.
______________________ 63. What did Billy Mitchell command during
World War I?
______________________ 64. This treaty between 60 countries basically
make war illegal but had no system of reinforcement.
Reading Summary (Write a 3-5 sentence summary for each question)
65. What political events and ideas marked the Warren G. Harding
presidency? _________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
66. What political events and ideas marked the Calvin Coolidge
presidency? _________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
67. What were the lingering effects of world War I on politics in the
1920s? ______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 19.3 GUIDED READING 7
19.3 Cartoon Analysis
__________________________ 68. What is represented by the letter “A”?
__________________________ 69. What is represented by the letter “B”?
__________________________ 70. Who is represented by the letter “C”
71. Explain what is meant by “Having an insurance policy doesn’t mean
you can do without fire prevention”
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
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